Beck Surname Meaning, History & Origin
Beck Surname Meaning
The Beck surname is either English or German, but can as well be Dutch, Flemish, Jewish, or Polish. Name variants are Bek, Becke, Peck, and Von der Beck.
The English Beck origin may be Norman, from a place-name or family in Normandy, or it may – in northern England – be locational, describing someone who lived by a bekke or “stream.” The German surname also has that connotation with a stream, from beke. It may also be occupational, from the German beck or Yiddish bek (and therefore for Jewish families), for baker.
Beck Surname Resources on The Internet
- The History of the Beck Family. Becks in London.
- Ron Bauerle’s Beck Family Page. Becks from Germany to Pennsylvania.
Beck Surname Ancestry
The Beck name is fairly common in Germany and nearby countries. The following is the estimated number of Becks to be found there today:
- 75,000 in Germany
- 15,000 in other German-speaking lands
- and 3-4,000 in Denmark.
The name is mainly to be found in southern Germany, in particular in towns like Stuttgart and Karlsruhe in Baden-Wurttenberg.
England. The Norman Beck origin (from Bec-aux-Cauchois in Normandy) is thought to have begun with Walter de Bec who was granted lands at Eresby in Lincolnshire after the Norman Conquest. This family, however, incurred large debts in the 14th century and their lands were lost to the crown.
Northern Becks have been most numerous in Yorkshire. Thomas Beck lived at Kirkby Malzeard in the early 1700’s and the name was fairly common in nearby villages of the north Yorkshire dales. The 1891 distribution of the Beck name showed the largest number in the north, in Yorkshire and Lancashire primarily, and smaller numbers in Norfolk and London.
Ireland. Becks came to Ireland at the time of the Protestant plantations of the early 1600’s, putting down roots in county Armagh. The 1630 muster roll showed the names of John and Adam Beck of Gransha barony in Great Ardes. Some of their 19th century descendants emigrated to America and Canada.
America. An early Beck settler in America was Henry Beck, who embarked at the age of 18 from London on the Blessing in 1635 for New England. He settled in New Hampshire. George Beck was an English artist who came to America in 1795 and was employed in painting pictures. He later settled in Lexington, Kentucky. A 19th century account of a well-to-do Beck family of English origins in Boston is to be found in Charlotte Conover’s 1907 book A History of the Beck Family.
- Sir Adam Beck was a Canadian politician and hydro-electricity advocate who founded the Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario.
- Harry Beck designed the iconoclastic London underground map in 1931 that is still used today.
- Aaron Beck is an American psychiatrist widely regarded as the father of cognitive therapy.
- Jeff Beck is an English rock guitarist often compared with Eric Clapton and Jimmy Page.
- Glenn Beck has been a conservative American radio and TV host, prominent on the Fox Network.
Beck Numbers Today
- 12,000 in the UK (most numerous in Hampshire)
- 36,000 in America (most numerous in Pennsylvania)
- 14,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Canada)
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