Maddox Surname Meaning, History & Origin

Select Maddox Meaning
Maddox
surname is of Welsh origin. It has its
roots in the ancient Welsh male name Matoc,
meaning “fortunate” which has survived in the Welsh first name Madog,
recently
popularized in America by Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie.
Prince Madog was a
legendary 12th century Welsh prince who in Welsh folklore was said to
have sailed
to the New World three hundred years before Christopher Columbus.
Maddox is the
main spelling in America. Maddux also
exists. But Maddox, Maddocks, and Maddock are all equally found
in the UK today.

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Maddox Resources on
The
Internet

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Maddox Ancestry

Wales. The name Madog
featured prominently among the Welsh kings of Powys.
But when Madog translated into a surname at a
time of growing English influence, the spelling in Wales turned out
various –
from Madog to Maddox and Maddock and to Madocks and Maddocks.

The Madog family of
Llanfynach was to be found near Brecon on the river Usk, where they
were local
gentry.

“The
Madogs of
Llanfynach near Maesmawr were of the line of Gwgan, second son of
Moreiddig
Warwyn. Moreiddig was said in legend to
have been born with a snake about his neck.”


Nearby in Glamorgan a Maddock family was local
gentry at Llangeynoyd. Ann Maddocks, the Maid of Cefn Yfda, was
also from
Glamorgan.

Meanwhile a Madocks family from
Denbighshire in north Wales produced the 19th century industrialist
William
Madocks who established the new towns of Port Madoc and Tremadoc along
the
coast.

England. The Maddox name
and its variants spread into England, first into the border counties of
Shropshire and Cheshire and later into Lancashire.
William Madoc was recorded in Shropshire in
1274, Robert Mattok in Cheshire in 1290.

A Welsh Maddock family was
long-established in the Vale of Clwyd across the border from
Wrexham.

Another
Maddock family was to be found at Farndon in Cheshire in the 1500’s,
one son of
whom became a goldsmith in Chester. There
were some fourteen Maddock families in
Chester
in the 1660’s, a number
of whom became Quakers. John Maddock of
the Farndon line was Mayor of Chester in 1676.
Sir Thomas Maddock from Chester was a 19th century Governor of
Bengal. Across in Lancashire there was an
influential
Maddock family at Egremont on Merseyside by the year 1800.

Ireland. Joseph
Maddock was a Quaker from Chester who came to Dublin in the
1690’s.
His son Isaac migrated to county
Wexford. A number of Maddocks from Wexford left for America and
Canada in the 19th century.

America. The
spelling in America has generally been Maddox.
Four notable Maddox lines began in America during the 17th
century:

  • two
    were into Virginia, starting first with
    Alexander Mattocks in 1635 and then with John Maddox in 1681.
  • and
    two were into Maryland, starting first
    with Samuel Maddox in 1665 and then with Cornelius Maddox in 1680.

Virginia. Alexander Mattocks, the son of a London
merchant, arrived as a young man on the Abraham
in 1635. He settled in Northampton
county along the Eastern Shore. Some of
his children remained in Virginia, others moved to Maryland. The family spelling later became Maddux.

John Maddox’s origins are uncertain. He
was thought to have come from London as an
indentured servant on the Constant Mary
in 1681. Some of his descendants
remained in Virginia; others moved to western Kentucky and Georgia.

A later presence in Virginia was the
Quaker John Maddox
, the man who
created the first directory for Richmond in 1819.

Maryland. Samuel Maddox, of Welsh
Llanfynach heritage,
arrived in 1665 to Chesapeake Bay at a settlement then known as St
Mary’s City
(not far from present-day Washington DC).
The family farm there was called Green Springs Farm. The main lines from Samuel ran through his
son Notely and grandsons John and Edward.

Cornelius Maddox, who arrived in 1680, was a merchant and landowner in
Charles county. Dr. Edward Maddocks or
Maddox, a prominent Justice at that time, may have been related,
although there
is no proof to this. A descendant Henley Maddox migrated in the early 1800’s to South
Carolina.

Georgia. Georgia had by 1880 the largest number of
Maddoxes in America and still does today.

The line from Samuel Maddox included a pioneer of north Georgia, Edward
Jefferson Maddox, who settled in Putnam county in the early 1800’s. His son Robert moved to Atlanta in 1858,
fought in the Civil War, returned penniless, but managed to prosper in
the
Reconstruction years.

“Three
generations of Maddoxes would call the First Methodist church in
Atlanta their home. Son Robert Foster
Maddox was a banker and active in many civic organizations for most of
his
90-plus years. He served as mayor of Atlanta from 1908 to 1910. He was an important officer of the First
Methodist church all his life. Baxter
Maddox of the next generation was also a banker and an active member of
the church
until his death in the 1980’s.“


Also
probably from this line was Samuel Maddox who fought in the
Revolutionary War
and received a land grant in Georgia. He
settled in Hancock county. Some of his
descendants remained in Georgia; others moved to Mississippi.

Lester Maddox, born in Atlanta in 1915, was
the Governor of Georgia
from 1967 to
1971 and a staunch segregationist at that time.


Australia. Captain
George Maddox had fought in the Battle of Waterloo in 1815 and
afterwards came
to Sydney as Deputy Commissariat General.
He later held the same post in Tasmania.
His son, also George, was a notable medical practitioner in
Launceston;
as was his grandson William.

 



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Maddox Miscellany

The Legend of Prince Madog.  An old Welsh ode about Prince Madog ran as follows:

“Madog am I, the son of Owain Gwynedd
With statue large and comely grace adorned,
No land at home, nor store of wealth,
My mind was whole to search the sea.”

Prince
Madog was said to have sailed to America 300 years before Columbus, in
1170
with one ship.  He then returned and
equipped ten ships with colonists sailed again for the New World.

It is presumed
that he landed in the area of Mobile Bay, in what is now Alabama.
Early
explorers and pioneers were said to have found evidence of the Welsh
influence
along the Tennessee and Missouri rivers among certain tribes of Indians.

There
is no record that the Prince ever returned to the land of his birth.  Peculiar things have been found in America.   It was recorded that there were Welsh
speaking Indians up the Missouri river called the White Indians.  In addition, they fished with coracles, and
pulled the little skin-covered boats with one oar, like a spade.  These boats are still used in Wales today.

Anne Maddocks, The Maid of Cefn Ydfa.  Anne Thomas was put into the wardship of Anthony Maddocks, a lawyer
of Cwmrisga, who was said to have compelled her to marry his own son Anthony.  They did indeed marry in 1725.
But she died two years later in 1727.

The
story goes that the maid was in love with the poet
Wil Hopcyn, that
he composed the verses Watching the White
Wheat
to her, and that she died at the age of 23 of a broken heart.

Thomas Maddock in Chester during the Civil War.  Thomas Maddock had married
Elizabeth Simcock in 1641 and, after the death of his father, taken
over the Maddock
family bakery in the city.  However, the
outbreak of the Civil War rudely interrupted their plans.

By 1642, when the first Maddock child was
born, Chester was preparing for war against the Parliamentarian army.  The next year saw all able-bodied men living
in Chester called to bear arms.  They
were able to successfully defend the town from Parliamentarian attack.  But in 1645 the eastern suburbs of the city,
where
the Maddocks probably lived, were taken by surprise.
The city fathers ordered that all buildings
outside of the town wall be burned to prevent the Parliamentarian
forces from
taking cover there.

This was the beginning of a siege that lasted for several
months. There was a severe shortage of food and the weakened population
succumbed to an outbreak of plague in 1647.
It was not until 1648 that the town began the slow process of
recovery
from the war.

In the first seven years of their marriage, during which several
children were born, Thomas and Elizabeth endured a war, the destruction
of their
business, their church and possibly their home.
Even if the Maddock bakery had not burned, Thomas would have had
trouble
getting flour.  The mills had all been
destroyed.

Family stories say that Thomas and Elizabeth Maddock joined the
Quaker movement in Chester in the 1650’s or 1660’s.

Maddox, Maddocks, and Maddock Today

Numbers (000’s) Maddox Maddocks Maddock Total
UK     4     4     4    12
America 11     – 1 12
Elsewhere     2     1     1     4
Total    17     5     6    28

Friend John Maddox of Richmond, Virginia.  Friend
John Maddox was a tall, raw boned Quaker who adhered
strictly to the costume of his society.  He was a full six feet in
stature
and his long strides and rapid gait might have indicated that he had
inherited
the boots of Jack the giant-killer.  He
strode about four feet at each step and slung his body and arms with a
vim to
keep pace with his legs.

His
occupation
was that of collector of accounts.  His
approach was a terror to bad pay-masters.  He was very
plain-spoken and
slow to accept excuses; but although a severe dun, he apparently was a
kind-hearted man.

Friend
Maddox was so
enterprising as to publish the first Directory
of Richmond,
in 1819, which contained
about 1,100
names.  Maddox Hill, where he lived, was
named after him. 

The Georgia Governor’s Mansion.  The 24,000-square-foot
Greek Revival mansion in Atlanta, built in 1967, contains 30 rooms with
Federal-period antiques.  It sits on 18
acres that originally belonged to the Robert Maddox family.  They were no relation to the Georgia Governor
Lester Maddox who was its first occupant.

 


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Maddox Names

  • Prince Madog was a legendary 12th century Welsh prince who, according to Welsh folklore, sailed to
    America. 
  • Michael Maddox was an
    18th century English entrepreneur and theatre manager active in Russia. He was the co-founder of the Petrovsky
    theatre, the first permanent opera theatre in Moscow, and a predecessor to the Bolshoi. 
  • Colonel Robert F. Maddox was a prominent citizen of Atlanta following the Civil War. 
  • Sir John Maddox was a British science writer and editor of Nature for 22 years between 1966 and 1995.

Select Maddox, Maddock and Maddocks Numbers Today

  • 12,000 in the UK (most numerous
    in Lancashire)
  • 14,000 in America (most numerous in Georgia)
  • 4,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Australia)

 

Select Maddox and Like Surnames  

Hereditary surnames in Wales were a post-16th century development.   Prior to that time the prototype for the Welsh name was the patronymic, such as “Madog ap Jevan ap Jerwerth” (Madoc, son of Evan, son of Yorwerth).  The system worked well in what was still mainly an oral culture.

However, English rule decreed English-style surnames and the English patronymic “-s” for “son of” began first in the English border counties and then in Wales. Welsh “P” surnames came from the “ap” roots, such as Price from “ap Rhys.”

These are some of the present-day Welsh surnames that you can check out.

BowenHopkinsMaddoxPritchard
DaviesHowellMeredithRees
EdwardsJenkinsOwenRowland
EvansJonesPowellVaughan
GriffithsLloydPriceWatkins

 

 

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