Diamond Surname Genealogy
is a surname that has three
different origins – Irish, English, and Jewish:
Irish root the Gaelic O’Diamain, from the name Dioma, with the anglicized form
English origin the Old English word dayman, derived
from deye meaning “a keeper of livestock.”
the Jewish origin the Yiddish diment or “diamond,”
and chosen as an ornamental name.
main alternative spelling has been Dimond. Other variants
have been Diman and Diment,
Diamond Resources on
- Miner Descent
Diamonds in Kittery, Maine.
- The Diamond Family History
Diamonds in Canada.
- Dymond/Dimond/Diamond DNA Project
early example of the surname – Stephen Deyman in the 1224 pipe rolls of
Buckinghamshire – matched the old meaning of the word.
By the next century the “d” had appeared, as
in Dymond. This became in time Dimond
and then Diamond.
persisted as a
surname in the west country and particularly in Devon; while Diment
in Somerset. The family
line of James Dyment, born in Beaford in Devon in 1767, was variously
Dyment, Diment and Diamond.
Kent The Diamond
name also occurred in Kent in various places. John Dimonde was
said to have
arrived in Brenchley near Tunbridge Wells from France in the early
1600’s. The name there became Diamond.
Later in the 1600’s John Diamond was a yeoman
farmer and gunfounder in Hawkhurst, a profession also taken up by his
Robert. Jack Diamond (sometimes Dymer)
was a member of the notorious Hawkhurst smuggling gang.
He was arrested in 1747 but escaped execution.
Ireland. The O’Diamain
family originated in Derry and Antrim along the Lower Bann river
were an erenagh family which acted as
stewards for the church at Kilrea. Neal Diamond was born in
Maghera parish in
1764. A Diamond branch, stone masons who
worked on the stone at Guildhall in Derry, migrated to Ardnaglass in
Sligo in the early 19th century.
Diamonds left for America during the 19th century.
Patrick Diamond, for instance, came to Pennsylvania in the
1760’s and subsequently migrated to North Carolina.
Both his sons fought in the Revolutionary War.
America. John Diamond was a ropemaker from Devon
who came first to Massachusetts and then settled in Kittery, Maine in
where he built fishing boats. His son
John was tortured to death during an Indian raid in 1692.
Thomas Diamond or Diman (he himself spelt his
name Diamond) was the forebear of the
Dimonds/Dimans of Bristol, Rhode Island. He came first to
Connecticut, thence to Farmington, and thence to Easthampton on Long
where he died in 1683.
The name was spelt
variously at that time, but then two different spellings took root:
first was Dimond. Thomas Dimond and the
Rev. James Dimond both came to Bristol, Rhode Island around the
second was Diman. Joseph Diman came to
Bristol in the 1760’s and raised two master mariners, Captains Royal
was both a Dimont
and Diman Governor of Rhode Island in the 1840-50’s.
Another Dimond line began with Thomas Dimond
who died in Fairfield, Connecticut in 1658.
The spelling subsequently varied between Dimond and Dimon. David Dimon of Weston received rough treatment from the British
in 1777. Henry Dimond was a Christian
missionary from Fairfield who set off for Hawaii in 1834 where he lived
further sixty years. Edwin Ormond’s 1891
book The Dimond or Dimon Family of
Fairfield, Connecticut covered these and other lines.
Diamond is also a
Jewish name in America. Louis Diamond
arrived from Russia in 1904 and, after studying medicine at
Harvard, made his name in pediatrics. He
has been called the father of pediatric hematology.
His son Jared Diamond is a popular science
writer. Other second generation Diamonds
in America have been the composer David Diamond and the
If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for
further stories and accounts:
Legs Diamond was an Irish American gangster in Philadelphia and
New York City during the Prohibition era.
Neil Diamond is an American
singer-songwriter of Jewish background with a career that began in the
Anne Diamond is an English radio and television presenter and
journalist of Irish background.
Select Diamonds Today
- 6,000 in the UK (most numerous
in Northern Ireland)
- 9,000 in America (most numerous in New York)
- 8,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Canada)
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