The Derbyshire place-name of Alsop-le-Dale, meaning “valley of Aelle” and lying within the parish of Ashbourne, appeared in the Domesday Book of 1086 and had pre-Norman origins.
After the Conquest, Henry de Ferrers from William’s retinue was given land in Derbyshire. He in turn granted the township of Alsop-le-Dale to one of his officers Gamellus who became known as Gamellus de Alsop. His descendants were to hold the Alsop estate until the 17th century. Gamellus was not only the forefather of the Alsops in Alsop-le-Dale but also possibly of most of the Alsops around the world today (although this has not been established by DNA testing).
As a surname Alsop has had many variant spellings. In England it has been Alsop, Allsop and Allsopp, with Allsop being the most common. In America it has been Alsop and Alsup, with Alsup in the majority.
Select Alsop Resources on The Internet
- Alsop Families in Parwich
Alsops in Derbyshire.
- Allsopp of Hindlipp Hall
Allsopp brewers in Derbyshire.
- The Alsups of Douglas County
Alsups in Missouri.
Select Alsop Ancestry
England. The Alsop surname originated in the township of Alsop-le-Dale in the Derbyshire Dales and later spread outwards.
Derbyshire. The Alsop family was to hold the Alsop estate for seventeen generations. One of Gamellus’s descendants, Sir Hugh de Alsop, was knighted for bravery at the Battle of Acre during the Third Crusade. John Alsop built the current Alsop manor house in 1575 and established for himself a fine library there. But Anthony Alsop, beset by creditors, ended up selling the estate in 1688.
Little remained of Alsop or of the Alsop family there after that time. Alsops were to be found in the nearby village of Parwich
from 1639 onwards. The last of this line was Miss Anna Alsop who died there in 1912. The Parwich Parish Magazine for 1952 reported:
John Alsop from Alsop-le-Dale was recorded as a yeoman farmer at
Hognaston in the 1530’s. And there were Alsops at the ancient market town of Wirksworth:
- one Allsop family line dates back to the marriage of James Allsop and Elin Wall in 1625.
- Richard Alsop departed Wirksworth for Long Island in America in the 1670’s.
- while Thomas Allsop held Stainsborough Hall near Wirksworth in the mid-1700’s. His grandson Thomas left for London in 1812 where he made money in the stock market. He was a friend of the poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge and became attracted to radical causes.
Alsops or rather Allsopps did return to Alsop-le-Dale. In 1883 the Alsop estate was purchased by the brewer Sir Henry Allsopp, 1st Baron of Hindlip, and he used it as a hunting lodge.
Sir Henry descended from Samuel Alsop, a tobacconist in Derby who had died in 1728 and was possibly related to those earlier Alsops. Sir Henry was at the time the owner of Samuel Allsopp & Sons, a brewer at Burton-on-Trent and then the second largest brewery in England.
Descended from Sir Henry are:
- Sir Charles, the 6th Baron, who was chairman of Christies auction house from 1986 to 2002.
- and his niece Cath Kidston, a fashion designer and merchandiser, and his daughter Kirstie Allsopp, a TV presenter and property agent.
Elsewhere. The Alsop name and its variants did extend beyond Derbyshire, but primarily to nearby counties in the West Midlands. The following was the share of these names by leading counties in the 1881 census:
- Derbyshire 20%
- Staffordshire 13%
- Warwickshire 11%
- Nottinghamshire 9%
- and Yorkshire 8%.
Alsops appeared further south in London. Bernard Alsop from Derby established himself as a printer in London by 1620. Robert Alsop, an ironmonger by trade, served as the Lord Mayor of London in 1752. He died in 1785 without a male heir.
Alsops also extended to the west country. The Rev. John Alsop, possibly from Derby, served as a preacher in the parish of Crewkerne in Somerset in the early 1600’s. Three of his sons became clergymen. A fourth son Timothy was a Plymouth merchant and mayor of the town in 1648.
Scotland. The Alsop name was found in Scotland. It was Joseph Alsop, reportedly born in Scotland in 1710, who emigrated to Virginia in the 1750’s. There were Alsops from Inverurie near Aberdeen from the early 1800’s. Spence Alsop emigrated from there to Australia in the 1850’s. Another Spence Alsop started a meat business in Aberdeen in 1888 which continued with a Spence Alsop into the third generation of Alsops.
America. Two spellings occur here – Alsop in New England and Alsup generally in Virginia and the South.
New England. There were two early Alsop arrivals into New England. They both came from Derbyshire, although they were probably unrelated.
Joseph Alsop, just fourteen at the time, arrived on the Elizabeth
and Ann in 1635 and settled nine years later in the New Haven colony. He died there in 1698, seven years after the death of his eldest son Joseph.
Richard Alsop was also a lad when he crossed the Atlantic. He had lost both his parents in England in the late 1660’s and was then adopted and brought to New York by his uncle Thomas Wandell. He settled in Newtown in what would become Queens county and died there in 1718:
- his grandson John became an importer in New York and a merchant in cloth and dry goods. His enterprise prospered and the Alsops were for a time one of the great merchant houses of the city. John was a delegate for New York to the Continental Congress from 1774 to 1776. His daughter Mary married Rufus King and their son John Alsop King was Governor of New York in 1857.
- while John’s cousin Richard from Middletown, Connecticut had literary ambitions and was a member of a group known as the Hartford Wits in the 1780’s. His son Richard made a fortune trading in Peru and Chile during the 1820’s.
Richard’s brother Joseph was the first of five Joseph Wright Alsops from Connecticut. The fifth of them was an influential journalist and political insider in the nation’s capital over the period from 1945 to the late 1960’s. Joe Alsop and his wife Susan were a particularly
effective power-broking couple in Washington during the Kennedy administration.
Virginia and the South. Early spellings in Virginia were variable. But over time Alsup generally took hold.
William Alsop from Derbyshire arrived in Virginia sometime in the 1680’s and died in Hanover county in 1730. One line through James Alsup moved to land near Jonesboro, Tennessee in 1780; while another via Joseph Alsup came to Fayette county, Kentucky around 1789.
John Alsup, said to have come from Scotland, was in Pittsylvania county, Virginia by the mid-1700’s. His son John moved westward, first settling with his family in 1804 in eastern Tennessee and then searching out new land in western Missouri. John came to what became Douglas county in Missouri in 1837 and died there in 1844. His son Moses wrote:
The Alsups prospered in Douglas county, raising large families there and taking part in the local politics. They were noted for their excellent race-horses and their skills in riding. And they were also noted at times for taking the law into their own hands. At the time of the Civil War they were rumored to hold every elected office in the county. Many Alsup descendants continue to live in this area of the Missouri Ozarks today.
Frederick Allsopp from Staffordshire came to Arkansas as a young man in 1884 to work at the Arkansas Gazette. By 1899 he had become its business manager and was to preside over the newspaper for more than forty years. He also owned a bookstore in Little Rock. After his death in 1946 Allsopp Park in Little Rock was named in his honor.
Alsop family lines in America, as well as in England, have been covered in Jerry D. Alsup’s three-volume work Alsop’s Tables published between 1994 and 2012.
Canada. George Allsopp’s origins are uncertain. But following the French defeat in Canada he left Bristol in 1761 to take up an office position with a Quebec-based merchant. He soon became an influential merchant in his own right and a political spokesman for the English merchant class in Quebec with the British Government. His sons were active in various commercial enterprises in Quebec after his death in 1805.
Australia. William Alsop, convicted of theft in London, was the first Alsop in Australia, arriving in the Second Fleet on the Surprise in 1789. He later married a fellow convict and settled down in the Hawkesbury district of NSW. Only a laborer during his life, he lived to a good age, dying at the age of eighty-four in 1850.
A later convict arrival was Elizabeth Allsop from Derbyshire, just seventeen when she was arrested for stealing shoes and transported in 1840. She was fortunate. Her mother and eight of her brothers and sisters later moved to Australia and joined her.
Select Alsop Miscellany
If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for
further stories and accounts:
Select Alsop Names
Gamellus de Alsop from the 12th century is considered the founder of the Alsop line.
Samuel Allsopp started Samuel Allsopp & Sons, a brewery at Burton-on-Trent in the early 1800’s. It became later in the century the second largest brewery in England. Joe Alsop and his brother Stewart were important Washington journalists from 1945 until the late 1960’s, Joe in particular being the influential Washington political insider at that time.
Select Alsops Today
- 9,000 in the UK (most numerous in Derbyshire)
- 3,500 in America (most numerous in Texas)
- 1,500 elsewhere (most numerous in Australia)
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