Chandler


 

Here are some Chandler stories
and
accounts over the years:

 

Tallow Chandlers

Candles
in
medieval times were made either of wax for churches or of tallow for
general
use.  Tallow was obtained from suet, the
solid fat of animals such as sheep and cows, and was also used in
making soap
and lubricants.

The tallow chandlers,
like many other tradesmen, formed their own guild in London.  It was established in or around 1300.  Its corporate Coat of Arms was formally
granted in 1456.

Tallow
chandlers also dealt in vinegar, salt, sauces and oils.
Later, the term ‘chandler’ was used for corn
chandlers, and for ships’ chandlers who sold most of the fittings and
supplies
for boats, as well as the candles.  In
the 18th and 19th centuries, the term ‘chandler’ was often used simply
to mean
a grocer.

 

The Chandler Name in England


The
Chandler name only really spread to
southern England – and mainly to London and the southeast with a
cluster
further west in Gloucestershire.

Chandlers in the 1891 Census Numbers (000’s)  Percent
London   2.4 23
SE England   2.6   25
Gloucestershire   0.7    6
Elsewhere   4.7   46
Total  10.4  100

 

 

Walter Chandler of
Winchester

Walter
Chandler
was made a freeman of Winchester in 1506.
A mercer with some interest in wool, he was to figure more
prominently
in the civic affairs of Winchester than his father had done.  Although Parliamentary returns for Winchester
have been lost, other evidence suggests that he had been elected a
member there
in 1539, 1542, and 1545.

His
position
owed something to the support of Stephen Gardiner, the bishop of
Winchester at
that time.  Chandler prospered
sufficiently to be able to acquire a number of properties in and around
Winchester.  These included Abbot’s
Barton which he purchased in 1540 and it became his seat.

He
was described by one contemporary as a
“very crafty fellow.”  In his dealings
with Thomas Wriothesley on the Abbot’s Barton estate, he was examined
by the
Privy Council for slanderous remarks and was ordered to apologize to
Wriothesley in Council.

He
died in 1546
and his probate inventory gave indication of his wealth and status: a
coat
guarded with velvet; a doublet of velvet with satin sleeves and another
of
satin with velvet sleeves; a scarlet gown faced with foins; an old blue
gown
faced with foins and furred with coney; a gown of crimson lined with
say; a
black gown welted with tawny velvet and faced with satin; an old blue
gown
furred with fox; and a pair of new hose.

 

John Chandler of Jamestown, Virginia

The
earliest
known Chandler to settle in America was immigrant John Chandler.  He had traveled with some thirty other
settlers
aboard the Hercules, the smallest of
three ships in the expedition led by Sir Thomas West of Hampshire, Lord
Delaware.  They landed at Jamestown on
Sunday, June 10, 1610.

Fragmentary land
records in Elizabeth City county suggest that John’s elder son, John
II, was
his son and heir.  However, this male
line ended with John IV in 1728.

The
Chandler descent goes via the younger son Robert.  They
number in their thousands in the United
States, perhaps a majority of them still residing in the South and
Southwest of
the country.

Colonel Joshua Chandler’s Sad End

Colonel
Joshua Chandler had been a member of the Connecticut legislature and a
relatively wealthy man before joining the Loyalist ranks and departing
for Nova
Scotia in 1783.  His New Haven property
was confiscated and it was said that he was driven into exile and died
a broken
man. 

In fact he died four years later in 1787 when
his ship went down on its way to St. Johns, New Brunswick.
W.C Milner in his History of Sackville recounted
that his son William, hoping to secure the
vessel, fastened a rope around his body
and jumped overboard to swim to land.
But he was immediately crushed between the vessel and rocks and
was
drowned.

 

“That night Colonel Chandler,
his daughter Elizabeth, and others on the vessel got ashore.  But they were miles from any dwelling and the
weather was severe.  It was said that he
urged his daughter to leave him and make her way to some house.  But she refused to do so.
He then climbed a high point of the rocks for
a look-out.  From that point, being so
benumbed with cold, he fell and soon died. The others, after wandering
about in
the woods, also perished. 
Their bodies
were found and carried to St. John and buried in the old burying
ground.” 


One of Joshua Chandler’s sons, Samuel, took
an active part in the public life of Nova Scotia.  And
two of his daughters married into
influential New Brunswick families.

 

Harry Chandler’s Family and Early Life

Harry
Chandler,
born in Landaff, New Hampshire in 1864, could trace his line back to
William
and Annis Chandler, immigrants to Roxbury, Massachusetts in 1637.

Many generations later, Ezra Chandler moved
his family northwards to what were then the wilderness areas of Vermont
and New
Hampshire.  They came to Landaff, New
Hampshire soon after it was first settled and chose a farm about a
mile out of
town.  Ezra was the first bricklayer in
Landaff.  He died there in 1842 and was
buried at the Landaff cemetery at the top of the hill.

Harry and his family moved from Landaff to
Lisbon, a larger town nearby, probably so that Harry could attend the
high
school there.  Harry later enrolled at
Dartmouth College.

 

“Soon
after his arrival at Dartmouth a classmate dared him to dive
into a vat of starch that had frozen over in the first cold snap of the
season.  Harry took the dare and soon was in bed with a high fever
and a
hacking cough.  This was followed by a hemorrhage of the lungs and
his
withdrawal from college. 
Told by his
doctor that only the warm and healthy climate of southern California
would save
him, he set off on the train for the long trip across the country. 
Arriving
tired, dirty, and almost penniless,
he spent his first night in California in a cheap hotel and,
hesitatingly, set
off the next morning to try to decide what course of action he should
follow. 
Suddenly
he stopped and stared
unbelievingly into the display window of a photographer’s shop.  Staring back at him was his own portrait as a
child.  As a small child,
Chandler was
so perfect in his features that he was often photographed as the ideal
of an
American boy.  The sight wrought a
transformation.  It appeared an omen of
good.” 


So Harry stayed and
prospered.  He started his newspaper
career as a clerk in the circulation department of the Los
Angeles Times
in 1885 at the age of twenty one.

 



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