Lightfoot Surname Meaning, History & Origin

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Lightfoot obviously started out as a nickname and became a
surname. The roots are the Old English leoht, meaning “nimble” or “quick,”
and fot or
“foot.” The name originally denoted someone with a light
springy step, a speedy runner or messenger.

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Lightfoot Resources on
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Lightfoot Ancestry

England.
Early spellings were Lyghtfoot and Lyghtfot. The name first
appeared as a surname in the English border counties. John
Lightfoot was the King’s clerk in Hereford in 1300 and another John
Lightfoot was recorded as a weaver in Shrewsbury in 1463.

Later the name had moved northwards. By the
time of the 1881
census, Lightfoots ran from Staffordshire in the south to
Cumberland
in the north, with some crossing of the Pennines into Yorkshire.
The largest numbers were to be found in Merseyside and north Cheshire.

These
Lightfoots
included:

  • Thomas
    Lightfoot, the
    vicar of Uttoxeter in Staffordshire for thirty six years until his
    death in
    1658. He had five sons, the most prominent being the churchman
    and
    Hebraic scholar John Lightfoot.
  • Bernard
    Lightfoot, a one-time brewer in Liverpool in the 1750’s. A son
    William
    disappeared at sea in the early 1800’s. But a later Lightfoot,
    Joseph
    Barber Lightfoot who was born in Liverpool in 1828, became the
    Bishop of
    Durham and served as chaplain to Queen Victoria.
  • Lightfoots
    in the Cheshire
    villages of Frodsham and Kingsley who date from the early 1700’s.
    The
    dancer
    Paul Lightfoot hails from Kingsley today.
  • Lightfoots
    who came to Accrington in Lancashire from Frodsham around 1820.
    Thomas Lightfoot of
    Bank House died in 1866. James Emmanuel Lightfoot, a
    printing inventor, was Accrington’s first mayor in
    1882.
  • Lightfoots
    who were further north at
    Wigton in Cumberland from the 1650’s; and Lightfoots have
    been
    farming at Bowness near Windermere since the 1850’s.

There
were
Quaker Lightfoots in Cambridgeshire, the place where Thomas
Lightfoot
was born in 1619. Persecuted for his faith he departed for Northern
Ireland in the 1650’s. Later Lightfoots crossed the Atlantic to
Pennsylvania. Matthew Lightfoot was a Quaker shoemaker in
London, known to posterity because in the 1750’s his daughter
Hannah
Lightfoot
,
the Fair Quaker, was said to have been the mistress of the Prince
of Wales.

Cornwall.
There were Lightfoots as
well in Cornwall, at St. Breock. William
Lightfoot was recorded as a cooper there in 1691; and Rendel Lightfoot
was born
there in 1723. Lightfoots were later to
be found at Polperro and Wadebridge. Two
Lightfoot brothers – William and James – were hanged at Bodmin for the murder of Neville Norway
in
1840. Lightfoots of the next generation
emigrated
to Australia – John and William in 1854 and Henry with the family in
1879
.


America
. Early Lightfoots came to Virginia.

Virginia. The Rev.
Richard Lightfoot
of St. Mary’s at Stoke Bruerne in
Northamptonshire is the forebear of most Lightfoots in America.
Two of his grandsons, John and Philip, arrived
in Virginia in 1670.

Their descendants were
prominent in Virginian colonial life. A later Philip Lightfoot
owned a
plantation at Sandy Point and built an imposing mansion home for
himself at
Yorktown
. These Lightfoots frequently intermarried
with the Lees of
Virginia. Francis Lightfoot Lee from Virginia was a signer of
the
Declaration of Independence. William Lightfoot moved west to
Kentucky in 1793.

Lightfoot might seem as if it were or could have been a native Indian
name. There was a HoGa Lightfoot in the 18th century of the
Cherokee nation. But his name derived from Captain John
Lightfoot, an Indian agent in Virginia who had married a Cherokee
woman.

Elsewhere. Thomas
Lightfoot
brought his Quaker family to Chester county, Pennsylvania in
1716.
Many Lightfoots of this line were Quaker ministers. A later
Thomas
Lightfoot was an Indian agent in Nebraska in the 1860’s.

Thomas Lightfoot arrived in
Alabama in the early 1800’s and established a plantation at Myrtle
Grove on
fertile land along the Tuscumba river. Later
Lightfoots sold out at the time of the Civil War and migrated to Texas. Henry Lightfoot who fought in that conflict
was
a prominent Texas lawyer and politician after the war.
His home in Paris, Texas became a Texas
historic landmark in 1965
.

The Lightfoot history in England and America has been compiled in Mary
E. Morton’s 2005 book Calling All
Lightfoots
.

Canada.
Henry Lightfoot came
out with his family to Canada from Yorkshire sometime in the 1850’s. They settled in Middlesex county, Ontario
where he farmed. His line led to Gordon
Lightfoot, the folk singer/songwriter who became internationally famous
in the
1960′
s.

 

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The Rev. Richard Lightfoot’s Memorial in Northamptonshire.  The Rev. Richard Lightfoot is considered the forebear of the Lightfoots
in America.  He was rector of the church of St. Mary the Virgin at
Stoke Bruerne in Northamptonshire from 1601 to 1625.  The
following memorial can be found in the church (transcribed from the
Latin):

“This
tomb was placed here to the memory of Richard Lightfoot, minister of
the gospel
and rector of this church for twenty-four years, by John Lightfoot, his
son and
heir.  Death quietly and unexpectedly
overtook him while feeding his flock by word and deed.  His
life was short, for it was a long
meditation on death.  Thus he taught
others to live and himself to die.  He died in the year of our
Lord
1625, aged
63 years.”

Hannah Lightfoot and the Prince of Wales.  King George III admired the simple goodness of the Quakers and there is an old story, first
published in 1770 but much embroidered in the 19th century, that, in amusement,
linked his name as an extremely shy teenager of fifteen with that of
Hannah
Lightfoot, eight years his senior, who had run away from her husband in
1754
and disappeared.  The King, then Prince
of Wales, was said to have organized her abduction and, according to
later
stories, to have secretly married her and had children by her.

All
of this was conjecture, which gained
strength as the years passed.  Her mother
had died in 1760 and noted in her will: “I am not certain whether my
daughter be
living or dead I not having seen or heard from her for about two years
last
past.”  Her husband had remarried in
Wiltshire, describing himself as a widower in 1759.

Hannah
never did reappear.  She was advertised for
in 1793, apparently
without success.  A portrait, attributed
to Sir Joshua Reynolds, has been linked to her, but without proof.

William and James Lightfoot and the Murder of Neville Norway.  Detective Charles Jackson could have been a role model for
Sherlock Holmes.  His bosses in the London Constabulary told him:
“Go down to
Bodmin in Cornwall and solve this murder mystery.”  That was in
the winter of
1840 and in those days many Londoners would have thought of Bodmin as
the end
of the world.

It was a tough case. A businessman, Neville Norway, had
been
riding his horse home to Wadebridge from Bodmin fair on February 8th
when he
was attacked.  His body was found hours later in a stream.
His skull was bashed
in and his face viciously battered.

Detective Jackson went first to the place
where the body was found.  He followed a trail of dried blood
spots, a track
made by the dragging of the body, and footprints which he deduced were
made by
two men.  His inquiries led him to a blacksmith who lived in a
cottage next to
James Lightfoot, one of two brothers seen together on the night of the
murder.

Lightfoot, said the blacksmith, came home very late on
the night of the
murder.  The blacksmith went on:

“The bedroom wall partitions are very thin and
there are holes in them. I heard James Lightfoot’s wife and child
crying. James
Lightfoot said, ‘Lie still! The folks will hear thee, damn thee!’ The
wife
said, ‘I won’t lie still – they shall hear me and I don’t care if they
do!’”

Next day Detective Jackson searched Lightfoot’s cottage
and found a pistol
hidden in a hole in a ceiling beam.  He arrested Lightfoot who
immediately made
a statement implicating his brother William.

Their original plan was to waylay
the Rev. William Molesworth from St. Breock.
But when William Lightfoot saw Mr. Norway counting gold and
silver coins
from his purse to finalize a transaction at Bodmin market they decided
to
waylay him instead.

Dragging Mr. Norway from his horse, William Lightfoot
fired
the pistol twice, but it did not go off.  The brothers then beat
him to death,
dragged his body across the road and rolled it down a bank into
the stream.

The Lightfoots were
tried at Cornwall Assizes where the jury took only a few minutes to
find them
guilty. The following month, on Monday, April 13th, 1840, a crowd of
25,000
gathered outside Bodmin jail to watch the double hanging.

The local newspaper
reported that the prisoners ate their breakfasts with an appetite and
relish
which surprised even their attendants.
Their long association with criminals had never before made them
acquainted with two mortals so indifferent to their approaching death.
Maybe that was because they were the sons of a sexton.

Lightfoots in the 1881 Census

County Numbers Percent
Cheshire    750    18
Yorkshire    660    16
Lancashire    510    12
Cumberland    320     8
Staffordshire    300     7
Elsewhere   1,610    39
Total   4,150   100

The Lightfoot Mansion at Yorktown.  The Lightfoot
mansion overlooking the harbor at Yorktown must have presented an
imposing
sight to any ship sailing up the York river from Chesapeake Bay.
It was a
status symbol of the branch of the Lightfoot family that lived in
Yorktown
through most of the 18th century.  A British traveler described it
in 1736
as one “equal in magnificence to any of our superb ones at St.
James.”

Philip Lightfoot was known
as “the merchant prince.”  He had moved to Yorktown in 1707 and
his widow Mary lived there until her death in 1775.  When she died
Mary
had in fact outlived her husband and all her children.

John Emmanuel Lightfoot.  John Emmanuel
Lightfoot was born in Accrington, Lancashire and made his mark in the
printing
trade.  In the 1860’s, working with his
brother Thomas and his son John, he
developed a process whereby a black was printed on cotton by applying
aniline
to the rollers of printing machines.  His
patented aniline black process soon caught on at other printers.  His notes and diaries have been
preserved, together with various business papers.

John prospered as a printer and became
Accrington’s first mayor in 1882.  He
died in 1892.

 


Select
Lightfoot Names

Joseph Barber Lightfoot served
as chaplain to Queen Victoria and Bishop of Durham.
Gordon Lightfoot is a highly
popular Canadian folk singer and songwriter.

Select Lightfoot Numbers Today

  • 7,000 in the UK (most numerous
    in Lancashire)
  • 2,000 in America (most numerous in Texas)
  • 3,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Canada)

 

 

 

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