Churchill

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Churchill Surname Genealogy

The
name Churchill is thought to be habitational in origin, from a place
name meaning “church on the hill.”  The roots here are the Old
English cyrice meaning
“church” and hyll meaning
“hill.”  However, there are alternative origins of Churchill
that have been put forward.

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Churchill Ancestry

England.
Churchill is a west country name, with early sightings as a
place-name in
Somerset and Devon.

Dorset  Churchill
is, in addition, an old Dorset name.  The first records
of the celebrated Churchill family – of which Sir Wnston Churchill is a
member – was in the Dorset village of Bradford Peverville around
1500.  John Churchill was a clothier in Dorchester who prospered
from the sale of church lands at the time of the dissolution of the
monasteries.  These Churchills later made their home at Muston
Manor near
Winterbourne. Another John Churchill married Sarah Winston in 1620,
from
whence came the Winston name.  Their son, the first Winston, was
known as the Cavalier Colonel because of his support for the Royalist
cause.  He made his home at Minterne Manor.

Blenheim Palace
Both Winston’s sons, John and Charles, were soldiers.  It was John
who became the great military commander and, after his victories in
Europe in the War of the Spanish Succession, was ennobled as the Duke
of Marlborough
and had Blenheim Palace near Oxford built to
his
specifications.

Because this Duke had no surviving sons, the title was allowed by
special Act of Parliament to pass through his eldest daughter
Anne.  She married Charles Spencer of the Spencer family.
The family initially styled themselves Spencer but reverted to
Churchill in 1817.

Lord Randolph Churchill, a Tory politician and cabinet member in the
1880’s, was a younger son of the 7th Duke of Marlborough.  His
son, Winston, born in Blenheim Palace in 1874, was Britain’s war leader
during World War Two.  Since that time Churchill’s family and
descendants have perhaps been more newsworthy than those of the Duke’s
– until possibly Jamie Blandford.

Elsewhere  There
are Churchills other than those of the Spencer-Churchill
clan.  The name continues to be found mainly in the west country,
in Somerset, Devon and Hampshire as well as in Dorset.  A
Churchill family has been in Bruton, Somerset since the 1600’s.
Churchills were recorded as gentlemen in the east Devon villages of
Ottery St. Mary and East Budleigh in the early 1700’s.

America.  There were three
notable Churchills who came to America in the 17th century, two
of them Puritans from Dorset.

New England  The
first was John Churchill, who was possibly related to the
Winterbourne Muston Churchills.  He arrived at the New
England Plymouth colony in 1642 and married Hannah Pontus two years
later.  They raised six children, including a daughter Mary Churchill.
Asaph Churchill of this family became a distinguished lawyer in Milton,
Massachusetts:

“When a boy he found himself
adrift after his father died.  But he obtained Greek and Latin
books in some way and
walked barefoot from the backwoods of Middleborough to Cambridge to
save his shoes.
Graduating there with honors he married Mary Gardner of
Charleston, remarkable for her beauty, and bought the Adam Street
estate.”

A descendant Gardner Asaph Churchill compiled the family genealogy The Churchill Family in America in 1904.

Some of these Churchills ended up in Maine.  James
Churchill served as mayor of Portland in the 1840’s. Others moved
to Vermont.  Sylvester Churchill was
born there in 1782.  His service in the army spanned the War of
1812 and
the Civil War and he is comemmorated by Churchill county in
Nevada.  Sir Winston Churchill saw his portrait and believed that
there was a family likeness.

The second Churchill, more definitely connected with the Winterbourne
Muston Churchills, was Josiah Churchill.  He settled in
Wethersfield, Connecticut where he was the town surveyor and married
Elizabeth Foote in 1638.

Virginia and Kentucky
The third, Colonel William Churchill, came to Virginia from
Oxfordshire in 1674.  He had the good fortune to marry
a wealthy widow and this allowed him to live in some style on his Bushy
Park estate along the Rappahonnick river in Middlesex county.  His
grandson Armistead brought the family to Louisville, Kentucky in
1809.

“Armistead Churchill came through
Cumberland Gap and across the Wilderness Trail on a coach, driving
four-in-hand.  On reaching Louisville he was completely disgusted
with the settlement.  According to a tradition in the family, he
would have turned back the next day, but for the Indians he had
encountered and the badness of the roads.”

The Churchill name lives on in Louisville through Churchill Downs,
the racetrack on which the Kentucky Derby is staged.

Canada.  There has been a
sizeable Churchill presence in Canada’s Atlantic provinces.  Two
Churchill brothers from Devon, Samuel and Nicholas, had come to Ochre
Pit Cove in Newfoundland in the 1740’s. These Churchills were later to
be found in Portugal Cove.

Nova Scotia
Larger Churchill numbers were in Nova Scotia, the descendants of the
Churchills who had moved north from Massachusetts; Lemuel Churchill to
Yarmouth in 1752, Josiah Churchill to Lockeport in
1762, and Ephraim Churchill to Yarmouth in 1784:

  • Ezra Churchill, whose father had been lost at sea, came from
    Lemuel’s line.  He operated one of the largest
    shipbuilding yards in Nova Scotia in the 19th century.  His home
    at Hantsport is now the Churchill House museum;
  • Lewis Churchill, grandson to Josiah, was a prominent shipping
    merchant in Lockeport;
  • while Ephraim’s descendants were also active in shipping, as sea
    captains and shipbuilders.  In 1874 “Rudder” Churchill moved to
    Savannah, Georgia where he started the Churchill Steamship Lines and
    made his fortune.

Australia.  Churchill
island was the first place in Victoria inhabited by Europeans.  It
got its name because Lieutenant James Grant, who in 1801 had built a
simple cottage there and planted crops, named the island after his
friend John Churchill who had suppled him with the seeds.

Another well-known Churchill name has been Victor Churchill, reputed to
be the oldest butcher’s shop in Australia.  James Churchill opened
his
shop in the Sydney suburb of Woollahra in 1876, delivering meat with
five horses and carts.  Son Victor was in charge until 1953 when
the business was sold (although the name has remained).


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Churchill Miscellany

If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for
further stories and accounts:


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John
Churchill
was the commander who made his name and his fortune
by his military victories in Europe between 1704 and 1709.  He was
ennobled as the Duke of Marlborough and built his grand home, Blenheim
Palace, just outside Oxford.
Lord Randolph Churchill was a
Victorian politician (father to Sir Winston Churchill), who was briefly
in the 1880’s Chancellor of the Exchequer.
Sir Winston Churchill was Prime
Minister and Britain’s war leader during the Second World War.
Peter and Odette Churchill were
British spies during the Second World War who were captured yet
survived the German concentration camp.


Select Churchills
Today

  • 9,000 in the UK (most numerous
    in Hampshire)
  • 5,000 in America (most numerous
    in California)
  • 7,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Canada).

 

 

 

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