Landry Surname Genealogy
a name is Germanic in meaning – from land
meaning “land” or “fatherland” and ric
meaning “powerful” or “rich”. But it was to be found in France
times. Saint Landry was recorded as the Bishop of Seez as early
as 450 AD and that
were two more saints later on with the same name.
popular as a male given name in France in medieval times.
Landry also emerged as a surname – although it
has not been that common in France.
Landry Resources on
- Landrys of Acadia
Landry Acadian history.
- Landrys of Old Acadia
Landry Acadian history.
- Landry Lines in North America
- Landry DNA Project
records some French Landrys,
that many. The Landrys today in France
amount to less than 5,000. The name did
appear in villages around Loudon in Poitou in the mid-17th century. This area was the place of origin for a
significant number of the Acadians, one of the early founding people of
France in Canada.
forefather of the Landrys in Acadia – René l’aine or René le jeune?
Many investigators have
named René Landry the elder
(René l’aine), a native of La Chaussée near Loudun.
He arrived in Acadia around 1640 and married
Perrine Bourg there. But a stronger case
has been made for René Landry the younger (René le jeune).
He came with his wife Marie Bernard around
the year 1659. Landry descents in Acadia
have usually started with this René rather than with René l’aine.
the initial arrivals into Port Royal, the Landry numbers expanded,
being mainly centered after 1690 around Grand
Pisguit in present-day Nova Scotia.
But they – like other Acadians – were subject to the British
in 1755. Some 3,000 Acadians were rounded
up into ships
and deported – a considerable number to Massachusetts, Maryland, South
Carolina and Georgia, many to France,
what was then French Louisiana.
New Brunswick. A
few Landrys managed to remain in New Brunswick.
the spring of
1756 Alexis Landry – along with other Acadians – decided to go north to
Miramichi river, hoping to escape from British raids and to make a
hunting and fishing. They went through a terrible winter of war,
pestilence. More than 350 Acadians
perished, including five of Alexis’s own children.
It seems that in the spring of 1757 Alexis
was able to make his way to Caraquet on the Baie de Chaleurs with a few
Landry’s family was among those that were granted lands there on
the northeast coast by the New Brunswick Government in 1784.
The village of
Memramcook on the southeast coast survived the English deportations and
subsequently became an important center for Acadian culture. René
Madeleine Landry arrived there in the 1760’s and Landrys were prominent
community from that time. Amand Landry
and his son Pierre-Amand represented Westmorland county in the
Assembly of New Brunswick for a long period of time – from the 1840’s
In 1916 Pierre-Amand Landry became the first Acadian to be knighted.
nearby has the Julien
Landry house, a wood-frame house that was built around 1875 and is
an Acadian famer’s house of that time.
His son Patrick built a flour mill and a sawmill there; while
grandson Joseph started a lobster processing plant in 1948 and later
Quebec. Some of the
Landrys in Massachusetts were able to return to French Quebec around
the year 1767. Five Landry families from there ended up along the
Yamachiche river in Quebec; while
Landry and his family had settled nearby at l’Assomption. Their
to Bernard Landry, born in 1937, who became Premier of Quebec in 2001.
America. A sizeable number of
exiled Landrys had reached
Louisiana during the 1760’s. Olivier Landry arrived via
It seems that the bulk of these early Landrys came from Maryland
a large number had initially been exiled.
At least nine families arrived from there in 1767 and five more
following year. All of them eventually
settled in present-day Ascension and Iberville parishes.
genealogical interest here has been Firmin Landry, whose ancestry would
connect him back to René Landry
jeune. He had migrated by 1670 into the
Teche country of the Attakapas. Many of
his descendants remained in the Teche area.
One of the most distinguished lines
stemming from the Maryland exiles was that of Joseph Landry:
- his son Joseph was named commandant of
Acadians of Ascension parish. He developed
a large indigo plantation at New Hope above Donaldsonville and his six
became sugar planters there in antebellum days.
- one of these sons Jean-Trasimond was
Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana in
1845 and by 1860 had become the leading slaveholder in the state.
The Civil War
and its aftermath saw the financial ruin of wealthy families such as
Landrys. Many of their descendants
have remained in Ascension and adjacent parishes.
Pierre C. Landry, born a slave in Ascension parish in 1841, managed to
better himself. He became a Methodist minister, a local mayor,
and served as a
Louisiana state senator in 1874.
of Tom Landry,
the football coach of the Dallas Cowboys, is
Acadian, but not via Louisiana. His line
ran through Quebec, Manitoba, Illinois, and finally to Mission, Texas
was born in 1924.
If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for
further stories and accounts:
(René le jeune) seems to have been the forefather of
the Acadian Landrys in Canada and Louisiana.
Pierre C. Landry was
the first African American to be a mayor in America, having been
elected to that position in Donaldsonville, Louisiana in 1868.
was a much-acclaimed
American football coach. He coached the
Dallas Cowboys for twenty-nine years. He
led the Cowboys to a record five Super Bowl appearances in the nine
1970 and 1978.
of the Parti Quebecois, served as the Premier
of Quebec from 2001 to 2003.
Select Landrys Today
- 15,000 in America (most numerous in Louisiana)
- 43,000 elsewhere (almost all in Canada)
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