Curtis Surname Genealogy
surname originated from the Old French curteis –
meaning polite, refined, or
well-bred – and was brought to England by the Normans.
The English version was curteys.
Chaucer wrote of
his squire Curteys being lowly and serviceable.
Curteys entered service as a surname from the 13th century
onwards. The spelling later became Curtis
English-speaking countries adopted the Curtis surname.
One reason was that it approximated to the Hungarian
Curtis Resources on
- About the Curtis Surname.
Curtis early name history.
- Curtis New Zealand Family
Gresham Curtis, from Canada to New Zealand.
- Curtis DNA Project. Curtis
Curtis name turned up in both SW and SE England.
SW England. Curtis appeared as Curteys in Cornwall as early
as 1305 when Ralph Curteys represented
the borough of Lostwithiel in Parliament.
The Curteys remained influential in the town as merchants and
leaders for the next hundred and fifty years.
The spelling later became Courtis.
It is thought that the Curtises of Polperro came from this
family. Thomas Curteys was a revenue
in 1401. His Curtis descendants formed
one of the principal families of Polperro in the 18th and 19th
Curtis name extended into Devon, Somerset, and Gloucestershire.
at Chew Magna in Somerset in the late 1600’s, including Joseph Curtis
clockmaker. Another Somerset family line
began with the birth of Robert Curtis at Chewton Mendip in 1711. His grandson Robert was a cheese factor in
Bristol. Harry Curtis began faming in
the Chew valley outside of Bristol in the early 1900’s and his farm is
the third generation.
SE England. There were early Curtises in Kent. A Curteis family was to be found at Appledore
from about 1450. They were later to be
found at Tenterden where the 17th century mayors included Samuel in
in 1663, and Jeremy in 1696. William
Curtis of this family emigrated to the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1632. Another Kentish line began with Thomas
Curtis, a yeoman farmer at Ash near Sandwich, who died there in 1631. Four of his sons emigrated to Massachusetts
Meanwhile John Curtis, another yeoman, was born at Worth nearby in
Sussex in 1605. Richard Curtis was born
in Heathfield, Sussex in 1640.
James Curtis, who died in London in 1734, was the
first in a line of sea biscuit manufacturers at Wapping.
His grandson William – popularly known as Billy Biscuit – revolutionized the technology of biscuit baking and
became the main
supplier of ships’ biscuits to the Royal Navy.
He was Lord Mayor of London in 1795.
His son Charles was a manufacturer of gunpowder, his grandson
merchant trading in the West Indies.
Curtis name was also to be found in Nottinghamshire.
A Curtis family was associated with the
village of Hucknall Torkard for centuries, their name first appearing
records in 1565. The last of this line
was John Curtis who died in 1777.
Meanwhile the Curtis bakers of Wapping were thought to have
Curtis name appears to have been an English implant.
An early record was Ensign Matthew Curtis in
the 1659 Clare census.
However, Patrick Curtis, born in 1746 at Stamullin parish
in county Meath, was said to “have descended from
an ancient and respectable Irish family.” He
studied at the Irish college at Salamanca
in Spain, acted as a spy for Wellington during the Peninsular War, and
to Ireland as the Archbishop of Armagh in 1819.
John Curtis left
Mountmellick in Laios for Philadelphia around 1838 and was later joined
by various other family members. His
sister Hannah Curtis who
behind endured the horrors of the potato famine.
were a number of early Curtis arrivals
in New England, notable among them being:
- William Curtis from Kent who arrived in the
Massachusetts Bay colony
with his family on the Lion in
1632. They made their home in
Roxbury. His great grandson Daniel
became the first in the family to move to Maine, settling in Harpswell
1745. His son Nehemiah was a militia
commander during the Revolutionary War.
- John Curtis from Nazeing in Essex who came with
his family in 1635. He died within a few
years. His widow Elizabeth Curtiss and
John then made their home in
Connecticut; while two other sons William and Thomas settled in
and Wethersfield respectively.
Curtis who first appeared in Watertown, Massachusetts around 1635,
to Sudbury. His son Ephraim was a famous
Indian scout. Henry Woods’ 1907 book The Family of Henry Curtis of Sudbury
covered his line.
- the four sons of
Thomas Curtis of Ash in Kent – Thomas, Richard, William and John – who
in 1638, settling in Scituate, Massachusetts, Some
of William’s descendants migrated north
to Maine. Harold E. Curtis’s book The Descendants of Thomas, Richard and
William Curtis of Scituate was published in 1986.
- while Deodatus Curtis arrived
in Braintree, Massachusetts in 1640. His
descendants moved to Connecticut in the early 1700’s.
Curtis fought in the Revolutionary War and afterwards was one
of the early
settlers in Ohio.
lines from William Curtis of Roxbury extended in
Benjamin Curtis, a
surgeon in the Revolutionary War, and his grandson Benjamin Curtis, a
Supreme Court Justice,
- James F. Curtis who fought as a young man in the
War of 1812 and was killed in an early railroad accident in 1839. His eldest son James settled in San Francisco
in the 1850’s and then moved to Idaho. A
younger son Greely was a Union general in the Civil War who made his
Manchester, Massachusetts. Growing up at
there were two lady golfers, Harriot and Margaret Curtis, who gave
their name to the women’s golf Curtis Cup.
Herbert Curtis, born in Roxbury in 1830 who also
fought as a Union officer during the Civil War. His
son Tom was a winner of the 110 meter hurdles at the
in Athens in 1896. Tom’s daughter
Clarissa married the Russian Prince Michael (who had escaped the
revolution) in Roxbury in 1921. But this
marriage ended in divorce in 1935.
descended from William Curtis, this time via Daniel Curtis in Maine,
Captain John Curtis of Brunswick, Maine.
He traded cotton from Alabama to England in the years up to the
War. He was with his ship in Mobile in
1861 when Alabama became the fourth state to secede from the Union. A Captain John Curtis Memorial Library was
dedicated in Brunswick by his son William in 1904.
From Maine, in this case Portland, came Cyrus Hermann Kotzschmar Curtis.
He was forced to leave high school
after his first year in 1866 when his family lost their home in the
of Portland. He became a wealthy
American magazine publisher whose periodicals included the Ladies’
Home Journal and the Saturday
Canada. DNA testing has
suggested that Garrett Curtis, who grew up in Boston, was a descendant
of William Curtis of Roxbury. Garrett became a master shipbuilder
at Salmonier in Newfoundland in the mi-1800’s. A monument has
been reected there in his honor. The Curtis family who came to
Bonavista Bay in the 1840’s was from Dorset.
Curtis family from London was among the early settlers of Western
Australia. The first to arrive was
Anthony Curtis who had visited the colony whilst with the Royal Navy
decided to settle there with his family in 1830. He
became a very successful businessman,
first at Freemantle and later at Perth (a plaque on the footpath of St.
George’s Terrace acknowledges his achievement).
His widowed mother Mary Curtis
arrived at the colony in 1835 at the age of 70.
In 1853, at the age of 88, she was left destitute and penniless
unexpected death of her son. She
survived by being the oldest cleaner employed by the Governor of
Australia. She died in 1861 at the grand
old age of 96. Her death was reported in
the Perth Gazette as follows:
death was not caused by disease or decay but from shock occasioned when
portion of her dress caught on fire.”
New Zealand. Gersham Curtis had emigrated as a boy with
his family from Surrey to Canada’s Prince Edward Island in the 1820’s. After his father died, Gersham decided
leave Canada for New Zealand. He and his
family arrived on the Lady Grey in
1855 and settled in Collingwood near Nelson.
He later tried his hand, unsuccessfully as it turned out, in the
goldfields before his death at Westport in 1901.
Another early arrival in New Zealand was
George Curtis who had come from London with his family on the Pekin in 1850. Arriving in
Wellington, he took up farming at
the new settlement of Omata and prospered.
His sons Charles and Herbert also did well.
They and their sister Emma were keen hikers
on the Mount Taranaki trails.
Select Curtis Miscellany
If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for
further stories and accounts:
Select Curtis Names
was an Irish clergyman, created Archbishop of Armagh in 1819, who
strong advocate in England of Catholic emancipation.
Cyrus Curtis was
an American publisher
of magazines and newspapers, including the Ladies’
Home Journal and the Saturday Evening
Bernard Schwartz, was
a popular American film actor of the 1950’s and
early 1960’s. The actress Jamie Lee
Curtis was his daughter.
Curtis has been one of Britain’s
most successful comedy screenwriters, for films such as Four
Weddings and a Funeral, Notting
Hill, and Bridget Jones’s Diary.
He was born in New Zealand to a Czech refugee
Select Curtis Today
- 35,000 in the UK (most numerous
- 36,000 in America (most numerous in California)
- 25,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Canada)
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