Doyle Surname Meaning, History & Origin
name Doyle is the anglicized form of the Gaelic DubhGhaill, pronounced “Du-Gall,”
which contains the elements dubh,
meaning “black” or “dark,” and gall,
meaning “stranger.” In Scotland, the same Gaelic name produced
the surname McDowell which came to Ireland and the Scots names
Dougall and MacDougall which are in fact closer in pronunciation.
- Doyle Genealogy. Doyle names in history.
- The Doyle Page. The clan Doyle.
- Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. A biography.
- The Doyle Family of Doylesburg. Doyles in Pennsylvania.
Ireland. The Doyles are to be
found along the coast of Ireland – tending to support the
view that they were originally Viking arrivals by sea. The main
cluster of Doyles was and is in SW Leinster (the counties
of Wicklow, Wexford, and Carlow). It was said that when the
Normans took possession of Wexford in the 12th century, they settled
most of the Danes in places now known as Kosslare and Ballymore where
their old pursuit of fishing.
Doyles, notably William Doyle at Girtin in Kilninor parish, were later
substantial landowners in north Wexford, that is until the Cromwellian
confiscations. Afterwards, the failure of the Jacobite rebellion
in 1690 saw many Doyles flee into exile.
During the 1798 Irish Rebellion, much of the heaviest fighting took
place in Wexford. The Doyles here were involved on
both sides. Many Doyles enlisted as United
Irishmen and took part in the
Rebellion. Others such as Sir John Doyle upheld the British
Government side. Early 19th century records for Wexford did show
a sizeable number of Protestant Doyles who had a stake in the status
quo. But the most famous Doyle
from Wexford at this time was JKL Doyle. At the age of 33 he
became the Catholic Bishop of Kildare and Leighlin and led the campaign
for Catholic emancipation in Ireland (which was finally passed in
However, there had begun the steady flow of emigration which reached a
flood in the mid-19th century at the time of the potato famine.
population of SW Leinster (Doyle country) dropped by more than 20
percent at that time, due to death or emigration.
In the 1880’s, Michael Doyle of Tagoat in Wexford was an active
Land Leaguer. This Michael was also the father of Canon
Patrick Doyle, a parish priest of Ferns and later President of the
renowned St Peter’s College in Wexford. Later the Doyles of the
area were split again in their loyalties – during the convulsions of
the Easter Rebellion and the Anglo-Irish and subsequent Treaty
England and Scotland. The
whimsically named village of Bramblestown in Kilkenny nurtured a unique
family. Between 1756 and 1856 came a dynasty of military men,
most of whom ended up settling in England. In 1911, a descendant,
Colonel Arthur Doyle, did his utmost to sort them out in his book, One Hiundred Years of Conflict: Being Some
Records of the Services of Six Generals of the Doyle Family.
John Doyle was the Irish forefather of a generation of Doyles who were
to contribute greatly to the artistic and literary world in
London. Foremost among these Doyles was Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, the
creator of the famous detective Sherlock Holmes.
But most Doyle immigrants were poor and came with little of their
advantages. They headed for the industrial towns of Lancashire or
to Glasgow. The lives of few were recorded. Dan Doyle,
son of an Irish immigrant, did become Scotland’s first
footballing superstar in the 1890’s.
America. Perhaps the first Doyles to reach America had
been indentured servants from Ireland, John Doyle into Maryland in 1677
and Edmund Doyle into Pennsylvania in 1683.
Doyles of more
substance came later:
- Edward Doyle bought land in Bucks county,
Pennsylvania in 1730 in what is now called Doylestown.
- and around the
same time Dennis Doyle arrived from Ireland. He settled in
Albemarle county, Virginia and, before his death, had amassed an
estate along the Moorman
river where he grew tobacco. His son John fought in the
Revolutionary War and later moved to Kaskaskie in Illinois where he had
been granted 400 acres of frontier land.
The main influx of Doyles came in the mid-19th century after the potato
famine. The statistics show
that most Doyles settled in New York, Massachusetts and Pennsylvania on
the Eastern Seaboard. Their best known legacy is probably
their bars. Doyle’s Cafe is an institution
in Boston. John Doyle, father and son, have run bars in
Philadelphia since the 1930’s. Mike Doyle once famously ran
twenty bars in that town, including Slainte
which is the first sign visitors see greeting them on leaving the train
A number of Doyles ventured further afield. John Doyle from
Wexford settled in Iowa. As did Bobbie Doyle
who had entered the country via Canada. Dennis Doyle, born in
Kilkenny, reached Minnesota in 1856 and gave the name of Kilkenny to
the village in which he settled.
state legislature and for forty one years dispensed justice in the
village and town of Kilkenny. He lived to see his little claim
grow and become a thriving little city and the country which, when he
arrived was the heart of a virgin forest, develop into the finest
farming country in the world.”
Robert Doyle, also from Kilkenny, settled in Oshkosh, Wisconsin in the
1870’s. From these roots came the Doyles who rejuvenated the
Democratic Party in Wisconsin, including Jim Doyle the Governor from
2003 to 2011.
Manville Doyle, who as a little boy had met Abraham Lincoln,
set off from Illinois for California in 1850 and became a leading
banker in the new state. Doyle Drive, built in the 1930’s to
connect with the Golden Gate Bridge, was named after a
Thomas and Mary Doyle from Boston reached San
Francisco in the early 1850’s. Thomas died soon after in a
boating accident. But Mary remained to raise a family.
Canada. A number of
Doyles came to Canada after the 1798 Rebellion failed, Arthur Doyle to
Newfoundland and Laurence Doyle to Nova Scotia. His son became a
lawyer and political figure in Halifax.
born in Newfoundland, started out as a sea captain plying the waters
between St. John and Bristol. Later he was strongly involved in
the work of the Benevolent
Irish Society which did much to alleviate the plight of poor Irish
Australia. The first
Doyle to arrive in Australia was probably Michael Doyle, convicted in
London to seven years transportation and onboard the third convict
fleet which arrived in 1791. The numbers swelled after the Irish
Rebellion of 1798, with a total of twenty Doyles being arrested, tried,
and transported to Australia between 1800 and 1806.
One of these Doyles, however, soon prospered through land holdings in
New South Wales. Andrew Doyle began accumulating land along the
Hawkesbury river in 1804. His possessions were greatly expanded
by his son Cyrus and his family moved among the elite pioneer families
of the new colony.
More Doyles arrived in the 1850’s. John Doyle was the son of
Doyle immigrants during the gold rush in Western Australia. He
became a pioneer of the timber industry in Queensland, starting his own
sawmill on the upper Mary river in the 1890’s. The present
Doyle’s Timber and Hardware stores are run by fourth generation
The Gaelic Word for Foreigner. During the Viking age the term Dubhghoill was used to describe the Vikings, usually Danes, and the term Fionnghoill (“fair foreigners”) was used to describe the Norwegians. It is commonly held that these terms were used to distinguish the darker-haired Danes from faire-haired Norwegians.
Later Fionnghoill was used to describe Scottish Gaels from the Hebrides and sometimes the Hiberno-Normans. The most common term for the Hiberno-Normans was Seanghoill (“old foreigners”) to distinguish them from the Dubhghoill, the new or dark foreigners.
Old Killadreenan (Wicklow) Burials in the 18th Century
|1711||Simon Doyly||1757||Elinor Doyle|
|1732||Darby Doyle||1774||Edward Doyle|
|1734||Rev. Laughlin Doyle||1775||Hugh Doyle|
|1749||Sarah Doyle||1788||Patrick Doyle|
|1753||Morgan Doyle||1792||Bridget Doyle|
Mary Doyle in the 1798 Insurrection. Many heroines had no chronicler but Mary Doyle of
Castleboro stood out for her gallantry at the Battle of New Ross in
Wexford. She cut off the cross belts of the fallen dragoons with
a bill hook and handed them together with the cartouche boxes [cases
for holding gun cartridges] to her comrades.
She is referred to in P. F. Kavanagh’s A Popular History of the Insurrection of
1798 as “an amazon named Doyle, who marched with the insurgent
army and bore herself as gallantly as the most courageous man.” There
is no conclusive evidence as to what happened to Mary Doyle after the
Battle of Ross. But it is thought that she perished in the flames
that consumed much of the town at that time.
Joseph Holt recorded in his Memoirs: “We had several women in the
camp;” and he described how the women were engaged in making gunpowder.
The Doyles’ Migration from Canada to Iowa. Bobbie Doyle had arrived in Canada from Ireland in 1833. Six
years later, he married
Bessie Smith. At that time Bobbie taught school and owned a
100 acre farm near Perth. Once, when he served on a jury, he
met a man who was organizing a group of Catholics to go to the US and
settle in Oregon territory. Unknown to his wife and family,
sold his farm in preparation to moving.
The family moved by a team of
oxen into the US. They were on their way to Omaha to meet more
immigrants and to form a group large enough to give protection from the
danger of scalping by Indians. When Mrs. Doyle heard this,
said, “That settled it!” for she would go no place where her children
would be scalped by the Indians.
The family tried to buy a farm in Illinois on the Pecatonica River but,
because of the ending of the Civil War, they were unable to get a clear
deed. They continued west and, since the Illinois Central
being built, Mr. Doyle wanted to put his wife and children on the train
so they could ride as far west as the train would go. Since she
refused, Grandfather Smith was put on the train with two wooden chests
and he went as far west as Aplington, Iowa, until the family arrived
with the ox team.
Arthur Conan Doyle and Sherlock Holmes. In 1886, Conan Doyle started writing the novel which catapulted
him to fame. At first it was named A Tangled Skein and
the two main characters were called Sheridan Hope and Ormond
Sacker. Two years later this novel was published in Beeton’s Christmas Annual, under the title A Study in Scarlet. This
introduced the world to Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson.
Five years later, he made the most profitable decision of his
life, that of writing a series of short stories featuring the same
characters. By then, Conan Doyle was represented by A. P. Watt
whose duty was to relieve him of “hateful bargaining.” Hence, it
was Watt who made the deal with The Strand magazine to publish
the Sherlock Holmes stories. The “image” of Holmes was created by
Sidney Paget. This collaboration lasted for many decades and was
instrumental in making the author, the magazine and the artist world
However, in 1893, in spite of everyone’s entreaties,
Conan Doyle decided to get rid of Sherlock Holmes During a trip
to Switzerland, he found the spot where his hero was to come to his
end. In The Final Problem, published in December 1893,
Sherlock Holmes and Professor Moriarty plunged to their deaths at The
Reichenbach Falls. As a result, twenty thousand readers cancelled
their subscriptions to The Strand.
Eight years later, to the delight of thousands of
frustrated fans, The Strand magazine published the first
episode of The Hound of the
Baskervilles. This Sherlock Holmes novel became, and is to
this day, a worldwide sensation.
Dan Doyle: The Life and Death of a Wild Rover. Dan Doyle’s dad, like most of the Irish in Scotland in the 1860s, was
employed variously as an iron or coal miner or as a general
laborer. It was hard work for little pay. Life couldn’t
have been good to him. He died of paralysis in August 1870 at the
age of 36 in the poor house in Paisley. So Dan, aged only 6,
would have been in the poor house watching his dad die. His
mother soon abandoned him as, throughout the 1870’s, he grew up with
his father’s family, his aunt Cecilia and his uncle Felix.
In 1881, at the age of 16, Dan was employed as a coal miner.
However, by 1889 he was in England playing football for Grimsby Town
FC. He then went to Everton. living in a boarding house with five
other Evertonians. He stayed with that team for a year, 1890-91,
the season they won their first league championship, and then moved to
the almighty Glasgow Celtic.
Dan was to play a
good six seasons for Celtic and was capped for Scotland. He is
still well-remembered by Celtic fans, enough to merit his own book with
the fabulous title of The Life and
Death of a Wild Rover.
Scotland and Celtic captain Dan Doyle was a character unlike any other,
before or since, in the world of football. A brilliant player but with
a stormy temper and a troubled relationship with gambling and drink,
Doyle’s life on and off the pitch makes for an incredible story.
his retirement in 1899, Doyle was always a controversial figure.
Involved in an on-pitch incident that resulted in the death of another
player, prone to vocal outbursts against opponents, referees and the FA
and even the subject of a prolonged campaign in the English press to
have him permanently banned from playing in the country, Doyle never
tempered his character. He was free to do as he liked because of
his incredible gift as a footballer and because a Celtic or Scotland
team with him was infinitely better than one without him.
Doyle: The Life and Death of a Wild Rover is the story of
Scotland’s first bad-boy football superstar.”
Doyle’s Cafe. Welcome to Doyle’s – home of the best corned beef and cabbage dinner
and the largest selection of draft beer in New England! Over the
years Doyle’s has been known for good food, conversation, and a wide
variety of draft beer.
Doyle’s is regularly recognized as being the best neighborhood bar and
restaurant in Boston. Authentic wartime posters hang over the
original bar which dates back to 1882. It was Dennis Doyle who
built the original Doyle’s at that time. His son Barney assumed
ownership after Dennis’s death in 1900 and it stayed with the Doyle
family until 1971. During prohibition not a single day was
lost. Doyle’s was a speakeasy until the glorious day in 1933
after repeal when none other than Mayor Curley personally opened Doye’s
up again “legitimately.”
Because of its authentic atmosphere Doyle’s is often used as a location
for movie scenes, television commercials, and book signings.
Paddy Doyle – The God Squad. Paddy Doyle was born in Wexford in 1951. His mother died
of cancer four years later. His father committed suicide shortly
thereafter. Paddy Doyle was then sentenced at an Irish district
court to be detained in an industrial school for eleven years. He
was just four years old.
The title of his book – the God squad – is a testament of the
institutionalized Ireland of only 25 years ago, as seen through the
bewildered eyes of a child. During his detention, Paddy was
viciously assaulted and sexually abused by his religious
custodians. Within three years his experiences began to result in
physical manifestations of trauma. He was taken one night to
hospital and left there, never to see his custodians again.
So began his long round of hospitals, mainly in the company of dying
old men, while doctors tried to diagnose his condition. This
period of his life, during which he was a constant witness to death,
culminating in brain surgery at the age of 10 – by which time he had
become permanently disabled.
His book is the true story of a survivor, told with a lack of
bitterness for one so shockingly and shamefully treated. In Paddy
Doyle’s own words:
“It is about society’s abdication of
responsibility to a child. The fact that I was that child, and that the
book is about my life, is largely irrelevant. The probability is that
there were, and still are, thousands of ‘me’s.'”
- JKL Doyle, the Bishop of
Kildare and Leighlin in the early 19th century, was a church organizer,
campaigner for Catholic emancipation, and the builder of Carlow cathedral.
- John Doyle, better known by his
pen-name H.B, was an Irish painter and political cartoonist who came to London in 1822 and made it in fashionable society there.
- Patrick Doyle was a leading
political and business figure in Newfoundland in the first half of the 19th century.
- Dennis Doyle was a big game
hunter and explorer in southern Africa in the 1880’s and 1890’s.
- Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, born in
Scotland of Irish roots, was the creator of the famous detective Sherlock Holmes.
- Stuart Doyle founded the
Australian Broadcasting Company to provide a national wireless service (it was taken over by the Australian Government in 1932).
- Jack Doyle, known as “the
gorgeous Gael,” was a well-known boxer and playboy of the 1930’s.
- PV Doyle was a larger-than-life
hotelier in Dublin in the 1970’s and 1980’s.
- Roddy Doyle is the teacher
turned author who has written such books as The Commitments.
- Jim Doyle is the recent Governor of Wisconsin.
Doyle Numbers Today
- 32,000 in the UK (most numerous
- 45,000 in America (most numerous in California)
- 65,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Ireland)
Select Doyle and Like Surnames
The Irish clan or sept names come through the mists of time until they were found in Irish records such as The Annals of the Four Masters. The names were Gaelic and this Gaelic order was preserved until it was battered down by the English in the 1600’s.
Some made peace with the English. “Wild geese” fled to fight abroad. But most stayed and suffered, losing land and even the use of their language. Irish names became anglicized, although sometimes in a mishmash of spellings. Mass emigration happened after the potato famine of the 1840’s.
Some surnames – such as Kelly, Murphy and O’Connor – span all parts of Ireland. But most will have a territorial focus in one of the four Irish provinces – Leinster, Munster, Ulster, and Connacht.
Leinster in SE Ireland covers the counties of Carlow, Dublin, Kilkenny, Offaly, Laois, Longford, Louth, Meath, West Meath, Wexford, and Wicklow. Here are some of the Leinster surnames that you can check out.
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