Guthrie

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Guthrie Surname Genealogy

The Guthrie surname derives from the Scottish place-name
of Guthrie, a barony known as “the lands of Guthrie” in Angus in NE
Scotland. The root of the name is a
Gaelic word meaning “windy place” or “arrows in the
wind.” The Guthrie place-name gave
rise to the Guthrie clan. There are other theories about the Guthrie
origin
,
but they do not have much credibility.

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Guthrie Resources on
The
Internet

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Guthrie Ancestry

Scotland.
The Guthries of Guthrie received their estates by a
charter from King David II sometime in the mid-14th century. The clan came to prominence in 1461 when Sir
David Guthrie of Guthrie, Armor-Bearer to the King, was appointed Lord
Treasurer of Scotland. He obtained a
warrant to build Guthrie castle
near
Forfar in Angus, which remains standing to this day.


It seemed that the
clan had four main branches. A rhyme of
the 17th century quoted them as follows:

“Guthrie
o’ Guthrie and Guthrie o’
Gaigie,
Guthrie o’ Taybank an’ Guthrie o’ Craigie.”


Some Guthries supported the
existing religious order, others

were converts to Presbyterianism. The
Covenanter James Guthrie, referred to by
Oliver Cromwell as “the little man who refused to kneel,” was
executed for his beliefs in Edinburgh in 1661.

Thomas Guthrie grew up in Angus in the
early 19th century. He was one of the
most popular preachers in Scotland of his day and was associated with
many
forms of philanthropy – especially temperance and the Ragged Schools,
of which
he was a founder. His son Charles, a friend of Robert Louis
Stevenson, became a
judge and Lord Guthrie; his grandson Tyrone Guthrie (who inherited the
Scottish
Guthrie genes and the Irish Tyrone genes) an English theatrical
director whose
ambition spanned the Atlantic.

The Guthrie name did spread into the Scottish Lowlands and Border
areas. One
Guthrie line in the Scottish borders traces itself back to Robert
Guthrie of
Eyemouth, Berwickshire in the mid-1600’s
.

Ireland. The
Scots came to Ireland in the 17th century either to take up plantation
land or as
a refuge from persecution. Most Guthries
seem to have come under the latter category.
Many stayed in the Derry area before embarking for America. Those who remained were mainly to be found in
Antrim, Down, and Derry.

Guthrie can
also be an Irish name. Guthrie here
seems to have been an English corruption of the name Lahiff, from the
Gaelic O’Laithigh, found in county Clare around
Corrofin. A Guthrie family in Clare
traces itself back to Denis Guthrie who was born in Kilnaboy in 1840. The 1901 census listed three Guthrie families
in Kilnaboy, as well as eighteen other Guthrie families in the county.

America. Enterprising
Scots and Scots Irish, including Guthries, discovered America in the
18th century,
arriving there from Philadelphia in the north to Charleston in the
south. The most complete account of these Guthries is the rather
dated but still valuable 1933 book American
Guthries
and Allied Families
by Lawrence Guthrie.

Many
of
the early Guthries in Pennsylvania in fact came from Ireland and from
Londonderry in particular:

  • James
    Guthrie came to America with his wife in 1730
    and settled in Chester county, Pennsylvania. His father was a
    Covenanter

    who had escaped persecution by fleeing to Ireland.
  • Another
    James Guthrie came
    and his wife Elizabeth in the
    1760’s and they later settled in North Carolina. He
    too was descended from a Covenanter. Family
    legend has it that two of their sons
    were married to two sisters and they travelled on horseback over the
    mountains
    to settle in Tennessee.
  • and
    Robert and Bridget Guthrie arrived sometime
    in the 1740’s. After a brief period in
    Philadelphia, this couple lived in Carlisle, Pennsylvania.
    Robert was a carpenter and cabinetmaker (the organizer of
    the Carpenters’ Guild of Carlisle), trades that were followed by his
    descendants.

Adam Guthrie
had come from
Cork in Ireland to Augusta county, Virginia in 1774. By the late
1700’s, there was a
cluster of Guthries in Halifax county, Virginia – three apparently
unrelated families of same name. Descendants of Thomas Guthrie, who
died there in 1786, were to be found
in Rockingham county on the border with North Carolina.

Guthries South and West.
Guthries moved South and West as the 19th century progressed.
Adam Guthrie, an early frontiersman, crossed the Cumberland mountains
in 1808 and settled in
Kentucky. His son James
became a Kentucky Senator and later served as the US Secretary of the
Treasury.

Guthrie
place-names
, in Kentucky, Iowa, Texas, and Oklahoma for
instance,
showed where some of these Guthries had moved to. John Guthrie from
Tennessee came via Alabama to Texas in 1835, settling in Washington
county;
while Shadrach Guthrie from Kentucky came via Mississippi to Lavaca
county,
Texas in the 1850’s.

There were Guthries from Texas who had moved to
Oklahoma in the early 1900’s, which is where Woody Guthrie, the
folksinger and author of This Land is Your Land,
was born. Texas has the
largest numbers of Guthries in America today.

Australia. Thomas Guthrie from
Berwickshire came to Tasmania
in 1847at the tender age of 14. He worked
as a station hand there before following the gold rush to
Victoria in the early 1850’s. He made
his money as an auctioneer and invested in the Rich Avon sheep grazing
lands
near Bendigo in 1864. The land remains
with Guthrie descendants today. Tom
Guthrie’s 2014 book The Longest Drive
recounted the early history
.

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Guthrie Miscellany

If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for
further stories and accounts:


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Guthrie Names

Sir David Guthrie of Guthrie was Lord Treasurer of
Scotland between 1461 and 1467 and subsequently
Comptroller
of the Exchequer.

James Guthrie
was a Scottish
Presbyterian minister hanged for his faith in 1661 in Edinburgh.

Thomas Guthrie was a Scottish 19th century
preacher and philanthropist known for his advocacy of temperance and
“ragged
schools” for children (of which he was a founder).

Woody Guthrie
was a
famous American singer/songwriter and folk musician.
Many of his songs are about his experiences
in the Dust Bowl era during the Great Depression when Guthrie traveled
with
migrant workers from Oklahoma to California.

Tyrone Guthrie
was a 20th century English
theatrical director instrumental in the founding of theaters in Canada,
America, and Ireland.



Select Guthries Today

  • 5,000 in the UK (most numerous
    in Lanarkshire)
  • 10,000 in America (most numerous in Texas)
  • 7,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Australia)

 

 

 

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