Jellicoe Surname Genealogy
originally a nickname. One possible
origin was gentilcorps, which
translates as “handsome body.”
Gentilcorps did in fact appear at an early time as a surname. Another possibility is that the name was a
combination of jolif meaning “jolly”
or “spirited” and the suffix cocc or
cock and described a young lad who strutted about like a cock. From Jolif-cock came Jellicoe.
Jellicoe Resources on
- Admiral John Jellicoe
Jellicoe surname is not that common.
There were only 300 Jellicoes recorded in the 1911 English
main numbers have been in Cheshire. Some
early spellings of the name there were as follows:
will of James Jelicoe,
yeoman, which was recorded at Chester in 1648
Jolycoe who was a blacksmith
at Great Barrow near Chester in 1667
Mark Jelicour who lived at Handbridge
near Chester in 1678.
Jellicoe was a cordwainer, Charles Jellicoe a
baker, and John Jellicoe a shoemaker in Chester in the early
1700’s. Jellicoes at
Neston date from the later 1700’s. The
county of Cheshire in fact accounted for about 40% of all Jellicoes in
England in the
late 19th century.
Shropshire. Jellicoes in Albrighton, Shropshire date from the
early 1700’s. It was recorded in 1755
that a marriage was intended between Thomas Jellicoe and Sarah
Jellicorse. One branch moved to London
Jellicoe was an upholsterer on Fleet Street.
The Morning Chronicle reported
in 1775: “Two
footpads stopped Mrs. Jellicoe of Fleet Street in a post-chaise at the
Grays Inn Lane and robbed her of her money.”
Hampshire. The best-known Jellicoe
– Sir John Jellicoe who commanded the British fleet at the Battle of
1916 – came from Hampshire. His father
John Henry Jellicoe, born in 1825, had been a captain of the Royal Mail
Packet company that operated out of Southampton. His
son George who succeeded him to the
earldom had an adventurous life.
World War hero, Foreign Office high-flyer, Conservative politician and
chip businessman. But though he was born
into the high life (George V was his godfather), it was his brief
with the low life that caused him to resign from government following a
call-girl scandal in 1973. His fall from
grace was inextricably linked in the public’s mind with the
scandal involving his fellow minister Antony Lambton.”
Thomas Jellicoe, a rector
at Chailey in Sussex, was a cousin of Sir John Jellicoe.
His son Basil was founder of the St. Pancras
Housing Association in London and of similar associations elsewhere. He toured the country in his small car
fundraising for these projects.
Ireland. The Jellicoe name cropped up
in Ireland. John Jellicoe, a flour miller,
in Griffith’s Valuation in Clara,
Offaly. His wife Anne was
prominent educationalist best known for the
founding of Alexandria College in Dublin.
John F. Jellico, who won a silver medal in sailing in the 1908 London
Olympics, was born in Limerick, the son of Nicholas and Catherine
Jellico. This line probably went back to
Jellico, a shoemaker in Limerick in the 1760’s.
America. In Tennessee the name Jellico
is a regional
corruption of angelica, a herb that grows in abundance in the mountains
state and gave its name to the Jellico mountains and the city of
Sir John Jellicoe, later 1st Earl Jellicoe, commanded the British
fleet against Germany at the Battle of Jutland in 1916 during World War
Geoffrey Jellicoe who died in 1996 was considered the best-known
landscape architect of his generation.
Select Jellicoes Today
- 500 in the UK (most numerous
- 200 elsewhere (most numerous in Canada)
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