Fiennes Surname Meaning, History & Origin
pronounced as fiynz, is a surname of Norman origin. Fiennes was a commune in what is today the
Fiennes Resources on
- Broughton Castle Fiennes
The first of the Fiennes would appear to have
been Ingelram de Fiennes, who hailed from Fiennes in Normandy, married
de Boulogne, the heiress to the Counts of Boulogne), but was killed at
Battle of Acre in Palestine in 1190. It
was a later de Fiennes, Sir John de Fiennes, who also married well and
established himself in the early 1300’s at Herstmonceux
Castle in Sussex.
James Fiennes was killed by a Kentish mob in 1450.
But a third providential marriage brought
together a few years later his son William Fiennes and Margaret Wykeham
Broughton Castle in Oxfordshire. Broughton
Castle was to be the family home of the Wykeham-Fiennes and later of
Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes (to give the family its full spelling).
Thomas Fiennes fared badly at the time of
Henry VIII, being stripped of his lands and titles and hanged as a
criminal in 1541. But the family did
later return into favor. William
Fiennes, nicknamed Old Subtlety, wavered between the Royalists and the
Parliamentarians at the time of the Civil War.
He eventually supported Parliament.
However, the execution of King Charles proved a step too far
70, he retreated into exile. Come the
Restoration eleven years later, he was brought back at the age of 80 as
The family history was
colorfully described in Ranulph Fiennes’ 2010 book Mad
Dogs and Englishmen.
The 19th century Frederick
Fiennes, 16th Baron Saye and Sele, had two notable lines of descendants:
- via grandson Sir Eustace Fiennes who was a
distinguished soldier, politician and colonial administrator, and
a baronet. His grandson Sir Ranulph
Fiennes, the 3rd Baronet, is the famous explorer.
- via great grandson Sir Maurice
Fiennes who was a noted industrialist, Chairman of the Davy-Ashmore
Sheffield. His son Mark was a
and illustrator, his grandsons Ralph (pronounced Rafe) and Joseph
famous film actors.
- Celia Fiennes was a pioneer English woman traveller of the late 17th century. Her travel memoirs,
written in 1702, were eventually published in 1888.
- Sir Ranulph Fiennes is a well-known British adventurer and holder of several endurance records
(including the oldest to climb Mount Everest).
- Ralph Fiennes is a
well-known English film actor.
Select Fiennes Numbers Today
- 500 in the UK (most numerous
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