Middleton Surname Genealogy

The surname Middleton originates from the place-name of which there are
over thirty instance of the name, at various locations in
England. Middleton village and Middleton
manor in north
Warwickshire were recorded in the Domesday Book. The name also
cropped up in Yorkshire, Derbyshire, Shropshire, and Sussex. The
root is the Old English midel meaning “middle” and tun “farm” or “settlement.”

Middleton Resources on

Middleton Ancestry

William de Middleton was a medieval Bishop of Norwich who lived in the
13th century.

Myddeltons have
been in Shropshire since the 14th century when the son of Rhirid
ap Dafydd of Myddelton became known as Philip Myddelton.
Sir Thomas Myddelton, a Welsh merchant whose
family had adopted this Myddelton name, acquired Chirk castle in 1595.
His family has continued to live
there to the present day.

Yorkshire. The
name Midelton cropped up in Yorkshire in 1273 and, later on, the
Middleton name was to be found in Yorkshire and the West
Midlands mainly. There was a Middleton family in Ilkley in
Yorkshire in
medieval times. They were a landowning family who lost out in the 16th
and 17th century because of their Catholic faith. Their plight was
discussed in The Middleton Papers,
series 161 of the Yorkshire Archaelogical Society.

Kate Middleton’s paternal ancestors were Leeds solicitors from
Yorkshire in the 19th century. Her grandfather Noel married Olive
Lupton from a well-to-do Leeds family. Her parents Michael and
Carole met when they were both working for British Airways.

Scotland. The Midilton
name was recorded in Arbroath in 1221. A Scottish Middleton
derived their name from lands at Middletoun near
Kincardine in
NE Scotland which they had held from the 12th century.

Its best known member was probably John Middleton who started out as a
pikeman in a Scottish regiment in France. He rose to become the
first Earl of Middleton and command the Scottish army for the King in
1648 and for Charles II following the Restoration. His son
Charles was a close advisor to James II and followed him into exile in

Wales. The Myddelton name
came to Wales when a Welsh family of Denbighshire married into the
Myddeltons of Shropshire and adopted their name. Richard
Myddelton was governor of Denbigh castle during Tudor times.

sons Thomas and Hugh set off to London to seek their fortune.
Thomas became one of the original shareholders of the East India
Company and Hugh
a goldsmith, such a successful one that he was
appointed Royal Jeweller to James I.

. The main Middleton presence in America has been
in South Carolina.

South Carolina.
In 1678 Edward Middleton and his brother Arthur
moved from Barbados to Charleston, South Carolina to start a plantation
there. Edward’s son Arthur, born there three years later, became
a well-established member of the Carolina gentry. Arthur
a wealthy plantation owner on land along the Ashley river, owning over
5,000 acres and employing more than a hundred slaves. A later
Arthur was a signer of the Declaration of Independence for South

The family position in South Carolina remained
until the time of the Civil War. Descendants spread across
South Carolina, Georgia, Virginia, and New Jersey and included the
Charles Middleton who
played Ming the Merciless in the Flash Gordon movies of the 1930’s.

The Scottish physician Peter Middleton practiced in New York City
after 1752 and was one of the founders of
the medical school at King’s College (now Columbia University) in 1767.
He sided with the British during the Revolutionary War.

James Middleton, the son of John and Susan Middleton, grew up in
Delaware and fought in the Revolutionary War. Afterwards he made
his home at Broad Creek in Sussex county. Descendants migrated to
Ohio and Indiana. The family line was covered in Hazel Middleton
Kendall’s 1932 book Middleton-Downing
Family History

Canada. One
Middleton family
in Canada began with Ezekiel and Elizabeth Middleton from Vermont who
the border into Leeds county, Ontario in 1800.

Meanwhile Charles and Elizabeth Middleton, newly married,
came to Toronto
from Kent in 1834. After they had been
in Toronto a year, Charles walked out alone into the wilderness and
80 acres to farm in the Huron tract. He
then returned and brought his young wife and family out to his new
homestead. The early years were tough. But befriending the local Chippewa Indians
turned out to be a good strategy.

Australia. Joseph
Middleton, a laborer from Northamptonshire, was on board the Buffalo
which took the first English colonists to South Australia in 1836. Ian Hutchinson’s 2012 book Middleton
Memoirs – A History of the Family of Joseph and Elizabeth Middleton

recounted this family’s history.

Middleton Miscellany

If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for
further stories and accounts:

Middleton Names

Thomas Middleton was an
English Jacobean playwright and poet.
Arthur Middleton of Charleston,
South Carolina was a signer of the Declaration of Independence.
Charles Middleton, born in
Leith in Scotland, joined the navy and rose to be First Lord of the
Admiralty in 1805.
married Prince William the future king in Westminster
Abbey on April 29, 2011.

Select Middletons Today

  • 31,000 in the UK (most numerous
    in Yorkshire)
  • 14,000 in America (most numerous in Texas)
  • 12,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Australia)



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