Moran

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Moran Surname Genealogy

Moran
is the anglicized form of two distinct Irish Gaelic sept
names –
O’Morain and O’Moghrain – in Connacht.  The
root here is the personal byname Morain or Morann, from mor
meaning “great” or “large.”  The
first Morann
appeared at a very early stage in Irish history.
Morán, based on a place-name, is also a Spanish surname (some 20,000 Morans in Spain today).  Andres Morán de Butron brought the name to Ecuador in the 16th century and it is now found in South America from Mexico to Argentina.  Morin is a French and Acadian name that became Moran in Mississippi.

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Moran Resources on
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Moran Ancestry


IrelandMost
Morans in county Mayo are descended from the O’Morain sept whose
ancient
kingdom was in north Mayo, surrounding the modern town of Ballina.  It appears that Moran-Mor first established
the O’Morains at Ardnaree on the Moy riverbank opposite Ballina in the
early
800’s.  
By
the 12th century they were known as the
O’Morains of
Ardnaree.

The abandoned church cemetery at Cong on the Mayo/Galway border is
reportedly full of O’Morain tombstones dating back to the 14th century.

Following the Norman invasion, their territory
was usurped by the Barretts and Burkes and the sept lost its central
organization.  The modern distribution of
the surname within Mayo suggests that the Morans spread southwards and
today are
chiefly found in the central area of the county, particularly in the
barony of
Carra.

Moran is a Connacht name
and was found elsewhere in Connacht,
notably around Elphin in north Roscommon where they were first known as
O’Moghrain.  Today the main Moran presence is to be
found in Mayo,
Roscommon and Leitrim.

Morans were among the “wild
geese” that fled Ireland after the old Gaelic order crashed.  William Moran had arrived in France as early
as 1641; while Captain Patrick Moran was recorded with Count Mahoney’s
Regiment
of the Irish Brigade in 1712.  But the
most famous example was that of James O’Moran from Roscommon who had
joined the
Irish Brigade in the 1760’s.

“In
the famous defence of Dunkirk in 1793, when 3.000 French army troops
successfully resisted the 35,000 English and allies under the Duke of
York,
General O’Moran played a conspicuous role.”


Sadly he fell out with the French revolutionaries of the
time and was guillotined a year later.
Many more Morans departed Ireland in the 19th century,
particularly at
the time of the potato famine.  Barney
Moran and his family, for instance, left Mayo for Boston in 1847.  They moved to Marilla in upstate New York
nine years later.

Morans later were
conspicuous in the struggle for Irish independence:

  • D.P. Moran from Waterford founded The Leader, a
    newspaper which he
    published from 1900 until 1910 and had a strong influence on the Irish
    nationalist cause.
  • Paddy Moran from
    Roscommon joined the IRA’s Dublin Brigade and was imprisoned after the
    1916
    Easter Uprising.  Four years later he was
    caught up in the sweeps following Bloody Sunday and was executed for
    the
    killing of a British agent he probably did not do (his story was told
    in May
    Moran’s 2011 book Executed for Ireland).
    There is a park in the Dublin area at Dun
    Laoghaire named Moran Park in his honor.  
  • Jim Moran from
    Mayo joined
    the IRA locally around 1917 when he was just eighteen.
    Five years later he was shot dead during the
    Irish Civil War. 
  • while Micheal O’Morain, born in 1912, came from a
    strong Republican family in Mayo that had fought in the Irish War of
    Independence and in the Irish Civil War on the pro-treaty side.  He became a Fianna Fail politician who served
    in several Irish Cabinet positions between 1957 and 1970.

England.  Many Morans sought
refuge in England and in particular in Lancashire which accounted for
almost
half of the Morans in England in the 1881 census.

However, two early Moran families were more
noteworthy for having left Lancashire:

  • James Moran was a Frankist Jewish rabbi who had come to
    Liverpool in the
    1790’s.  Both his sons left –
    Simon to Wicklow in Ireland in the 1830’s and John to Australia in 1841.  His
    grandson Patrick in Wicklow became a Catholic bishop
    in South Africa and New Zealand.
  • while Thomas and Mary Moran were descendants of a long
    line of handloom
    weavers in Bolton.  Desperate times for
    weavers there forced the family to emigrate to Philadelphia in 1844.  Three of their sons excelled as
    painters.  One son Thomas Moran became famous as a painter of the
    American West. 

Some Morans from Ireland worked as farm
laborers in Lancashire, such as William Moran and his family who came
to
Ormskirk around 1850.  But Liverpool was
a major draw and many more settled there.
Ronnie Moran, born in the Liverpool suburb of Crosby in 1934,
became a
fixture at Liverpool football club for fifty years – as a player, coach
and
twice as a stand-in manager.


America.

Gabriel Moran was an early Moran in America.
His family line was covered in Patrick
Moran’s 1995 book Moran Exodus from
Offaly
.  Gabriel came to Maryland,
first appearing in Charles county records in 1714, and prospered there
as a
tobacco planter.

His son William and James, possibly a cousin, had settled in
North Carolina by the 1770’s, William in Halifax county and James in
New
Hanover county where he was a Justice of the Peace.
Descendants were to be found in Tennessee,
Georgia, and Alabama.

Thomas Henry Moran from Irish Morans who had settled in
France came to Virginia sometime in the 1770’s.He
became a circuit-riding Baptist minister in North Carolina.  His son Marmaduke followed him in his
ministry.  He was very active in Arkansas
and was the progenitor of Moran families in Arkansas, Tennessee and
Texas.

Later Arrivals.  The
19th century saw two Morans who built business empires in America.

Michael Moran arrived in Brooklyn in
1863.  From the money he saved while
working on the Erie Canal, he started out running two tugboats in New
York
harbor.  Moran Towing &
Transportation Company is now the largest tugboat company in the world.  Michael’s descendants, mainly those through
his son Eugene, held a family reunion in Brooklyn in 2010.

“Eugene Moran
became
known as the Dean of the Harbor during his long career running the
company.  He was described as “the
Elegant Tugman” by a New Yorker magazine
writer.”


Robert Moran was born in
New York City in 1857, the grandson of Irish immigrants who had arrived
in the
1820’s and worked as machinists.  He was
just eighteen when he departed New York in 1875 almost penniless for
Seattle,
then a frontier outpost of the Pacific Northwest.  He
started there a ship repair business which
turned into a major shipbuilding operation as shipping demand grew
after the
Yukon gold rush.

Among
other Morans who arrived around that time were:

  • James Moran who came to
    Grundy
    county, Illinois in the 1850’s. 
    He helped to build the Illinois and Michigan Canal and
    Rock Island
    Railroad and later farmed.  He died in
    Grundy county in 1914 at the age of a hundred and eleven, possibly the
    oldest
    man in America at that time.
  • the
    brothers
    Anthony and James
    Moran who also arrived in Pennsylvania from Mayo in the 1860’s and also
    found
    work in the coal mines.  Both they and
    their wives were illiterate.  By 1880
    they had moved to Iowa, apparently preferring the farming life.
  • and
    Mike Moran who arrived in New York from Leitrim in 1903 and found work
    there as
    a bricklayer.  Around 1914 he heard about
    free land in Montana and moved to stake a claim.  There
    he
    met a beautiful Irish lass whom he
    married.  He worked as a house builder in
    Montana and later in Oklahoma City.

There was one Moran family not from
Ireland.  They were French-Canadian
Acadians
who had been exiled by the British in 1755.
A Morin family had ended up in the 1770’s at Biloxi in
Mississippi where
they became Moran.  Jean Baptiste Moran
made his home on Cat Island, Joseph Moran on the back bay of Biloxi.


Canada
.
Matthias Moran was the progenitor of the Moran shipbuilding
family in
New Brunswick.  He was a Loyalist soldier
from New York state who in 1783 was one of the original settlers of St.
Martin’s, New Brunswick.  He started
building small ships there.  The business
expanded under his son James Moran and his grandson James H. Moran.

“The
little
village of St. Martin’s was to become the third largest producer of
wooden
sailing vessels on the eastern seaboard of North America.
And t
he Morans had one of Atlantic Canada’s largest
fleets by the 1870’s.”


Various Moran families from
Ireland were to be found in Leeds county, Ontario by the 1850’s and
1860’s.  Anthony Moran, a farmer, was
recorded there in 1852 but had moved to Simcoe county by 1861.  John Moran, probably his brother, had
remained in Leeds county, however.

Australia.  Michael
Moran had come to Sydney from Ireland in 1877 and, after some early
struggles, was
a successful baker there.  His son Herbert Moran, better known as
Paddy,
became renowned as a sportsman and later for his medical practice and
public
speaking.  His son Patrick was a
distinguished academic.

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Moran Miscellany

If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for
further stories and accounts:



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Moran Names

Michael Moran, better known by his
nickname of Zozimus, was blinded in infancy and made his living on the
streets
of Dublin in the early 19th century with his recitations and ballads.
Thomas Moran
who arrived in America in
1844 became famous as a painter of the American West.

Robert Moran
was a prominent Seattle shipbuilder who
served as the city’s mayor from 1888 to 1890.

Bugs Moran
, born Adelard Cunin, was a Chicago
gangster rival to Al Capone who narrowly escaped death in the 1929
Saint
Valentine’s Day Massacre.

Kevin Moran is
the only sportsperson ever to win both All-Ireland Gaelic football
medals (with
Dublin in 1976 and 1977) and English FA cup medals (with Manchester
United in
1983 and 1985).



Select Morans Today

  • 20,000 in the UK (most numerous
    in Lancashire)
  • 27,000 in America (most numerous in California)
  • 23,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Ireland)

 

 

 

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