Hammond

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Hammond Surname Genealogy

Hammond was a name introduced to England by the Normans. Its
origin was from one of a number of personal names at that time – the
Norman Hamo or Hamon or the Old Norse Hamundr or Amundr – which in time all got
blended into
Hammond. The Norman Hamo came to England
after Hastings and was
a prominent royal steward during the reigns of William I and William II.
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Hammond Resources on
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Hammond Ancestry

England.
Hammond spellings
in England were various until
the 16th century, and then stabilized.
These Hammonds
were to be found mainly in the home counties and in East
Anglia, a situation in terms of the Hammond name distribution that was
to prevail under the beginning of the 20th century.

Sussex and Kent.
Richard Hamond was recorded in Sussex tax rolls of 1332 and the Hammond
name has also been associated with Battle abbey in Sussex. Hamo
was elected its abbot in 1364 and he gallantly fought off French
raiders in 1377. John Hammond was its last abbot
in 1529
before
the dissolution of the monasteries. A later John Hammond
built a gunpowder mill next to the abbey in 1676. Meanwhile Hammonds at
Angmering in Sussex dated from the 16th century and possibly earlier.

Thomas Hammond purchased St. Albans Court near Nonington
in Kent in
1551 after
the dissolution of the monasteries. An early 18th century
descendant Anthony Hammond, an MP and a poet, was known as
“silver-tongued Hammond.” However, his gift of the gab failed him
later on and he ended up in debtors’ prison. Financial
propriety returned as a later Hammond of this family, William O.
Hammond,
headed up Hammond & Co, a Canterbury bank, in the mid 19th
century.

East Anglia. The
Hammond name was also to be found in East Anglia.. The name
Richard Hammond was recorded in a legal document in Norfolk in
1331. Thomas Hammond was lord of the manor of Cresseners in
Suffolk in the 16th century. Another Hammond family was local
gentry at Ubbeston in Suffolk at this time. Later Hammonds were
to be found at Ufford and Lawshall in the same county.

Ireland. The Norman Hamon
name was said to have been brought to Ireland by two Hamon brothers who
settled at Portarlington in Laios. The Hammond name in 1890 was
mainly found in Donegal. One line there has been traced back to
Andrew Hammond of Ballydermot in the 1750’s.

America. Hammonds were
among the early arrivals to New England. Hammond lines come from:

  • William Hammond from Lavenham in Suffolk who came to Boston in
    1632 and settled in Watertown, Massachusetts. His cousin Thomas Hammond
    settled in Hingham nearby and later in Newton. Later Hammonds were
    pioneer settlers in Ohio, Theodore Hammond arriving there in 1814.
  • and Benjamin Hammond from London who arrived on the Griffin in 1634 and settled in
    Sandwich, Massachusetts.

There were Hammonds from St. Albans in Kent in Virginia by the
1630’s. Samuel Hammond from Virginia fought in the Revolutionary
War and later settled in Savannah, Georgia where he prospered as a
merchant. He and his family moved in 1824 to his plantation on the
Savannah river near Augusta.

Maryland. John
Hammond
of the Isle of Wight arrived in Maryland in the 1660’s, a young man and
a
Quaker. He later renounced his
faith. Instead he married into one of
America’s most distinguished families, the Howards.
They were neighbors of his in the Middle Neck
hundred, some nine miles west of where he helped to lay out the town of
Annapolis, Maryland in 1684. His family
line was traced in a book published in 1880 entitled The
Hammond Families of Anne Arundel, Baltimore and Frederick Counties,
Maryland
.

From this family came
William Hammond, an army surgeon and patriarch of a family which
included two army surgeon sons and a third son Richard who fought in
the
Mexican War, came out west in the California gold rush, and was the
father of
that famous industrialist and mining engineer John Hays Hammond. John’s
son John
Hays Hammond Jr. patented more than 400 inventions and is widely
regarded as the
father of radio control.

Australia. Thomas Hammond
was one of 156 convicts transported to Sydney on the Neptune in 1820. His son
Robert was a stock and station agent, his grandson Robert a prominent
evangelical clergyman and social reformer.

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Hammond Miscellany

If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for
further stories and accounts:

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Hammond Names

John Hammond was the
court physician to King James I in the early 1600’s.
John Hays Hammond was a famous
industrialist and mining engineer who made his first fortune in South
Africa and his second in California.
Wally Hammond was a leading
English cricketer and batsman of the 1930’s.
John Hammond was the
American record producer who discovered such artists as Billie
Holliday, Aretha Franklin and Bob Dylan.
Joan Hammond was an Australian
champion golfer of the 1930’s and an opera star of the 1940’s and 50’s.

Select Hammonds Today

  • 30,000 in the UK (most numerous
    in Suffolk)
  • 26,000 in America (most numerous in California)
  • 15,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Australia)

 

 

 

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