Goodwin Surname Meaning, History & Origin

Select Goodwin/Godwin Meaning
Godwin is an Anglo Saxon personal name whose use pre-dated the Norman
Conquest.  Its roots were the Old English god, “good,” and wine, “friend,” and meant “good
friend.”  There were many famous early Godwins, including
Godwin, Earl of Wessex, and his son Harold who famously lost the Battle
of Hastings.  Godwin was one of the few Anglo Saxon names which
survived the latter influx of Norman names.
Godwin emerged
as a surname in the late 1100’s and 1200’s.
  W.G.
Hoskins has recorded this transition in the village of Wigston Magna in
Leicestershire.  Robert, son of Godwin, was living around
1210.  By 1250, the father’s name Godwin became the surname of the
family which lived in the village for seven generations until their
property was sold by Joan Godwyne in 1351.
Both Godwin and Goodwin developed as surnames.  This is not
surprising – in an age without standardized spelling, both “god”
and “good” were pronounced as “good.”  Thus Earl Godwin gave his
name to the dangerous sandbanks off the Kent coastline which came to be
called the Goodwin Sands.

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Goodwin/Godwin
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Goodwin/Godwin Ancestry

England.
Godwin was perhaps more used than Goodwin as a surname until the 17th
century when Goodwin became the more usual spelling.  Thus James
Godwin, born in Staffordshire in the 1630’s, was recorded as Goodwin in
Lichfield records when he died in 1709.  Goodwins outnumbered Godwins by
four to one by the time of the 1891 census, with Godwins holding strong
only in the west country.

The early Goodwins were in Buckinghamshire.  There were also
Goodwins
in East Anglia and Derbyshire.

Buckinghamshire
From small beginnings as peasant farmers in the Wooburn valley in
Buckinghamshire, the Goodwin family was doing well enough by the
mid-1400’s that John Goodwin could pay to have a steeple erected at his
local church.  By the mid-1500’s they had secured the manor at
Winchendon near Aylesbury and become local gentry.  They, like
their near-neighbors the Hampdens, were staunchly Puritan in the years
building up to the Civil War.  Arthur Goodwin who had raised a
regiment of foot and horse died of camp fever during the
conflict.

East Anglia
Another Puritan stronghold with Goodwin connections was Norfolk.
The name Walter Godwin was to be found in the county’s
pipe rolls as early
as 1177.  Jo
Goodwyn was recorded as marrying in Loddon in 1479
; William
Goodwin was born a few years later at Blofield near Norwich; and a
nearby
family from Burlingham counted Daniel Goodwin the emigrant
to America among its later descendants.

At the time of the Civil
War,
Norfolk had two notable Puritan writers and
preachers named Goodwin, one John
Goodwin the greater theologian perhaps and the other Thomas Goodwin who
was the
more
readable.

There were also Goodwins at that time in Suffolk villages such as East
Bergholt, Earl
Soham
, Southwold, Troston and Yoxford, as well as in Essex
and London.

Derbyshire  Francis Goodwin was a
prosperous woollen draper in Derby who died in 1660.
His son Samuel who died an old bachelor in 1712 donated his
estate of
Plumbley in Eckington to the local church.

Other Derbyshire Goodwins were to be found in the Peak District.  Anthony Goodwin inherited from his wife a
farm in Great Rocks Dale in the early 1700’s.
In Bradwell in the Hope valley, it appears that the Goodwin name
was
initially Dudden or Doodin and only became Goodwin in the 18th century.  George Goodwin – who
married an
aristocratic young lady but with an unhappy outcome – was born there
around
1725.

Ireland.  Goodwin is also
an Irish name, but probably an English implant.  The name cropped
up in the Londonderry muster roll of 1630.  It was to be found
mainly in county Fermanagh.  Many Goodwins left Ireland in the
19th century for America, Canada, or Australia.

America.  There was a
Puritan edge to these early Goodwin arrivals in New England:

  • William Goodwin and his brother
    Ozias from Essex on the Lion
    in 1632.
  • Christopher Goodwin to
    Charlestown, Massachusetts in the 1640’s.
  • and Daniel Goodwin from East
    Anglia to Kittery, Maine also in the 1640’s.

The elder William Goodwin is commemorated as one of the founders of
Hartford, Connecticut.  The Hartford businessman J.J. Goodwin did
a very extensive compilation of this family line in The Goodwins of Hartford, Conn. –
Descendants of William and Ozias Goodwin
, published in
1891.

Christopher Goodwin was a mason, devoutly Puritan, as was his son John
who became sadly embroiled in the witchcraft controversy.

“In 1688, four of his children, said to
be possessed with a spirit of childish mischief, perplexed and befooled
the Rev. Cotton Mather – which caused Mary Glover, the Goodwin’s
washerwoman, to be convicted of dealing with the devil and hanged.”

Daniel Goodwin who settled in Kittery (now Berwick), Maine was the
forebear of numerous Goodwins in Maine and, through Nathan Goodwin from
the late 1700’s, also in Nova Scotia.  The Ichabod Goodwins of
this family date from the 1720’s.  One of these Ichabods was in
the 1850’s a successful merchant and politician in Portsmouth and then
a Governor of New Hampshire.  His house in Portsmouth, the Goodwin
Mansion
, has been preserved as a landmark.  John Noble
Goodwin later served as the first Governor of Arizona territory.

William Goodwin was a later arrival in 1713 to New England, moving to
Marblehead two years later to build the Second Congregational Church
there.  These Goodwins have been a presence in the town through
nine generations since that time.  Today the telephone book lists
twenty Goodwin households in Marblehead.

Virginia and North Carolina
Both Goodwins and Godwins came to Virginia.  James Goodwin
arrived from London in 1650
and was a tobacco planter in
York county.  A branch of this family later moved onto
Tennessee.  Godwin immigrants included:

  • Thomas Godwin, who arrived in the early 1650’s and settled in
    Nansemond county (the Godwin name has continued in that county and
    includes Mills Godwin who became Governor of Virginia in the 1960’s).
  • and Deveraux and Elizabeth
    Godwin, who arrived in 1653 and settled on Godwin’s Island in
    Northampton county.

Some of these Goodwins and Godwins were to be found in North Carolina
and other points south by the 18th and 19th centuries.  Theophilus
Goodwin, for instance, moved to Franklin county, North Carolina in the
1730’s.  Theophilus, a
story depicting the sod-bustin,’ tobacco-croppin,’ cotton-pickin’
southern Goodwins, is a somewhat fictitous autobiography of Theophilus
Goodwin and his descendants by Ron Goodwin.  These descendants
spread south and west and are said to number more than 15,000 today.

Elsewhere  Silas
Goodwin and his son Hartley were pioneer settlers in Port
Angeles, Washington state.  Silas had arrived there from Maine in
1864 and then summoned his family.  They got there a year
later after a nerve-wracking journey which had seen their ship wrecked
off the coast of Panama.  Clara Goodwin, who died in 1944, was the
last survivor of that epic voyage.

Canada.  Daniel Goodwin
from the west country had fought with the British Army in Canada in the
1750’s and stayed.  He settled in the Bay Verte area of New
Brunswick.  He and his wife raised twelve children and his
descendants are to be found all over Canada.

Robert Goodwin arrived from Essex in 1781, as a surgeon for the Hudson
Bay Company.  He was stationed in Fort Albany in the Far North
where he met his native wife Mistagoosh.  He later became a trader
and he and his family moved west.  But he died young in 1805, at
the age of 45.

Alexander Goodwin arrived in Ontario from Scotland in 1812.  Later
immigrants came from England and
Ireland.  Eli
Goodwin
, the grandson of immigrants there, was an
early homesteader in Saskatchewan at the turn of the century.

Australia.   Andrew Goodwin and
Lydia Munro were convicts on the First Fleet which arrived in Australia
in
1788. They were married in Sydney in 1790 but were to spend the next
eighteen years of their life on Norfolk Island before being relocated
to
Tasmania.  They had eleven children in
total and their descendants number in the thousands.

Other Goodwin convict arrivals were:

  • Amelia Goodwin who came as a convict
    eleven years later in 1799.  She and her partner James Rixon
    created local history by becoming the first parents of triplets in the
    new colony in 1806.  They too have nemerous descendants.
  • and then there were the nine children and sixty three
    grandchildren of Ann
    Goodwin and George Colless.  Ann Goodwin had arrived as a convict
    on the Experiment in 1804.

A later arrival in 1831 was William Goodwin,
the skipper of a convict ship.  He became a prominent and
outspoken Tasmanian newspaper editor for the next thirty years.

Another William Goodwin, this time from Ireland, arrived in 1841 and
set off for the interior.  William drowned in the Numeralla river
in 1850.  But his wife and sons lived on.  Henry, the
youngest, died
in Queensland in 1922 at the age of ninety seven.

 

Select
Goodwin Miscellany

Famous Godwins.  Saint Godwin of Stavelot was a Benedictine abbot at the monastery of Stavelot-Malmedy in Belgium.  He died in 690.  His feast day is October 28.  Godwin (or Godwine) was the Bishop
of Lichfield around 1010.  But the most famous Godwin, who emerged
a little later, was the Godwin, son of Wulnoth, who became the Earl of
Wessex.

Godwin had risen from the lower ranks of the Anglo Saxon aristocracy to
become a favorite of the king, Canute, who made him Earl of Wessex in
1018.  He survived Canute’s death in 1035 and emerged as a
kingmaker, resisting the Norman incursions, in the subsequent reigns of
Harold Harefoot, Harthacanute, and Edward the Confessor.  Godwin
died in 1053 and his mantle passed onto his son Harold Godwinson and
his feuding siblings.
Harold, the last Anglo Saxon king of England, held the crown for just
nine months before being famously killed by an arrow in the eye at the
Battle of Hastings.

Frank Barlow’s 2003 book The
Godwins: The Rise and Fall of a Noble Dynasty
tracks the history
of this feuding family that, but for Hastings, might have created an
Anglo Saxon dynasty in England.

Reader Feedback – Godwin not Goodwin.  I noticed your site doesn’t have the Saxon surname Godwin in the list, only the derivative Goodwin.  Goodwin was used long after Godwin in early
England.  Godwin shows up centuries
earlier than Goodwin.  Because the “God-“
portion of the surname was pronounced in Saxon like “Good-,” and
because many
people back then were illiterate, the erroneous spelling of Goodwin
sprang up
and has been interspersed within Godwin families throughout time.

I myself am a Godwin, a direct descendant of
Lord Hugh Godwin of Godwin’s Bower who was born around 1300.  He was my 18th great grandfather.

Regards,  Tony Godwin (tgodwin@sw.rr.com)

Early Godwins as Surnames

1177 William Godwin Norfolk
1206 William Goodswein Lincoln
1239 Nicholas Godwyn Cambridgeshire
1296 Richard Godwynn Yorkshire
1320 Roger Gudswen Norfolk
1327 William Godewaynes Worcester
1379 William Godwin Yorkshire

Early Goodwin Marriages in Norfolk

Groom from – Bride from –
1479 Jo Goodwyn Loddon Joanne Newman Loddon
1554 Valentine Goodwyn K. Lynn Margaret Miller Thornham
1556 John Goodwyn Suffolk Dorothy Lee Norwich
1558 Robert Rowse Suffolk Joan Goodwyn Bedingham
1560 Roger Guner Hackford Elizabeth Goodwyn Norwich
1561 Thomas Sparrow Norwich Agnes Goodwyn Norwich
1563 Robert Barber Suffolk Helen Goodwyn Norwich
1569 William Leggat Brysyard Etheldreda Goodwine Easton

Reader Feedback – Goodwins in Bedfordshire.  My surname is Goodwin.  My family’s is the oldest grave in the
churchyard in Great Barford in Bedfordshire, dating back to 1642.  It is along with the Pitts family the oldest
family name in the village.  I would add
that the graveyard is on its “second usage” for want of better
words.

The vicar in the 1960 traced our
family tree back even further to Norman times using the Domesday Book. The name has changed from Godwin, Godwyng,
Goodwine, and Goodwing to Goodwin.  The
oldest part of the church dates back to 1066.
Apparently there are cottages in the village built with beams
from the
ships that came up the river Ouse.

Trevor Goodwin (trevorgoodwin54@hotmail.com)

George Goodwin and Lady Charlotte Radcliffe.  In 1747 Lady Charlotte Radcliffe, when 18 years of
age, was married in Scotland to George Goodwin who was descended from
an old
Derbyshire family and was a native of Bradwell in the parish of Hope in
Derbyshire.

Here the trouble began.
George Goodwin was a Protestant and his wife a Catholic, yet
they were
devoted to each other.   The couple
made
their home at Bradwell in a cottage in Hugh Lane.  But
the aristocratic young bride, having
married a Protestant, became alienated from her family and was
anathematized by
them.

Tragedy followed.  In early
1749 there
was born to them a son – their only child. This son was named George
after his
father.  But George the father lived only eight years after his
child was born for
he died in 1757.  Differences then arose
as to the religious training of the child.
At the father’s death the child was adopted by its uncle who
resided in
Bradwell.  His mother left the area,
re-entered
the Roman Catholic Church “suffering great mental and pecuniary
distress” under
her maiden name until her death in 1800.

What of the child – the Hon. George
Goodwin?  His uncle Birley was his Protestant guardian.  He married in Yorkshire but he had to fight
the battle of life “in obscurity and poverty.”  In
late life George and his wife entered the
Shrewsbury almshouses at Sheffield, where he died in 1835 at the age of
eighty
six.

Goodwins and Godwins.  

UK.  The following was the geographic distribution of Goodwins and Godwins at the time of the 1891 UK census:

UK
1891 Census (numbers)
Goodwins Godwins Total Godwin
%
Yorkshire     950     50   1,000      5%
North West   4,700    700   5,400     13%
South West     400  1,200   1,600     75%
London   2,250    750   3,000     25%
South East   2,100    150   2,250 7&
Elsewhere   5,600  1,150   6,750     18%
Total  16,000  4,000  20,000     20%

The main cluster of Godwins were in the west country, in
Gloucestershire, Wiltshire, and Hampshire.

US.  The US showed the following distribution of Goodwins
and Godwins at the time of its 1920 census.

USA
1920 Census (numbers)
Goodwins Godwins Total
Godwin
%
North   4,100    500   4,600     11%
South   3,900  1,400   5,300     27%
West   3,000    300   3,300       9%
Total  11,000  2,200  13,200     17%

Here there were some Godwin clusters, most conspicuously
in North Carolina and in nearby southern states.

Australia.  The following were the results from Australia,
from a smaller sample.  The numbers here come from the various
Goodwins and Godwins recorded as incoming convicts and immigrants in
the 19th century.

Australia
Arrivals (numbers)
Goodwins Godwins Total Godwin
%
As convicts    51      18    69     25%
As assisted immigrants    93       6    99       6%
Other immigrants    65       3    68       3%
Total   209      27  236     12%

If statistics mean anything, then the Godwins were the
more criminally minded.  However, the overall totals probably
underestimate the Godwin share.

Wiiliam Goodwin of Earl Soham and His Diary.  William Goodwin of Street Farm in Earl Soham, Suffolk was
a surgeon who kept a diary between the years of 1785 and
1820.

Earl Soham at that time was a smuggling place and Goodwin
would meticulously record the contraband passing from Sizewell
Bay:
– in the summer of 1785, for instance, he noted that, in less than a
week, twenty carts had passed through,
carrying 2,500 gallons of spirits;
– in February of the same year, five carts carrying 600 gallons passed
in the course of just one morning;.
– on the 23rd of February, though, the smugglers were not so lucky and
they lost six carts loaded with
spirits to the preventive services.

This extract in 1789 commented on the cold winter that
year:

“January 11, 1789.  The severe frost with deep snow
still continues.  The Thames above Putney has stalls and public
diversions exhibiting on it daily.  The drought has lasted so long
and the springs so frozen up that water is sold by the pail in Norwich
and by the pint in some places.  The game are in distress.
Uncommonly a hare took refuge in a copper hole and a partridge in my
house.  Another was unable to fly and brought in.”

Goodwin Neck in Virginia.  One of the most beautiful spots in the Tidewater area of
Virginia is the ancestral home of the Goodwin family.  Goodwin
Neck encompasses the present village of Dandy, located in York county
near to historical Yorktown.  The area was part of the land
granted to John Chew in 1636 and then sold by his heirs to James
Goodwin in 1668.

James Goodwin, the son of a salt merchant in London, came
to Virginia in 1650.  He farmed mainly corn and tobacco on this
1,200 acre site.  He was also a magistrate in York county, a
speaker in the House of Burgesses, and a major in the militia.  He
married, the story goes, a sickly woman, the last of the maidens
brought to the colony to be taken as wives.

Goodwin and his wife Rachel raised five sons and two
daughters before she died in 1666 at the age of 36.  He
subsequently married an Elizabeth who inherited the estate on his
death.  The Goodwin homestead was an imposing two-storey structure
facing Goodwin Island on the Thorofare.  People continued to
remember the house long after it was torn down in the early 1900’s.

The Goodwin Mansion and Park in Portsmouth, New Hampshire.  The descendants of New Hampshire Governor Ichabod
Goodwin owned a plot of land, Goodwin Field, across from their mansion
on Islington Street.  The city struck a private deal was struck
with these Goodwins. The city could build a park and raise a monument;
but the land would have to remain public for all eternity.

Most people get confused at this point in the story because the
stately Goodwin Mansion no longer looks out over Goodwin Park.
There’s a one-story brick furniture store there now.  The historic
house was transported to Strawbery Banke Museum on the other side of
town in 1963.  Built during the War of 1812, this Federalist
building in all its gubernatorial splendor has been preserved for
public viewing at its new location.  Good for the South End, but
not so good for the once exclusive tree-lined Islington Street.

On July 4 1888, Mayor Eldrege erected his 42-foot Civil War
statue in the new Goodwin Park.  Ichabod Goodwin’s face was
hastily designed into the monument, with the obligatory relief of
Abraham Lincoln on the other side.  The town turned out in full
for the inaugural celebrations, with an estimated 5,000 outsiders
coming in by trains that ran hours late.

Eli Goodwin in Saskatchewan.  Eli was the first of the Goodwin family to leave Ontario and
take up the Government’s offer of free land grants for all those
willing to take up the challenge of homesteading in this vast prairie
land.  It was prior to 1909 that Eli set off from Palmerston in
Ontario to Colgate in Saskatchewan where he filed for his homestead.

He relied on the mercy of his neighbors to aid him in getting his land
broke by using their oxen and implements.  Gradually he was able
to buy his own oxen and later these were replaced by mules and then by
beautiful horses.  He did not receive a formal education.  So
he surrounded himself with maths and literature books.  One of his
accomplishments was the memorizing of Rudyard Kipling’s poem If.

After eighteen years of living alone and at the age of 47, he married
Beryl Waldon in the fall of 1927.  They had four children.

 

 

Select Goodwin/Godwin Names

  • Godwin, Earl of Wessex, was the
    kingmaker in England in the years prior to the Norman Conquest.  His son Harold was famously defeated by William of Normandy at the
    Battle of Hastings in 1066.
  • Thomas Goodwin was
    a Puritan theologian and preacher from Norfolk who served as chaplain to
    Oliver Cromwell.
  • William Godwin was an English political philosopher at the time of the
    French Revolution who advocated egalitarianism and anarchy.  His
    daughter Mary married the poet Shelley and wrote Frankenstein.
  • Ichabod Goodwin was a 19th century New England merchant and financier and Governor of New
    Hampshire at the time of the Civil War.
  • Fred Goodwin presided over the
    Royal Bank of Scotland’s rapid rise to world prominence between 2000
    and 2008.  However, the bank spectacularly collapsed in 2008 and he became a symbol of the overweening corporate greed of the time.
  • Paul Goodwin from Warwickshire
    in England has been an acclaimed oboist who progressed to conducting orchestras in the 1990’s.


Select Goodwin/Godwin Numbers Today

  • 35,000 in the UK (most numerous
    in Manchester)
  • 37,000 in America (most numerous
    in Texas).
  • 16,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Australia).

 

 

 

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