Hutchinson Surname Meaning, History & Origin

Select Hutchinson Meaning
The Hutchinson name is derived from the personal name
Hugh, itself Norman
French in origin from the word hug
meaning “heart or soul.” St. Hugh of
Lincoln founded the first Carthusian monastery in England in the late
12th
century and the popularity of the name was in part due to him.
However, some
accounts give Hutchinson a much earlier Viking origin.
Hutchinson combines “Hugh” and “kin”
to form Hutchin with “son.”
The Scottish spelling of the name is Hutchison. Hutchinsons
outnumber Hutchisons
by two and a half times today.

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Hutchinson Resources on
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Hutchinson Ancestry

England.
The Hutchinson name in
England ran down the east coast, from Northumberland in the north to
Lincolnshire in the south. Hutchinsons here accounted for almost
70% of the Hutchinsons in the 1881 census.


Durham. The
Hutchinsons of Bishop Middleham
near Sedgefield were first
recorded in 1559, although family accounts suggest that they might have
been there from a much earlier time. They were yeoman farmers who
did well. Thomas Hutchinson was able to acquire Witton House near
Stockton in 1705.

Tom Hutchinson, related to this family, was
living in a farmhouse at Sockburn near Darlington in 1799. He was
in some way also related to the poet William Wordsworth whom his sister
Mary married. Wordsworth’s fellow poet Coleridge fell in love
with the other sister Sara. But nothing was possible except poems
as Coleridge
was already married.

Another Hutchinson family can be traced to Richard Hutchinson who
acquired the Dryburn estate near Durham in 1596. John Hutchinson
of
this line was mayor of Durham in 1714. However, the family
reputation
declined after that time and his grandson John sold Dryburn in 1760.

Yorkshire.
One Hutchinson line was said to have begun
with Squire Bernard Hutchinson in the hamlet of Cowlam in the East
Riding in the early/mid 1300’s. However,
other
sources have
Cowlam as a medieval village that had been deserted after
the arrival of
the Black Death around this time.

According to Perley Derby’s 1870 book The Hutchinson Family:

“The tradition of the
family is that Anthony Hutchinson of Cowlam in Yorkshire, living around
1500,
had eight sons. The second of these
sons, Thomas, went south to Owthorpe in Nottinghamshire and founded the
family
from which sprung the Parliamentarian John Hutchinson who signed King
Charles’s
death warrant. Another son Richard went
to Ireland and eventually founded the Hely Hutchinson Lord Donoughmore
line.
Unfortunately, apart from tradition, proof of the above
and the founding
of most of the major branches of these Hutchinsons in Britain is sadly
lacking.

Colonel
John Hutchinson and his half brother Charles
both held the
Owthorpe estate, John until his death in prison, possibly from
poisoning, in 1664 and Charles
later afterwards. There were Hutchinson descendants from Charles
Hutchinson and from a later related Hutchinson, Nicolas of Southwell in
Nottinghamshire. Jeremy Hutchinson, descended from Nicolas, was
made a Baron and died in 2017 at the grand age of 102.

While the above Hutchinsons may have originated in east Yorkshire, the
larger numbers have been and still are in north Yorkshire. Their
numbers included:

  • Hutchinsons who first appeared in Great
    Ayton records in 1631. These Hutchinsons
    were for generations farm laborers. But by
    the 1850’s Thomas Hutchinson had
    become prosperous enough to take over the Bank House farm.
  • Hutchinsons who were yeoman farmers at
    Spennithorne near Middleham in the 1670’s. John
    Hutchinson, born there, became a prominent Biblical
    scholar.
  • the Hutchinsons in Egton near
    Whitby who were Catholic and therefore appeared on recusant lists. The earliest reference here was to Robert
    Hutchinson and his wife Barbara in 1674. The
    family continued to be recorded as recusants until 1780.
    Hutchinson descendants emigrated to Canada in
    the 1830’s.
  • the Hutchinson line at
    Grewelthorpe in Kirkby Malzeard parish which began with Peter
    Hutchinson, a yeoman
    farmer of Moorheads who was born around 1739. He
    lived to be 102 (some say 105), dying there in 1841.
  • Sir Jonathan
    Hutchinson, the famous Victorian medical practitioner, who was born
    into a Quaker
    cloth-trading family at Selby in 1828.
  • while a Hutchinson family in Ripon came
    originally from Alston in Cumbria. William
    Hutchinson qualified as a solicitor in Ripon in 1876
    and began
    his practice there. His business passed
    to his son Charles and grandson Michael who each practiced for fifty
    years.

Lincolnshire.
John Hutchinson, born around 1515, was
the mayor of Lincoln in 1564. His son Edward, living in Alford,
was a mercer. After his death in 1632 Edward’s widow Susanna and
five of his nine surviving children departed for New England.


Scotland.
Hutchison is the spelling in Scotland, also
found on the east coast – in Fife primarily before
exdending inland to Edinburgh and Glasgow. Among those from Fife were:

  • Thomas Hutchison who was born in Kinghorn in 1796, the
    son of a cattle
    breeder. He made his money as a wine
    merchant in Leith outside of Edinburgh. In
    1850 he bought the Carlowrie estate in West Lothian and
    had built
    there a large castle in Scottish baronial style. His
    grandson Thomas was Provost of Edinburgh
    in 1921.
  • Hutchison’s which was established in Fife in 1830
    when Robert Hutchison began
    trading in grain, flax, butter and flour from the harborside at
    Kirkcaldy. They were flour millers there from the 1850’s until
    the company was sold in 1972.
  • and
    Alexander Hutchison who was a farmer and corn merchant
    born in Kirkcaldy in 1838. His son
    Robert, created Baron Hutchison of Montrose, was a World War One
    general and
    Liberal MP.

Hutchison is also a name of the Orkney islands. An
early example was Robert Hutchison who was born in Orphir in
1715. Four generations of Hutchisons manned the lighthouse
at Fair Isle, from 1840 to 1988.

Ireland. Hutchinsons in Ireland were generally of Scottish
or English extraction.

Scottish. William Hutchinson came to Stranocum in north
Antrim from Glasgow as early as 1598.
His descendant George Hutchinson was active in putting down the
United
Irish Rebellion of 1798, earning him locally the nickname of Bloody
Hutchinson. Stanocum Hall stayed with
the family until 1856.

Francis Hutcheson
was born in county Down in 1694, the son of a Scots-Irish Presbyterian
minister. He is considered one
of the philosophical founding fathers of
the 18th century Scottish Enlightenment.

English. Edward Hutchinson
arrived from England sometime in the 1660’s and made his home at
Knocklofty
House near Clonmel in Tipperary.
Although his direct male line ended, the
Hutchinson name was maintained through Christiana Nickson, heiress to
this
estate. Her son was created Baron
Hutchinson in 1801.

Francis Hutchinson, who wrote a famous book in
England debunking witchcraft persecutions, arrived in 1721 as the
Bishop of
Down and Connor. His son Samuel was the
Bishop of Killala, his grandson Sir Francis of Castle Sallagh in
Wicklow created
a baronet in 1782.

America. The early Hutchinson arrivals were into New England.

New England. William
and Anne Hutchinson
who came
with their family from Lincolnshire in 1634 were important figures in
the early
development of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Anne’s strong religious
convictions proved to be at odds with the established Puritan clergy
there and
she and William departed in 1638 to form a new settlement in what would
become
Rhode Island.

Both William and Anne had died by 1643 and their son Edward then
returned
to Boston to make peace with the authorities there.
He was the forebear of a family of Boston
merchants that culminated in Thomas Hutchinson, the Loyalist Governor
of
Massachusetts who was forced into exile in England in 1774.

Another New
England immigrant, Richard Hutchinson from Nottinghamshire, also
arrived in 1634
and made his home in Salem, Massachusetts.
His son Joseph was one of the principal prosecutors of the Salem
witch
trials. The Hutchinsons remained in
Salem until 1734 and the main line then settled in Milford, New
Hampshire.

  • one line through Samuel Hutchinson moved in the 1760’s to
    Norwich, Vermont.
  • while another later line out of
    Massachusetts led to Benjamin Hutchinson, a grain speculator and banker
    in Chicago in the 1870’s. His son Charles helped found the Art
    Institute of Chicago in the early 1900’s.

George
Hutchinson meanwhile had arrived on the Arabella
with the Winthrop fleet in 1630. His
descendants settled in Lebanon, Connecticut.
Holmes Hutchinson moved to Utica, New York in 1819 and worked as
an
engineer in the building of the Erie canal.
His son Charles was the mayor of Utica in 1875.

Elsewhere. The Hutchinsons who came to
Charleston, South Carolina sometime in the 1670’s were descended from
Colonel
John Hutchinson, the regicide. Dr. John
Hutchinson was a prominent physician in the town in the early 1700’s. His descendant Mathias founded in the late
1700’s what became the town of Summerville, South Carolina. Hutchinsons later dispersed. Some
remained in South Carolina, others
departed for Kentucky and Texas.

William and Ann Hutchinson were recorded as
living in Milford, New Jersey from the early 1700’s.
Ann
Hutchinson
, born in 1699, lived to be 101.
Four of her grandchildren became Methodist ministers.

John Hutcheson later
Hutchinson, Scots Irish from Ulster, arrived in Philadelphia around
1730 and
was an early settler in Augusta county, Virginia. By
1746 he was operating a grist mill at
Christians Creek there. Another Scots
Irish family, headed by William Hutchinson, came to South Carolina in
the
1770’s and settled in what became Laurens county. Their
history was told in Frederick
Hutchinson’s 1947 book The Hutchinson
Family of Laurens County
.

Canada.
Hutchinsons in Canada could be of English,
Scottish or Irish origin.

John Hutchinson and his family from north Yorkshire
had originally emigrated to America but, being Loyalists, diverted
themselves
to Nova Scotia in 1788. Their
descendants settled in Morristown NS in the 1830’s.
George Hutchinson became well known as a
traveling architect in the early 1900’s.
The Hutchinson orchards are showplaces in Morristown today.

Dr. John
Hutchison, a newly accredited surgeon in Scotland, arrived in Canada in
1818
and was an early settler in Peterborough, Ontario.
His stone house there, built in 1837, has
been preserved as a museum. John died
during the typhoid epidemic in 1847.
Meanwhile George Hutchinson, Scots Irish from county Cavan, came
to
Argenteuil, Quebec with his family in the late 1820’s.

Caribbean. Scottish
Hutchisons made an early impression in Jamaica.
Lewis Hutchison arrived in the 1760’s to head an estate there
known as
Edinburgh Castle. But he soon became
known as the Mad Master of Edinburgh Castle because of his killing
sprees. David Hutchison from Ayr meanwhile
owned the
Coffee Grove plantation in Manchester, Jamaica in the early 1800’s.

Australia.
William Hutchinson from London was a classic example of a
convict in
Australia who made good. Transported to
Australia on the Hillsborough in
1799, he was soon convicted of theft in Sydney and dispatched to the
penal
settlement on Norfolk Island. But he
later became a successful businessman in Sydney and had extensive land
holdings
as well. He died in 1846 a rich man.

 

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Hutchinson Miscellany

Hutchinsons and Hutchisons Today

Numbers (000’s) Hutchinson Hutchison Total
(English) (Scottish)
UK    32     9    41
America    18    10 28
Elsewhere    20     8    28
Total    70    27    97

The Hutchinsons of Bishop Middleham in Durham.  The story goes that Hutchin was
a Viking noble who had accompanied Harold Harfager to England around
the year
900.  He settled on the northeast
coastline at what was then a fortified place in Durham and later became
the village of Bishop
Middleham.

The early spelling was Hutcheson, the name that could be found in the
first parish register of Bishop Middleham in 1559.
It was recorded as following in early
marriages:

  • 1573.  Robert Hutcheson
    married
    Katherine Askue
  • 1576.  Thomas Hutcheson
    married Agnes Hopper
  • 1606.  Robert Hutcheson
    married Agnes Morland
  • 1630.  Robert
    Hutcheson married Janet Grenell
  • 1633.  Thomas Hutcheson
    married Elizabeth Richardson
  • 1638.  John Hutcheson married
    Elizabeth
    Bedford
  • 1648.  William Hutchinson
    married
    Ann Woodhouse.

The spelling did change around 1650 from Hutcheson to
Hutchinson.  It might be remembered that Colonel John Hutchinson
of another Hutchinson line became well known at that time for signing
the King’s death warrant.

These Hutchinsons were a yeoman farming family at Bishop Middleham and
nearby
Cornforth.  Thomas Hutchinson, born there in 1698, was a clergyman and classical scholar.  One line through another Thomas Hutchinson moved out
of the
area in 1705 to Whitton House in Whitton near Stockton.

Colonel John Hutchinson and His Half Brother Charles.  The first edition of Lucy Hutchinson’s memoirs of her
late husband Colonel John Hutchinson was edited by the Rev. Julius
Hutchinson and published in 1806.  This edition included a
pedigree of the Hutchinson family “taken from a very handsome
emblazoned genealogy in the possession of the editor, originally traced
in 1712.

There were two branches of the Hutchinson family considered here.
First there were the descendants of Colonel John Hutchinson whose
mother was a Byron; and second there were the descendants of his
younger half brother Charles whose mother was a Stanhope.  The
first branch did not fare well after the Restoration; whereas the
second branch flourished.

In his preface Julius stated the following:

“The pedigree shows that Colonel
Hutchinson left four sons, of which only the youngest John left
issue.  There is a tradition in the family that these last two
descendants of Colonel Hutchinson emigrated, one to the West Indies or
America and the other to Russia.”

Concerning the Stanhope side of the family, Julius had the following to
say:

“Charles Hutchinson, only son of Sir
Thomas Hutchinson by Lady Catharine Stanhope, married one of the
daughters and co-heiresses of Sir Francis Boteler, a zealous royalist.

After the death of Colonel Hutchinson in 1664, Charles purchased his
Nottinghamshire estate at Owthorpe.  This joined to what his
father had given him and to what he had obtained by his marriage and
raised him to more opulence than his father ever possessed.

His son Julius seems to have bestowed a very rational and well deserved
attention on the writings of Mrs. Lucy Hutchinson.  There is a
tradition in the family that, although he had many children of his
own, he treated with kindness and liberality the last descendants of
his uncle the Colonel.”

His descendant the Rev. Julius Hutchinson, the editor of the Memoirs, visited Owthorpe Hall in
1775, shortly after the estate had been sold.  Two portraits of
Colonel John and Lucy Hutchinson were removed at that time and are
still preserved.

St. John Hutchinson, descended from Nicolas Hutchinson of Southwell,
Notts was said in a letter dated 1919 to have held all the family
pictures and Owthorpe furniture.

Hutchinsons in the 1881 English Census

County ‘000’s Percent
Northumberland    0.9     6
Durham    2.9    18
Yorkshire    4.6    28
Lancashire    2.2    14
Lincolnshire    0.4     3
Sub-Total   11.0    69
Elsewhere    5.0    31
Total   16.0   100

The 1881 census showed concentrations
of the Hutchinson name:

  • in Horsforth, Ecclesfield, and
    Hunslet in Yorkshire
  • and in Bishopwearmouth, Monkwearmouth, Darlington
    and Stockton in Durham.

William and Anne Hutchinson.  William Hutchinson was described by Governor John
Winthrop of the Massachusetts Bay Colony as being mild tempered,
somewhat weak,
and living in the shadow of his dominant and outspoken wife Anne.

Back in
Lincolnshire Anne had become enamored with the Puritan preachings of
the Rev.
John Cotton.  His views were opposed by
the established church in England and he was forced into hiding.  In 1633 he fled to New England.

Anne was so
distraught to lose her mentor that she and her family intended to sail
with him
on the Griffin.  However,
Anne’s 14th pregnancy prevented
that.  They did make the journey on the
same vessel a year later.

The family first resided at Boston and Anne’s
strong religious convictions were soon
at odds with the established Puritan clergy there.
Her popularity and charisma helped create a
theological schism that threatened to destroy the Puritans’
religious
community in New England.

Anne was
eventually tried and convicted, then banished from the colony in 1638
with many
of her supporters.  They decamped to what
would become the colony of Rhode Island.
At the same time William’s sister Mary, married to John
Wheelwright, also
departed with their supporters to form a new colony in Exeter, New
Hampshire.

After William’s death in
1641, threats of Massachusetts taking over Rhode Island compelled Anne
to move
outside of the reach of Boston into the lands of the Dutch.  In 1642 she settled with her younger children
on Pelham Neck on the East River in what
later became the Bronx.
Tensions were high at the time with the local Siwanoy Indian
tribe.  A year later Anne and six of her
children were
massacred by these Siwanoys.  The Hutchinson river there was later
named after her.

Ann Hutchinson of Milford, New Jersey.  Her contemporary Bishop Asbury had this to say about Ann Hutchinson:

“At about eighty she, to a great degree, lost
her sight; about ninety it returned.  Her hair changed a few years
ago from
white to dark brown.  I have seen her and
conversed with her.  At this advanced age
she did not appear to be weary of the world.”

Then, much later in 1857, the following story appeared
in the Village Record of Hightstown,
New Jersey:

“On a farm near Milford there is an ancient burial ground
wherein
several of the old owners of the soil thereabout found the last resting
place
of their earthly remains.  From a grave
marker in that place I copied the following:

‘Sacred to the memory of Ann
Hutchinson, relict of William Hutchinson, who departed this life on
January 4,
1801 aged 101 years nine months and seven days.

She was mother of 13 children, and grandmother and great grandmother and great great grandmother of
375 persons.’

She was born on March 17, 1699 and consequently lived in
three different centuries – i.e. she was born on the 17th, lived through the whole of the 18th, and died in the 19th century.
She was the wife of William Hutchinson Esq, a Justice of the
Peace under
the Crown and Government of England.  Ann
Hutchinson retained her faculties to the last and could see to thread a
needle
or read without spectacles when in her 101st year.

The family have been
remarkable for longevity. Her son Joseph Hutchinson lived on the place
where
William R. Hutchinson now lives. I well recollect the old gentleman
myself. He
was a very exemplary and pious man and between 1780 and 1790 was one of
a very
small class of society in Milford.

The history of the old Hutchinson family is
identified with the early history of Methodism in this part of the
country.  William Hutchinson, another son
of Ann, had four sons, all of whom turned out to be Methodist preachers

Ezekiel, Robert, Sylvester and Aaron Hutchinson.”

 

 

Select
Hutchinson Names

Anne Hutchinson was an important
Puritan spiritual leader of early New England, later banished for
her
beliefs to Rhode Island.
Francis Hutcheson, born in Ulster, is
considered
one
of the philosophical founding fathers of the 18th century Scottish
Enlightenment
.
William Hutchinson, a mariner and
marine inventor
based in Liverpool, helped
establish the world’s first lifeboat station at Formby in
Lancashire in the late 1700’s.
The Hutchinson Family Singers were
an American family singing group from New Hampshire who became the
most popular
American
entertainers in the 1840’s.

Charles Hutchinson
was a prominent
Chicago business leader best remembered today as the founding president
of the
Art Institute of Chicago in the early 1900’s
.

Select Hutchinson Numbers Today

  • 41,000 in the UK (most numerous
    in Yorkshire)
  • 28,000 in America (most numerous in Texas)
  • 28,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Canada)

 

 

 

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