Lyons Surname Genealogy
and Lyons are surnames that can be of English, Scottish or Irish
origin. The Scottish spelling is mainly
Lyon; the English spelling may be either Lyon or Lyons; while the Irish
generally been Lyons.
origins – either from the place-name Lyons-la-Foret in Normandy, or
Latin leo meaning “lion,” or from a
Norman de Leon or de Leonne family. The
name on the other hand was an anglicization of either the O’
Liathain or the O’ Laighin
Gaelic name. Lyons was also adopted as a surname by some Jewish
is the more common surname spelling. Lyons
outnumber Lyon by more
than two to one today.
Lyons Resources on
- Lyon Family History
History of the Lyon family (1066-2014).
- The Lyons of Warrington
Lyons in Lancashire.
- The Lyons of Ledestown
Lyons in Ireland and Antigua.
- Lyon Family of Inverurie
Lyons from Scotland to Canada.
were early Lyon lines in Norfolk and
Northamptonshire, both Norman in origin:
John de Leonne was born in Norfolk
in 1225. Richard Lyon, a descendant,
could have been the Richard Lyon beheaded by Wat Tyler’s men during the
Peasants’ Revolt of 1381. Later Lyons made
their home in Ruislip, Middlesex. Sir
John Lyon, a grocer, was Lord Mayor of
London in 1534 and John Lyon founded the Harrow School in 1572.
Sir John de Lyons was
said of have inherited the Warkworth estates in Northamptonshire
marriage around 1160. A later Sir John
fought at the battles of Crecy and Poitiers in the 14th century. His cousin Richard was arrested in 1376 for
embezzling the king’s revenue.
largest number have been and are in Lancashire, however.
Lyon came to Warrington from Scotland in the 1650’s, the youngest son
of George Lyon of Balmuchtie in Angus. His family farmed in the
area, later became extensive landowners, and involved themselves in
sugar refining in the 1780’s. Their home at Appleton Hall, just
the border in Cheshire, was built in 1820.
family held land at Rainford from Lord Derby from the 1570’s and were
clay potters there
in the following century. This family also
appeared in neighboring Whiston and Melling. Whether
the highwayman George Lyon of Upholland
who was hanged in 1815 was related to them is not known. That
the Lyons spelling is almost as common as
the Lyon spelling in Lancashire today may reflect Irish immigration.
Other Lyons. There
were other Lyons in England who were Jewish and who were
Chief Rabbi of Britain
in the late 1700’s, from Poland, was known as either Hirschel Levin or
Lyon. Later Jewish Lyons in England were:
- Nathaniel Lyons, an immigrant peddler of watches and cheap
jewellery, who had arrived in London sometime in the
son Joseph, born there, was a
artist of some repute before he joined forces with three Jewish
found the catering firm of J. Lyons and Co. It grew
to be the largest chain of tea shops in Britain during the inter-war
Corner House was a London institution from 1909 until its
closure in 1977.
Samuel Lyons had come from Poland to Leeds in Yorkshire in the
1890’s. There he set up a clothing business. His sons
Jack and Bernard developed their father’s business into a large
known as UDS (United Drapery Stores).
Lyon was a Hollywood actor who
brought his family to England in the 1940’s.
The Lyon family featured in the popular BBC radio show Life with the Lyons in the 1950’s.
the forebear of the Lyon
clan, rose to national prominence as an advisor to the king in the
1370’s. For his services he was granted
of Glamis in Angus. Later Lyons maintained these royal ties and Sir John’s grandson
Patrick was made Lord Glamis in 1445.
ninth Lord Glamis was created the Earl of Kinghorne in 1606 and his
survived, but barely, as Covenanters and as Jacobite supporters during
next turbulent period in Scottish history.
Jacobite rising of 1745 the Duke of Cumberland stayed
at Glamis on his march to the Battle of Culloden, but it
is said that he was not very welcome.”
Glamis Castle in
Angus remained the
Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, who was later to marry King George VI, spent much
of her childhood
there. The long history of the Lyon family
was covered in Michael Hewitt’s 2014 book A
Most Remarkable Family: The History of the Lyon Family.
subsidiary line, the Lyons of Auldbar, who were descended from Sir
of Auldbar, became wealthy West India merchants in the early 1800’s,
thirteen estates in Jamaica. Andrew Ross
covered a further line in his 1901 book The
Lyons of Cossins and Wester Ogil.
This family’s holdings also included the Balmuchtie estate in
were either from the O’Laighin name in eastern
the family’s territory was centered around Kilconnell; or from the O’Liathain
name that was originally from Limerick but then was more
commonly found in northeast Cork. The
village of Castlelyons (Caislean O’Liaghin)
in the barony of Barrymore bore
evidence to their presence there. In 1890
the main Lyons numbers were in Cork, Mayo and Galway.
Many Lyons emigrated in the 19th century.
Some Lyons in Ireland were Scots, such as those that at Old Park in
descendants of David Lyons, a Belfast merchant in the 17th century.
Lyons family in Ireland was thought to have had French Huguenot origins
connections. Captain William Lyons was
said to have fled the Alps region of France for Ireland in the late
William Lyons, a supporter of Henry of Navarre and the Huguenot cause,
England after the St. Bartholomew Massacre in 1572.
Entering the army of Queen Elizabeth he
commanded a company of cavalry under the Earl of Essex in the Irish
wars of 1599.”
1622 he was able to purchase an estate at Killeen in Offaly that became
as River Lyons. A branch of the family bought the Ledestown
estate in Westmeath
and in the early 1700’s were planters in Antigua. Later
Lyons of this line, based in Hampshire,
had distinguished careers in the Royal Navy (two becoming Admirals of
Fleet), in the Indian army, and in the diplomatic service.
America. The early
Lyon arrivals in New England were William who came on the Hopewell,
aged 14, in 1635 and three Lyon brothers – Thomas, Henry,
and Richard – who came in the 1640’s and made their home in Fairfield
Connecticut. They all started out from
London, although they were all thought to have had Scottish ancestry. Their lineage was covered in A.B. Lyons’ 1907
book The Lyon Memorial.
New England. William Lyon settled in
Massachusetts. The line from Deacon
William Lyon made its home in Woodstock, Connecticut.
Lyons have remained on his homestead.
Lyon was one of the earliest settlers of Fairfield county.
The family was Quaker for several
generations. In the 1690’s his son
Thomas built the Thomas Lyon house, considered today to be the oldest
structure in Greenwich, Connecticut. The
Lyon family lived in the house until the 20th century and it is still
today. Thomas’s bother Henry moved to
Newark, New Jersey; the other brother Richard remained in Fairfield
was probably the wealthiest of the three brothers when he died in 1678.
Irish Arrivals. There were three
notable Irish Lyons that
came in the 18th century.
Lyons came to Virginia from county Cork in the 1750’s, having graduated
Trinity College in Dublin. He practiced
law in Virginia, prospered, and was a good friend to George Washington. His son James had a large and successful
medical practice in Richmond, beginning in 1809.
Matthew Lyon from Wicklow meanwhile had a more
frenetic time in America. He came to
Connecticut in 1764 and later had homes in Vermont and Kentucky.
Lyon represented Vermont in Congress from
1797 to 1801 and Kentucky from 1803 to 1811.
tenure in Congress was
tumultuous. He brawled with one Congressman; and was jailed on charges
violating the Sedition Act, winning re-election to Congress from inside
His son Chittenden was also
a Congressman in Kentucky and Lyon county was named after him. His grandson Hilan was a Confederate officer
during the Civil War.
William Lyon came to Pennsylvania from
Fermanagh as a surveyor in 1748. He
helped lay out the town of Carlisle three years later.
He and others of the Lyon family made their
home in Milford township.
arrived in the 1850’s at the time of the potato famine.
The greatest number came from Cork. Other
Lyons arrived from Kerry, Limerick,
Mayo and Sligo. Some arrivals like Thomas Lyons from
fall foul of the law. Meanwhile George Lyons from
Donegal had made it as far west as San Diego in 1847. He had been
a carpenter on a whaling ship on the West Coast and subsequently kept a
store in the Old Town, from 1851 to 1858.
Jewish Lyons. As in England,
there have been Jewish
de Lyon was a Sephardic Jew from Portugal who came to Savannah, Georgia
and a number of Jewish Lyons were recorded in Philadelphia during the
Jacques Lyons from the Dutch West Indies came to New York in 1839 as a
Spanish and Portuguese congregations there.
He was one of the founders of what became known as Mount Sinai
Hospital. Leonard Lyons, born Leonard
Sucher, was a long-time Broadway columnist on the New York
Post. His column,
which first appeared in 1934, became a New York institution.
early Lyon in Canada was Benjamin Lyon, Jewish, who had arrived in New
York in 1756
and four years later was a fur trader operating out of Montreal. His mixed race son John worked for a time for
the Hudson Bay Company.
George Lyon from Inverurie in Aberdeenshire fought in the
1812 and stayed on, having been given a land grant in Richmond near
Ottawa. Two of his sons, George and
mayors of Ottawa. However, his younger
Lyon died in
a shooting duel, the last one of its kind in Canada.
George, born in 1858, became a champion golfer and won the Olympic gold
for golf in 1904.
Irish Lyons. Also
living near Ottawa was Henry Lyons from Wicklow in Ireland and his
made their home in Westmeath township in the 1860’s.
Meanwhile a Lyons family has been living at
Caledon near Toronto ever since 1835 when they arrived from Ireland. There is the Haines-Lyons House in the town
and the Lyons have been farming at Lyonsdale outside of town for seven
Michael and Bridget Lyons were Irish immigrants from Galway who
to Tasmania in 1843 and made their home in Stanley.
One of their sons, John, emigrated to New
Zealand and settled in Auckland.
their eldest son Michael, born in 1845, remained in Stanley and lived
small cottage that is now known as Lyons Cottage. He
prospered for a while and then lost all of
the family’s money in 1887 speculating on the Melbourne Cup. He suffered a breakdown and became unable to
care for his wife and eight children.
Among those children was Joseph, later to be known as “Honest
rose in Labor party politics to be Australia’s Prime Minister in the
If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for
further stories and accounts:
Sir John Lyon was the Chamberlain of Scotland in the 1370’s.
Joseph Lyons was a
founder of the J. Lyons and Co, the company which grew to be the
largest chain of tea shops in Britain during the inter-war period.
the grandson of Irish
immigrants, was Prime Minister of Australia from 1932 to 1939.
Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon from the Scottish Lyon family
married into the Royal Family and was the much-loved Queen Mother until
her death in 2002 at the age of 101.
Select Lyons Today
- 28,000 in the UK (most numerous
- 43,000 in America (most numerous in California)
- 36,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Canada)
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