Lang

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Lang Surname Genealogy

Lang or Lange, the meaning is the same.
The derivation is the pre-7th century word lang meaning
“long” or
“tall” found in Old German, Dutch, Danish, English and Scots. Its use as a surname probably followed the
name being used as a nickname for a tall person
.

The Lang spelling has
occurred in southern Germany, Austria, Switzerland and Hungary, as well
as in
Scotland (where the spelling can also be Laing); while Lange has been
the
version in northern Germany and Scandinavia.
Long developed as the surname in England
.
Lang can also be a Chinese surname. Here the origin is
the
place-name Lang City in the ancient state of Lu adopted by the grandson
and
subsequent descendants of its ruler. Lang was also
adopted as a surname because it was a homophone for the Chinese word
for wolf.

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Lang Resources on
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Lang Ancestry

Langs and Langes number some 180,000 in Germany today. There are a further 30,000 Langs in other
German-speaking countries such as Switzerland, Austria and Hungary. Langes meanwhile total around 15,000 in
Scandinavia. There is also a smattering
in Belgium and Poland.

Most of the Langs
and Langes who came to America originated from Germany.
Some were from Scandinavia and a few from
Russia but, like Otto and Susanna
Lange
,
were from a German-speaking part of Russia.

England. There were early evidences of
Lang as a
surname in England. The name Aetheric
Langa appeared in Northamptonshire in 972; while Leofwine Lange
was
recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles in 1070.
But the pronunciation and spelling soon
became Long in most parts of the country.

The exception has been Devon where Lang as a surname first appeared in
the 14th century and has prevailed.
However, some have suggested that Lang here might have come from
the
place-name Langdon in south Devon.

Other Langs or Laings in England will generally be of Scots
descent. David Laing, for instance, moved from Scotland to
Cumberland in 1800. His descendants developed the John Laing
construction company in Carlisle. It remaine family-held through
six generations before its sale in 2006.


Scotland. Here the pattern was
the other way.
Early
documents showed Longus and Long spellings. But then the surnames
became Lang and Laing.

Laings outnumber Langs in Scotland by about
three to two. Laing has been found
principally
along the east coast, from Edinburgh up to the Highlands and Orkney:

  • a Laing
    family first found near Edinburgh
    included John Laing, the Bishop of Glasgow in 1474.
    John Laing built Redhouse Castle near
    Edinburgh in the 1590’s.
  • Laings were also
    prominent in the Highlands by this time.
  • and the
    early 17th century saw many Laings move to Orkney.
    Later Laings from here included Malcolm
    Laing, a Scottish historian of the early 1800’s, and Alexander Laing,
    the
    explorer who discovered Timbuktu in 1826 and then was murdered by his
    guides.

The
Lang name has been more concentrated in the
Lowlands in Renfrewshire and Lanarkshire.
Langs have had a long connection with the town of Paisley in
Renfrewshire ever since its founding in 1488.




Ireland.
As an Irish surname
Lang is thought to have originated from the Gaelic surname O’Longain. The main numbers
have been in Sligo, notably in Ballysadare parish.
Lang has also cropped up in Armagh and
elsewhere in Ulster.

America. There were some
early Lang and Laing arrivals from England and Scotland:

  • Robert
    Lang from Devon was first recorded in Portsmouth in 1673 as a fisherman
    on the
    Isles of Shoals off the coast of New Hampshire. These
    Langs were recorded through five generations nearby at
    Sagamore
    Creek in H.P. Moore’s 1935 book A
    Genealogy of the Lang Family
    .
  • while John Laing was a Quaker from Aberdeen who came with
    other Scottish Quakers to Plainfield, New Jersey in 1685. The
    Laing House of this Plainfield plantation still stands and has been
    listed as a historic house.

The
Langs of Camden county, Georgia descended from the Sagamore Creek Langs. Isaac Lang was the first of the family to
move there, in the early 1790’s, and his descendants remained prominent
in
county affairs for the next hundred years.
His son William Lang
established
a plantation there in 1820. David Lang,
the
son of William’s brother Robert, was a Confederate officer during the
Civil War
and later a Florida politician.


Pennsylvania. The
largest number of Lang immigrants to America was from German-speaking
lands. They began arriving into
Pennsylvania in the early 1700's as religious refugees.
These early Langs, however, generally
anglicized their names to Long:

  • this was
    the case with Christian Lang who arrived from the Palatine in 1718 and
    Johannes
    Lang from Hesse in 1722. Both settled
    with their families as Longs in Lancaster county.
  • George Lang meanwhile
    arrived
    in Philadelphia in 1751. He settled in
    North Carolina in 1765 as George Long.

Some did remain Lang, such as the descendants of the
Revolutionary
War veteran George Lang who was born in Bucks county in 1761. A number of his grandchildren fought as Langs
in the Civil War. However, these Langs
were Presbyterian in their religion – suggesting a Scottish ancestry.


Midwest
. Abraham
Lang had migrated from upstate New York in the 1840’s to Ohio, to
Illinois, and
later to Iowa and Nebraska. His son William Lang made his mark in
Denver,
Colorado where, during a brief career in the 1880’s, he proved himself
to be
one of the best residential architects the city has known.

Captain Oscar Lange was an early immigrant to
the Midwest from Europe. Born in Sweden,
he had first come to Boston in 1824 at the age of 13 to work as a
seaman. He came to Chicago in 1838 and
fifty years
later was honored there as the oldest living Swedish immigrant in
America.

Wisconsin was a
popular destination for Langes. A family
from Thuringia in Germany first began arriving in 1846.
They made their home in Jamestown township in
SW Wisconsin. Friedrich Lange came from
Posen in Prussia in 1866 and settled in Juneau county seven years later. August
Lange, also from Prussia, came to
Milwaukee in 1882. Meanwhile George
Oscar Lange arrived in Minnesota from Germany around the year 1910. His grand-daughter was the actress Jessica
Lange.

Caribbean. Laings from Scotland came to Caribbean
plantations in the 18th century. Dr.
James Laing of Haddo, a medical man, acquired three estates in Dominica
in the
1790’s. Malcolm Laing meanwhile had arrived to Jamaica earlier as an
overseer
for absentee plantation owners and became a Kingston merchant.

The Laing name remains in Jamaica. Isaiah
Laing has been dubbed “supercop” for
his work in the Jamaican constabulary between 1976 and 1996.

Australia. Australia had
two early Scots-born Lang immigrants:

  • the first, Walter Lang, did not last long. He arrived
    as a settler on the convict ship Minstrel in 1812 and built a fine
    house for himself, Clydesdale House, in Parramatta. But he was
    dead in 1816 at the age of 27. His son John became a journalist
    in Australia and its first Australian-born novelist.
  • the second, George Lang from Renfrewshire, arrived in Sydney
    in 1821 and secured land along the Paterson river in Hunter
    Valley. He too died young in 1825, at the age of 23. But
    his father and brothers were able to establish the Dunmore estate on this
    land. Another brother was J.D. Lang, the fiery Presbyterian
    minister who became an early advocate for an independent Australia.

Jack
Lang, or “the
Big Fella,” as he was later known, became one of the most controversial
politicians in Australian history. Born
in 1876 into an impoverished Scots-Irish immigrant family (his father
was
Scottish, his mother Irish), he rose in Labor party ranks to be twice
Premier
of New South Wales. His second tenure
coincided with the onset of the Great Depression. He
advocated a more expansionary policy than
the Federal Government would contemplate and he was dismissed from his
post in
1932. He was never in power again
although he remained active in politics.
His life was long and he died in 1975 at the age o
f 98.

Select
Lang Miscellany

If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for
further stories and accounts:


Select
Lang Names

Cosmo Lang, the
son of a Scots Presbyterian minister, was
Archbishop of Canterbury during the time of the
controversial abdication crisis of 1936.  
R.D. Laing
was a Scottish
psychiatrist who wrote innovately about issues of mental health. His best known work was the 1960 book The Divided Self.

David Lange
served as New Zealand’s Prime Minister between
1984 and 1989.

Jessica Lange
is
a highly acclaimed American actress.

K
.D. Lang
is
a popular Canadian country singer/songwriter

Select Langs Today

  • 23,000 in the UK (most numerous
    in Glasgow)
  • 37,000 in America (most numerous in California)
  • 17,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Australia)

 

 

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