Keller Surname Meaning, History & Origin

Select Keller Meaning
Keller
is a German surname,
found primarily in
Switzerland and southern Germany, meaning “cellar” or “basement.” It is an occupational name
for
the steward who oversaw the stores and accounts in a large household
.

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Keller Resources on
The
Internet

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Keller Ancestry

The
Keller name seems to have
originated in Switzerland. The story
goes that many Swiss came down from the mountains at the time of the
Black
Death in the 14th century and made their home in the Rhineland part of
Bavaria,
with the Kellers bringing their name with them.
Baron
Burkhart Keller

was a
legendary figure who lived at Castle Hohenbaden near Baden Baden in
Germany
sometime in the 15th century.

Today the
Keller name numbers some 40,000 in Switzerland and is mainly found in
the
western part of the country. There are a
further 70,000 in Germany, again in the west in Baden
Wurttemburg and
Rheinland Pfalz.

Ireland. Keller may also be an Irish
name, derived
from the Gaelic O’Ceileachair
sept found in Cork and Kerry. The
anglicized version was more commonly
Kelleher, but Cornelius Keller, a Cork city alderman in the 1850’s, was
said to
have come from a junior branch of this family.

Matthew Keller left Cork for Texas and the
American West in the 1830’s; while George
Keller
departed Cork for New York and Hartford, Connecticut in
1852. Meanwhile some of the descendants of
Robert
Killough who had left Ulster for Pennsylvania in the 1730’s adopted the
Keller
spelling after they had moved to Maine later in the 1700’s.

America. The
Keller arrivals in America may be described as having come in two waves.

The
first, the result of either escaping religious persecution or the
military
draft, came in the 18th century and they headed for Pennsylvania.
The second, coming in the 19th century, was more for economic
opportunity and they spread across the country.

18th Century Arrivals. Kellers came
from small towns and villages in
the Rhine Palatine region such as Lettweiler, Weierbach, Zweibrucken
and
Kippenheim, and also from Switzerland.
These Kellers have been the subject of a number of books.

The earliest was probably the History of the Keller Family
written by
the Rev. Eli Keller in 1905. Joseph
Keller was the forebear of this family.
He arrived from the Rhine Palatine in 1737 and made his home in
Plainfield township in Northampton county, then on the western frontier. In 1757 this Keller family was raided by Indians,
with the
loss of
their eldest child and the abduction of other members of the family.

More recent books have been The Genealogy of the Keller
Family
by
Linda Schillinger in 2006 and The Keller
Family
by Darel Keller in 2008. The
former book traced the family of Swiss-born Martin Keller who settled
in
Lancaster county, Pennsylvania in the 1730’s; the latter that of
Anthony Keller
from Lettweiler in the Rhine Palatine who arrived in 1740 and settled
first in
Pennsylvania and later in North Carolina.

Conrad Keller came to Lancaster
county from Switzerland in 1735. His
line led to David Keller who migrated south to Alabama in the 1820’s. David’s
son Arthur built the family homestead Ivy Green in
Tuscumbia, Alabama after the Civil War. It
was there in 1880 that the famous Helen
Keller
, now honored across the land, was born.

Other early arrivals were:

  • Jacob
    Keller from the
    Basel canton in Switzerland who came in the late 1720’s and also
    settled in
    Lancaster county. He was a member of the
    German Baptist church and died there in 1794 at the good age of 88.
  • and
    Heinrich
    Keller from Weierbach in Baden who came in 1738 and made his home in
    Bedminster
    township, Bucks county. He helped found
    Kellers’ Church there in 1746. All three of his sons fought in the
    Revolutionary War
    .

Kellers
also came to the Shenandoah valley in Virginia:

  • George
    Keller moved to the Germanic
    settlement there from Lancaster county in 1750. His
    original homestead stood until 1864 when
    it was burnt down during the Civil War. The
    house that still stands was built by George’s son Henry
    in the early
    1800’s and there is also there today a Keller mill and a Keller store. Kellers have remained in the area.
  • while Abraham Keller was first recorded in
    Shenandoah county in 1758. He was a
    carpenter and builder by trade. His son
    Isaac was killed chasing Indians in 1786. His
    other three sons migrated to Kentucky and Indiana.

Jean
Pierre Keller was among
a group of Alsatian colonists from France who arrived in Louisiana in
1759. He drowned in the Mississippi river,
apparently on his way to New Orleans, in 1789.
However, his family continued and has remained an influential
family in
Louisiana to this day. Charles and Rosa
Keller founded the Keller Family Foundation in New Orleans in 1949.


19th Century Arrivals.

The
following is a sampling of the Kellers who arrived in the 19th century:

  • John
    Keller came to Ohio from Germany in the 1840’s. His son John Henry headed west
    and
    bought a large cattle ranch on the outskirts of Concord, California in
    1871. The Kellers became civic leaders in
    the Concord community.
  • Frank
    Keller arrived in Naperville, Illinois from Bavaria
    around the year 1850. The Kellers have
    been farming there or in neighboring Oswego since that time.
  • while
    William
    Keller came to Indianapolis from Darmstadt in the 1880’s.
    He found work there with the Indianapolis
    Brewing Company

Keller
could also be Jewish
in America. Jacob Keller was a rabbi from
Hanover who
came to Lexington, Missouri in 1826.
William and Johanna Keller were Jews from Hungary who reached
Eau Claire
in Wisconsin in 1883.

Canada. A
large Keller contingent came over to Canada from upstate New York at
the
conclusion of the Revolutionary War. Frederick
Keller
, an Empire Loyalist, had served with the King’s Rangers
during the
war and moved with his family to Fredericksburg township in Lennox
Addington
county, Ontario. He was married four
times and was the father of 24 children, all but one of them born in
Canada. Frederick was the descendant of
Kellers from the Rhine Palatine who had come to a camp along the Hudson
river
around the year 1700.

Another Keller
family had departed the Rhine Palatine in 1810 for a German settlement
in the
Ukraine, then part of the Russian empire, and then, approximately a
hundred
years later, to another German community in Saskatchewan.
It was curious that their home-town in
Germany was called Rastatt, their home in Ukraine Rastadt, and their
home in
Saskatchewan Rastadt.

Conrad Keller was
Swiss and came to Saskatchewan In 1912, married and made his home in
Rockglen. John Keller, Jewish from
Poland, was also in Saskatchewan by 1912.

 

Select
Keller Miscellany

Baron Burkhart Keller’s Vision.  According to the legend Baron Burkhart Keller was a knight who lived in the Castle
Hohenbaden near the Baden Baden spa town in Rhineland Germany.  His fiancée Clara von Tiefenau lived in the
nearby town of Kupperheim and Keller would often wander through the
woods to
her, either early in the morning or late at night.

It happened one night that as
he passed through the woods that he saw a lovely lady sitting beneath
the
trees, with her face only covered by the thinnest of veils.  He was spellbound by her beauty.
At length he stretched out his hand as if to
touch her and she vanished from his view like the dew from a flower.

When Keller
returned to the castle he described his vision to an old park warden.  This warden explained that the place where he
had seen his vision had once been an old heathen temple.
Nymphs and other bewitching apparitions might
often be seen there.  No sane person
should ever venture there, particularly love-sick people like our young
knight.

Yet Keller could not forget.   He
returned to dig up the land and found an altar which had been dedicated
to the
Nymph of the Forest and, further down, an exquisitely chiseled statue
in
marble.

He returned the next day to see the statue and, to his surprise, he
again beheld the lovely lady he had seen in moonlight.
This time she greeted him kindly and with
sweet smiles.  As she listened to his
burning words of love and devotion she clasped him to her arms.

Alas, that was
to be his end.  His horse returned to the
castle without his rider and the next morning his dead body was found
at the foot
of the altar.  The marble statue was
gone.

Keller’s brother destroyed the altar and built a cross, the
Kellerkreuz, in
its place.  Kellerkreuz now stands in KellerBild
commemorating the
legend.  It is a popular destination for hikers.

The Indian Attack in Plainfield, Pennsylvania.  It was a late summer day in 1757 in Plainfield township, Pennsylvania and the Kellers were out in the
fields when the Indians swooped.  They
captured the mother and two of her sons, Joseph
and John Jacob.  The Indians hurried
their captives along the Blue Mountains and made their camp in what is
now
Cherry valley.  To her horror the mother
saw and recognized the scalp of her oldest son Christian as it was
being dried
by the fire.

The
captives were forced to journey three hundred miles to Montreal
in Canada where the mother was sold to some French officers.   She was there for three long years.  But after the French defeat against the
British in 1760, all the prisoners held by the French in Montreal were
released
and Mrs. Keller, to the great joy of her husband, made it home.

Father
Keller
wrote in the family Bible:

“Meine
Frau is zuruckgekommen 1760 den 20
October, aber von meinen Kinder habe ich noch nichts gehort.” (My wife
came back
October 20, 1760, but of my children I have as yet heard).

The
family mourned
the loss of their sons.  As the months
and years passed their hopes grew fainter and fainter of ever seeing
Joseph and
John Jacob who had been carried off with their mother.

However,
about five years after the mother’s
return a young man with all the appearance of an Indian, came to the
Keller
home.  It proved to be Joseph.
He had been enticed to stay with the Indians
under the promise of receiving a gun to hunt.
His eight years among the Indians gave him great skill as a
hunter and
marksman.  But John Jacob, the other boy
captured by the Indians, never returned from captivity.
He had been just three at the time of the
raid.

Kellers in the Revolutionary War.  During the Revolutionary War Colonel John Keller, the
son of immigrant Heinrich Keller, was one of the most prominent men of
his
nationality in Bucks county, Pennsylvania.  He was a member of
colonial assembly
in 1776 and in the same year a delegate to the first Constitutional
Convention.

At
the organization of the Bucks county militia that year, he was
commissioned as
the lieutenant-colonel of the Third Battalion and in 1780 was assigned
the
command of the Second Battalion.  His Battalion was in active
service during the
greater part of the war.

His brothers Henry and Christopher were also in the
service.   Henry was a captain under
Colonel Keller in the Battle of Long Island; while Christopher was an
ensign there
in the Fourth Battalion.

Frederick Keller’s Recorded Losses.  At the
conclusion of the Revolutionary War, Frederick Keller sought
compensation from
the British Government for the losses that he had incurred in having to
leave
America for Canada.  He appeared before a
British field office, probably in 1785, and made the following
declaration
under oath:

“Amount
of losses of Frederick Keller of Major Rogers’ Rangers.One
horse and one cow
One
sheep
Flax
(?) of half bushel sowing
One
acre planting of
Indian corn
Five
bushels of potatoes planted
One
firestick
Five
tongs and
shovels. The
contents of this being formerly given at two different times in
1783 and 1784 and the copy thereof being accidentally lost, I cannot
get down
the price of the several articles herein.”

George Keller – from Cork City to Hartford, Connecticut.  During the 1840’s, famine ravaged Ireland and Thomas Keller and his wife
decided, as did many others at the time, to depart for a new life in
America.  They left for New York in
1850.  However, they could not afford
passages for all of their children and they asked that two of their
sons, George and
John, remain behind in Cork with relatives until they could accumulate
the
necessary funds.

Two years later George and John did join their family in New
York.  And George made good in the new
country.  After a brief stint as an
engineer at the Brooklyn Naval Yard, he accepted the invitation of a
Hartford
entrepreneur, J.G. Batterson, to join his architectural firm as a
designer.  Hartford would be his home for
the rest of his life.

His crowning achievement as an architect was the design of
the Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Arch monument
in honor of the soldiers and sailors from the
city who had fought and died in the Civil War.
This monument was completed in the 1880’s.

In what was possibly a
lingering effect of the horrific scenes of death witnessed as a boy
during the
famine in Ireland, Keller’s wife once noted that he possessed a great
horror of
cemeteries.  This aversion led Keller to conclude that in death,
he would like
his remains to reside outside of a traditional burial plot.  Recognized as his favorite of the many public
structures that he had designed, the arch was chosen as the depository
for
Keller’s earthly remains.  Keller died in
1935.  Behind an unassuming iron door in the east tower were
interned the
ashes of both Keller and his wife.

Helen Keller in Her Formative Years.  Helen Adams
was born in West Tuscumbia, Alabama in 1880.
She had Swiss ancestry. In fact one
of Helen’s Swiss ancestors had been the first teacher for the deaf in
Zurich.

She
was born with the ability to see and hear.  But
at 19 months old she contracted an
illness, possibly scarlet fever, which left her both deaf and blind.  At that time she was able to communicate
somewhat by signs with the daughter of the family cook.
By the age of seven Keller had more than 60
home signs to
communicate with
her family.

Her
mother then invited Anne Sullivan from the Perkins School of the
Blind, herself visually impaired, to come to their home to be Helen’s
instructor.  It was the beginning of a
49-year-long relationship during which Sullivan evolved into Keller’s
governor and eventually
her companion.

Anne
Sullivan began to teach Helen to communicate by spelling words into her
hand,
beginning with “d-o-l-l” for the doll that she had brought Keller as
a present.  Keller was frustrated at
first because she did not understand that every object had a word
uniquely
identifying it.  Her big breakthrough
came when she realized that the motions her teacher was making on the
palm of
her hand, while running cool water over her other hand, symbolized the
idea of
“water.”  She then nearly
exhausted Sullivan demanding the names of all the other familiar
objects in her
world.

Determined
to communicate with others as conventionally as possible,
Keller learned to speak.  She later spent
much of her life giving speeches and lectures.
She had learnt to “hear” people’s speech by reading their lips
with her hands, her sense of touch had become extremely subtle. She
became
proficient at using braille and
reading sign language with
her
hands as well.

Her
progress was such that she was able to attend Ratcliffe
College in 1900 as a student.  By this
time she had gained influential admirers such as the writer Mark Twain
and the
Standard Oil magnate H.H. Rogers.  She
went on to become a world-famous speaker and writer.

Today
Helen’s birthplace in
West Tuscumbia is a museum and
sponsors an annual “Helen Keller Day” on June 27, her birthday.

 

Select
Keller Names

  • Louis Keller was a 19th century American social arbiter
    of high society
    and
    the first publisher of the Social Register
  • Helen Keller from Alabama, despite being deaf and
    blind, overcame her afflictions to
    blossom as a writer, political activist and lecturer. 
  • George Keller was the Chairman of Socal who oversaw its merger with Gulf Oil to form Chevron in 1984. His son Bill Keller has been the Executive Editor of the New York Times.

Select Keller Numbers Today

  • 38,000 in America (most numerous in Pennsylvania)
  • 8,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Canada)

 

Select Keller and Like Surnames 

The first wave of German immigration into America came in the early 1700’s from the Rhine Palatine and Switzerland.  They were fleeing religious persecution at home.  Most ended up in Pennsylvania, bringing their Mennonite church with them.  Some went to the Mohawk Valley in upstate New York.  Their Germanic names often changed under English rule to English-style names.  Thus Fischer became Fisher, Schneider Snyder, Hubner Hoover and so forth.

The reasons for immigration were different in the 19th century – in search of a better life, sometimes to avoid the draft.  They came from all German states and went not just to Pennsylvania but all over as the middle and west of the country was opening up.  And they brought German skills with them, notably beer-making.

Here are some of the notable German surnames in America that you can check out.

AckermanHoffmanLangSpringer
AstorHooverNewmanStern
BergerKaiserSchaeferStrauss
BuckKellerSchlesingerWagner
EversKlingerSchultzWolf
FisherKrugerSnyderZimmerman

 

 

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