Crowe

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Crowe Surname Genealogy

Crowe has two different origins as a surname, one from
England and the other from Ireland.The English Crowe came from the name of the bird (and the Old English crawa) and probably started off as
a nickname of someone who resembled a crow, perhaps having
particularly dark hair. Crowe in Ireland, on the other hand, was
the anglicized version of the Irish patronymic MacEnchroe – a name which came from
the earlier MacConchradra,
“son of Conchradra,” sept.
Both Crowe and
Crow
exist as surnames. Crowe is the more common
today.

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Crowe
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Crowe Ancestry

England.
Early Crows/Crowes came from East Anglia.

East Anglia The
name John Crow appeared in the Suffolk Hundred Rolls of 1274.
It is thought that he was part of the Crow family that made their money
in Yarmouth out of shipping. Their home was Crow’s Hall at
Debenham near Stowmarket. The family extended their estates to
Brasted Place in Kent in the 15th century and later established
themselves in county Galway in Ireland and, through Sir Sackville Crowe,
in Carmarthen in Wales.

Other notable Crowes of the area were Robert Crowe of Swaffham and
Charles Crowe of Coddenham. The latter served under Wellington in
the Peninsular Wars and kept journals of his endeavors (which have been
preserved). The Crowe name was also in the Mildenhall and
Lakeheath areas of Suffolk.

By the 19th century, the largest number of Crowes in England were to be
found in Norfolk. But Crowes (and Crows) stretched all the way
along the East Coast – from Northumberland down to Essex.

Northumberland
Crowes in Ashington, Northumberland have been traced back to the early
1600’s (these
Northumberland Crowes may have some linkages with the Kent Crowes)
.
Mitford Crowe of the family was governor of Barbados in
1707; while his younger brother Christopher became country gentry in
Yorkshire.

“In 1705, at the age of twenty four,
Christopher Crowe was appointed Consul at Livorno near Florence in
Italy. He held the contract for providing the Mediterranean fleet
with wine and oil, which earned him his fortune. He helped young
men on the Grand Tour of Europe and became an agent supplying wealthy
Englishmen with works of art.”

Christopher married well and bought Kiplin Hall in north Yorkshire in
1722. The house stayed with the Crowe family for the next hundred
years.

Isle of Man. Crowe is
also a Manx name, originating either from the Scottish McCraw or the
Irish MacEnchroe. It first appeared in the Lezayre area in the
16th century. Many of the early Crows were clergymen, most
notably Bishop Charles Crow of Ballachree. And many have been
involved in stone masonry and in building.


Ireland.
The names Crowe
and McEnchroe in Ireland came from the MacConchradra
sept, whose base was Thomond in the western part of the Inchiquin
barony in county Clare. The clan motto of skeagh mac en chroe, or “Crowe
thornbush,” has transposed into the present place-name of
Skaghvicencrowe near Mount Callan in Clare.

Crowes settled
in
Clare
or nearby Tipperary. The best-known Crowe was
probably
O’Beirne Crowe from county Galway. According to tradition he was
stupid and ill-educated as a boy. Yet he rose through diligence
to be amongst the front ranks of Gaelic scholars.

One Crowe family in Galway was not Irish but came originally from
Suffolk in England. The forebear of this family was a Richard
Crowe. His grandson William Crowe married Emilia Eyre Evans in
Galway in the 1720’s and Eyre Evans Crowe of this family later made a
name
for himself as a writer and historian in London. His son
Eyre Crowe was a well-regarded painter; another son Joseph (and his son
Eyre) noted diplomats. Another branch of this family emigrated to Nova
Scotia.

There were also Crowes in Belfast who were
probably English transplants as well; plus some in county Cavan of
uncertain origin.

America. There are both
Crows and Crowes in America. Some are of English origin, some of
Irish origin, a few of German origin (possibly from the German Kroh), and some in fact are Native
American – from the Crow nation of the Great Plains (it was the Indian
chief Crow who gave the opening battle cry at the Battle of Little Big
Horn).

Yarmouth on Cape Cod in Massachusetts and Yarmouth in England are
connected through two Crowes (probably brothers), John and Yelverton,
who were early settlers on Cape Cod in 1639. Curiously, John
Crowe’s descendants changed the spelling of their name to Crowell
(although it was still pronounced “Crow”). Their family history
was traced in Thomas Crowell’s 1903 book, John Crowe and His Descendants.

Virginia and Maryland
The Crow
spelling was more common
for those who entered via Maryland
or Virginia
and settled in the South. John Crow was one of the earliest
arrivals in Maryland, marrying there in 1717 and settling down in Cecil
county. The descendants of his son Walter were to be found in
Delaware, Virginia and later in Missouri, Arkansas, and Oklahoma.
Other Crows moved out to Kentucky and Tennessee, as well as south to
Alabama, Georgia, and Texas.

However, Jim
Crow

was not one or any of these Crows. The name which tainted the
post
Civil War South came instead from a popular song rather than from a
real
person.

Heading West
Crows also headed West. A Crow family from Tennessee was one of
the first Mormons to arrive in Salt Lake valley in 1847. Rachel
Crow, newly widowed, left Missouri with her family in 1852 and joined
up with a wagon train heading for California. Much more reported
has been the
Crow emigrant train of 1865
.

“The Crow train was a very large outfit
under the command of Brad Crow. There were the five Crow brothers
and their families in the train. A great many other emigrants
were also travelling with them. The Crows were bringing out forty
jackasses from Missouri – big Maltese jacks – to raise mules on the San
Joaquin river in California.”

Captain Crow arrived in California and founded the township of Crows
Landing along the San Joaquin river. Crow descendants are to be found
throughout California and also in Alaska.

Canada. James Crowe
and
his family set sail from Derry in Ireland on the Hopewell and arrived in Halifax,
Nova Scotia in late 1761. They were Ulster Scots. His family
ended up settling in
communities in what is Colchester county today. It is said that
their descendants number as many as 10,000. Early settlers in
Cape Breton, Nova Scotia were Thomas and Margaret Crow, who were
married there in 1777. Crowes are still around there today.

Australia and New Zealand.
William Crowe from county Clare in Ireland was an early arrival.
He came with the 73th Regiment in 1810 and stayed, taking up land at
Appin, NSW. His son James moved onto Gundagai in search of better
grazing land. James and his wife Susannah raised fourteen
children there.

Later Crowe arrivals from Ireland were:

  • John Walsh Crowe in 1853 from
    Knockaderran in Clare. His brothers apparently emigrated to
    America.
  • William Crowe in 1855 from Upper Kilbane in Clare. He moved
    to Victoria and did well for himself as a farmer, later venturing into
    politics.
  • Ned Crowe in 1881 from
    Tipperary. He and his wife Mary raised fifteen children in the
    Adelaide suburb of Queenstown.

New Zealand boasts the Hollywood actor Russell Crowe and his cousins,
the cricketers Martin and Jeff Crowe. Russell Crowe’s grandfather
came from Wrexham in Wales and the book Where The
Crowe Flies
tells this family story.


Select
Crowe Miscellany

If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for
further stories and accounts:

Select Crowe Names

John
Crow, recorded in 1274, may well have been the forebear of the
long-standing Crowe family from Suffolk.
Trammell Crow was an American
property developer who created several famous projects, including the
Dallas Market Center, the Peachtree Center in Atlanta, and the
Embarcadero Center in San Francisco.
Joe
Medicine Crow
is an acclaimed historian and author from the
Native American Crow tribe.
Russell Crowe is an Academy
Award winning actor from New Zealand. He won the award for his
starring role in the film Gladiator.
Sheryl Crow is a popular
American singer/songwriter who blends rock, country, and pop in her
music. She comes from Missouri.


Select Crowes
Today

  • 14,000 in the UK (most numerous
    in Lancashire)
  • 17,000 in America (most numerous
    in Texas).
  • 14,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Australia).

 

 

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