Driscoll

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Driscoll Surname Genealogy

The surname Driscoll or O’Driscoll comes from the Irish O’hEidirsceoil,
grandson of
Eidirsceoil, where eirdsceoil
meanis “go-between” or “bearer of news.”  The original
Eidirsceoil
from whom descent is claimed is believed to have
lived in
the mid-10th century. The name is one of the very few to have
been identified with the Erainn, Celts who were settled in Ireland
before the arrival of the Gaels in the 8th century.

With the English invasion and anglicization of the country, O’hEidirsceoil became O’Driscoll and later, particularly on its travels and sometimes to avoid discrimination, Driscoll or even, occasionally in America, Driskell. However, once the English yoke had gone, O’Driscoll became the preferred name again in Ireland.

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Driscoll/O’Driscoll
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Driscoll/O’Driscoll Ancestry

Ireland. The O’Driscolls,
Princes of Corca Iaogdhe, were one of the most powerful families in SW
Ireland in the 11th and 12th centuries. They were
and remained a seafaring clan until the English encroachments
of the 16th and 17th centuries.

SW Cork. Their
base was the
Bay of Baltimore in
SW Cork. A number of O’Driscoll strongholds exist between
Baltimore and Skibbereen, one of which, Dun na Sead (the Fort of
Jewels), has been restored as a tourist attraction in Baltimore.

The O’Driscolls profited for a long time from the rich fishing fields
off Cork. In the latter half of the 16th century, the clan
produced a rather notorious rogue, Fineen O’Driscoll, known as “Fineen
the Rover.” To augment his income, he engaged in some lucrative
piracy on the side. However, his downfall came when he lent
support in 1602 to Spain against the English in the Battle of
Kinsale.

In the aftermath of that debacle, he had to forfeit his
lands and his son Connor went into exile in Spain. Many other
O’Driscolls
followed in the ensuing decades. Later, Cornelius O’Driscoll
fought with the Irish brigades in Spain. After Cornelius, the
direct family line seems to have
fizzled out. There was said to be a descendant in England and
then in South Carolina (where Dennis O’Driscoll was killed in a
shooting duel).

Later O’Driscolls
In the 19th century, the O’Driscolls were tenants of the lands
once held by their forefathers. During the famine, many
O’Driscolls struggled to stay alive in the Skibbereen workhouse and
they suffered
as much as any other Catholic family did at that time. Skibbereen
acquired at the time a notoreity for its appalling levels of famine
mortality. Large
numbers emigrated.

Although the
O’Driscolls have suffered extensive losses over the years in their
ancestral homelands, they are still in Ireland today to be found mainly
in this Cork area. Cork accounted for 85% of Driscolls
in Griffith’s Valuation in the 19th century. The O’Driscoll name
remains at Baltimore with Barnadette O’Driscoll and her Corner House.

A 20th century O’Driscoll from Cork was Herbert O’Driscoll, who
recorded his childhood memories of growing up Protestant in the “warm
and loving ghetto” of Irish Catholicism in his book The Leap of the Deer. He is
now a popular writer on spirituality based in Canada. Daniel Driscoll
from Limerick fought for Britain in the Boer War, forming Driscoll’s
Scouts, and later emigrated to Kenya.

America.
An early arrival
in Maryland, in the 1680’s, was Dennis Driskell. His descendants
later settled in North Carolina.

The main influx came
in the 19th century, particularly after the potato famine.
Boston was the principal arrival port (Massachusetts still has the
largest number of Driscolls in the United States). Many came to
Connecticut and New York as well. Michael Driscoll reached
Milwaukee where he continued his living as a fisherman.

A number succeeded in these
immigrant melting pots:

  • one such was Cornelius Driscoll, born in
    County Cork, who rose to become the first immigrant mayor of New Haven
    in 1899. He also helped found the Catholic Knights of
    Columbus. His name is honored today by Irish Americans with the
    Cornelius Driscoll Award.
  • while Gerald O’Driscoll, a 20th century
    immigrant, started with his brother the highly successful Circle Line
    sightseeing tours around New York in the years after World War II.

Other Driscolls moved inland to Ohio and Illinois. John Driscoll
from Ohio led a group of bandits that marauded across the Prairies in
the 1840’s. Eventually John was captured with one of his sons and
they were both shot by a vigilante mob. We also find an immigrant
Driscoll family in Kansas. Their son, Charles
Driscoll, was the author of books, including Kansas Irish which described what
life
was like growing up on a farm in Kansas.

Canada. Many of the Irish
escaping the potato famine would not have been as generous as Captain
Michael Driscoll was to the landlord he had left behind.

“We, the committee of the passengers of
the Aeolus, do send our
thanks to our late landlord, Sir Robert Gore Booth. He was always
kind to his tenants. It was not tyranny which forced us to
emigrate. It was the loss of our crops for two years past.
And we hope to gain a living in America by strict industry and
sobriety.”

The Aeolus departed for New
Brunswick where large numbers of Driscolls went after the famine.
John Driscoll was part of the Cork settlement in York county.
James Driscoll settled in Fredericton. Later on, there
were more Driscolls in Ontario.

Australia. The English
often treated the Irish badly. They transported many to
Australia, some for political crimes, such as Daniel Driscoll in 1815,
and others for various crimes and misdemeanors.

A Dennis Driscoll
was onboard the first convict ship, the Queen in 1791, to bring Irish
convicts to Australia. There is the sad story of Michael
Driscoll, aged only 19, brutally murdered in 1835 by a soldier while on
a work gang. He had been a Cork errand boy who had been given a
fourteen year transportation sentence three years prior for
house-breaking.

The Gold Rush brought many Irish immigrants to Australia in the
1850’s. One who prospered was John Driscoll who arrived in
Bendigo at that time. He worked hard there and profited as well
from the buying and selling of property. Jeremiah and Catherine
O’Driscoll arrived from west Cork in 1869 and settled in Grass Valley,
Western Australia.

Select Driscoll/O’Driscoll Miscellany

If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for
further stories and accounts:

Select Driscoll/O’Driscoll Names

Fineen
O’Driscoll
was the
O’Donnell clan chief in Elizabethan times who backed the Spanish
against the English with unfortunate results.
Cornelius Driscoll was the
first Irish immigrant mayor in the US, of New Haven in 1899.
Pearless Jim
Driscoll
, born in
Wales, was a featherweight boxing champion who captured the public
imagination. It is estimated that 100,000 attended his funeral in
Cardiff in 1925.
Alfred Driscoll was Governor
of New Jersey from 1947 to 1954.
Brian O’Driscoll, one of the
world’s best rugby backs, was the captain of the Ireland rugby
union team.

Select Driscolls/O’Driscolls Today

  • 15,000 in the UK (most numerous
    in London)
  • 8,000 in America (most numerous in Massachusetts)
  • 15,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Ireland)

 

 

 

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