Crichton

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Crichton/Creighton Surname Genealogy

Scottish and English surnames Crichton and Creighton seem related, with both coming
from
place-names. The old barony of Crichton
in Midlothian (initially Kreiton) gave rise to the better-known
Crichton name;
while the Creighton name looks to have originated from a place of that
name
near Uttoxeter in Staffordshire.
The root of these names is either the Gaelic crioch
meaning “boundary” or the Celtic creic meaning “rock”
plus in each case tun meaning “settlement.”
The
Crichton base was
Midlothian; while Creighton has been found in Cumbria, Dumfries and
later in
Ulster
.

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Crichton/Creighton Resources on
The
Internet

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Crichton/Creighton Ancestry

Scotland. The
Crichtons, based in Crichton near Edinburgh, were an important medieval
Scottish family. They first appeared in
records in the 12th century.
Thomas
de Crichton was recorded in the Ragman Roll swearing
allegiance to
Edward I in 1296. The Crichtons held castles at Crichton and also at
Sanquhar in
Dumfriesshire through a subsidiary line.

Crichton. Sir William Crichton of Crichton
rose to prominence as the Chancellor of Scotland in 1439 during the
minority of
James II. But he then earned the enmity
of the powerful Douglas clan.

“Crichton
organized the infamous black dinner at
Edinburgh Castle
when the Earl of Douglas and his brother were invited as guests of
honor
to a royal banquet there. After the
dinner the two Douglases were dragged from the boy king’s presence and
executed
on Castle Hill.”


His
grandson William, the third Lord Crichton, backed a rival claimant to
the
Scottish throne, lost out, and in 1483 was dispossessed of all his
lands,
including Crichton castle.
It
is from a related line, the Crichtons of Frendraught, that the
present line descends. Their seat since
1850 has been at Monzie castle in Perthshire.

Another possibly related line was
that of Patrick Crichton, a saddler and ironmonger in Edinburgh. He prospered enough to set himself up at
Woodhouselee House in the 1740’s. His
son Alexander was a coachbuilder; and his grandson Alexander and great
grandson
Archibald both physicians to Russian Tsars in the early 1800’s.

Sanquhar. Sir
Robert Crichton became sheriff of Dumfries
in 1464 and Robert his eldest son was made Lord Crichton of Sanquhar in
1487.

Unfortunately
the title brought nothing but bad luck to the Crichtons.
William the third Lord was murdered by Lord
Semple around 1552; while Robert the sixth Lord, accused of being
involved in
the murder of his fencing master, was executed in 1612.
The title eventually passed to the family of
Crichton-Stuart, the present Marquesses of Bute.

One line led to Robert Crichton of Nithsdale,
the Lord Advocate of Scotland, who moved to Perthshire.
His son James, born in Perthshire in 1560, was
the Scottish prodigy acclaimed as the
Admirable Crichton
.
Other Crichtons
in Perthshire held the position of Bishop of Dunkeld in the mid-1500’s.

The spelling in Dumfries often became Creighton, mirroring the spelling
across the border in England.

England. Carlisle
in Cumbria boasted
a number of Creightons.

Jonathan Creighton was a surgeon there in the
1770’s. Fortunatus Creighton was the
proprietor of the Captain Cook Inn
from the 1770’s until his death in 1828.
James Creighton, a joiner by trade, arrived in Carlisle from the
Scottish borders in the 1820’s. His son
Robert had two remarkable sons:

  • Mandell
    Creighton who became Bishop of London
    and a prominent British historian. His
    life was covered in James Covert’s 2000 book A Victorian
    Marriage – Mandell and Louise Creighton.
  • and
    James
    Robert Creighton who was twice mayor of Carlisle. He
    died at an early age in 1896 and the town
    erected the Creighton Memorial
    to
    him in what became the Creighton Memorial Gardens.

Charles
and Sarah Creighton lived in Gosforth,
Cumberland in the late 1700’s. Their son
Thomas was a schoolmaster at Uldale.


Ireland.

The Creighton name prevailed in Ireland,
although most probably came from Scotland.
Many Scottish Creightons had moved to Ulster in the early 17th
century at
the time of the Scottish plantations. The
principal counties for settlement were Fermanagh and Tyrone. The Irish O’Criochain
in Tyrone sometimes got anglicized as Creighton.

John Creighton, from the Frendraught Crichtons,
established himself at Crom castle near Lough Erne in Fermanagh in the
mid-1600’s. His descendant John became
the first Earl of Erne in 1789. This
family later adopted the Crichton spelling.

However, most Creightons in Ireland, less proud and not so ennobled,
did
not do so. Many emigrated, first to
America and later to Canada.

America. Creightons
came to America, many from Scotland,
but not too many Crichtons.

Andrew
Creighton had arrived in the Tuscarora valley of Pennsylvania from
Edinburgh as
a young man in 1768. His grandsons Abram
and Samuel were Methodist ministers in Pennsylvania.

Thomas Creighton and his
wife Jenny came to the Lancaster district of South Carolina from county
Antrim
in 1772. Their son Thomas moved to
Kentucky and then to Illinois and their grandson John to Clarke county,
Alabama.

Daniel Creighton came to Perth in upstate New York from Perthshire in
Scotland
in the early 1800’s. His son James lived
on the Creighton homestead farm in Perth until his death in 1871.

James
Creighton, originally McCraren, was an Irish Catholic from Monaghan who
had
arrived in Canada in 1806 and then moved with his wife Bridget to farm
in
America – first in Pennsylvania and then in Ohio.

  • their
    two sons Edward and John Creighton were prominent early businessmen in
    Omaha, Nebraska.
  • Edward
    had initially become
    involved in the freight shipping/telegraph businesses and by the 1850’s
    was one
    of the largest builders of telegraph lines in America.
    He and his wife Mary arrived in Omaha in
    1856.
  • Edward relied on Mary to carry
    out his request to create a college there. This
    eventually became Creighton University.

Robert
Creighton came to
Tennessee from Dumfries in Scotland sometime in the 1820’s and farmed
in Sumner
county. His grandson Robert “Pop” Creighton who
grew up in
Nashville was a builder, notably of the centerpiece of the Tennessee
Centennial
Exposition held in Nashville in 1898.

James Creighton arrived from Ireland in the 1830’s,
became a marine engineer and followed steam-boating for many years
before
settling in Ohio. After the death of his
wife Maria he took his family west in 1855, going to California via the
Isthmus
route. His son David prospered as a
farmer in Oregon.


Canada
. It was the same story about Creightons and
Crichtons in Canada. Among
the Creighton arrivals were:

  • John
    Creighton from
    Somerset who arrived with the British army in Nova Scotia in 1753,
    stayed, and
    was one of the founders of the town of Lunenburg.
  • James
    Creighton who was in
    Halifax, Nova Scotia by the 1790’s, running a ship chandlering business
    there. His grandson James, a lawyer
    and
    journalist, is credited with organizing the first indoor ice hockey
    match in
    1875 in Montreal.
  • William
    Creighton from Tyrone who came with his family
    in 1846 and settled in Haldimand county, Ontario. He
    called the farm he purchased Tyrone.
    Descendants have developed prize-winning shorthorn cattle
    there.
  • William
    Creighton from Belfast who came around 1850
    and established himself as a merchant in Toronto. One
    son John became a prominent lawyer there,
    another son William was a lumber merchant in Winnipeg.
  • and
    David
    Creighton from Fermanagh who came in 1869 and settled in Essex county,
    Ontario. Later Creightons moved to Yale,
    British Columbia.

New
Zealand
. Francis Creighton, a seaman from Dublin, was
an early arrival in New Zealand, first coming in the late 1820’s and
then
settling there in 1835 and marrying Jane Cook.
He lived on in Auckland to the grand age of 99, dying in 1908
.


Select
Crichton/Creighton Miscellany

If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for
further stories and accounts:



Select
Crichton/Creighton Names

Sir
William Crichton

was appointed

Chancellor of Scotland in
1439 during the minority of James II.
James Crichton
was the
16th century Scottish prodigy known as the
Admirable Crichton.

Mandell
Creighton
was one of the leading British historians and churchmen
in the
late 19th century.
Donald Creighton
was a
prominent 20th century Canadian historian.
Michael
Crichton
was an American author in the thriller and science fiction
genre. His best-known work, Jurassic
Park,
came out in 1990
.

Select Crichtons/Creightons Today

  • 8,000 in the UK (most numerous
    in Lancashire)
  • 4,000 in America (most numerous in California)
  • 7,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Canada)

 

 

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