Select Long Miscellany


Here are some Long stories
accounts over the years:


The Long Lineage in Wiltshire


The Longs have been a continuing force in Wiltshire life from the 14th
century.  There have been two main lines, the thirteen generations
of Longs who held the South Wraxall and Draycot estates until the early
19th century and the related Long descendants of the banker and
politician Richard Godolphin Long.

The Earlier Longs

1. Roger le Long of Wiltshire
2. Robert Long c.1391-1447 first to own the South Wraxall
and Draycot estates
3. Henry Long c.1417-1490 son of Robert
4. Sir Thomas Long c.1451-1509 nephew of Henry
5. Sir Henry Long c.1489-c.1556 eldest son of Sir Thomas
Sir Richard Long c.1495-1546 third son of Sir Thomas
6. Sir Robert Long c.1517-c.1581 eldest son of Sir Henry
7. Sir Walter Long c.1565-1610 eldest son of Sir Robert
Henry Long c.1570-1594 younger son murdered in feud
8. Sir Walter Long c.1594-1637 eldest son of Sir Walter
Sir Robert Long c.1600-1673 younger son of Sir Walter, 1st
9. Sir James Long c.1617-1682 son of Sir Walter, 2nd baronet
10. James Long
11. Sir James Long 1681-1729 son of James, 5th baronet
12. Sir Robert Long 1705-1767 son of Sir James, 6th baronet
13. Sir James Tylney-Long 1736-1794 son of Sir Robert, 7th baronet
14. James Tylney-Long 1794-1805 son of Sir James

The Later Longs

1. Richard G. Long 1761-1835 banker and politician
2. Walter Long 1793-1867 son of Richard
3. Richard P.
1825-1875 son of Walter
4. Walter H. Long 1854-1924 eldest son of Richard, 1st
Richard Long 1856-1938 younger son of Richard, Baron
5. Walter Long 1879-1917 brigadier general in WW One
6. Walter Long 1911-1944 son of Walter, 2nd viscount
Richard Long 1892-1967 uncle of Walter, 3rd viscount


The Long and Danvers Feud

The Longs and Danvers were neighbors in Wiltshire – and neighbors as
well.  Some thought that their feud had dated as far back as the
Wars of the Roses.  Others saw it as a challenge by the Longs to
the Danvers’ more established position.  Sir Charles Danvers had
developed a close friendship with Robert Devereux, the Earl of
Essex.  On the other hand, Sir Walter Long was close to Sir Walter
Raleigh who was deeply hostile to Essex.

The mutual animosity came to a head in 1594 when Sir John Danvers from
the magistrate’s bench committed one of Sir Walter Long’s servants for
robbery.  Sir Walter rescued the servant so Sir John had Sir
Walter locked up in the Fleet prison.  He then committed another
of Sir Walter’s servants for murder.  On leaving prison, Sir
Walter and his younger brother Henry provoked various brawls between
their own followers and Sir John’s, resulting in one servant being
killed and another being grievously wounded.

Henry then wrote insulting letters to Sir Charles Danvers,
calling him
a liar, a fool,  a puppy dog, a mere boy, and promised that he
would whip his bare backside with a rod.  This made Sir Charles
very angry. Accompanied by his brother and some of his men, he went to
an inn at Corsham where Sir Walter and Henry Long were dining with a
group of magistrates.  Sir Henry Danvers drew his pistol and
shortly afterwards Henry Long was dead.


The Longs of St. Mary’s Church in
Newton Flotman

For a hundred and fifty years, from 1797 to 1948, the
rectors of the Norfolk village church of St. Mary’s in Newton Flotman
were all of one
family.  In 1721 Matthew Long of Dunston Hall had acquired the
patronage of the living and this remained with the Long family until
1948.  Sarah Long, the patron in 1790, was the unmarried heir of
the estate and she appointed the Rev. Robert Churchman Kellett on
that he assumed the Long name.  It took him seven years to do so!

The church’s pulpit had been given by Miss Alma Long in
memory of her brother Octavius Nevill Long who had died in 1890 at the
age of twenty nine.  The font cover was given by the Rev. W.N.
Long who was the rector from 1917 to 1948, the wood used coming from
oaks grown on the Dunston estate.


Mount Long and the Cork
Rebellion of 1641

John Long of Mount Long was made high sheriff of county Cork in
1641.  But later that year an uprising broke out against the
Protestants in the area.  John Long and his sons John and James,
who were considered the rebellious arm of the family, formed a military
camp with their fellow Catholic rebels on a hill a few miles away at
Belgooly.  They were, however, defeated the following year by Lord

John Long’s daughter followed her father’s final orders and set fire to
Mount Long to deny Cromwell the house.  The burnt ruin of Mount
Long and the surrounding lands were confiscated and given to one of
Cromwell’s soldiers named Giles Busteed.  In 1652 John Long was
convicted of treason and sentenced to death.  He was hung on
January 1653 on Cromwell’s orders with thirty four other rebels.

According to local tradition the ancient burial ground at Teampuileen
by Mount Long was to be avoided after dark.  A local farmer tried
to remove a wall surrounding the graves but failed in his aim.  He
saw “something” and fled the area, never to return.


Richard Long, known in the family as Richard the rebel, was born in
Tipperary in 1824.  He ran off and married Susanna Reid, the
governess of his younger siblings, in his early twenties.  This
did not go over well with the family.  He and Susanna moved to New
York in 1850, living there for five years until moving on to Covington,
Kentucky.  Richard fought in the Civil War on the Confederate side.

During or sometime after the war Susanna returned to Ireland with their
youngest child Susan.  Richard then moved onto Fort Erie,
Canada.  Supposedly Richard’s sons then told him that their mother
and sister had been lost at sea as they were voyaging to Canada from

Meanwhile, Richard had fallen in love with Ann Smith Fox, a
widow.  When Richard proposed that she join him in Fort Erie she
headed north and they soon married.

It would seem that sometime during 1878 Richard’s first wife Susanna
and their daughter Susan came over from Ireland looking for him!
One story was that thet never found Richard.  The other story was
that they did find out that he was living and went to see him.
When they got there he was out of town and Ann, discovering that
Richard’s first wife was still alive, threatened to charge him with
bigamy and forced him to leave and turn his property over to her.
No one knows which of the two stories was true.

Richard moved to the Kingsville-Leamington area and had one more child,
the result of an affair at the age of sixty.  Richard left this
child and his mother five years later.


Longs and Langs and Laings in Scotland

The following were the number of Longs, Langs, and Laings recorded in
the 1901 Scottish census:

Surname Numbers Percent
Long     321    4
Lang   3,203   36
Laing   5,229   60



Longs in America
by Place of Origin


Country Numbers Percent
Ireland   1,354    50
England and Scotland   1,044    38
German-speaking     319    12


Edward Long’s The
History of Jamaica


Edward Long was born in England, a
member of a family that had long been settled in Jamaica and owned
plantations there.  Long himself spent only twelve years in Jamaica,
where he was a judge, a member of the House of Assembly, and for a very
brief period its Speaker.  But he always identified himself with
the interests of the Jamaican plantocracy, that is, the group of white
landowners whose prosperity depended on the ownership of sugar
plantations worked by slaves.
Long’s major work was The History of Jamaica, written in 1774.  This contains an
enormous amount of information on all aspects of the island and is
still an essential source for historians of the Caribbean. However, the
work is strongly marked by his partisan support for the plantocracy,
which leads him not only to emphasize Jamaica’s importance to Britain
but to assert the plantocracy’s right to rule Jamaica in their own
took racist justifications of slavery to new extremes by manipulating
contemporary scientific developments to claim that black people
differed ‘from other men not in kind, but in species.
Any evidence that appeared to contradict his argument that black people
were naturally inferior to whites Long did his best to explain away.Even in his own time there were those who found him deeply offensive
and his claims were rejected by many writers.  Nevertheless, The
History of Jamaica
was widely read and had considerable influence
on the development of racist ideologies well into the 19th century.




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