Rose Surname Meaning, History & Origin

Select Rose Meaning
The surname Rose comes from the name of the flower (rosa in Latin) and has English, Scottish, French and German roots. It could be a topographic name for someone who lived in a place where wild roses grew; or it could be a nickname for someone with a “rosy” complexion.
The Yiddish royz of similar meaning gives the Jewish Rose; or Rose could be an abbreviation of a Jewish ornamental name such as Rosenberg. 

Select Rose Resources on The Internet

Select
Rose Ancestry

The Rose surname exists today in Germany and France, as well as in the
UK. The German numbers amount to some 20,000 and are mainly to be
found in the north of the country. There were a significant
number of Rose immigrants to America in the 19th century. French
numbers are smaller.

Scotland.
Rose is a Scottish clan to be found in Nairn in the northeast of
Scotland. Clan
origins
are uncertain. The first
sighting of the Rose name was about 1220 when Hugh Rose of Geddes was
witness to the foundation of Beauly Priory. His son Hugh acquired
the
lands of Kilravock through marriage. Castle Kilravock, built
around 1460 on the banks of the river Nairn, has been the clan home
since that time.

There have been twenty five chieftains of the Rose clan, of which
nineteen had the name Hugh. Their history was less warlike than
that of other Highland clans and the Roses, although entertaining
Bonnie Prince Charlie at their castle, supported the British Government
during the Jacobite uprisings. Hugh Rose’s 1848 book Family of Rose of Kilravock
recounted their history over the centuries.

One junior Rose line led to George Rose, an 18th century English
politician, and his grandson Hugh Rose, a British Field Marshal in
Victorian times.


England
. Roses in England are more numerous than in
Scotland, but less conspicuous as a surname. The
Rose name was mainly to be found in London and the southeast of England
and in East
Anglia.

Rose appeared in Buckinghamshire
village registers such as Waddesden, Haddenham, and Eythorpe in the
early 16th century.
Robert Rose, a yeoman, acquired Grenville’s manor
in Haddenham in 1569 and it stayed in the family for the next three
hundred years.

Another Rose family was prominent in Wycombe
in the 18th century, contributing a number of mayors to the
town. Sir
Philip
Rose
did well as a lawyer in London and acquired the Rayners
estate in Buckinghamshire
in the 1850’s. James Rose was a barge owner in Southwark
who went bankrupt in 1788. But his son George prospered
as a barrister and law reporter in London.

Rose, possibly because of French influence, is a Channel Islands
name. John Rose, originally from Jersey, was mayor of Lyme Regis
in Dorset in 1611 and a descendant, Thomas, was sheriff of the county a
century or so later. Roses emigrated from Guernsey to Quebec in
the 1840’s.

A Rose in England today may be the descendant of Jewish
immigrants. Their numbers include Sir Stuart Rose, the
Chairman of the British retailer Marks & Spencer, and two brothers
Nikolas and Steven, one a prominent sociologist and the other a
neuroscientist.

Ireland. One Rose family
from Dorset, said to be Huguenot in origin, emigrated to Ireland in the
17th century and settled at Ahabeg in Limerick. Thomas Rose was
mayor of Limerick in 1695 and the family remained important in Limerick
life in the 18th and 19th centuries.


America.
Robert Rose of
Wethersfield, Connecticut was an early arrival from England on the Francis in 1634. A later line
of these Roses settled in the 1770’s in Rensselaer county in upstate
New York. This is probably the largest Rose family, in terms of
the number of descendants, in America.

The
Rev.
Robert Rose
, an Anglican clergyman, came to Virginia from
Morayshire in Scotland around
1725, having obtained land grants from King George II on the Piney and
Tye rivers in Essex county. He
was, according to his journals which have been preserved and other
accounts, an energetic and very well-respected clergyman and
planter. Christina Rose’s 1985 book Ancestors and Descendants of the
Rev. Robert Rose
covered his family’s story.

James Rose came to Chester county, Pennsylvania
from Scotland in the years prior to the Revolutionary War. His
son Dr. Robert Rose, who
settled in Silver Lake township, has been credited with the early
development of Susquehanna county in Pennsylvania. Another line
via Andrew Rose of Mercer county led to Mary Rose
who married David McKinley. Their grandson was President William
McKinley.

Henderson, North Carolina can boast two famous Rose names. The
first is Paul Howard Rose, the son of Thomas Bragg Rose of Seaboard,
who started the Rose’s Store chain in Henderson in 1915.
Charles Peete Rose was a tobacco farmer and general store owner in
Henderson in the 1940’s. His son Charlie Rose became a well-known
TV talkshow host.

There were also Roses in America that had come from Holland, Germany,
and France:

  • the Dutch Roses were originally Roosa and had come to New
    Amsterdam on the Bontekoe in
    1660. They settled in Ulster county, New York, many of them
    changing their name to Rose in the 1800’s.
  • German Rose families arrived in the 18th century, primarily into
    Pennsylvania. Friederich Roose, later Rose, came on the Osgood in 1750 and settled in York
    county, Pennsylvania. William Roos, later Rose, was in Albany
    county, New York by 1760. Descendants of William and his wife
    Elizabeth spread to other New York counties and westward to Ohio.
  • and Moses
    Rose

    was a Frenchman who had arrived in Louisiana in 1826 and got involved
    in the war with Mexico. This led him to Texas and the Alamo in
    1836.

If you are in New York and your name is Rose, the probability is that
you are Jewish. Rose was a convenient abbreviation of one
of
the many Rose ornamental names such as Rosenberg that were born by
Jewish immigrants. Notable among these Roses have been:

  • Baldy Jack Rose, a shady underworld figure in the 1910’s who ran
    the Rosebud gambling den in
    New York and after whom, it is believed, the Jack Rose cocktail was
    named.
  • Billy Rose, born in 1910 in New York, who was a prominent
    songwriter, showman, and impresario of the 1930’s and
    1940’s; and David Rose, who arrived in New York in the 1930’s and made
    his name also as a songwriter and composer.
  • Alex Rose, who was active in New York labor unions and helped
    found the Liberal Party in the city in 1936. He led the party
    until his death in 1976. His son Herbert served as legal counsel
    to many of the Jewish organizations in the city.
  • and, most formidably, the Rose real estate empire founded by
    Samuel and David Rose in the Bronx in the 1920’s. Today their
    company Rose Associates manages more than 31,000 apartments in New
    York. The
    Rose family
    is a major benefactor to the city.
    Marshall Rose, in real estate but apparently unrelated, made the
    headlines in 2000 when he married the actress Candice Bergen.

Ernestine Rose, born in Poland, had in fact arrived in New York with
her British-born husband as early as 1836. She was, with Susan B.
Anthony, one of the early proponents of women’s rights.

Canada. There were early
Rose settlers from France in Quebec. Nicholas Rose arrived there
from Paris in 1666. Another Nicholas Rose, from Guernsey in the
Channel Islands, came to Gaspe, Quebec in the 1840’s. John and Isabella
Rose
reached Nova Scotia from Invergordon in the Scottish
Highlands in 1818. They settled in New Glasgow. John Rose
came from the Highlands to Quebec with his parents in 1836. He
prospered as a lawyer in Montreal and entered politics. He
figured prominently at the time of Canadian federation in 1867.

Australia. Thomas
Rose and his family from Dorset were among the group that had sailed
from England
in the Bellona and disembarked at
Port Jackson in January 1793. These were
the
first families of free settlers to arrive in the colony. Hence
the area where their land grants were
made became known as Liberty Plains.

“Quite homely, unassuming and
industrious, Thomas Rose belonged to that humble band of men who, in a
rough and licentious age, helped to lay the foundations of an ordered
social life in a new country.”

Another Thomas Rose – this time from Shropshire and sentenced to
transportation for
house-breaking – arrived in Sydney on the Barwell in 1798. He prospered
there, setting up a bakery in 1804 and later the Rose and Crown
Inn. At Mount Gilead where he lived from 1827 until 1837, he won
fame for his building of a giant windmill to ground flour.

“Possessed
of great drive, energy and an excellent business sense, Thomas Rose was
one of
those enterprising men who arrived in the colony as convicts and went
on to win
wealth and respectability in the tough economic society of their new
land. He was remembered as a colorful
figure in the
early commercial and sporting life of Sydney
.”

Colorful probably meant two marriages and relations with two other
women that produced children.

 


Select
Rose Miscellany

Rose Clan Origins.  Rose clan origins are uncertain.  There are two main theories.

One theory has it that Hugh Rose of Geddes came over from Ireland to Scotland in
the 12th
century and that the Roses were originally vassals of the old Earls of
Ross.

The other theory, which the Rose chiefs
tend to
believe, is that they were English or rather Norman in origin.  The name derived from Ros, near Caen in
Normandy, a fiefdom of Bishop Odo de Ros who was the brother of William
of Nornandy.  The Norman descent comes from
the notion that
the first clan Chief Hugh Rose was a protege of this Bishop Odo.

The Rose clan is unique in one way
among Scottish clans. Since its formation the Chief has always been
passed down
in succession from father to son.  And
the name of the first born is normally Hugh Rose.  Only
twice in its history, as at present, has there
been no male heir and it was passed down to the oldest daughter who has
always
been named Elizabeth.

An Epitaph for Miss Rose.  In the 18th century London’s Gentleman’s Magazine printed an epitaph on Miss Rose, the niece of Hugh Rose of Kilravock, which ran as follows:

“Here
lies a Rose, a budding Rose
Blasted
before her bloom
Whose
innocence did
sweets disclose
Beyond
that flower’s
perfume.
To
those who by her death are
grieved
This
consolation’s given:
She’s from a world of woe relieved
And
blooms a Rose in Heaven.”

Sir Philip Rose of Wycombe and Rayners.  Philip Rose
was born into a leading Wycombe family in 1816. When only 25, as a
junior
partner in a firm of London solicitors, he was dismayed to discover
that no
hospital would treat one of his clerks for consumption.  Undeterred, he used his formidable drive and
energy to establish the now world-famous Brompton Hospital, with Queen
Victoria
as patron and Prince Albert laying the foundation stone.

He
earned his fortune as a solicitor during a
time of rapid expansion of the railway system.  Benjamin
Disraeli was a close friend and he
managed his legal and financial affairs, as well as acting as national
agent
for the Conservative Party.  He and
Disraeli bought their local estates at the same time, Disraeli at
Hughenden and
Philip Rose at Rayners.

He took on the
role of squire and Rayners became the focus of all village
celebrations,
employing two thirds of the adult population as estate workers or
tenants.  In 1854, using largely his own
money, he built
St. Margaret’s church there.   He
also built St. Margaret’s Institute in order
to try and keep working men out of pubs.  In
1875 he laid the foundation stone of the
school which was completed 10 months later.  He
was also five times mayor of Wycombe and the first man in 1896 to own a
car in Wycombe.

Sir
Philip’s legacy was continued by his son who
hosted a grand firework display in “Celebration of Victory and Peace”
at Rayners in July 1919.

Rev. Robert Rose in Virginia.  The following was one story about the Rev. Robert Rose, or Parson Rose
as he was called:

“Parson Rose, hearing of the distress of the people, gave
information by advertising that he had a quantity of corn which he
could spare and that all those wishing to get a share should come to
his house on a certain day.

When they had all arrived, he asked that they should form a line.
When the line was formed he asked the applicants whether they had the
money to buy the corn.  Many rejoiced and cried out: ‘We have the
money,’ while the greater portion, with looks and eyes cast down, said:
‘We have no money.’

The parson said with good humor to those with money: ‘As you have
money, you are able to get corn anywhere.  But as to these poor
people who have no money, they are to get my corn.’  And it was so
done.”

When the city of Richmond was about to be laid out, he was invited, by
those to whom the duty was entrusted, to meet with them and thus be
aided by his counsel.  It was while thus engaged that he sickened
and died.   He was buried in the graveyard of the old church
on Richmond Hill, with the following inscription:

“Here lyeth the body of Robert Rose, the rector of
Albemarle parish.  His extraordinary genius and capacity in all
the polite and useful arts of life, though equalled by few, were yet
exceeded by the great goodness of his heart.  Humanity, benevolence, and charity ran through the whole
course of his life, and were exerted with uncommon penetration.
In his friendship he was warm and steady; in his manners gentle and
easy; in his conversation entertaining and instructive.  With the
most tender piety he discharged all the domestic duties of husband,
father, son and brother.  In short, he was a friend of the whole
human race, and upon that principle a strenuous asserter and defender
of liberty.  He died on the 30th day of June, 1751 in the 47th year of
his age.”

Moses Rose at the Alamo.  Moses Rose,
born in France, had served in Napoleon’s army, and was later involved
in a plot
to restore Napoleon. The plot having failed, he was expelled from
France and left
for America.  He made his way to Texas
and in 1826 was a part of a company which wrested the town of
Nacogdoches from
Mexican control.

Being
an adventurous soul, he later joined
another Texas revolutionary army under the command of Jim Bowie.
He again
marched to capture Nacogdoches from the Mexicans.  After
the victory, the town was wild with joy
and admiration and Moses Rose found himself now a prominent citizen of
the
town, as well as a close friend of Jim Bowie.  This
friendship is what would later bring him
to the Alamo.

Rose
survived
the Alamo and later returned to Nacogdoches.  He
found he was not welcome.  “Remember
the Alamo” rung in everyone’s ears.  When
they recalled their dead, Rose was
remembered as a betrayer for not sticking with those brave men during
their
final days.  The last few years of his life were spent with the
lingering contempt of those that knew him.

It
was only much later that the truth started to get out.
Moses did witness the last days of the Alamo.  Escape at that time
might have appeared impossible.  But escape he did under the cover
of darkness and he was able to get through the Mexican lines.  

The Rose Family Reunion in Nova Scotia.  In 1888
the descendants of John Rose celebrated the 70th year of the landing of
the
Rose family in Pictou by holding a picnic on the grounds of David
Sinclair in
Chance Harbor.   David
was a descendant of the Rose family on
his mother’s side.

At about 11 am the
gathering commenced.  Between 80 and 90
partook of the bounties of a well supplied table. At the head of the
table was
seated Alex. Garvin of Pictou, the husband of her who in her youthful
days was
Alexandrena Rose and who was the only one of the family that had
crossed the
Atlantic of those present.

After tea, Mr.
D. C. Rose made a few remarks in which he said:

“We
meet today to celebrate the 70th
anniversary of the landing of the Rose family in the county of Pictou. We meet to honor the memory of our parents.  To
Alexander Rose of Invergordon, Scotland, as
far back as I can trace the family, on the parental side.  He was a kind and well to do ferryman between
Invergordon and Cromarty.
Isabella Calder was married to John Rose, son of Alexander, and they
emigrated to Nova Scotia
with a family of three boys and five girls in 1818 on board the Rowena of Aberdeen.  Their
old motto Ever Constant has been the history of the
descendants of the
family, as farmers, sailors, miners or merchants.  May
the latter motto, “I dare” be
ever yours to do the right.”

The gathering was a very pleasant one.

The Jack Rose Cocktail.  Jack Rose
is the name of a classic cocktail that was popular
in the 1920’s and 1930’s.  It contains
applejack,
grenadine, and lemon or lime juice.  The
cocktail
appeared in a scene in Ernest Hemingway’s The
Sun Also Rises
when Jake Barnes, the narrator, drinks a Jack Rose
in the
Paris Crillon hotel bar while awaiting the arrival of Lady Brett
Ashley.

The origin of the cocktail is uncertain.  Some
think it was named after or even invented
by the gambler Baldy Jack Rose.   A New York underworld figure, he had opened a
gambling
den on Second Avenue known as The Rosebud.  He
was such a popular figure there that the legend
of the Jack Rose began.

Harvey’s Famous
Restaurant in Washington, DC claimed to be its originator.  In 2003 the Washington Post
published an article that chronicled two writers’
quest to find a Jack Rose in a Washington DC bar.  After
visiting seemingly countless bars, they
were unsuccessful in finding one.

The Rose Family in New York.  The Rose family has made a lot of money in New York real estate and given a
lot away – quietly, but not entirely anonymously.  There are
the Roses of the Rose Center for Earth and Space at the Natural History Museum;
of Rose Hall and the Rose Building and Rose Rehearsal Studio at Lincoln
Center;
of the Rose Main Reading Room at the New York Public Library.  Current or past generations of the dynasty
have sat on many of the city’s most exclusive boards, from the
Philharmonic to
the Botanical Garden.  At Yale, from
which nearly every family member graduated, they built the Rose Alumni
House.

“It has been long inculcated in the third
generation of the Rose family, which is my generation, that we have a
deep
obligation to give back to the place from which we have gained so
much,” said
Adam R. Rose, the current President of Rose Associates, “and that place is New York City.”

Adam Rose is in fact one of the few Roses of the
family who still work at Rose Associates.  His
sister Isabel remarked:

“I’m
very
interested in the trajectory of ambition over the course of
generations, and
what success does to people.  It usually
starts in the first, hits biggest in the second, and by the time the
third gets
to it, they are the writers and the poets and the intellectuals –
because they could.”

Gideon Rose of his generation is the
managing editor of Foreign Affairs magazine; while Jonathan
Rose started
his own real-estate enterprise, Rose Companies.

 

Select
Rose Names

  • Hugh Rose acquired the barony of Kilravock through marriage around 1280 and is the forebear of the Scots
    Rose clan.
  • Ernestine Rose was, with Susan B. Anthony, one of the early proponents of women’s rights in America.
  • Billy Rose, born Billy Rosenberg,
    was an American showman and impresario of the 1930’s and 1940’s.
  • Pete Rose was an outstanding baseball switch-hitter whose reputation was tarnished by his addiction
    to gambling.
  • Sir Stuart Rose has been the
    Chairman of the British retailer Marks & Spencer.

Select Rose Numbers Today

  • 48,000 in the UK (most numerous
    in London)
  • 57,000 in America (most numerous in California)
  • 31,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Canada)

 

Select Rose and Like Jewish Surnames

The Jews were banned from England in 1290 and did not return there until the 1650’s, sometimes in the form of Portuguese traders.  They were to make their mark as merchants and financers in London and many families prospered.  There was another larger Jewish influx in the late 1800’s.

In America the early settlement of Sephardic Jews was in Charleston, South Carolina.  In the 19th century Ashkenazi Jews started to arrive from Germany.  Later came a larger immigration from a wider Jewish diaspora.  Between 1880 and 1910 it is estimated that around two million Yiddish-speaking Jews, escaping discrimination and pogroms, arrived from the Russian empire and other parts of Eastern Europe.

Some Jewish surnames reflect ancient Biblical names, such as Cohen and Levy.  Some have come from early place-names where Jews resided, such as Dreyfus (from Trier), Halpern (from Heilbronn) and Shapiro (from Speyer).  Many more surnames came about when Ashkenazi Jews were compelled by Governments to adopt them in the early 1800’s.  The names chosen at that time were often ornamental ones – Bernstein or Goldberg or Rosenthal for example.  Then the name could change on arrival in America at Ellis Island.  And finally anti-Semitism perceived could cause further changes to conceal Jewishness.

Here are the stories of some of the Jewish surnames that you can check out here.

AbrahamFriedmanKleinSachs
AdlerGoldbergKramerSchiff
BernsteinGoodmanLevySegal
BloomHalpernMyersShapiro
CohenHirschRosenthalSolomon
EpsteinKaplanRubinWeinberg

 

 

 

 

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