Stern Surname Genealogy
Stern surname has mainly Germanic roots, coming
from the German word stern meaning
“star,” and describing someone living at a house distinguished by the
sign of a
star. The name has been widespread
throughout central and eastern Europe, extending as far as Slovenia. Stern is also a common Jewish ornamental
are as well English versions of the surname – Stern, Sterne, Stearn,
Stearns – which have had different origins.
Here the name came from the Old English word styrne
meaning “strict” and would have started perhaps as a nickname for a schoolmaster or perhaps a court official, one whose job it was to maintain discipline.
Stern Resources on
- The Stearn Family
Sternes/Stearns in Cambridgeshire.
- J. Stern and Co Company
and family history.
- Jewish Life in Frankfurt
Margot and Herbert Stern escaping Nazi Germany.
Sterns total some 10,000 in Germany today, mainly in
the south, with further Sterns in Austria and Slovenia.
The Jewish population has declined. There
was once a large number of Sterns in
Frankfurt, beginning at the
time of the Judengasse
in the 17th century. Stern emigrants also
came from the old
Austria-Hungary and Russian empire in the 19th century.
England. The early surname
was Sterne, which later became outnumbered by Stearn and Stearns. These were mainly East Anglia names. The name Henry Sterne was recorded in the
Cambridgeshire rolls of 1279. An early
sighting was at Skeyton in Norfolk where Robert Sterne and his
Whitwell Hall from about 1450 to 1560.
William Sterne migrated from Suffolk to
Nottinghamshire sometime in the 1550’s.
His line extended to:
Sterne, Archbishop of York at the time of the Restoration in
Archbishop’s three grandsons – Richard who succeeded to the family
Yorkshire; the second son Roger who did not, joined the army, and was
to die poor
in Jamaica in 1731; and the third son Jaques who pursued a career in
and ended up as Precentor at York minster.
Roger’s son Laurence, born in
Ireland, who was to find literary fame in the 1760’s as the author of Tristram Shandy.
Sterne name, later
becoming Stearns, was also to be found in Nayland parish, Suffolk in
mid-1500’s. Isaac Stearns, an early
immigrant to America, is thought possibly to have come from this line. John Sterne was born near Cambridge in
1794. His line later became Stearn.
and Hermann Stern, Jewish bankers from Frankfurt, moved to London in
formed the Stern Brothers banking house there. David’s
son Sydney was created Baron Wandsworth. Meanwhile
their cousin James had come over
some twenty years later and was also a merchant banker.
His son Albert was knighted for his work on
the Landships Committee during World War One in promoting the first
America. Passenger records to America
suggest that 65% of the Sterns who came from America were from Germany,
from Austria Hungary, 10% from the Russian empire, and 5% from England. If you were to add Stearn and Stearns to this
list the England percent rises to 7%.
Stearns. However, the Stearns came
first. There was a family tradition that
Stearns brothers – Daniel, Israel and Shubael – came to Massachusetts
England with the Winthrop fleet in 1630.
Daniel and Shubael died soon afterwards.
Shubael’s two sons Charles and Nathaniel were raised by their
on reaching anchorage in America went forward to select a place
for settlement. Emulation arose between
the two boys as which should step on land first. As
they sprang from the boat Charles missed
his footing and fell into the river – which was therefore christened
They settled in Watertown, Massachusetts. An
early genealogical book was Avis Stearns
Van Wagenen’s 1901 book Genealogy and
Memoirs of Isaac Stearns. Many of these Stearns
remained in Massachusetts:
- Captain Josiah Stearns was a soldier in the Revolutionary
War. His grandson George was a Boston merchant active in the
- the Stearns had a long association with Phillips Academy in
Andover, starting in the early 1800’s. Alfred Stearns was its
headmaster in 1903.
- Richard H. Stearns studied at the Academy in the
1840’s. Soon afterwards he opened his store R.H.
Stearns & Company, which became a fixture in the
shopping scene for over a century.
- Stearns from Billerica in Massachusetts included Onslow Stearns,
Governor of New Hampshire in 1869, and Henry Stearns, a mill owner in
Rhode Island and its Lieutenant Governor in 1891.
- Henry’s brother George meanwhile had started a cotton wadding
factory in Ohio in 1846, the firm later producing mattresses under the
Stearns & Foster and Sealy brands. Edward Stearns’ home
in Wyoming, Ohio is now a historic residence.
early Stearns line did lead to North Carolina where Shubael
Stearns was in the 1750’s its first Baptist preacher.
could become Stearns. Stern Brothers had been founded in 1867
by Isaac, Louis and Benjamin Stern, three sons of German Jewish
immigrants. In that year they began
selling dry goods in Buffalo, New York. From these humble beginnings
Brothers became an important merchandising family in New York City.
Robert, the son of Isaac Stern, was educated in Andover, Massachusetts
came under the spell of its headmaster Alfred Stearns.
As a result he changed his last name from Stern
to Stearns. Robert it was who was the
co-founder of the equity trading house Bear Stearns in
1923. Bear Stearns became a mighty Wall
investment bank before its fall from grace in 2008.
An earlier arrival from
Germany was Adolphus Sterne who landed in New Orleans in 1817 and then
as a merchant in Texas while it was still in Mexican hands. He later served in the Texas House of
Representatives. Jacob Stern started a hides and tallow business
in the 1850’s. Charles Stern was in
Georgia by the 1860’s and began a chain of clothing stores there.
would come from the wider Jewish diaspora.
Harry and Ida Stern came to Pittsburgh from Poland after the
One. Their son Gerald was a noted
American poet and essayist. Meanwhile
Solomon and Clara Stern arrived in San Francisco from Ukraine in 1921. Their son Isaac was the famous violinist.
There were Sterns fleeing
Nazi Germany in the 1930’s who came to America:
Stern fled Frankfurt for
America in 1938 after his father had been taken away to
Buchenwald. His wife
Margot managed to escape three years later. They
made an emotional return to Frankfurt in 2014.
- Harold Stern, also from
Frankfurt, arrived in America in 1947
following his mother who had come six years earlier.
He had lived in internment camps in England
and Australia during the war and then enlisted in the Australian army
his emigration to America.
Hilda Stern was transported with her family
from Frankfurt in 1941 and ended up in the Auschwitz concentration camp. She miraculously survived.
She left Germany for New York in 1946.
Canada. Harry Stern, a Reform
rabbi, had left
Lithuania with his parents as a young boy in 1906, settling in Ohio. He moved to Montreal’s Temple Emmanuel in
1927 where he remained until his retirement in 1972.
He worked tirelessly there to foster better
Max Stern had escaped Germany for
London in 1937 and later ended up in a Canadian internment camp. He became a famous Canadian art dealer,
following in the steps of his father who had run an art gallery in
it was closed by the Nazis).
South Africa. Samuel Stern had come to
South Africa around
1886 and farmed in the Transvaal. During
the Boer War he was interned by the British because of his supposed
feelings. His daughter Irma Stern became
a well-known painter. Her home in Cape
Town is now the Irma Stern museum.
Select Stern Miscellany
If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for
further stories and accounts:
Select Stern Names
literary fame in
England when his novel Tristram Shandy was
published in the 1760’s.
started a cotton wadding
factory in Ohio in 1846, the forerunner of the Stearns & Foster
and Sealy mattress brands.
was a renowned Russian-born violinist and conductor in America.
Irma Stern was a noted South African
Howard Stern is
an American radio
and television personality, producer and author.
Select Sterns Today
- 3,000 in the UK (most numerous
in East Anglia)
- 19,000 in America (most numerous in New York)
- 1,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Australia)
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