Maynard

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Maynard Surname Genealogy

The
surname Maynard is of Norman origin, introduced into England after the
Conquest in 1066.  It derived from the old French personal name mainard, from the elements magin meaning “strength” and hard, “hardy” or “brave.”
Maynard or Mainard who died in 991 was the first abbot of Mont St. Michel
in Normandy.  The name
appeared in England for the first time in the Domesday Book of 1086.
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Maynard
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Maynard Ancestry

England.
The first Maynards were probably Norman in origin.  There appears
to have been an early Maynard presence in Kent.  Maynard’s
hospital in Canterbury was founded in 1317 by a
man named Mayner or Maynard (and known popularly as Mayner the
rich).  John Mainard of
Axminster, described as a “servant of the Black Prince,” was a warden
of Brest castle in France and provided equipment for the English fleet
in 1360 during the war with France.

SW England
Maynards at Sherford in Devon date from about 1480.  Two John
Maynards from this family were prominent as MP’s during the
Commonwealth and Restoration period, one, a Puritan, being ejected from
his office in 1662.  A Forster Maynard branch sprung up in Melton,
Cornwall.  The Maynard name was also to be seen in Stratton,
Cornwall
and in Corston, Somerset.

SE England  But
Maynard has been more a name of SE England.  Sir Henry Maynard
established his family at Little Easton in Essex during Elizabethan
times.  Later Maynards were London merchants and public
benefactors in
Walthamstow.

Maynards were also to be found in Kent and Sussex:

  • John Maynard
    was born in Glassenbury in Kent in 1511.  The Maynard name
    subsequently cropped up in Kentish places such as Cranbrook, Hawkhurst,
    and
    Sandhurst.
  • the Maynards of
    Mayfield in East Sussex were Puritan but paid for their
    allegience.
    William Maynard was burnt at the stake in 1556 and the Rev. John
    Maynard was deprived of his living after the Restoration in 1662.
    In later times, Isaac Maynard from Shoreham in Sussex was a steward on
    the Titanic and one of the
    lucky few
    who survived.

Yorkshire  There
is a Maynard outpost as well in north Yorkshire.  An
English family called Maynard were said to have plotted their descent
from the Sir Richard Maynarde of Kirklevington who fought at Agincourt
in 1415.

Other Maynards have been traced back to the 16th
century.  A
Maynard family from Eryholme
were cattle-breeders who
set themselves up as gentry in Harlsey Hall.  Maynards came
also from Wass in Kilburn parish.  Joan Maynard from Thirsk was a
Labor
activist and an MP from 1974 to 1987.

Portugal.  Thomas Maynard, a merchant from Devon, was appointed
the first English Consul to Portugal by Oliver Cromwell in 1656.  He held the post until his death in Lisbon in
1692.  A Protestant, he was briefly
imprisoned during the Inquisition.

His
brother Walter, a merchant in Oporto, made one of the earliest
shipments of port
to England.  His
name was passed down in the Portuguese form Manarte. 
He is believed to have been
the ancestor of later port-making families.
His name has been preserved in the Maynard’s
port brand name
.

America.  The patriarch of
the Maynards in Massachusetts is John Maynard from Hertfordshire.
He arrived in 1638, settled in Sudbury, and was one of the founding
fathers of Marlborough.  Among his descendants were:

  • Amory Maynard of Maynard, Massachusetts
  • the three Maynard brothers who moved to Madison county, New York
    in the
    1790’s.  This was where the
    inventor Edward Maynard
    was
    born
  • the Maynards of Ellington, Connecticut
  • and, more distant,
    the Maynards of Union county, South
    Dakota (where Solomon Maynard had
    gone from Minnesota in 1868).

Possibly related were:

  • the Maynards of East Haddam,
    Connecticut
  • and the Maynards of Springfield,
    Vermont (from whence came Doc Maynard, founding father of the city of
    Seattle).

Other Maynards
Henry Maynard
had arrived in Maryland around 1701 and established himself at
Proctor’s Park in Anne Arundel county.  His son Thomas moved to a
new
estate in the Linganore hills of Frederick county.  Some of his
descendants were still to be found there in the early 1900’s.
Others had moved west.

A number of
Maynards came to North Carolina during the 1700’s – although possibly
not Robert Maynard, the slayer of Blackbeard off its
shores.
William Maynard settled in Wilkes county, North Carolina in the
1740’s.  Three of his sons moved onto Tennessee in 1790 and then
to Kentucky
in 1810.  And there were many Maynards in North Carolina by
the time of the Revolutionary War.

James Maynard was a Revolutionary war soldier in Virginia and his
descendants (traced in Paul E. Dyer’s 1986 book James Maynard of Virginia and Descendants)
are to be found today in West Virginia and Kentucky. James Maynard was
recorded as being 107 years old in the 1850 census of Wayne county,
West Virginia; and his son Isaac, known as Chaine, lived to be
87.

Caribbean.   The
Maynards date from the early 1700’s on the tiny island of Nevis.
They and the Huggins were the two big sugar producers on the
island.  They were slaveowners and apparently hard men (Walter
Maynard shot John Huggins in a duel in 1822).  The last of the
line, when the New River plantation closed its doors in the 1940’s, was
Norman Maynard.

There are still many Maynards on the
island today – including John Maynard the cricketer, known as “the
dentist,”
and Konris Maynard, four-time winner of the national calypso show.

Maynard also figured from an early time as a name in Barbados
and was
then brought to the
Bahamas by Clement
Maynard
.  His son was one of the founding fathers of
an independent Bahamas.

South Africa.  Levi and
Sarah Maynard arrived in Cape Colony from Bedfordshire in 1820.
Their son James
Maynard
became a wealthy local landowner.  His home
of Maynardville in Cape Town now functions as an Open-air theater on
the
lines of the Open-air theater in London.

Australia.  The Maynard
name figures most prominently in Australia among the Aboriginal
community.  Part of this is due to Fred Maynard, the mixed-race
son of an English father and a native-born wife.  Fred launched
the Australian Aboriginal Progressive Association in the 1920’s and was
an early advocate of Aborigine rights.

Maynard is also a name among the Aborigine Bass
Strait island community in Tasmania.  The photographer Ricky
Maynard who comes from these roots uses native culture in his work.

“We are a forgotten people in a way and
within this country we are not paid our due respect as indigenous
people of this land.  It’s through conveying strong and simple
powerful images that we are reminded of the way we tell our stories.”

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Maynard Miscellany

If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for
further stories and accounts:

Select Maynard Names

Captain Robert Maynard was famous
for defeating and beheading the pirate Blackbeard off the coast of
North
Carolina in 1718.
Edward Maynard was a prominent
19th century American firearms inventor and later one of its leading
dentists.
Constance Maynard, educator and
feminist, was the first head of Westfield College in London, from 1882
to 1913.
Major
Forster Maynard
from Cornwall was a top scoring air ace during
World War I and helped organize the defences of Malta during World War
II.
Joan Maynard was a Labor
activist from north Yorkshire and an MP from 1974 to 1987.
Robert Maynard, born of an
immigrant family from Barbados, was a prominent American newspaper
publisher in the 1970’s and 1980’s.


Select Maynards Today

  • 8,000 in the UK (most numerous
    in Essex)
  • 13,000 in America (most numerous
    in Ohio).
  • 8,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Canada).

 

 

 

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