Lambert

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Lambert Surname Genealogy

The
Lambert name has been widespread in Europe and
goes back at least to the 5th century.
Because of its antiquity, the root of Lambert is uncertain. Some have the name derived from the name Landbehrt, possibly meaning “bright
land.”
St. Lambert, the Bishop of Maastricht
in the Low Countries in the
7th century, was highly venerated and a source of the name’s
popularity. In the next four centuries the
name could be found
as widely spread as Italy, where Lambert the Bishop of Ostia was
elected Pope, to
Louvain in present-day Belgium, and to Poland where a Lambert was king
in the early
11th century. The Lambert name came to
England
after the Norman invasion in 1066
.

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Lambert Resources on
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Lambert Ancestry

Lambert as a surname in Europe is mainly found in Belgium and
France. The following are the approximate numbers there today:

  • 20,000 in Belgium
  • and 60,000 in France.

In Belgium the main numbers have been in French-speaking Wallonia; in
France in the Loire area and in eastern France. The most
well-known Lambert has probably been the 18th century physicist and
astronomer Johann Heinrich Lambert from the eastern province of Alsace
who is associated today with Lambert’s Law.

England. There were early reports of the Lambert name in
southern England, in particular in Hampshire. Richard Lambert
appeared in the 1148 pipe rolls
of Hampshire. Later Lamberts in Hampshire were:

  • Sir Nicholas Lambert, Lord Mayor of London in 1537,
    came from a family of wool merchants in Maiden Bradley.
    William Lambert, the MP for Old Sarum around this time, was probably
    from the same family.
  • another Lambert family in Hampshire was
    based at Laverstoke.
  • William Lambert of Southampton was the father of Oliver
    Lambert, a soldier of fortune who became Governor of Connacht in
    Ireland in 1601.
  • while Christopher Lambert became the MP for
    Winchester in 1593, but only, it appears, because his sister Jane was
    the mistress of the Marquess of Winchester.

Sir John Lambert, born in France, had come to London as a merchant in
the 1690’s and was an important financier to the English Government in
the early 1700’s. He was created a baronet in 1711.

Eastern England
However, the Lambert name has been found more frequently along the east
coast of England, with the main concentrations being in Yorkshire,
Lincolnshire, and East Anglia. That pattern would suggest a
Viking or more probably a Saxon origin for Lamberts.
The
earliest sighting was probably Lambert as the prior of Kyme in
Yorkshire around the year 1185.

One line began at Skipton in the West Riding of Yorkshire.
William de Lambarte was recorded as being born there in 1285.
John Lambert of this line came into possession of Calton Hall in Kirkby
Malham at the time of the dissolution of the monasteries.
Calton Hall was the home of John Lambert, Cromwell’s famous
general during the Civil War. Lambert’s rise was
spectacular. So was his fall at the time of the
Restoration.

“In
1659, when
General George Monck marched south to restore Parliament, Lambert
marched north
in an attempt to negotiate or stop him by force but was abandoned by
many of
his soldiers. Lambert was then tried for treason and
banished to the island of Guernsey. He
was later imprisoned on Drake’s Island in Plymouth Sound where he died
in
1683.”

Lamberts have been a presence at Manningham near Bradford since the
early 1600’s. The name has subsequently spread across the
county. It has also been a fairly common name in Lincolnshire and
Suffolk. From the Lamberts of Kirton in Lincolnshire came Richard
Lambert, the Sheriff of London in 1568. One family line has been
traced back to Philip and Martha Lambert in 1690 at Hasketon near
Woodbridge in Suffolk.


Ireland.
There
was an old Catholic Lambert family in Wexford, first recorded in the
14th century, which was Norman in origin and may have dated back to the
time of Strongbow. In the 18th century they were landowners at
Carnagh.

Oliver Lambert came to Ireland with the Earl of Essex’s army in
1599. His successors were created Earls of Cavan. Another
line, originating from Calton in Yorkshire, came to the parish of
Athenry in Galway. John Lambert, an officer in Cromwell’s army,
made his home at Creg Clare in 1669. There were subsequent
Lambert homes at
Castle Lambert
and Castle Ellen. The family story was
recounted in Finbarr O’Regan’s 1999 book The Lamberts of Athenry.

America. Lambert arrivals in America by
ship were almost half from England, but also included Lamberts from
Ireland, Germany and France.

Thomas
Lambert
from Dorset came to Dorchester, Massachusetts in 1631 and died at
Barnstable on Cape Cod in
1663. He was possibly the earliest Lambert
immigrant into America and probably the one with most descendants.

Some Lamberts in Massachusetts migrated via Connecticut to Pennsylvania
and New Jersey in the 1740’s. Three brothers settled near Coryell’s Ferry
in Bucks county
, Pennsylvania. The oldest Thomas,
however, made his home in Hunterdon county, New Jersey. From his
line came John Lambert, the US Senator for New Jersey from 1809 to
1815. A later John Lambert became President of the American Steel
and Wire Company. The Lambert coal mine in Fayette county was
named after him.

Matthias Lambert (originally Lambard) came from the Rhine Palatine in
Germany and was one of the many Palatines fleeing religious persecution
at
home. Matthias arrived in Philadelphia on the Sally in 1733 and first made his
home in York county, Pennsylvania. Later Lamberts of this family
moved to Maryland and Virginia. John Michael Lambert, who arrived in
1764, settled in Bucks county, Pennsylvania.


Canada. French Lamberts first came to Canada, or more
specifically to what was then New France and is now Quebec.
Eustache Lambert arrived there with his family from Boulogne in the
1640’s. Aubin Lambert from the Perche region came about
twenty years later. The Lambert Dumont family were seigneurs of
Mille-Iles from about 1743 and they subsequently owned large tracts of
forest and farmland in the Saint Eustache region of Quebec north of
Montreal.

Patrick Lambert and his family departed Wexford in
Ireland, first for Newfoundland and then for Quebec City in 1816.
Thomas and Margaret Lambert, also from Wexford, came there around
1828. Some of their descendants later moved to the Ottawa area.

A Lambert family were keepers of the Chantry Island lighthouse
on Lake Huron for almost fifty years, from 1858 to 1907.

New Zealand. There were Lamberts who came to New Zealand from England,
Scotland and Ireland:

  • Albert Lambert who arrived with his family from Essex in
    1853
    and settled in the Porangahau region.
  • John Lambert who came with his family from the
    Scottish
    borders area in the 1860’s. They settled in the Wanganui
    area. John unfortunately died in a riding accident in 1870 at the
    age of just 36.
  • while William Lambert and his family came from
    Galway in Ireland in 1875. They settled in Wairoa. William was an
    Anglican clergyman there, his son Thomas a medical practitioner and
    later
    a local reporter and writer.

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Lambert Miscellany

If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for
further stories and accounts:


Select
Lambert Names


Saint
Lambert

was Bishop of Maastricht from 670 to 700 and much revered
after his death.
John Lambert
was
Cromwell’s leading general during the English Civil War. He
also helped establish the Protectorate in the
years that followed. 
Sir John Lambert
was a French-born merchant
in London who was instrumental in financing the British government in
the early 1700’s.
John W. Lambert
was an American automotive
pioneer, inventor, and manufacturer in the early 1900’s

Select Lamberts Today

  • 30,000 in the UK (most numerous
    in Yorkshire)
  • 36,000 in America (most numerous in Florida)
  • 24,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Canada)

 

 

 

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