Dorsey/Darcy Surname Meaning, History & Origin
is the American version. The English and
Irish spellings have been
Darcy or D’Arcy. Darcy is Norman in
origin, deriving from the place-name Orsay village in Seine et Orme. In Ireland Darcy may be either Anglo-Norman
(from Darcys coming from England) or Irish.
In the latter case Darcy is an anglicized form of the Gaelic
which translates as “descendant of the dark one.”
Dorsey/Darcy Resources on
- Darcy of Kiltullagh
Darcys in Galway.
Dorseys of Maryland.
- Dorsey DNA Project
forebear of the
Darcys was thought to have accompanied William the Conqueror to England
1066. He appeared in the Domesday Book of
1086 as the Norman de Areci, owner of many manors in Lincolnshire. The name became D’Arci and then Darcy.
The Lincolnshire line,
originally based at Nocton, transposed itself into the Darcys of
died out in 1418. Other lines
Darcy line seems to have established itself at Little Malden in
Essex by the 13th century. Their numbers
included Henry Darcy, a vintner who became Mayor of London in 1337, and
Darcy, a royal courtier with Edward VI in the 1550’s.
This line ended in 1640.
line was to be found
at Temple Hurst near Selby in Yorkshire in the mid-14th century. Thomas Darcy
of this line
distinguished himself in battle, but then fell foul of politics during
reign of Henry VIII and was beheaded in 1537. The
direct line ended a hundred years later
Darcys reasserted themselves following the marriage of Thomas Darcy and
Elizabeth Conyers in Yorkshire in 1569.
Their son Conyers Darcy reactivated the baron titles of both
Conyers; and their grandson of the same name was created the Earl of
Scottish philosopher David Hume wrote in the 1760’s:
is remarkable that this
family of Darcy seems to be the only male descendant of any of the
barons now remaining among the Peers.
Lord Holderness is the heir of that family.”
Lord Holderness died in 1778 without male
heirs. But he was thought to have had an
illegitimate son named Francis who was killed fighting in the American
Revolutionary War. Francis’s son Robert
was a Major-General with the Royal Engineers.
Ireland. There have
been two distinct Darcys lines in
Ireland, one Anglo-Norman and the other Irish.
Anglo-Norman. The Anglo-Norman branch got its descent from
Sir John D’Arcy of Knayth who was appointed Chief Justice of Ireland by
II in 1323. The main line, that of
Plattyn, was based at Corbetstown in county Meath. Sir
William D’Arcy was an influential
Anglo-Irish statesman of the early 1500’s, holding the title of
The D’Arcy lands were forfeited in 1641 as they were Catholic,
returned to them as “innocent papists” in 1661, but forfeited again in
1690. A branch of the family held the Hyde
Park estate in Westmeath from the 1770’s.
Charles D’Arcy of that line was an eminent Anglican clergyman in
in the early 1900’s.
sept which gave rise to the Irish Darcy name had
its origins in Connacht,
back to the early 1300’s. There were
records of the name in Leitrim, Mayo, and Galway. It
was said that Walter
Riabhac O’Dorchaidhe from the Partraige of Lough
Carra in Mayo was “the first man
of the Uí Dorchaidhe who came to Galway” in the late
had been bailiff of Galway in 1578 and served as its mayor in
1602. Despite some suggestion that he came
from the Anglo-Norman D’Arcys, he was – as the DNA analysis has shown –
of Irish origin.
was the progenitor of the D’Arcys at Kiltullagh
in Athenry parish. One of his sons Martin served as High Sheriff
of Galway in
1635 but was then imprisoned and died the following year.
Another son Patrick trained as a lawyer and
wrote the constitution for a Catholic Confederacy of Ireland in the
1640’s. A later Patrick D’Arcy joined the
brigade in France in the 1750’s and married his cousin Jane D’Arcy, a
lady-in-waiting to Marie Antoinette.
Ireland there were other descendant lines at Newforest and Clifden in
and at Gorleen in county Mayo (where William
Knox D’Arcy, the oil pioneer in Persia, was a descendant).
America. Maryland had the leading numbers of Darseys in
1840 and has so today.
Darcy was among the first
settlers of Anne Arundel county in Maryland in 1649, having come there
with other Puritans from
He drowned in an accident off the Isle of Kent in 1659.
His ancestry has been the subject of much
debate, the DNA analysis suggesting that he probably came from Ireland
than from England.
Dorsey with Edward’s sons and other Darcys that have come to
America have tended to follow suit. Edward and John Dorsey were
prosperous planters in Maryland. Among their descendants were:
- on John’s side came Samuel Dorsey who moved south to
Louisiana in the
1830’s where he became a wealthy plantation owner. He lost most
of his land
holdings during the Civil War. His wife Sarah was a
well-known Southern writer.
- while on Edward’s side came John Dorsey who settled in
Fayetteville, Georgia in the early 1800’s. Two descendants were
John Manson Dorsey, whose ghost was said to haunt the family home, and
his brother Rufus Dorsey who became a county judge in Atlanta.
Rufus’s son Hugh, also a lawyer, was a state prosecutor who served as
Governor of Georgia from 1917 to 1921.
- also on Edward’s side came much later, it is thought, the Big
Band Dorsey brothers. Tommy and Jimmy Dorsey grew up in
Pennsylvania in the early 1900’s.
The lineage of the family was covered in the 1947 book The Dorsey Family by Dorsey, Dorsey
Another place for Dorseys was North Carolina. The name began to
appear there in various counties in the mid/late 1700’s.
Andrew Dorsey, recorded there in Rowan county in 1766,wais thought to
have originated from Maryland. Joseph Dorsey, who fought with his
five sons in the Revolutionary War, was also said to have moved from
Maryland to North Carolina before finally settling in Georgia.
Elisha Dorsey, born in 1773, was a founder member of the Gilboa
Methodist church in Burke county. His line was traced in David
Dorsey’s 1975 book Elisha Dorsey of
Burke County, North Carolina.
Marie Dorsey were Irish immigrants who had come to Vermont in the
1830’s and later migrated
westward to Ohio. Their son Stephen prospered
after the Civil War and moved to Arkansas where he was elected its
Governor from 1873 to 1879. He
got rich through corrupt mail contracts,
narrowly escaping prosecution, and retreated
to his Mountain Spring cattle ranch in New Mexico. The nearby town of Clayton was named after
Dorsey can also be an African American name, found initially in
Maryland and later, and nore notably, in Georgia:
- there were a number of Dorsey tobacco plantations in the Howard
district of Anne Arundel county, Maryland. Family stories talk of
an escaped slave named Dorsey who fled Maryland for Canada in the
1850’s and changed his name to Thomas. Other Dorseys remained in
the state. Decatur Dorsey distinguished himself in fighting
during the Civil War. One Dorcey family at Sykesville today holds
a reunion every Labor Day.
- Georgia provided D.A. Dorsey, the son of former slaves, who
migrated to Florida in the 1890’s and made his fame and fortune in
Miami. When he died in 1940, flags were lowered to half-mast all
over Miami. Georgia also provided Tom Dorsey, known in his early
years as Georgia Tom, who is widely regarded as the father of black
Australia. James and Mary Darcy immigrated from Tipperary
in Ireland in the 1850’s and made their home in West Maitland,
NSW. Their grandson Les Darcy, born there in 1895,
became one of the greatest middleweights that ever fought. He
died tragically at the young age of 21.
O’Dorchaidhe/Darcy Origins in Connacht. Edward MacLysaght in his 1957 book Irish Families said of the O’Dorchaidhe sept:
“There is no justification for the Darcys of Munster and Connacht (with very few exceptions) using the form D’Arcy, because they were of native Irish stock and their name is a corruption of the Gaelic O’Dorchaidhe which was first anglicized as O’Dorcey.
There were two minor septs so called: one in county Mayo was located around Partry near Lough Mask; the other in east
Galway was a branch of the Ui Maine. In the Annals of Loch Ce the name MacDarcy appeared as that of a county Leitrim chieftain in the years 1384 and 1403.
O’Donovan in his notes to Annals of the Four Masters under the date 1310 placed the MacDarcy sept in the parish of Oughteragh in county Leitrim. This source alone suggested three possible origins of the Dorsey surname in Ireland – one in Galway, one in Mayo and one in Leitrim, all in the province of Connacht – though no one can say if they share unrecorded origins further back in time.“
The most prominent of these Darcys were the Darcys in Galway who formed one of the “fourteen tribes of Galway.” DNA analysis has shown that these Darcys were not related to the Anglo-Norman Darcy family based in Meath. Nor does the DNA connect to the Irish modal haplotype which goes all the way back to Niall of the Nine Hostages.
The Irish genealogist MacFerbis maintained that James Riabhach Darcy of Galway was descended from Walter Riabbach O’Dorchaidhe, the first man of the family who came to Galway. However, DNA analysis suggests that his origin might instead have been from a branch of the Ui Maine that was found in east Galway.
Thomas Darcy of Temple Hurst and His Downfall. The Darcys had held their estate at Temple Hurst near Selby in Yorkshire since the mid-14th century. Born in 1467, Thomas Darcy rose to prominence during the reign of Henry VII, mainly because of his military prowess. He was knighted in 1489 and was later
appointed Warden of the Marches along the border with Scotland. He remained active on the border with Scotland during the early years of Henry VIII.
However, as the King’s rift with the Catholic church widened and he embarked upon a policy of dissolving the monasteries, Darcy began to turn against him and become a rebel. The dissolution policy had been particularly unpopular in Yorkshire. A rebellion broke out there in 1536, which became known as the Pilgrimage of Grace.
Darcy, who held Pontefract castle against the rebels, was caught in a bind. He secretly sympathized with the rebels, but was required to hold the castle for the King. In the end Darcy, on the pretense that his supplies were running out, yielded up the castle.
Initially the King seemed to have accepted Darcy’s explanation. But in early 1537 Darcy was arrested, brought to London and lodged at the Tower of London, as were several of the leaders of the northern uprising. Darcy was convicted of conspiring with these rebels and he was beheaded for treason on Tower Hill on June 30, 1537.
The Ancestry of William Knox D’Arcy. Around 1660 John D’Arcy, a grandson of James Riveagh D’Arcy, settled at Gorteen, a rural boggy townland west of Charlestown in northeast county Mayo.
Three generations later, Francis D’Arcy of this branch married Lucy Knox, daughter of William Knox of Cartron Rath in Roscommon. Francis and Lucy were the great-grandparents of William Knox D’Arcy, who was born in Newton Abbot in England and grew up in Australia. He was the man who discovered oil in Persia in 1908.
Darcys and Dorseys in America. Passenger information on ship arrivals in America show that most arrived as Darcy:
|Numbers from –||Darcy||Dorsey|
But they generally changed their name in America to Dorsey. Dorsey outnumbers Darcy in America today by seven to one.
Samuel and Sarah Dorsey. Samuel Worthington Dorsey was forty two when he married the young Sarah Ellis in Mississippi in 1852. Born into a distinguished Maryland jurist family, Dorsey had been a struggling Vicksburg attorney before he became the manager of the Dorsey plantation in Tensas parish, Louisiana. He was no intellectual; instead a man of business, popular with his hunting and fishing neighbors.
Sarah Ellis, by contrast, was just twenty four at the time of her marriage.Her father Thomas was a member of an aristocratic southern Percy family who were not only wealthy planters but also contributed notable politicians, lawyers and writers in the South. Sarah inherited much of that sparkle. But in the South of that era, she could scarcely have found a male with comparable talents to her own.Even so, her family was disappointed at her choice of husband.
In the years before the Civil War Samuel prospered as a plantation owner and had large land holdings.He was a Louisiana state senator for many years and a member of the State Convention that passed the ordinance of secession in 1861.Both he and his wife upheld the institution of slavery, although Sarah did devote much of her time and energy to the condition and education of the slaves at their plantation.
After the war Samuel lost his plantation and much of his land holdings.Grant’s Mississippi campaign had swept through the Dorsey lands and he and his wife were forced to leave for western Louisiana and later Texas, living often in tents. Samuel died in 1875.
Sarah blossomed as a writer at this time.Her first novel Agnes Graham derived much from her war experiences.Her later novels would provide a romanticized view of the antebellum South.After her husband died she befriended Jefferson Davis,the former Confederate leader, who had fallen on hard times.Their relationship developed into something of a scandal. Sarah herself died in 1878 and she bequeathed her property to Jefferson Davis.
Les Darcy, Australia’s Greatest Boxer. Generally regarded as Australia’s best ever boxer, Les Darcy was one of the finest middleweights ever to grace the sport. The Maitland Wonder contested all of his fifty pro fights Down Under. Although he never fought outside of his homeland, this was not for the want of trying.
He left school at the age of 12 and worked hard to help support his parents and nine siblings. He became apprenticed to a blacksmith. But it was in the boxing ring that Darcy made his name and his fortune.
His first fight was in 1910 in an illegal boxing match. Darcy won fifteen shillings and attracted the attention of several promoters. In 1915 he moved to Sydney to focus on his boxing career. A few early losses under contentious circumstances did nothing to harm his reputation and, in 1915-16, he won 22 consecutive fights and earned enough money to pay out his apprenticeship and buy his parents a house. Darcy became a national hero.
The precocious Aussie’s emergence coincided with that of World War One. With his family to provide for, Darcy naively decided to evade his country’s military draft in order to secure lucrative bouts in the USA. However, fights for Les were not forthcoming as promoters there looked disapprovingly upon his failure to enlist in the Australian army.
He never held the official world middleweight title (only the Australian version), but he was widely considered as the best in the division from around 1915-1916, with his innovative boxing style being well ahead of its time.
After suffering from blood poisoning and subsequently developing pneumonia, he died in the USA in 1917. Australia mourned the loss of a native hero, who remains a national sporting icon to this day. A locket containing his photograph and a lock of his hair, the possession of Winnie O’Sullivan his first love, is now with the National Museum of Australia.
- Patrick Darcy was
an Irish Catholic
leader in the Confederacy wars of the 1640’s and wrote the constitution for a Confederate Ireland.
- Mr. Darcy is the famous
fictional character in Jane Austen’s Pride
- William Knox D’Arcy, an
Englishman, struck oil in Persia
(now Iran) in 1908 and was one of the founders of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company
that became BP.
- Tommy Dorsey was a bandleader
during the Big Band era of jazz. He was
known as the “sentimental gentleman of swing” because of his smooth-toned trombone playing.
- Arnold Dorsey was
the birth name of the singer who burst into stardom in the 1960’s as Engelbert Humperdinck.
- Jack Dorsey is the co-founder and CEO of Twitter.
Select Dorsey/Darcy Numbers Today
- 3,000 in the UK (most numerous
- 15,000 in America (most numerous in Maryland)
- 9,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Ireland)
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