Kendall Surname Meaning, History & Origin
Kendall surname from the Lake District comes from the Kendal
place-name in Westmoreland. Kendal was called Kircabikendala or
Kirkby Kendal at the time of the Domesday Book and meant “village with
a church in the valley of the river Ken.” The surname Kendall
would denote someone who came from Kendal.
anglicized form of the Welsh name Cynddelw (meaning “exalted effigy”),
born by a famous 12th century Welsh poet.
- The Kendall Family of Pelyn
Kendalls in Cornwall.
- The Kendall Family in America
Family genealogy by Charles E. Kendall of Vancouver.
- Kendall DNA Project
place-name Kendal in Westmorland gave rise to Hugh de Kendall, a
judge recorded there in 1265. Richard de
Kendal, a local schoolmaster and well-known grammarian, lived in the
century. Probably related to him was John Kendal, a supporter of
and, like him, killed at the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485.
The Kendal or
Kendall surname is still found in the area, mainly in the Appleby
vicinity. There are more Kendalls
further south in Barrow-in-Furness and around Lancaster.
William Kendall, a Victorian civil engineer
and local nature enthusiast, came from Barrow. Kendalls
in Yorkshire may have originated
from the Kendale place-name near Driffield.
There were Kendalls in Ripon in the 1500’s and later in Durham.
Cornwall. Kendalls here date from the mid-14th century.
John Kendall was mayor of Lostwithiel in 1377.
There was a long-standing Kendall
estate at Pelyn near
Lostwithiel which lasted for over 400 years. Edward
Kendall was a naval officer who worked with John
Franklin in Canadian Arctic exploration during the 1820's.
Elsewhere. There were the Kendalls
at Smithsby in Derbyshire, starting with Bartholomew Kendall in the early 15th century, who later took possession of the
Austrey manor in Warwickshire. Their
family history was covered in H.J.B. Kendall's 1909 book
The Kendalls of Austrey, Twycross and Smithsby.
manor house at Smithsby still remains, although now a hotel. The adjacent church contains a memorial to
Henry Kendall, his wife and 16 children, dated 1627."
By the 19th century the
largest numbers of Kendalls were in Lancashire and Yorkshire.
America. Francis and
Thomas Kendall came to Woburn and Reading, Massachusetts around the
year 1640. The male descent is all from Francis as Thomas Kendall
and his wife Rebecca had ten daughters and no sons.
Later Kendalls moved to Dunstable in the 1720’s and became prominent
there. They also owned the tavern where elections
and town meetings were held and were very active in mobilizing
sentiment prior to the Revolutionary War.
From Francis's line came Deacon Jacob Kendall, a soldier during the
Revolutionary War, who later settled in Mount Vernon, New Hampshire. His son George Kendall made his name in Louisiana and Texas. Amos Kendall migrated
west to Kentucky and rose to prominence as a
journalist there with the Argus of
Western America. Others moved north to Vermont and Canada.
Canada. Isaac Kendall
migrated north from Vermont to Buckingham, Quebec in the early
1800’s. Oren Kendall was born in Beebe Plain in 1817.
wonderfully active man. He held the pole-vaulting championship of
his country when he was 60 years of age. He had married his
second wife at the age of 54.”
A later Isaac Kendall, born a generation later, was considered to be one of the greatest sawmill designers and builders in America.
Australia and New Zealand. Thomas Kendall, a
volunteered for missionary work and went out to Sydney in 1809. He departed for New Zealand five years later,
making friends with the Maoris and learning their language well enough
a primer in pidgin Maori. Later he owned
a small vessel in the timber trade but perished when the vessel was
Sydney in 1832. His son Basil and
grandson Henry grew up in Australia. Henry
Kendall has been called Australia’s first poet.
John Kendal, Secretary to Richard III. John Kendal is believed to have been born in Appleby, Westmorland. Little was known about him until the early 1480’s when he was designated ‘servant’ or secretary to Richard, Duke of Gloucester, in a grant of 30 May 1483.
Richard became Richard III and he became the King’s secretary.
His loyalty was then further rewarded by being made assayer of the mint, keeper of the palace of Havering-atte-Bower in Essex, ranger of the Forest of Dean, and a keeper of the prince’s wardrobe. He acquired land in York and became the first to receive the honorary freedom of the city of York.
Kendall accompanied Richard in 1485 on his northern progress and fell with the King at the Battle of Bosworth Field. He was attainted at a traitor in the first parliament of Henry VII and his lands were confiscated.
Kendalls in Pelyn, Cornwall. The Kendalls in Cornwall were originally to be found at Treworgy in Duloe. Richard Kendall de Treworgy was sheriff of Cornwall in 1385. However, this line became extinct in the early 1600’s. It was from a junior line beginning with Walter de Treworgy, a third son, that the Pelyn line began.
Pelyn was a woodland estate west of Lostwithiel in Cornwall owned by the Kendall family for over 400 years. The Grade II house, built in 1601 with subsequent 18th century and Victorian additions, was home to this local gentry family which has produced many MPs, lawyers and clergy over the years.
The Kendalls had Royalist sympathies during the Civil War. Colonel Nicholas Kendall led a troop of the King’s men into Bodmin where they succeeded in routing a band of Parliamentarian troopers who were raiding the county capital. A short time later he lost his life in the siege of Bristol.
Plaques to the family can be found in the nearby Lanlivery church:
And also in memory of Joan Kendall, relict of the said Walter Kendall. She was married to the said Walter the 17th day of July 1650 and erected this monument in the 70th year of her age on the 12th day of July 1703, desiring she may be buried
in the grave of Embline Kendall, mother of her deceased husband;
By the side of the said Walter Kendall lies interred Nicholas Kendall, son of the Rev. Canon Kendall who died the 7th of October 1702.
To think of death and duly to prepare for its approach should be your chiefest care.”
The last of the line was Nicholas Kendall who was buried in Lanlivery church in 1994.
Thomas Kendall of Reading, Massachusetts and His Ten Daughters. Francis Kendall remembered in his will the eight children of his brother Thomas – one of the first settlers of Reading and a deacon of the church there – who were living when he, his said brother died. It seems that this brother of Francis Kendall of Woburn, Deacon Thomas Kendall of Reading and Rebecca his wife had had ten daughters, but no son that lived.
These daughters, in order to preserve their
maiden name Kendall among their posterity, directed each of them, when married,
that her first born son should have the given name, Kendall, prefixed to his surname. Thus Kendall Peirson, Kendall
Boutwell, Kendall Eaton, Kendall Briant etc.
This gave occasion to the following lines
respecting these daughters in a poem written by Lillie Eaton of South Reading
and published upon the 200th anniversary of the founding of Reading. In mentioning the venerable matron, their
mother, he observed:
‘She had ten
daughters; and each one,
When married, christened her first son Kendall;
thus we may infer
Why ’tis these names so oft occur.”
George Kendall, War Correspondent and Rancher. George Wilkins
Kendall, born in Mont Vernon, New Hampshire, in 1809, learned the
trade with Horace Greeley while still a boy and used this as a means of
his livelihood. Kendall co-founded the New
Orleans Picayune newspaper in Louisiana in 1837. Through
Kendall provided readers with accounts of his travels.
Kendall joined an expedition
from Austin, Texas, to Santa Fe, New Mexico, that claimed to be
new trade routes in the west. However, the party was captured by
officials and forced to march to Mexico City where the members of the
expedition would spend the next two years in prison. The
of the Texan Santa Fe Expedition Comprising a Description of a Tour
Texas was based on Kendall’s experiences during this time.
War between the
United States and Mexico was declared in 1846 and Kendall sent news
front lines back to the New Orleans
Picayune. Kendall attached himself, at various times, to the
under Ben McCullough and was the first known war correspondent.
His 1851 manuscript
The War Between the United States and
Mexico Illustrated was an account of his experiences during this
traveling extensively in Europe and living in Paris, where he met his
Adeline de Valcourt, he and his family moved back to the United States;
to New Orleans, where the family only spent one year, and later to
Texas where Kendall would take up sheep ranching and introduce Merinos
the region. He died at his ranch in Boerne in 1867.
Isaac Kendall – from Vermont to Canada. Charles Edmund
Kendall recounted in later life the travails of his grandfather Isaac
Newton Kendall came from Vermont
into Canada while the War of 1812 was on. Vermont
people were strongly antagonistic to the war against Canada, but Isaac
have nothing to do with it.
mother used to tell me of the difficulties
he experienced through the antagonism of Canadians against a “damn
Mountain Yankee” as they called him. He, however, paid no attention to
except that once or twice he soundly thrashed men who were inclined to
beyond all bounds of insult, after which he became known as a man that
well to leave alone.
was of medium
heavy build, stood about 5 ft. 10 in. in his bare feet and weighed
pounds. He was used to the hard labor of the pioneer. Mother
used to tell of the early days at
Buckingham – how grandfather used to haul a load of grain to the Basin
team, load the grain into a canoe and paddle 30 miles to Bytown where
a grist mill at Rideau Falls, get his grain ground and paddle back to
with his flour. On these trips he worked and travelled night and
rest or sleep on the round trip.“
Henry Kendall’s The Muse of Australia. Henry
Kendall has been called Australia’s first poet. This
is his The Muse of Australia.
And the torrent leaps down to the surges,
And a hand with the Harp of Australia?
I never can reach you, to hear the sweet voice
A lyre-bird lit on a shimmering space;
It dazzled mine eyes and I turned from the place,
And wept in the dark for a glorious face,
- Richard de Kendal were a Westmorland schoolmaster and renowned grammarian of the 15th century.
- Thomas Kendall was an early English missionary to New Zealand. His grandson Henry Kendall was an Australian bush poet.
- George Kendall covered the 1836 war
between the US and Mexico and is believed to be the first newspaper war correspondent.
- Kay Kendall was an English film actress, married to the actor Rex Harrison, who died in 1959 of
leukaemia at the young age of 32.
- Felicity Kendal is an English theater and TV actress. Her father adopted the Kendal surname from the town of his birth.
Select Kendall Numbers Today
- 13,000 in the UK (most numerous
- 10,000 in America (most numerous in California)
- 12,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Canada)
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