Select Marshall Miscellany
accounts over the years:
- Lord Marshals, Earl Marshals, and the Like
- Ann Marshall’s Crime
- William Marshall of Scartho and Grimsby
- Billy Marshall, King of the Gypsies
- Reader Feedback – Thomas H. Marshall of Dayton,
- Robert Marshall, An Early Settler in Pictou County,
- George Marshall and the Mississippi Lansdowne
- Charles Marshall, Emancipated Slave
Lord Marshals, Earl Marshals, and the Like
the name came to portray a very important personage within a royal or
noble household, one with either military or ceremonial
powerful men in the land and went by the name of Lord Marshal.
The title of Earl Marshal has continued into modern times, albeit in a
more ceremonial sense, with the Dukes of Norfolk. In Scotland it
has been the Keith family which has held the ceremonial title of Earl
Marischal or Earl Marshal.
trusted members of the courts. In France the Marshal, first
created in 1185, was one of the great offices of the Crown. Some
rulers have used the “Marshal” title to reward military leaders.
Most famous of these were the Marshals of France that were created by
Napoleon. Mussolini followed this practice in Italy in the
1920’s. Marshal of the Russian Federation is the highest military
rank in Russia today.In the United States, the term marshal is used for various kinds of law enforcement officers.
Ann Marshall’s Crime
The Marshalls of Urswick were part of a small group of interlocking
families among the landed gentry of north Lancashire, the Stanleys,
Sawneys, Sandys and Harringtons. When John
Marshall should look for a wife, it was nartural that he look no
further than this circle. In 1726 he married Margaret
Sawney. It was an arranged marriage, the sole purpose
being to produce an heir.
This did not happen and Margaret died childless in
1740. Within a year John had married Margaret’s unmarried cousin
Ann from Hawkshead. This union soon produced two children and Ann
was expecting a third.
All was going well until 1746 when Ann was charged and
convicted of theft. Just why Ann should steal is a mystery, given
the comfortable nature of their lives. But the law was merciless
in those days. Ann was senrtenced to death. She would have
to endure the spectacle of a head shaving and a public hanging.
It was only through the intercession of the two families that Ann’s
sentence was transmuted to life transportation to the Virginia colonies.
The family’s shame was visited upon Ann’s husband
John. He was cast adrift from the family, disgraced, and forced
to join the aimless laborers seeking work around Lancashire. He
and his three sons were ejected from the bosom of the family, never to
William Marshall of Scartho and Grimsby
William Marshall was a farmer, shipowner, and he
established a milling business, the Cartergate mill, in Grimsby in 1817.
He was atheletically built and used to walk most of his
journeys, frequently walking from Scartho to Gainsborough, from
Gainsborough to Cockerington, from Cockerington to Louth and back to
Scartho where he lived.
He was rather eccentric in some points of his
character. He had his own tombstone placed in the churchyard over
thirty years before it eas required. Here he set forth the
virtues of his wife who preceded him. He also had engraved some
emblematic representations of his work and progress in life.
Billy Marshall, King of the Gypsies
Billy Marshall was born in Ayrshire in 1672 of Romany stock and claimed
to be King of the Gypsies in southeast Scotland for most of the
1700s. He became famous as a boxer – and as a bandit. He
was the so-called ‘King of the Randies,’ running a gang of gypsy
tinkers in Galloway and terrorizing much of the countryside.
His legendary exploits included deserting from the army no less than
seven times and from the navy three times. He was reputed to have
married on 17 occasions, had countless children (both in and out of
wedlock), and fathered at least four children after the age of
100. He was alleged to have lived to the age of 120, dying in
1792 and being buried in St Cuthbert’s churchyard in
Kircudbright. His grave can be visited and a coin left for the
next gypsy who passes.
Reader Feedback – Thomas H.
of Dayton, Pennsylvania
Hindman Marshall was my great great grandfather and he lived in the
town of Dayton, PA. There is a museum in
our little town of Dayton, PA with the house built by Thomas Hindman
Marshall and it has much history recorded.
The museum can be seen online at www.daytonpa.org/family.html along
with a family history of Thomas H Marshall.
Robert Marshall, An Early Settler in Pictou County, Nova
Robert Marshall was part of the Dumfries
contingent who came to the Highland colony of Pictou in 1776. The
early times were harsh for him. Robert initially neither the
tools nor the knowledge to farm, fish or hunt. His wife
Elizabeth died and he had young children to raise.
He was known as “the deacon” and was a man of strong religious
beliefs. Stories of his strong convictions have survived in the
many books and histories about the Pictou county settlers. Before
the arrival of a permanent minister, he would conduct Sabbath services
in English and counsel neighbors whenever they had problems.
When the Rev. James MacGregor arrived in 1786, he described his meeting
with Marshall as follows:
suffered everything but death in Prince Edward Island by hunger and
nakedness; for though they had plenty of clothes of all kinds when they
came he had to part with every article of them that could be spared for
Soon after he came to Pictou he lost a most amiable consort and for
some time had a great struggle in bringing up his family. But he
was filled with the joy and peace of believing and abounded in hope not
only of everlasting happiness, but of hearing the joyful sound of the
gospel in Pictou.
He was afterward an elder and a great comfort for me, but for many a
day he had to go to hear the sermon in an old red coat which an old
soldier had given him and a weaver’s apron to hide the holes and rags
of his trousers.”
George Marshall and the Mississippi Lansdowne Plantation
Both George Marshall and his wife Charlotte Hunt came from prominent
Natchez planter families. George Marshall’s father Levin was a
millionaire, among the top ten wealthiest individuals in Natchez
district and one of the only thirty five millionaires in the country at
Beginning in 1852, their Lansdowne plantation was part suburban
Natchez estate and part cotton plantation. They replaced the
original house with a finer one. Many of the twenty two slaves
there would have worked to support the house, a butler, a cook, house
maid, nurse for the children, someone to wash the clothes, someone to
care for the yard and garden, etc. The rest would have worked on
the limited cotton operation on the plantation.
George went to fight in the Civil War and was quickly wounded in
Tennessee in the Battle of Shilo. He paid someone to finish
fighting the war in his place. After the war George and Charlotte
were much less well off than before. They worked hard to make
Lansdowne as productive as it could be, even selling butter and eggs
in town themselves. As a result, they were able to keep
Lansdowne and pass it on to their descendants.
Pilgrimage house tours have finally brought in money to preserve
Natchez big planter homes such as Lansdowne. The story goes that
there were pots on the floors to catch the rain water at the time of
the first tours.
The big house and 120 acres of the original 600 acres of Landsowne are
still with the Marshall family today.
1850’s. For example, the drawing room is decorated as it was back
then with the original Zuber wallpapaer, the double set of Rococo
Revival rosewood furnitire covered in rose brocade, the Aubusson
carpet, the gilded cornices and copies of the first brocaded damask
lambrequins. The imported white marble mantel is decorated with
an unusual carved calla lily design. The house also contains
black Egyptian marble mantels in the bedrooms and rosewood bedroom
furniture, original glass and silver and many antique objets d’art.”
It is a private residence, but open during the spring pilgrimage tours
in Natchez each year when descendants of the original owners will host
a dinner for invited guests.
Charles Marshall, Emancipated Slave
Charles Marshall was born into slavery in 1841 on the Marshall
plantation near Greensburg, Kentucky. He served as a volunteer
soldier in the Union forces during the Civil War. After the war
he was one of the many slaves to be given his freedom along with
several acres of land near Greensburg.
In subsequent years racial tensions ran high in this area.
Spiteful white neighbors would set fire to the barns on his farm
because he was a black landowner. He and his wife Hariette
endeavored to stay but finally, fearing for their safety, they sold up
in 1898 and moved to Indianapolis, Indiana. Charles was able to
purchase land north of the city limits and they raised a family of
In the 1980’s Charles Marshall was honored postumously at Crown Hill
cemetery at the African American Civil War soldier tribute in
Indianapolis. Members of the Marshall family conducted the
ceremony, descendants who still lived in the Indianapolis area.
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