Lomas/Loomis Surname Genealogy
near the town of Bury in Lancashire. It no longer exists.
But it did in the 14th century. We think Lumhalghs was probably
pronounced something like “Lumhaush” at that time, which would explain
the surname Lomas
evolving from Lumhalghs during the 15th and 16th centuries. The names Lomas and Lomax were both evident in this area in the 16th
century and may have been interchangeable, even within the same
have outnumbered Lomaxes in England by roughly three-to-two;
and they have spread more widely. There are also name variants
such as Lummis (found in Suffolk) and Lummus.
Lomaxes emigrated to America, the name Lomax generally
survived in the south. There were also Lummises and Lummuses.
But Lomas became Loomis.
- The Lomas Line. The Lomas
family from Foleshill in Lancashire.
- Loomis Families of America.
Loomis biographies and accounts.
Family History. Lummis genealogy.
Early Lomases and Lomaxes came from Bury in Lancashire and surrounding
parishes such as Middleton, Oldham, Rochdale and Bolton north of what
is now Manchester:
Lomaxes appeared in a court dispute
in Bolton around 1500
- while the Lomaxes
of Pilsworth later secured through marriage the
Clayton Hall estate (which stayed with the family until 1925).
The 1642 Protestant returns
listed 25 Lomases/Lomaxes in Bury, 24 in contiguous parishes, and a
further 17 elsewhere in Salford hundred.
The Lomas name had spread to north Derbyshire by the mid 1500’s.
Nicholas Lomax is recorded at Haylee at that time and from him the name
spread around the county. Lomas names in the Glossop records
began in the 1660’s.
The Lomas name also cropped up in
Alstonfield records in north Staffordshire around this time. John Lomas was a
pedlar and preacher there in the late 18th century (we know
about him because, as an old man, he set down his life story).
The Lomas name was to be found as well among Shropshire coal miners in
the 18th century and among those who later migrated to Rainford and to
Wigan in Lancashire.
Laurent Lomax name was to be found first in Bolton and then in Eye,
Suffolk where the third of the Laurent Lomaxes was recorded as being
born in 1493. They were schoolmasters in Elizabethan times and a
Laurent Lomax was a bailiff there in 1633.
Lomax and variants are to be found among the list of Suffolk
surnames. And the name spread further south, to Thaxted and
Braintree in Essex (and Joseph Loomis who emigrated to America in the
America. An early
settler was Edward Lomas from London. He arrived in 1635
and settled in Ipswich, Massachusetts. His descendants were
A larger Loomis line was that started by Joseph Loomis
who had come to Boston with his family in 1638. He established
his home in Windsor, Connecticut (a house which still stands and has
been preserved by the Loomis family). Loomis here may have been
(his son John was buried in Windsor in 1688 as Lomas).
descendants, who are said to represent the third largest of families in
America, all sport the Loomis name. They are to be found in New
York and New England and, from the early 1800’s, in the Midwest:
- Elisha and Maria Loomis were missionaries in Hawaii in
branch, initially from Vermont, became noted physicians in New York
and included Alfred Lee Loomis, the businessman and scientist who
pioneered the development of radar.
- James Loomis was an Oregon
- and another Loomis branch, beginning
with William and Emiline Loomis, has been settled
in SW Missouri since the 1870’s.
This Loomis genealogy has been
compiled in Elisha Loomis’s 1915 book, The Loomis Family in America.
Lomax The Lomax
name predominated in the South. Lomaxes there included:
- Thomas Lomax and his brother Clebourne
who established themselves in Maryland in the 1660’s and were
the forebears of the Lomax family in Virginia.
- William Lomax who came to North Carolina in the 1740’s. His
descendants migrated to Mississippi and thence in the 1860’s by ox cart
to central Texas. John A. Lomax, who grew up on the family
farm there, later became known as a pioneering musicologist who did
much to preserve American cowboy and folk songs.
- and Samuel Lomax who came to Georgia with the British army in the
1770’s and ended up settling in Perry county, Tennessee. His line
is covered in John B. Lomax’s book Samuel
Lomax and His Descendants, published in 1991.
related Lummis and Lummus
names are also to be found in America. Charles Lummis, the publicizer
of the American southwest, is the most well-known Lummis
The Lummus name is associated with construction in Georgia,
either the Lummus Corporation founded there in the late 1800’s or the
Lummus Supply Company, family builders in Atlanta since the
1920’s. Jack Lummus grew up on a cotton farm in Texas. He
became a professional footballer with the New York Giants but died
during World War Two in the attack on Iwo Jima.
Australia and New
Zealand. Two Lummis families from Suffolk are recorded as
arriving in Australia:
- Samman Lummis in Victoria on the Ballarat in 1853..
- and William and Elizabeth Lummis who reached Sydney on the Samuel Plimsoll in 1875.
John Lomas from Derbyshire came to
Auckland, New Zealand in 1875, married, and started a large family
there. Another John Lomas, this one a coal miner from Cheshire, arrived
in 1879 and became prominent as a trade unionist for his
If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for
further stories and accounts:
Select Lomas/Loomis Names
Loomis was an early pioneer of radio telegraphy in America.
Samuel Lomax was a British Wold
War One general.
John A. Lomax was a well-known
American musicologist and preserver of folk songs.
Alfred Lee Loomis who founded
Loomis Laboratory in upstate New York was a noted scientist who
pioneered the develpment of radar.
was a publicizer of the American Southwest by his travels and
writings in the early 1900’s.
- 17,000 in the UK (most numerous
- 10,000 in America (most numerous
- 3,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Australia).
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