Montgomery

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Montgomery Surname Genealogy

Montgomery
origins

are French.  The surname came from the
ancient castle of
Saint Foi de Montgomery in the diocese of Lisieux in Normandy.  It was born by Roger de Montgomerie, a Norman
lord who came to England with William the Conqueror and was one of his
principal advisors.
His Montgomery line spread to Scotland in the 12th century and
then to Ireland with the Ulster plantations
of the 17th century.   There
were some interesting early
accounts of
this Montgomery family history
.
 Today
there are more Montgomerys
in America than in the UK and Ireland.The
Montgomerie spelling variation persists, although it is not that common
now.

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Montgomery Resources on
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Montgomery Ancestry

England.
Sir Roger de Montgomery was one of the chief
advisors to William the Conqueror in his invasion of England.  As a result he was rewarded with large land
grants there.  According to the Doomsday
Book of 1086 he owned 150 castles and lordships in ten counties of
England.  Notably he was granted lands on
the Welsh border in the county which later took his name,
Montgomeryshire.  He built Shrewsbury Abbey
in 1083 where he is
entombed.

What happened to that vast inheritance is unclear.
His son Hugh, known as Hugh the Red, died
unmarried without heir.  Another son Robert
de Belleme inherited but forfeited after leading a rebellion against
Henry
I in 1101.

“Robert was typical
of his generation, the sons of William’s companions who had earned
their great
honors and titles at the Battle of Hastings in 1066.
This newer generation did not share the
values and attitudes of their fathers but rather had different
experiences
altogether.  They had inherited their
wealth and status, not earned it.  Yet they
expected royal favor and patronage without attending court or serving
the king
in any capacity.  They often rebelled
when they felt they were not being treated with the dignity and respect
they
deserved.”


Later Montgomerys in England seem to have come through
the back door, via Ireland.
  Montgomerys from Blessingbourne in Tyrone were
London-based British
civil servants, diplomats, and army officers in the early 1900’s. Bernard Montgomery, the British Field
Marshall during World War Two, was born in London.
His roots, however, were in Moville in SE
Donegal which he had visited with his mother as a boy
.

Scotland.  Robert
de Mundegumri was the
first recorded
name-bearer in Scotland, a charter witness around the year 1165.  This Robert, said to have been a grandson of
Robert de Montgomery, came to Scotland as a follower of the FitzAlans
who were
also from Shropshire.  Robert was granted
lands by King David I in Renfrewshire.
The manor of Eaglesham became the clan seat of the Montgomerys
for several
centuries.

Sir John Montgomery, the 7th chief of the clan, distinguished himself
at the Battle of Otterburn in 1388 when he captured Harry Hotspur, the
chief of
the Percys.  He acquired the Eglinton
barony in north Ayrshire and his line became the Earls of Eglinton in
1507.

The Montgomerys played both sides
of the religious divide in that century.
First they were loyal Catholics of Mary, Queen of Scots.  But a later chief had become a staunch
Presbyterian covenanter by the time of the English Civil War.
Their home for a
while was Androssan on the Ayrshire coast where the 10th Earl Alexander Montgomerie was murdered
in
1769.  Their home from 1797 to 1925 was
Eglinton Castle.

There were subsidiary
Montgomery branches in north Ayrshire, at Hessilhead and Braidstane.  Alexander Montgomerie, a younger
son of the Laird of Hessilhead, was a poet in the court of James VI in
the
1580’s. 
Hugh Montgomery of Braidstane
became close to
James I on his accession to the English throne in 1603.
He was thereby able to obtain
half of the O’Neill lands in Ireland as the basis for a Scottish Ulster
plantation.

Ireland.  Sir Hugh Montgomery, Viscount of the Great
Ards as he became, is known as one of the founding fathers of the
Ulster Scots in
Ireland.   The Laird of Braidstane’s
Scots colony was established there around 1607.

“Of
the first 51 families that
emigrated from Ayrshire and settled on the Montgomery land, only six
appear among
them by the name of Montgomery.”


Sir Hugh made his
home on the Ards Peninsula at Grey Abbey, where now stands Rosemount
House
(built in 1762).  The Rev. Hugh
Montgomery fled the house during the Irish Rebellion of 1798.  But Montgomerys have lived there ever
since.  A descendant is the actress Flora
Montgomery
.

Ayrshire is
close to Ulster and other Montgomerys crossed the Irish Sea as well:

  • Hugh Montgomery, a kinsman of the Viscount,
    was settled at Derrygonnelly in county Fermanagh in 1618.
    A later Hugh came into possession of the
    Blessingbourne estate in Tyrone in 1730 through marriage.
  • a Montgomery family
    was at Killaghtee in SE Donegal around 1628.  Samuel
    Montgomery was a prosperous wine merchant in Derry
    and built his
    family home, New Park, at
    Moville
    in
    1750.  Later Montgomerys were colonial
    administrators in India.
  • while Alexander Montgomery of Hessilhead came at the
    time of Cromwell in the 1640’s and made his home at Croghan in Donegal.  His son John was captured by rebels and
    narrowly escaped death.  His grandson
    Alexander was appointed High Sheriff of Monaghan in 1718.
    The family home there was at Ballyleck.

Archibald
Montgomery was born at Killead in county Antrim in 1743.
His line included the Rev. Henry Montgomery,
a Presbyterian minister who founded
the liberal Remonstrant
Synod of Ulster, and two 19th century emigrants who made themselves
fortunes – Archibald
Montgomery in New York and Josiah Montgomery in New Zealand.  Archibald’s line in America extended to the
actor Robert Montgomery and his daughter Elizabeth
Montgomery
.

America.
The first Montgomery to
come to America was probably William Montgomery from the Maypole parish
in
Ayrshire.  His father Hugh had fallen on
hard times there.  One son James sought
to support the family as a merchant in Glasgow.
But William decided to emigrate and came to Monmouth county in
New
Jersey in 1702.  He named his tract
Eglinton and it remained with the family until the early 1800’s.

Most other
early arrivals were Scots Irish from Ulster.

Hugh
Montgomery came from Antrim to Boston in 1718, part of a Scots Irish
exodus to
New England at that time.  Reportedly
they had to spend the winter on the Maine coast before finding a home
in what
became Londonderry, New Hampshire.  Later
Montgomerys were farmers in Strafford county.

Another
Hugh and his son John
Montgomery had fought at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690.
Hugh died while John survived.  He
emigrated from Donegal to Delaware with
his family in 1720.  They made their home
in the Mill Creek Hundred.  William
Montgomery, born there in 1736, was a colonel in the Revolutionary War
and
later a Pennsylvania Congressman.  A
later William built the William Montgomery House in Mill Creek Hundred
around
the year 1810.  It still stands.

James and John
Montgomery, also from Donegal, came to that Scottish haven of Virginia,
Augusta
county, in 1747.  James made his home at
Catawba Creek.

Richard Montgomery from a well-to-do Donegal family
had come to New York in 1772 and, at the outbreak of war, taken the
American
rather than the British side.  He led the
American attack into Canada in 1775 but died in the assault on Quebec
City.  He was remembered as an American
hero of the War.   His home in
Rhinebeck,
New York is now the General Montgomery house and museum.

Tennessee.  Whereas
Montgomerys had arrived in America in
many different places, Tennessee appeared to have had a lot of them by
the
early 1800’s.

John Montgomery had
migrated west from Augusta county, Virginia to Tennessee in the 1770’s.  He explored the area that today bears his
name (Montgomery county) and later founded the town of Clarksville.  He was killed in 1794 in an Indian
ambush.

William Montgomery, a surveyor,
had arrived in Sumner county from Pennsylvania in 1782, settling in
Shackle
Island.  He also had Indian problems.

“In
April 1788 William’s three sons – John, Robert and Thomas – were killed
by
Indians outside of their father’s house.
John
had hobbled out into the orchard where his brothers were trimming apple
trees.  The Indians rushed out from a
neighboring thicket and scalped all three, leaving their bodies in a
heap on a
brush pile.”

William lived until 1835.  His
farm become the
center of the Shackle Island community and was the location for a
grinding
mill, sawmill, and fulling mill.

Thomas Montgomery meanwhile came to Blount county from
Pennsylvania with
his family in 1791.  Later Montgomerys
lived on a farm near Snow Hill. 

Lemuel
Montgomery was an attorney in Nashville when the War of 1812 broke out.  He enlisted.
He was killed at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, but was
afterwards
remembered.  Montgomery counties in Alabama and Texas were both
said to be named
after him.  Lemuel was descended from
Hugh Montgomery, an Irish immigrant and merchant in the 1760’s in
Salisbury,
North Carolina.

Canada.
Hugh
Montgomery from Kintyre in Scotland came with his wife and family to
Malpeque
Bay on Prince Edward Island in 1775.  His
house, still preserved there, was home to five generations of
Montgomerys and
remained in Montgomery hands until the late 1950’s.  One line of
descent led to
Senator Donald Montgomery of Park Corner and his son Hugh, father to
the world
famous author of Anne of Green Gables,
Lucy Maud
Montgomery
.

Montgomery’s Inn in Toronto dates back to 1830 when it had
been first opened by Thomas Montgomery.
He had immigrated from Fermanagh some fifteen years earlier and
previously worked in the salt trade and as a surveyor.
The hey-day of the inn was the 1840’s when
many thousands of Irish immigrants, fleeing the potato famine, crowded
into
Toronto.  Montgomery’s Inn continued
until the mid-1850’s, although Thomas himself did not die until 1877.  The inn can be seen today in its preserved
state as a museum.

Another tavern owner in Toronto was John Montgomery, the son
of an Empire Loyalist from Connecticut.
His tavern also started in 1830.  It
served as a base for the rebels during the Upper Canada Rebellion of
1837.

New Zealand.   William Montgomery,
brought up in Belfast
after his father died, went to sea in 1834 at the age of 13.  By the age of 30 he had bought his own ship
and sailed to Australia.  He joined the
Victorian Gold Rush but was unsuccessful.
He departed for Christchurch, New Zealand where he was
successful as a timber
merchant and later entered politics.  He
died there in 1914 in his early 90’s
.


Select Montgomery Miscellany

If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for
further stories and accounts:


Select Montgomery Names

Roger de
Montgomery
was one of William the Conqueror’s principal
advisors.  He was granted lands on the
Welsh border in the county which later took his name.
Sir Hugh Montgomery
is considered one of the
founding fathers of
the Scots Ulster plantation of the 17th century.
John Montgomery

was an 18th century American soldier, settler and explorer.  He is credited with the founding of
Clarksville, Tennessee.  Montgomery
county in Tennessee was named after him.
Sir
Bernard Montgomery
was a British Field Marshall of the Second World
War, famous
for his desert victory at Alamein in 1942.
Wes Montgomery
was an American
jazz guitarist, widely considered one of the greatest who ever played.
Colin
Montgomerie
is a Scottish professional golfer who has won a record
eight
European Tour Order of Merit titles
.


Select Montgomery Today

  • 15,000 in the UK (most numerous
    in Northern Ireland)
  • 39,000 in America (most numerous in Texas)
  • 15,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Canada)

 

 

 

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