Conway Surname Genealogy
had three origins – in England (as well as in Wales), in Scotland, and
Conway Resources on
- Conway Arms and Family History
- Conway History
Conways in Ireland.
- Conway Family of Botryddan
Conways in Flintshire, Wales.
- Descendants of John Conway and Elizabeth
Conways in Virginia and Kentucky.
Wales. Sir Henry Conway, a professional soldier in
England, had arrived in north Wales around 1390 and came into
possession of the
Botryddan estate in Flintshire, close by Rhuddian castle. Conways were to remain
Bodryddan for generations. Sir
Conway and his son Sir John were MP’s for Flintshire until the latter’s
The Conway name was also to be found near Abergavenny in
Monmouthshire. George Conway established
a tinplate works at Pontrhydyrun in 1802.
Deeply religious, he founded a Baptist chapel there in 1816.
entrance to the churchyard was enhanced by a huge cedar tree. This tree
life in Lebanon and was brought back to Wales by the Conways after a
the Holy Land.”
England. The early version
of the Conway name appears
to have been Conyers. These Conyers, who
later changed their name to Conway, were to be found at Sockburn in
Hornby in north Yorkshire. The Conways
in north Wales probably came from this stock.
Sometime in the 1470’s Hugh Conway
left his Botryddan home in north Wales to return to England. An early supporter of Henry Tudor who became
English King in 1485, he subsequently was entrusted with a number of
including the treasureships of Ireland and of Calais.
During Elizabethan times a later Conway from Wales,
Sir John, married the heiress to Arrow at Alcester in Warwickshire. He then bought nearby Ragley Hall and its lands and this was to be the
His line continued through Edward who was made Viscount Conway in 1627
a later Edward who became the Earl of Conway in 1679.
When he died four years later without issue,
the line at Ragley Hall continued through his cousin Francis Seymour
assumed the name of Seymour-Conway. From
his line came:
- a later Francis Seymour-Conway who served as Viceroy of
and was made the Marquess of Hertford in 1793.
- and his brother Henry
Seymour-Conway who had a lengthy military and political career,
Cabinet positions and his promotion to Field Marshal in 1793.
Conways were recorded
at Powerstock in Dorset from the 1600’s onwards. Henry
Conway left there for London where he
married in 1696. He and his descendants
their home in Southwark.
The Conway name was also at Stoke Newington near London
from the 1750’s. Samuel Conway, a
Congregational minister who lived there in the 1850’s, was the father
Robert, a Classical scholar and Professor of Latin literature, and
writer and early member of the Independent Labor Party.
Jewish. London has also had Jewish
Conways. One such
was Frank Cohen, born to Jewish immigrants in the East End of London in
1919. He changed his name to Conway by
deed poll in
1943. After the war he married and ran a
vending machine business for bubble gum and football cards off
Petticoat Lane. Other more professional
Jewish Conways have
been academics, writers, rabbis and community leaders.
Channel Islands. The
Conway name appeared at Jersey in the Channel Islands in the late
1700’s. These Conways apparently come from
Ireland. Morrice Conway was recorded as
marrying Marthe Soudell at St. Helier in 1774.
A separate line began with William Conway (who was married four
in the 1850’s.
Ireland. The Irish origins of
Conway have been various. It was an anglicized version of
at least four different Gaelic names. MacConway was a sept of importance in ancient
(Clare and Limerick) up to the end of the 14th century.
The name spread across Ireland. By the
time of Griffith’s Valuation in the mid-19th century,
Tyrone and Mayo had
emerged as the counties with the largest numbers of Conways. Later on, Mayo accounted for about
twenty-five per cent of all the Conway births registered in
Some Conways in Ireland were from across the
- first Captain Jenkin Conway arrived from north Wales in
1587 and was
granted Killorglin castle in county Kerry by the English government. From his line came Thomas Conway, born at
Cloghane in 1735, who left Kerry for France and rose to high military
first with the French and then with the Americans during the
the English Conways from Warwickshire established themselves at Lisburn
Antrim in the early 1600’s. Three
members of the Conway family represented Antrim in Parliament over a
forty-two years, from 1741 to 1783.
and Irish Conways came to America.
Virginia. Edward Viscount Conway was
an incorporator of
the third Virginia charter in 1611 and later Conways of his family went
Edwin Conway arrived
there around 1640 and, twelve years later, settled in Lancaster county
had been granted land. His son Edwin,
born there and known as Gentleman Edwin Conway, was the head of one of
First Families of Virginia, connected by marriage to other leading
families. This Conway line was covered
in W. Conway Price’s 2013 book Descendants
of Edwin Conway.
Conways from this line were in Stafford county by the
mid/late 1700’s. Walter Peyton Conway
was a wealthy slave-holding gentleman farmer there in the early 1800’s. His home, known as Conway House, is still
standing along the Rappahannock river.
However, Walter’s son Moncure became an outspoken abolitionist
years leading up to the Civil War.
Conway located several dozen of
his father’s slaves who had fled from Virginia and secured train
safe-conduct passes for them.”
Ostracized by his family in Virginia, he spent much of the rest of his
life in London. Conway Hall there was
named in his honor.
Conway meanwhile had come to Northumberland county sometime in the
1650’s. Later descendants of this line
were to be
found in Tennessee and Arkansas. Henry
Conway departed Tennessee for Arkansas, but was killed in a duel in
1827. However, after his death,
the Conways led a political dynasty in Arkansas, known as The Family, which lasted until
the start of the Civil War in
Irish have probably outnumbered the English Conways coming to America.
The first was probably Thomas Conway from
Lisburn in Antrim who arrived with his wife Mary at New Castle,
shortly after their marriage in 1682.
They were Quakers. Their marriage
produced two daughters, but no sons.
John Conway came to Virginia, it is thought from Dublin, around the
1728 in an immigration that was commonly known as “the Irish
schoolmasters.” His son Samuel was
to have manufactured gunpowder in 1774 for the Virginia troops that
fighting against the Indians. The family moved in 1780 to what is
Bourbon county in Kentucky.
The main Conway influx came around the time of the potato famine in
Ireland in the 1840’s. Among those who
arrived then were:
- James Conway from Roscommon who came to Baltimore in 1843
and moved with
his family to Iowa in 1850. His son O.T.
Conway was a farmer in Allamakee county.
- Thomas Conway who departed Kerry for Montreal in 1847, with his family following him
later. His son James settled in Iowa in
- and James and Johanna Conway from Limerick who came to New
York in 1847 and
later headed westward to Indiana. Their
son Patrick was one of the most respected physicians of Carroll county.
Conways also stayed East,
in New York and Boston and elsewhere.
Douglas was an Irish enclave in Renfrew county, Ontario and
family from Limerick had arrived there, along with other Limerick
families, in the
1840’s. Tragedy hit the family in 1885
when Michael Conway, later commemorated in the ballad Young Conway,
murdered in a sectarian fight. His
father Thomas died from a stroke two months later, probably as a result
New Zealand. John Conway
from Jersey in the Channel Islands came to Auckland in 1855 and settled
years later at Tauranga in the Bay of Plenty area.
He was a builder by trade, as was his son
If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for
further stories and accounts:
Thomas Conway was an Irish exile who rose to high
military rank in France and America in the mid/late 1700’s.
Henry Seymour-Conway had a lengthy British military and political
in the mid/late 1700’s, culminating in Cabinet positions and his
Field Marshal in 1793.
Moncure Conway, the son of a Virginia slave-owner, was an outspoken
abolitionist prior to the Civil War.
born Trevor Stanford, was a popular pianist on British TV variety shows
1950’s and 1960’s.
- 20,000 in the UK (most numerous
- 20,000 in America (most numerous in New York)
- 15,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Ireland)
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