Riley name has both English and Irish origins.In
England the surname is locational, from the hamlet of Ryley at Altham
Accrington in Lancashire. The name
derived from the Old English rygh leah meaning
“rye clearance.”In Ireland the O’Raghailligh sept was the most powerful sept of
the old Gaelic kingdom of Breffny in present-day Cavan and
surrounding counties. O’Raghailligh became
O’Reilly and Reilly in Ireland.
But Reilly on its travels, in particular to America, often
Riley Resources on
- O’Reilly, Reilly, Riley
Reilly’s/Rileys from Ireland.
- William Reilly The motor
car pioneer from Coventry.
- Riley Families of the Tidewater.
Early Rileys in Virginia and Maryland.
- Yews to Eucaplypts Rileys
from convict roots in Australia.
- Riley DNA Project Riley
was the origin of the Riley name in England
and Lancashire accounted for almost 40% of the Rileys in England in the
In the 1881 census the
Riley name was still mainly concentrated in
towns and villages in east Lancashire along the Calder river and Ribble
valley. An early spelling was Ryley:
born in Whalley in 1597 and died there in 1637 (the spelling, however,
Riley for the Rev. Thomas Riley, a Whalley minister who died in 1631).
William Ryley, a Lancaster herald who
lived around this time, was thought to have come from the Accrington
area. His son John, born in London, was a
painter in the later 1600’s. His spelling
varied between Ryley and Riley.
the parish registers of Newchurch in Rossendale, the
Riley name was almost uniformly spelt Rilay until the mid-1700’s.
The earliest Riley
references were in Accrington. A Riley
family settled at Fearnihalgh, later Hillock Farm, in the early 15th
and it became one of Accrington’s most important farms.
High Riley Cottages, built in the 1600’s, was
an early landmark of what was then still a farming community. When cotton mills arrived in the 19th
century, Rileys remained prominent
Accrington. John Riley was a
of the Peace in the 1890’s and made his home at Arden Hall. Edmund Riley, once a fishmonger, built the
Office Arcade in the town in 1896.
Post Office Arcade, a covered walkway
comprising 17 premises, was one of the first shopping arcades in the
country. However, the venture was not a
success as the shops proved difficult to let.”
Burnley-based Riley Brothers, a
family-run haulage business established in 1906, went bankrupt in 2016.
was a Riley outpost in west Lancashire, in Fylde parish near
present-day Blackpool. John Riley married Margaret Hesketh in
Poulton le Fylde around the year 1710. Rileys from nearby
villages at Freckleton and Kirkham were to be found from the
Meanwhile Rileys in Liverpool and Manchester included Irish
Reillys. There were
more than 200 Rileys in the 1851 Liverpool census
who gave Ireland as their country of birth.
James Reilly was born in
Liverpool of Irish parents in 1825 but as James Riley married Hannah
Wovenden in Manchester in 1851. He was by trade a cabinet maker.
Rileys extended across the Pennines into Yorkshire and southward to
Staffordshire, Derbyshire and Warwickshire.
Rileys were present at the Riley House Farm in Eyam, Derbyshire from
the 17th century and possibly earlier. They later spread to the
Derby area. The Eyam population was largely wiped out by plague
in 1665 and the area is now most noted for its Riley graves.
appeared in a court case in Stoke near Coventry, Warwickshire in 1516. In the home of William Riley, John Riley was
hit by clay being thrown from a tile house and died of his injuries.
also Rileys at Foleshill nearby. William
Riley was a butcher there in the early 1800’s and later Rileys were
Riley of the next generation was an early cycle manufacturer in the
1890’s. His four sons – Percy, Victor,
Stanley, and Allan – introduced the
first Riley motor car in 1913.
Reilly (or O’Reilly) is the 10th most common surname in Ireland.
But the variant spelling Riley is rarely to be found there. There
only 15 Rileys in Griffith’s
Valuation of the mid-19th century and fewer than 200 in Ireland
America. Most Rileys in America are
probably of Irish origin. They may have been Reilly in
Ireland. But shipping records suggest that 30-40% of the Reillys
that came to America adopted the Riley name, either because they chose
that spelling or that was what the immigration officer wrote
down. The expression “Life of Riley” probably came
out of the Irish American community.
Rileys in Maryland.
The Riley presence from Ireland started early here.
At the age of 20 Maolmordha Reilly from county Cavan departed London on
the Bonaventure and landed as
Miles Riley in Viirginia. He received land grants in Rapahannock
county. His family story and descendant lines were recounted in
Robert Riley’s 1999 book The
Colonial Riley Families.
It was his son Hugh Riley who established the family presence in
Maryland. He was a carpenter by trade, also a farmer and land
surveyor. Over the years he acquired the skills and funding
necessary to become a successful land speculator.
- one line via his son Hugh led in Maryland to Isaac Riley, a
plantation owner in Montgomery county. Among his slaves in the Riley-Bolten House
(as it is now called) was Josiah Henson. He was mistreated and
ran away to Canada in 1830. Josiah’s autobiography
served as a model for Harriet
Beecher’s Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin.
- another line via his son Solomon led to the Carolinas and later
Alabama. This line was covered in L. Colson’s 1985 book Riley Family History.
- and a third line via his son Eliphaz led to Samuel Riley who
fought in the Revolutionary War. Afterwards he became an Indian
trader and agent in Tennessee and was adopted as a chieftain of the
Other Rileys of this family migrated to Kentucky and southern Indiana.
Bennet Reiley, of unknown origin, was married to Susanna Drury in St.
Mary’s county, Maryland in 1784 (the name was generally spelt Reilly
and Riley during his lifetime). His son Bennet, born three years
later, adopted the Riley spelling. This Bennet joined the US army at
the time of the War of 1812, fought in the war against Mexico, and then
headed west, serving as the military Governor of California in 1849.
German Rileys. James
Whitcomb Riley, the Hoosier poet of Indiana in
the 1890’s, was probably of German origin.
Family tradition held that his great grandfather James had come
Pennsylvania from county Cork in Ireland.
However, this James, it appears, had been born in Pennsylvania,
in 1765, and
was the son of German immigrants Paul and Louise Reylandt. Riley descendants moved from Pennsylvania to
in the 1820’s.
Many Reillys continued to take the Riley name on arrival in
America. Those who did in the mid-19th century included:
- Edward and Catherine Riley from county Cavan who arrived in 1840
and farmed in upstate New York. Their son Patrick was a pioneer
of Custer county in Nebraska, arriving there in 1878.
- Martin and Ellen Riley from Dublin who came in 1847 and settled
in Susquehanna, Pennsylvania. Martin was a coppersmith by
trade. Their son Matthew prospered as a lawyer in Bessemer,
- while Hugh and Ellen Riley left Ireland for Brooklyn, NY in
1853. Their son P.F. Riley headed West and struck lucky as a
silver miner in Montana.
Rileys did make it to America. Jim
Riley’s family had originally hailed from Warwickshire.
His father was a cotton merchant in
Manchester when Jim was born. Jim
to San Francisco in 1876. It was said
that his ship sank in San Francisco harbor and that he lost all of his
silver he had brought with him.
Silver-less he did marry and settle down there.
Australia and New Zealand.
The first Riley in Australia may well have been John Riley, born on the convict
ship Kitty in November 1792 in Sydney harbor.
Alexander Riley, descended from Irish
Reillys in county Cavan, had departed London for Sydney in 1803. For a while he prospered there as a merchant
and he did successfully introduce Saxon merino sheep into NSW in 1830. But he died just three years later in
Other Irish Rileys, this time from Manchester – brothers Patrick,
and James – departed for Melbourne in 1851. Patrick
became a well-to-do
land agent, but died at an early age in 1858.
James pursued a career in the theater under the stage name of
Campbell. In 1859 James Riley aka James
C. Campbell was accidentally stabbed
during a performance.
Arthur Riley departed Accrington in Lancashire for
Melbourne in 1881, married there, and then settled in Wellington, New
four years later. He established there a
very successful design school.
If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for
further stories and accounts:
John Riley was an
English portrait painter at Court in the late 1600’s.
Bennet Riley was the military
Governor of California in 1849.
James Whitcomb Riley became known in America in the 1890’s as
the Hoosier poet.
William Riley and his sons developed the Riley motor car that
was popular in England in the 1920’s and 1930’s.
Select Rileys Today
- 41,000 in the UK (most numerous
- 48,000 in America (most numerous in Texas)
- 17,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Australia)
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