Hendricks Surname Meaning, History & Origin

Select Hendricks Meaning
The
root
of Hendrick is the German personal name Heim-ric
meaning “home rule,” which later appeared as Henrich or Heinrich. An early example of it as a surname was
Genetiy de Heinrich recorded in Fritzlar in northern Hesse in 1335. Hendriks and Hendrickson are Flemish
variations of the surname; while the Hendrix variation has been found mainly in Belgium.
Hendricks,
Hendrick
and Hendrix
have been the most common spellings of the
surname in
America.

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Hendricks Resources on
The
Internet

Select
Hendricks Ancestry

The name Hendricks, or
variations thereof, was mainly found in western Germany and in Holland
and Flemish Belgium. The numbers there today are approximately:

  • Germany, around 3,000 (where the spelling is principally
    Hendricks)
  • Holland, around 20,000 (where the spelling is principally
    Hendriks)
  • and Belgium, around 2,000 (where the spelling is either Hendriks
    or Hendrix)

Hendriks
comes
from the northern Dutch regions, including Amsterdam. The Hendrix
name is particularly strong in Antwerp.


England
.
The numbers in England have been smaller and the spelling has tended to
be Hendrick. They
were to be found in Staffordshire and Lancashire. The
Henrix spelling also
existed. Thomas Henrix was listed as a
marine on board HMS Victory during
the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805.

America. Hendrick,
perhaps reflecting English arrivals, was most numerous in
Virginia, Hendricks in New York and
Pennsylvania, and Hendrix in the South. Hendricks in America can
be a contraction of the Swedish Hendriksson.


New York The
Hendricks name was first brought to America by the Dutch and became a
fairly
common name in New York. An early
arrival was Kniertje Hendricks who married Walraven Claerhout at the
Dutch
Reform Church in New York in 1668. There
were two Mohawk
chieftains
who at a later date became Christians and adopted
the
Hendrick name.

The
most notable Hendricks arrival into New York was probably the Jewish
merchant Uriah
Hendricks
who came
in 1755. The Hendricks Brothers
who followed pioneered the use of copper in the US
Navy. Hendricks in Seneca, New York migrated to Pennsylvania,
Ohio and
Michigan. Eli Hendrick of this family
tried
his hand in many things before starting the Hendrick Manufacturing
Company, a
perforated metal manufacturer, in Carbondale, Pennsylvania in 1876.

Pennsylvania
Hendricks
in Pennsylvania may have had German origins.
Hendricks from the Rhineland were among of the first settlers in
Bucks
county, having arrived in Pennsylvania on the Francis and
Dorothy
as early as 1685. Gerhard
Hendricks
signed
the famous protest against human slavery that
was presented to the Germantown Friends Meeting in 1688.

Tobias
Hendricks, known as Squire Tobias, was an early settler in the 1720’s
in
Lancaster county when it was still frontier territory.
His son Tobias ran Toby’s Place, an inn on the
Cumberland Trail and a meeting place
for Indian traders, travelers and the like.


Indiana
A
Hendricks
family became one of the most prominent families of Indiana in the 19th
century. DNA analysis has suggested that
these Hendricks were related to
Daniel
Hendrick of Haverhill, Massachusetts
, an early
arrival in 1642 from England.
These Hendricks were pioneer settlers in the Ligonier valley in
Westmoreland
county,
Pennsylvania.

William Hendricks moved to
what was then Indiana territory in 1813. He
served as the third Governor of the state in 1822 and its
Senator
from 1825 to 1837. Both his sons were
killed in the Civil War. But his nephew
Thomas was also Governor of Indiana and briefly in 1885 US Vice
President.

Ohio.
Hendricks of German
stock were to be found in Champaign county, Ohio by the 1820’s. Ross
Hendricks
, born there in 1866, migrated to Chicago (where he
changed his
name to Hendrix) and worked in a traveling vaudeville troupe until it
broke up
on the West Coast in 1912. He and his
wife Nora then settled in Vancouver.
There is no absolute
proof that they were the grandparents of the singer Jimi Hendrix, but
it is
thought likely.

South Carolina Various Hendricks were to be found in South Carolina
by the early 1700’s. The best known of
these Hendricks came to Pickens county from Virginia in 1784, after
having
fought in the Revolutionary War. Matthew Hendricks, born
there in 1842,
fought on the Confederate side in the Civil War and lived onto 1944
when
he was
considered one of the patriarchs of his community.

Georgia Gustavus
Hendrick who came to Georgia from Virginia as an infant
in 1795
was one of the state’s most successful early politicians.
He was married for 71 years and lived to be
90. His son John was a prominent member
of the white slave-owning elite of Covington in the decade prior to the
Civil
War. He like some others of his class
had both white and black descendants.

The spelling in Georgia tended more to be more
Hendrix than Hendrick or Hendricks. Absalom
Hendrix came to Cherokee county, Georgia from Pickens county, South
Carolina in
the late 1830’s. The Hendrix plantation
owners in Bulloch county, Georgia were from North Carolina and were
probably descended
from the Haverhill Hendrick line.

 

Select
Hendricks Miscellany

Hendrick, Hendricks and Hendrix in the 1840 US Census

Numbers Hendrick Hendricks Hendrix
New York    38    71     3
Pennsylvania    18    69    16
Ohio    18    48    10
Indiana     5    53    25
Virginia    42    13     3
Kentucky    23    41    31
Tennessee     4    30    41
Georgia    24    19    26
Elsewhere 133   154   109
Total   305   498   264

Hendrick, perhaps reflecting English arrivals, was most numerous in
Virginia, Hendricks (as well as Hendrickson) in New York and
Pennsylvania, and Hendrix in the South. The Hendrick spelling is not that common in America today.
Hendricks number some 14,000, Hendrix around 11,000.

Two Mohawk Hendrick Chieftains.  In September
1755 the most famous Indian in the world was killed in the Bloody
Morning Scout
that launched the Battle of Lake George. His name was Henderick Peters
Theyanooguin in English, but he was widely known as King Hendrick. In
an
unfortunate twist of linguistic and historical fate, he shared the same
first
name as another famous Native American, Hendrick Tejonihokarawa, who
although
about 30 years his senior, was also famous in his own right. He was one
of the
“Four Indian Kings” who became a sensation in London in 1710, met Queen
Anne,
and was wined and dined as an international celebrity.

Both Hendricks were
Mohawk warriors who had been baptized into the Christian name in the
Dutch
Reform Church (hence the name Hendrick).
Both aided Britain against France in their struggles for empire
and both
helped to negotiate the relationship between their fellow Mohawks and
the Europeans
who would recognize that the Iroquois Confederacy was critical to the
balance
of power in early 18th century America. Unfortunately,
these Hendricks were later confused by historians into one man.

The Hendricks Brothers of New York.  The Hendricks
family, originally Enriques, had come from Spain.  They
were Sephardic Jews who had fled the
country and settled in Flanders where they prospered as merchants and
traders.

Uriah Hendricks of this family was born in Amsterdam and emigrated to
New York City in 1755.  There he started
a dry goods store and later a metal importing business which was
carried on by
his son Harmon.  It was he who began
copper fabrication at a mill in Belleville, New Jersey.
The Hendricks copper clad the ships that
helped the United States fight the British to a standstill in the War
of
1812.  The business was carried on by his
descendants under the name of Hendricks Brothers.

The last member of the family
to operate the business was Harmon Washington Hendricks, who died in
1928.  Hendricks Brothers closed its last
copper
mill in 1938.

Hendricks of Massachusetts and Pennsylvania.  It is
estimated that probably three generations separated Daniel Hendrick of
Haverhill, Massachusetts (1617-1700), an immigrant from England, with
Daniel Hendricks of
Westmoreland,
Pennsylvania (1726-1796).  The missing
generations linking these two Daniels haven’t been identified, but a
possible
connection is the first Daniel’s son Jabez.

Jabez
Hendrick married Hannah Moore
and they lived in the Elizabethtown and Piscataway area in New Jersey.  It is known that many Westmoreland county,
Pennsylvania settlers came from New Jersey.

Four
descendants of Danel Hendricks of Westmoreland submitted to 37-marker
Y-DNA
tests.  The subjects included three
descendants of Daniel’s son Absalom and one descendent of Daniel’s son
Abraham.  The descendants of Absalom and
Abraham were a match with each other and there is a distance of 2
between them
and descendants of Daniel Hendrick of Haverhill, Massachusetts when
their 37
markers were compared. 

Matthew Hendricks of Pickens County.  Matthew Hendricks, affectionately
known as Mr. Matt, was the fourth generation of Hendricks in Pickens
county,
South Carolina.  He was by all accounts a
sturdy, handsome, and generous man, who achieved much over his lifespan
of 102
years between 1842 and 1944.  His
fighting on the Confederate side in the Civil War won him recognition
throughout the South.  Later he created
and built buildings for the community and also built many of the first
roads
and covered bridges.

He
began the construction of his own home in 1870.  It
was named Wisteria after the giant wisteria vine that
once grew there.  In its building, the
finest of trees – long-leaf
yellow pines – were cut and hauled to the mill by oxcart. The lumber
then had
to be kiln dried and hand planed, a long and tedious job undertaken by
Mr. Matt
and his young sons.  The wrought-iron
crane in the kitchen fireplace was made by Mr. Matt in his shop. He
also
designed and made the porch posts, mantles, and some doors.

Matthew
Hendricks
died in 1944, but the house was kept on by his daughter until it was
sold in
1970.  Many handmade items crafted by Mr.
Matt have remained in family hands, for example a walnut bedframe and
dresser
which he engraved and an accompanying walnut side table which he
made.

Ross Hendricks and Jimi Hendrix.  Fanny Hendricks nee Whitfield was a poor light-skinned black
woman in Urbana, Ohio who had recently ended her marriage to Jefferson
Hendricks and was a single parent seeking work.
Bertran Philander Ross, white, was a
prominent grain dealer in the town and one of its wealthiest landowners.

Their union, whether it be through seduction
or rape, apparently produced a child.  Fanny
gave
the newborn the first name of his father, possibly to ensure that the
community
would know its lineage.  Thus in 1866
Bertran
Philander Ross Hendricks was born.

We assume that Bertran
Philander Ross was the father.  Neither Ross nor Fanny’s former husband
Jefferson Hendricks were listed in the 1870 Ohio Champaign county
census with Fanny and
Ross.  But Jefferson did appear with them
in the 1880
census.

Those of mixed race or African American
heritage faced obstacles in Urbana in the years after the Civil
War.  For
this reason Ross Hendricks left town and migrated to Chicago in 1896,
hoping
for new opportunities there.  He worked for a time in the police
force and
changed his name to Hendrix.  Later he
joined a Dixieland vaudeville troupe, travelling all around the
country until
the troupe broke up in Seattle in 1912.
There he married Nora Moore, another member of the troupe, and
the two
decided to settle down on the West Coast.
Their son Al was born in 1919.

In 1941 Al met Lucille Jeter at a dance in
Seattle and they married a year later.
Drafted by the United States Army, Al went to war three days
after their
wedding.

The first of Lucille’s five
children, James Marshall Hendrix (Jimi), was born later that year in
1942.  Stationed in Alabama at the time of
Hendrix’s
birth, Al was denied the standard military furlough afforded servicemen
for
childbirth.  His commanding officer
placed him in the stockade to prevent his going AWOL to see his infant
son in
Seattle.  He spent two months locked up
without trial and while in the stockade received a telegram announcing
his
son’s birth.

Jimi grew up in Seattle and formed his first band there.

 


Select
Hendricks Names

  • Uriah Hendricks was the Jewish merchant who started the family’s copper business in New York in 1764
  • William Hendricks was the founder of the Hendricks political dynasty in Indiana in the early 19th
    century. 
  • Jimi Hendrix was an American musician,
    singer and songwriter, widely considered one of the most influential electric
    guitarists in the history of popular music.

Select Hendricks/Hendrick/Hendrix Numbers Today

  • 1,000 in the UK (most numerous
    in London)
  • 29,000 in America (most numerous in Texas)
  • 6,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Canada)

 

Select Hendricks and Like Surnames.

These are Dutch-originated names, Dutch surnames that found their way in the 17th century to New York and to South Africa.  Here are some of the Dutch surnames that you can check out.

BeekmanHendricksKnickerbockerVan Buren
FondaJacobsRooseveltVanderbilt

 

 

 

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