Halpern Surname Meaning, History & Origin
is a Jewish surname derived from the German town of Heilbronn in
Wurttemburg. Heilbrunn had a large and
influential Jewish population in medieval times. Halpern
and Halperin are the main spellings today, dividing
Halpern Resources on
- The Halpern Family of Galicia
Halperns in the All Galicia database.
Heilbronn gave rise to the
Jewish name of Halpern even though the town had emptied of Jews by
1500. There has been one DNA connection to an old Heilperin rabbinical
family from Germany at that time. Another line is thought to have
connected to Rabbi Reuven Halpern of Glowno in the early 1800’s and
then possibly before that to Rabbi Jehiel Heilprin or Heilperin
of Minsk a century or so earlier.
The Halpern and Halperin emigrants to America came mainly
from the Jewish quarters in the Russian Empire at that time.
Sizeable numbers came from Galicia, then part of Poland. Some records
from Lvov date from the early 1800’s. Others came from
lands that were then part of the Austria-Hungary empire but are now
part of Ukraine.
There was a tidal wave of emigrants to America at the turn of the 20th
century. Others escaped, to America or Israel, before or after
the Nazi atrocities.
America. Halperns and Halperins came mainly to the New
York area. Some remained strongly rooted
in their Yiddish culture. Others had a
broader American experience. Among those
in New York were:
- Ralph Halpern who was born in Manhattan in 1890. He became
a state assemblyman for Queens. His son Seymour followed in his
Halpern who was born on the Lower East Side in 1899. He became
a very prominent conservative rabbi in Brooklyn.
- Harry Halpern who arrived in the early 1900’s
from Russia, worked in the garment center, and settled in the Bronx. His son Morty Halpern became a legendary
Broadway stage manager.
- Moshe-Leyb Halpern who came
in 1908, aged 22, from Zlotshev
in eastern Galicia to avoid the draft. He
became well-known in
the 1920’s as a modern Yiddish poet.
Sam and Arie Halpern
who came in 1949 after World War Two, having survived the Nazi slave
camp at Kamionka
in Poland. The
with supermarkets and then expanded into property, becoming one of the
property developers in New Jersey.
Judith Halpern emigrated to America from Jablanow in Galicia in 1913. They settled in Fall River, Massachusetts. Later Halperns of this family changed their name
Rebeka Halperin came to Minneapolis from Odessa in Russia in 1900 where
raised five children, two boys and three girls. Hal
Halperin became a manager of the Chicago office
of Variety and Max Halperin a Chicago agent; while daughter Nan Halperin became a star of
England. The Halpern
numbers in England, mainly in London, are small. Moshe
Halpern arrived in London from Lvov in 1910. More recently, Rabbi
Chaim Halpern has been a leading member of London’s orthodox
rabbinate. Colin Halpern acquired the UK Domino’s Pizza chain
franchise in 1993 and is now a wealthy man.
Select Halpern Miscellany
They initially encountered discrimination and persecution. In 1298 the followers of Rindfleisch massacred 143 Jews at Heilbronn. Jewish learning evidently flourished at that time as the names of scholars and teachers were recorded among the martyrs. Jews re-established themselves in Heilbronn in 1316. They possessed a synagogue and a cemetery, and lived on a Judengasse, where non-Jews also resided. During the Black Death persecutions in 1349 the community was expelled and their property transferred to the city. Some returned in 1357 and in 1361 they obtained royal protection.
After 1411 King Sigismund granted the Jews of Heilbronn protection of life and property, limited taxation, freedom of movement, and judicial autonomy in Jewish lawsuits. A Jewish oath was to apply in cases tried before the city court.
However, the Jews were expelled from Heilbronn three times during the 15th century, the last being in 1490 when the synagogue and the cemetery were confiscated. After that time there was no organized Jewish community in the town until the 1830’s when Jews were seen there again. However, after the Nazis, only 10 Jews were recorded as living in Heilbronn in 1967.
Halpern Records in Lvov. Lvov, the historical capital of Galicia, is now part of Ukraine. The following were some Halpern r4eocrds there of the early 1800’s.
|1801||Marriage of Naftali Heilperin
and Beridal Lax
|1805||Death of Herz Heilpern|
|1806||Birth of Loeb, son of Israel
|1808||Death of Samuel Heilpern|
|1808||Birth of Chaim Josef, son of
Halpern to China, Halperin to Israel
Fanny Halpern had been born in Kracow in Poland
in 1899. She was the daughter of Simon
Halpern who had been a Surgeon General in the Austrian army. She studied medicine at the University of
Vienna and, after working at various clinics in the city, she was
China in 1933 to teach at the Medical College of China in
In 1935 she organized China’s first modern
psychiatric hospital, the Shanghai Mercy Hospital for Nervous Diseases.
She became the hospital’s medical director,
while at the same time serving as a consultant to several other medical
institutions. She founded the Mental
Hygiene Association of Shanghai and the first committee on psychiatry
after her mother passed away in 1951, Fanny moved to Vancouver to be
brother George who had gone to Canada with his wife Ida in 1939. Fanny Halpern died there in 1952. George lived onto 1989.
Josef, born in 1922, was the son of Chaim Halperin,
active in the Zionist cause in the city of Lodz in Poland. His elder
brother Mordechai emigrated to Palestine in 1938. One
year later the Nazis occupied Lodz. Josef
then fled to the Polish territory that
was occupied by the Soviets and began working as a director at a day
the village of Dubrowna in present-day Belarus. He was employed
position for about a year.
Germany’s attack on the Soviet Union, Jozef obtained fake Polish
documents and joined
the partisans in the forests of the Kielcy region where he remained
the end of the war.
In May 1945 Jozef formed a group of young
Jewish survivors entitled Leherut
Freedom”). The next year, after a six-month journey, they arrived
Palestine. Jozef described his experiences in his book The Road to Freedom.
In 1948 he enrolled in the Rehovot branch of
the Hebrew University where he earned a Master’s degree. In 1958
accepted a post in the Forest Research Institute as an entomologist. Even after his retirement in 1987, he
continued publishing articles, wrote two books, and created an album
documenting his family history.
Origin of Halperns and Halperins in America
The numbers above are based on shipping records.
Nan Halperin, Vaudeville Star. Nan Halperin
rose to fame as a star of the vaudeville stage. Her comedic
her ability to change quickly into many elaborate costumes during a
earned her the appellation of “the Wonder Girl.”
She started young. Born in 1898, she
secured her first acting
part was at the age of six in Little Black Me.
Her big break came in early 1915 when she
headlined at New York’s Palace Theatre. Halperin credited her
fame to her
talents as an actor and to her business acumen. “Many really talented
performers do not get ahead because they do not know how to push
ahead,” she explained in a 1915 magazine interview.
Coinciding with Halperin’s vaudeville success
in 1915 and 1916, newspapers publicized the story that her family was
persecuted than other Russian Jews. Her
grandfather was a baron and member of the
czar’s court who gained his title because a relative had offered money
the Russian emperor during a war. The veracity of this story is
circulation was possibly a publicity stunt to heighten the allure of
then a rising celebrity.
Among the most
famous of Halperin’s musical numbers were her two burlesque “song
first of these, which she began to perform in 1916, depicted five
girlhood. Halperin would grow before her audience from the youngest
child in a
family to a mischievous high school valedictorian, a comical bridesmaid
friend’s wedding, a bride and, finally, a “blasé divorcée.” In her second song cycle, originally performed
in 1919, Halperin played an amusing young girl who becomes an indignant
debutante and complains that her parents force her to wear “too many
clothes all to catch just one lone man.”
By 1919, at age twenty-one, she was commanding a salary on a par with
vaudeville’s highest-paid female performers. This secured her place in
then called vaudeville’s “Big Time.” She
continued in vaudeville until she ended
her professional acting career in 1934.
She lived on in New York until her death in 1963.
- Moshe-Leyb Halpern was
an influential Yiddish poet writing in New York in the 1920’s.
- Nan Halperin became a star of
the vaudeville stage in 1915.
- Morty Halpern was considered
the dean of Broadway stage managers. He died in 2006 at the age of 96.
Select Halpern Numbers Today
- 3,000 in America (most numerous in New York)
- 500 elsewhere (most numerous in UK)
Select Halpern and Like Jewish Surnames
The Jews were banned from England in 1290 and did not return there until the 1650’s, sometimes in the form of Portuguese traders. They were to make their mark as merchants and financers in London and many families prospered. There was another larger Jewish influx in the late 1800’s.
In America the early settlement of Sephardic Jews was in Charleston, South Carolina. In the 19th century Ashkenazi Jews started to arrive from Germany. Later came a larger immigration from a wider Jewish diaspora. Between 1880 and 1910 it is estimated that around two million Yiddish-speaking Jews, escaping discrimination and pogroms, arrived from the Russian empire and other parts of Eastern Europe.
Some Jewish surnames reflect ancient Biblical names, such as Cohen and Levy. Some have come from early place-names where Jews resided, such as Dreyfus (from Trier), Halpern (from Heilbronn) and Shapiro (from Speyer). Many more surnames came about when Ashkenazi Jews were compelled by Governments to adopt them in the early 1800’s. The names chosen at that time were often ornamental ones – Bernstein or Goldberg or Rosenthal for example. Then the name could change on arrival in America at Ellis Island. And finally anti-Semitism perceived could cause further changes to conceal Jewishness.
Here are the stories of some of the Jewish surnames that you can check out here.
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