Select Chamberlain Miscellany
accounts over the years:
- The Lord Chamnerlain
- Who Was Henry Orland Chamberlain?
- Francis Chamberlain and the Invention of Snooker
- The Chamberlaynes of Weston near Southampton
- The Murder of Jeremiah Chamberlain
- Incorrect Reports of the Death of Joshua Chamberlain
- Chamberlain Associations of America
The Lord Chamberlain
a department of the
Royal Household and is responsible for organising ceremonial activities
including state visits, investitures, garden parties, the State Opening
weddings and funerals. The Lord
Chamberlain also regulates the design and the wearing of court uniform
how insignia are worn.
Who Was Henry Orland Chamberlain?
was from a noble family. He was almost
forty when he married Anne Batson, a banker’s daughter, in 1778. By her he had fourteen children and they
lived at Fulbeck Hall.
Henry Chamberlain, born in 1773, was brought up there
with the rest of Fane’s children as a supposed distant relative. But when Chamberlain expressed an interest in
one of Fane’s daughters, he was informed of his true parentage and
to Portugal, sailing there on the HMS Briton.
Was he a bastard son? Henry Fane’s
correspondence makes reference to a John Chamberlain and Hannah, his
perhaps. Was she the mother?
Another source has the Chamberlain name as
to him by his father after an
illicit love affair with a young girl.
The identity of this girl, or even her name, is unknown.
In any event,
Henry Chamberlain did well as a consul general in Portugal and later as
d’affaires in Brazil. He was made a
baronet in 1828.
Francis Chamberlain and the Invention of Snooker
at Jubbulpore in 1875 Francis Chamberlain developed a new variation of
pool by introducing coloured balls into the game. It
was dubbed snooker – a derogatory nickname
given to first-year cadets studying at the Royal Military Academy at
Chamberlain had heard about from a young Royal Artillery subaltern
Chamberlain later retorted to a fellow player who had failed to pot a
‘Why, you’re a regular snooker.’
While explaining the term to his
fellow officers Chamberlain – to mollify the officer concerned –
they were all ‘snookers at the game’ and the name snooker or snooker’s
The Chamberlaynes of Weston near Southampton
Chamberlayne name in Weston may have dated from the early 15th
1781 William Chamberlayne inherited what was
then the Weston Park estate. His son
William, later to become MP for Southampton, inherited the estate on
of his father and built the Weston Grove estate, a marine villa on
Water, in 1802.
most prominent act of
munificence was a gift of iron lamp-posts for Southampton, first lit by
1821. His generosity was commemorated the following year by the
erection of Chamberlayne’s Column, an iron obelisk
of some 50 feet which, after its removal to the quay in 1829, served as
landmark for shipping.
Weston Grove estate was subsequently inherited
by Thomas Chamberlayne, his cousin, in 1831.
Thomas’s son Denzil took part in the Charge of the Light Brigade
the Crimean War and survived. In 1876
Tankerville Chamberlayne assumed
the estate. He too was to become MP for
Southampton. He died in 1924 leaving
Penelope, who married and they changed their surname to
The Murder of
night of September 5, 1851, Jeremiah Chamberlain was stabbed to death
of his home on the Oakland College campus in Mississippi.
The assailant was a local man named George
Briscoe. Witnesses observed that Briscoe
had stopped at the gate of the house and that Chamberlain had gone out
him. After a heated exchange Briscoe
stabbed Chamberlain in the chest.
Staggering back to the house, the victim died in the arms of his
murderer rode away and
hid for several days after the killing, but was himself found dead a
having poisoned himself. While a motive
was never clearly established, many attributed the murder to the
politics of the time.
accounts detailing the murder were filled with shock and remorse over
senseless killing. The local Port Gibson
Herald and Correspondent labeled it
“a horrid tragedy” and closed its account by writing: “President
has gone, but will never be forgotten.”
Even the New York Times had a
for Jeremiah Chamberlain,
his grave remains on the campus of Oakland College, now Alcorn State
Incorrect Reports of the Death of Joshua Chamberlain
1864 Joshua Chamberlain was promoted to Brigade Commander in the Union
given command of the 1st Brigade, V Corps.
a major action two months later at
the Battle of Petersburg, he was shot through the right hip and groin,
bullet exiting his left hip. Despite the
injury Chamberlain withdrew his sword and stuck it into the ground in
keep himself upright to dissuade the growing resolve for retreat. He stood upright for several minutes until he
collapsed and lay unconscious from the loss of blood.
The wound was considered mortal by the
division’s surgeon who predicted that he would perish.
recorded death in battle was reported by the Maine newspapers and by
Ulysses S. Grant who gave
supposedly posthumous battlefield promotion to the rank of Brigadier
expected to live, Chamberlain displayed surprising will and courage
and, with the support of his brother Tom, was back in command by
November. Although many, including his
urged Chamberlain to resign, he was determined to serve through the end
courage that he displayed
throughout the course of the Civil War made him a hugely popular figure
in his home
state of Maine. After
the war was over, Joshua Chamberlain served as
Governor of Maine from 1866 to 1970 and later served as President of
College. He died in 1914 at the good old
age of 86, due – it was said – to complications from the wound he had
Chamberlain Associations of America
first Chamberlain Association of America was founded in 1897 by Joshua
Chamberlain who served as its first President. They published
thirteen annual reports of their meetings held in Boston,
Association became inactive from the 1920’s to the 1940’s.
Association of America, sometimes referred to as the New Chamberlain
of America, was organized in 1980 in New York by Alison Chamberlain
Ainsworth. They published the Chamberlain
Association News three times per year from 1981 to 1993, but became
inactive shortly afterwards.
Many of the first Association’s collection was
re-published by the World Chamberlain Genealogical Society. This
in 1996 to carry on the tradition of the original Chamberlain
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