and its variants Low and Loew can be English or German in origin and will have a different meaning in each case.In England the name derives from the Old English word blaw, meaning “a prominent small hill,” and would describe someone who lived by such a place. Another derivation may be from the Old Norse lagr meaning “low” or “short,” and here
it might describe a short person.
spellings, Lowe in England and Low in Scotland.The German derivation is from lewo and later loewe meaning “lion” and would possibly describe a brave or regal person.In some cases the surname could be habitational, from a house distinguished by the sign of a lion. The Dutch equivalent is Louw.
Lowe Resources on The Internet
- The Lowe Family. Lowe
dance teachers in Scotland, Australia and New Zealand
- The Lowe Family Journey
from Germany to Tennessee.
- Lowe DNA Project Lowe DNA.
The earliest mentions of Lowe seem to have been
in Cheshire. From there the name spread
into the West Midlands, to Shropshire on one side and to Staffordshire
Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire on the other.
Cheshire and the West Midlands. The
town of Macclesfield in east Cheshire listed Thomas del Lowe as its
1430 and Thomas Lowe in 1448. One family
line began with Thomas Lowe who died in Macclesfield in 1415. His grandson Lawrence acquired property in
Denby, Derbyshire by marriage and the family migrated there. Richard
Lowe died without heirs in 1785. The
Derbyshire estates then passed to his
cousin William Drury of Nottingham who adopted the name of Drury-Lowe.
Another migration from
Cheshire occurred sometime in the 16th century to Shropshire. William Lowe, who died in 1587, was a
Shrewsbury draper and burgess. His son
George became a London merchant and local MP.
However, an earlier Lowe sighting in Shropshire
was in the mid-15th century at Highley on the banks of the Severn river. William Lowe took over the operation of the
Borle mill there at that time. By the middle of the 17th century the family had grown in
importance. Thomas Lowe had become lord
of the manor and styled himself as living in Borle Hall.
One Lowe trail
began in the Barthomley area of south Cheshire close to the
border. John Lowe was born there in
1749. Some of his descendants moved from
Wybunbury in Staffordshire to Manchester in the 1830’s. John
Lowe emigrated to Australia with two of
his brothers. A younger brother Thomas Lowe remained in England
founded the Wesleyan Chapel in Rusholme near Manchester.
His son Joseph settled in the Lake District
where he established a reputation as a photographer and painter.
The Lowe name
also appeared in Nottinghamshire. The
Sherbrookes, Lowes and Bechers were gentry families at Southwell in
Nottinghamshire, frequently marrying between themselves, from the 17th
onwards. The Sherbrookes lived at Oxton
Hall, the Lowes at Dunham. From this
line came Robert Lowe, a British statesman and Cabinet minister under
between 1868 and 1874. He was ennobled
as Viscount Sherbrooke.
Lowe, a Nottingham draper, was three times Nottingham’s mayor around
1800. His Highfield House home was built
at that time.
were also Lowes in London and East Anglia.
The pirate Ned Low, born around 1690, came from London. Daniel Lowe was born in Stepney in 1761. John
Lowes was the vicar at Brandeston in Suffolk from 1596 to 1646.
Lowe, born in 1744, lived in Buxton on
the river Bure in Norfolk. A descendant
Thomas Lowe emigrated to America in the 1840’s.
William and Newell Lowe departed Aylsham in Norfolk
Edward Island in Canada in 1830.
The spelling in Scotland is Low and the name is
mainly found along the eastern coastline.
It could be here a pet form of the first name Lawrence.
One family line began with the marriage of
Charles Low and Elizabeth Morrison in Aberdeenshire in 1778. Alexander Low was born in the parish of Logie
Pert in Forfarshire (now Angus) in 1710. John Low,
a shoemaker in
Brechin in 1785, was the forebear of a family of Scottish dance teachers
and New Zealand in the 19th century.
Ireland. Lowes in Ireland would be of
extraction. One Lowe family in Westmeath
descended from an English officer at the time of Cromwell.
James Lowe made his home at Moate in
Westmeath in the 18th century. John Low
meanwhile had settled at Spring House in Kilshane, Tipperary. Later Lows of his line became sizeable
landowners in Tipperary
Bahamas. Family lore and DNA
analysis suggest that the Lowes of the Bahamas were of
Portuguese origin. It was said that Gideon
Lowe was shipwrecked
off the Bahamas in the early 1700’s. A
mariner by trade, Gideon later settled on Harbour Island.
His grandson William was a sea captain in the
Caribbean and the progenitor of the Lowes that migrated to Key West in
in the 1830’s. However, many Lowes – the
descendants of John Lowe – remained at
Green Turtle Cay. Their line
extended to Albert Lowe, a woodcarver of ship models whose work is
in the Albert Lowe Museum that was opened in 1976.
America. Lowe arrivals in
America are mainly English, but also include arrivals from
Scotland, Ireland and Germany.
was master of the ship Ambrose and
commander of the fleet that brought over Winthrop’s colony in 1630.
Captain John Low, were handed down in the Low families of Essex,
Massachusetts. The Bible was imprinted in
London in 1579. It was marked Thomas Low
his book and Susanna Low her book in 1677.”
Thomas Low, who married Susanna
Stone in 1648, had made his home at Chebacco in Essex county,
Massachusetts by 1641. He was by trade a
maltster. He was also the progenitor of
some notable Low lines.
A line via his son David led to William Henry Low of Salem, a
pioneer of the US-China trade in the early 1800’s.
His niece Harriet Low wrote
a journal of her time
in China. When he retired in 1833 his
nephew Abiel Abbot Low took over.
Abiel’s son Seth Low was first Mayor of Brooklyn and then Mayor
A line via his son Thomas the deacon became Lowe sometime in the 18th
century. Levi Lowe fought in the
Revolutionary War and migrated to New Hampshire. His
son Clovis was a drummer boy in the War
of 1812 and later a successful merchant.
Clovis’s son Thaddeus, otherwise known as Professor T.S.C. Lowe,
remarkable scientific tinkerer in meteorological
sciences and in balloon building. His later inventions in ice
making machines and in hydrogen gas processes made him rich.
Meanwhile another line from Thomas the deacon
led to Maine and Pike county in Illinois.
The Lowe name cropped
up in Virginia in the 17th century, eleven men of that name recorded as
transported to Virginia at the time.
One line from Bedford county had descendants in Wilkes county,
Carolina by the 1770’s.
John Lowe – thought to have
come from Denby in Derbyshire – emigrated to Maryland sometime in the
1670’s. A descendant John Tolson Lowe
fought in the
Revolutionary War. He made his home at
the Fernandina Beach plantation in Nassau county, Florida in 1804. John Henry Lowe meanwhile settled in Clarke
county, Georgia in 1807. His son Thomas,
an accomplished violinist, was the acting mayor of Atlanta in 1861
The Lowes of Guilford county, North Carolina had uncertain
origins. They fact that they were
Quakers might suggest Pennsylvania as an early arrival point. The first recorded was Samuel Lowe, born in
Guilford in 1720. Judge William Lowe
moved to Indiana a century later. Jesse
and Enos Lowe were early settlers of Omaha, Nebraska in the 1850’s.
German. Lowes in
America can also be of German or even of Jewish origin.
The spelling on arrival could have been Lau,
Loy, Loew, or Lowe.
One early arrival was Christian Lau from the German
Palatine who had a terrifying journey
from Rotterdam to Philadelphia in 1732.
Christian settled in York county, Pennsylvania.
Michael Lau adopted the Lowe spelling. He
migrated to Scott county, Tennessee where
he was one of its early settlers.
were the German Jewish immigrants Hermann and Ida Loew who came to New
the 1860’s. Their son Marcus started
Loew’s Theaters in the early 1900’s for vaudeville and movies. He later helped found the MGM
Canada. David and Jean Lowe from
Scotland for Quebec in 1836. Their son
James, a farmer and a poet in his spare time, later settled in America,
in Iowa and then in Minnesota.
Lowe emigrated from London to NSW in 1812 and later bought up lands to
farm in the
Bathurst and Mudgee districts. His son
was not one to be messed around with, as local bushrangers found to
their cost. Don’t try a Bobby
with me was their lamented
refrain. Lowes are now in the
fifth generation on the land,
with David Lowe a respected winemaker in the area.
If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for
further stories and accounts:
a Catholic priest martyred for his faith
in London in 1586.
served as Chancellor of the Exchequer under
Gladstone from 1868 to 1873.
Lowe was a self-educated American scientist and inventor in the
of the 19th century. He is considered
the father of military aerial reconnaissance.
the son of Jewish immigrants, was a pioneer of the American film
founding Loew’s Theaters and the film studio MGM in the early 1900’s.
Captain Mainwaring in the British TV
sitcom Dad’s Army from 1968 to 1977.
Select Lowes Today
- 52,000 in the UK (most numerous
- 40,000 in America (most numerous in California)
- 31,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Australia)
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