Hammond Surname Meaning, History & Origin

Select Hammond Meaning
Hammond was a name introduced to England by the Normans. Its
origin was from one of a number of personal names at that time – the
Norman Hamo or Hamon or the Old Norse Hamundr or Amundr – which in time all got
blended into
Hammond. The Norman Hamo came to England
after Hastings and was
a prominent royal steward during the reigns of William I and William II.
Select Hammond Resources on The Internet

Select
Hammond Ancestry

England.
Hammond spellings
in England were various until
the 16th century, and then stabilized.
These Hammonds
were to be found mainly in the home counties and in East
Anglia, a situation in terms of the Hammond name distribution that was
to prevail under the beginning of the 20th century.

Sussex and Kent.
Richard Hamond was recorded in Sussex tax rolls of 1332 and the Hammond
name has also been associated with Battle abbey in Sussex. Hamo
was elected its abbot in 1364 and he gallantly fought off French
raiders in 1377. John Hammond was its last abbot
in 1529
before
the dissolution of the monasteries. A later John Hammond
built a gunpowder mill next to the abbey in 1676. Meanwhile Hammonds at
Angmering in Sussex dated from the 16th century and possibly earlier.

Thomas Hammond purchased St. Albans Court near Nonington
in Kent in
1551 after
the dissolution of the monasteries. An early 18th century
descendant Anthony Hammond, an MP and a poet, was known as
“silver-tongued Hammond.” However, his gift of the gab failed him
later on and he ended up in debtors’ prison. Financial
propriety returned as a later Hammond of this family, William O.
Hammond,
headed up Hammond & Co, a Canterbury bank, in the mid 19th
century.

East Anglia. The
Hammond name was also to be found in East Anglia.. The name
Richard Hammond was recorded in a legal document in Norfolk in
1331. Thomas Hammond was lord of the manor of Cresseners in
Suffolk in the 16th century. Another Hammond family was local
gentry at Ubbeston in Suffolk at this time. Later Hammonds were
to be found at Ufford and Lawshall in the same county.

Ireland. The Norman Hamon
name was said to have been brought to Ireland by two Hamon brothers who
settled at Portarlington in Laios. The Hammond name in 1890 was
mainly found in Donegal. One line there has been traced back to
Andrew Hammond of Ballydermot in the 1750’s.

America. Hammonds were
among the early arrivals to New England. Hammond lines come from:

  • William Hammond from Lavenham in Suffolk who came to Boston in
    1632 and settled in Watertown, Massachusetts. His cousin Thomas Hammond
    settled in Hingham nearby and later in Newton. Later Hammonds were
    pioneer settlers in Ohio, Theodore Hammond arriving there in 1814.
  • and Benjamin Hammond from London who arrived on the Griffin in 1634 and settled in
    Sandwich, Massachusetts.

There were Hammonds from St. Albans in Kent in Virginia by the
1630’s. Samuel Hammond from Virginia fought in the Revolutionary
War and later settled in Savannah, Georgia where he prospered as a
merchant. He and his family moved in 1824 to his plantation on the
Savannah river near Augusta.

Maryland. John
Hammond
of the Isle of Wight arrived in Maryland in the 1660’s, a young man and
a
Quaker. He later renounced his
faith. Instead he married into one of
America’s most distinguished families, the Howards.
They were neighbors of his in the Middle Neck
hundred, some nine miles west of where he helped to lay out the town of
Annapolis, Maryland in 1684. His family
line was traced in a book published in 1880 entitled The
Hammond Families of Anne Arundel, Baltimore and Frederick Counties,
Maryland
.

From this family came
William Hammond, an army surgeon and patriarch of a family which
included two army surgeon sons and a third son Richard who fought in
the
Mexican War, came out west in the California gold rush, and was the
father of
that famous industrialist and mining engineer John Hays Hammond. John’s
son John
Hays Hammond Jr. patented more than 400 inventions and is widely
regarded as the
father of radio control.

Australia. Thomas Hammond
was one of 156 convicts transported to Sydney on the Neptune in 1820. His son
Robert was a stock and station agent, his grandson Robert a prominent
evangelical clergyman and social reformer.

 

Select
Hammond Miscellany

Hamo the Steward.  Hamo, sometimes known as Hamo Dapifer, was the son of
a Norman lord who crossed the Channel to England after Hastings and
held the
office of royal dapifer or seneschal (steward) during the reigns of
both
William I and William II.  He was
appointed Sheriff of Kent in 1077 and the Domesday Book recorded his
extensive
land holdings in Kent, Surrey and Essex.
But Hamo’s
involvement in the higher levels of government only really began in the
late
1090’s when William II was frequently away from England.

His son Robert
FitzHamon was a prominent figure in England during the reigns of
William Rufus
and Henry I.  He was the founder of
Tewkesbury Abbey in the west country and he invaded south Wales with
Norman forces in 1075.  Fitzhamon married
and was said to have had
four daughters, but no sons. 

John Hammond of Battle Abbey.  In 1529
John Hammond was elected Abbot of Battle Abbey.
But all the signs around him were that monastic life was
seriously under
threat.  In the summer of 1535 the Abbey
was
inspected by Thomas Cromwell’s inspector, Dr Richard Layton.  By 1538 Robertsbridge and Battle were the
only monastic houses surviving in Sussex.
Robertsbridge surrendered to Cromwell in April that year and
Battle
followed a month later.

Hammond
and his 18 monks
surrendered the house on May 28.  Layton
described Battle as: “So beggary
a house I
never see, nor so filthy stuff!”  In
fact the Abbey income of £880 in 1535 made it one of the most
prosperous
Benedictine houses in the country.  Perhaps
Hammond knew that the end was near and gave away all of its movable
assets.

Abbot
Hammond was given a large pension of £100 a year and moved to a house
opposite
in Battle High Street where he died in 1546.

Hammond Spellings in the 16th Century.  The following
were some Hammond births recorded in the 16th century.  As can be
seen,
the Hammond spelling had not yet really settled down at that time.

George Hammonde 1550 North Elmham, Norfolk
George Hamond 1553 Shere, Surrey
George Hamonde 1559 Long Melford, Surrey
George Hammond 1572 Lidgate, Suffolk
Alexander Hamond 1581 Westmill, Herts
Robert Hamond 1583 Little Horwood, Bucks

Hammonds from Kent to America.  John Hamon
had been a tenant of the Abbot of St. Albans near Nonington in Kent.  With the dissolution of the monasteries
during the reign of Henry VIII, he was able to initiate the purchase of
the St.
Albans manor. His son Thomas Hammond
completed the acquisition in 1548.  Two
of Thomas’s grandsons, Francis and Robert, had distinguished army
careers and accompanied
Sir Walter Raleigh on his expedition to Guinea.  Later
Hammonds were strong Royalists at the time of the Civil War.

Edward
Hammond of this family came to Virginia
in 1635 and was said to have introduced the culture of
silkworm.  Captain Samuel Hammond was a
patriot at the
time of the Revolutionary War.  The
family’s property in Virginia was destroyed by the Tories and he and
other
Hammonds of his family moved away to South Carolina.
Later Hammonds of this family were to be found in Georgia.

Thomas Hammond of Newton, Massachusetts.  Thomas
Hammond was one of the first settlers of Hingham in Massachusetts,
having had land granted to him there in 1636.
With several other Hingham pioneers, Thomas Hammond removed to a
locality near the boundary line of what is now Newton and Brookline.   His
homestead in Newton was near the pond that was afterwards called
Hammond’s
Pond.

Thomas became one of the
wealthiest men of his day.  When he died
in 1675, his estate, according to the inventory, amounted to nearly
eleven
hundred and forty pounds.  An interesting
relic from his wife Elizabeth was a silver coin which she herself was
allowed
to coin when visiting the mint of England as a young girl.

From his line came Samuel Hammond, one of the
party of patriots who threw the tea overboard in Boston Harbor.  Samuel later settled in Vermont.
Benjamin
Hammond of Newton was
said to have commanded a company of militia at Lexington in 1775 and
did other
military duty during the Revolution.  He
afterwards obtained the rank of Colonel and for a long time was a
leading man
in the municipal affairs of Newton. Meanwhile
Samuel Hammond, a merchant of Boston, prospered in the
East
India trade in the early 1800’s and resided in some splendor on
Somerset Place.

Richard Hammond, Confederate Captain During the Civil War.  In the
early 1930’s, some seventy years after his father’s death, a Texan from Terrell by the name of Pat Hammond
travelled to the city of Murfreesboro in Tennessee in search of the
grave of
his father.  Captain Richard Powell
Hammond had been killed in the Civil War while leading a Confederate
force during the
Battle of Stones River in December 1862.

A misunderstanding as to the marking of graves had caused Pat
Hammond to
make the long train trip to Murfreesboro.  But
he found only the graves of some Federal
soldiers marked when he went to the battlefield.  There
was no trace was found of his father’s
final resting place.  So he returned
home.

Among the personal possessions
which were returned to the family after his father’s death was a diary
kept in
pen and ink with daily entries made by his father from the time he was
mustered
into the Confederate service until the night before his death.

John Hays Hammond in South Africa.  In 1893 John Hays Hammond uprooted his family from
California and trekked to the South African gold and diamond fields
where he
earned a reputed one-million dollars a year plus bonuses for his
renowned expertise.

While
in South Africa, he, worked with and became
quite friendly with Cecil Rhodes.  It was
through this association that he became involved in what he thought to
be a
political demonstration against the despotic Boer government.  When the demonstration blundered, Hammond was
among those arrested, put on trial for treason, and sentenced to death.
He became so desperately ill from the
prison’s
poor sanitary conditions that death might have seemed a blessing.

Mark
Twain on a tour of Africa visited the prison
and helped call attention to the situation.  Such
press reports enabled Rhodes, by then
back in England, to ransom Hammond release. Soon afterwards, he and his
family
relocated to convalesce in England.  They
finally returned to the United States in 1899.

 

Select
Hammond Names

  • John Hammond was the court physician to King James I in the early 1600’s.
  • John Hays Hammond was a famous
    industrialist and mining engineer who made his first fortune in South
    Africa and his second in California.
  • Wally Hammond was a leading
    English cricketer and batsman of the 1930’s.
  • John Hammond was the American record producer who discovered such artists as Billie
    Holliday, Aretha Franklin and Bob Dylan.
  • Joan Hammond was an Australian
    champion golfer of the 1930’s and an opera star of the 1940’s and 50’s.

Select Hammond Numbers Today

  • 30,000 in the UK (most numerous
    in Suffolk)
  • 26,000 in America (most numerous in California)
  • 15,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Australia)

 

Select Hammond and Like Surnames.

The Norman Conquest brought new rulers to England and they brought their names and language, a form of French, with them.  Over time their names became less French and more English in character.  Thus Hamo became Hammond, Reinold Reynolds and Thierry Terry and so forth.  The names Allen, Brett, Everett, and Harvey were probably Breton in origin as Bretons also arrived, sometimes as mercenaries.

The new Norman lords often adopted new last names, sometimes from the lands they had acquired and sometimes from places back in Normandy.  Over time the name here also became more English.  Thus Saint Maur into Seymour, Saint Clair into Sinclair, Mohun into Moon, and Warenne into Warren.

Here are some of these Norman and Breton originating names that you can check out.

AllenBrettHammondNeville
BaldwinCorbettHarveyReynolds
BannisterCurtisLyonsSaville
BarryDukeMaynardSinclair
BartlettEverettMontagueVenables
BassettGilbertMontgomeryWarren

 

 

 

 

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