Park/Parks/Parkes Surname Genealogy

medieval times the
park, from the French parc, was a
fenced-in hunting area, kept specially for the use of royalty and
nobility. The keeper of the park held a
position of status and trust as he had the powers of arrest and
This occupation has supplied the surnames Park,
Parks and Parkes
  • Parkes
    has been the main version in England, although
    Parks and Park are also found
  • Parks
    has tended to be the American spelling
  • while
    Park is found in both Scotland and America.

Park is also
the third most frequent Korean surname, traditionally dating back to
Hyeokgeose Park.

Park/Parks/Parkes Resources on

Park/Parks/Parkes Ancestry

England. England
has Parkes, Parks,
and Park – Parkes in the West Midlands, Parks in SE England, and Park
northern England.

Parkes. The
Parkes name in three West Midlands counties – Staffordshire,
Warwickshire and
Worcestershire – accounted for over 60% of all the Parkes in England in
1881 census. The first record of the name here was Henry del
Parck in the assize
court rolls of Staffordshire in 1272.

Parkes was a landowning family in the 1600’s in Wednesbury, south Staffordshire.
Thomas Parkes was a staunch Parliamentarian
at Willingsworth Hall who paid for and raised his own troop of cavalry
the Civil War. Later the Parkes profited
from the coal mines in the area. Richard
Parkes acquired Oakeswell Hall in 1689.
When he died he left four daughters, but no sons.

Parkes were evident in Halesowen, Worcestershire from
the early 1500’s. Harry
Parkes was born there in 1792, the son of a
curate at the parish church. He
prospered as an iron-master and moved into Birchills Hall.
However, in 1833 he was killed instantly when
the carriage in which he was riding overturned.
His memorial reads as follows:

to the memory of Harry Parkes of
Birchills Hall who was accidentally killed on August 3, 1833 aged 42,
three children to deplore their early loss.”

His son Harry left for Asia in 1841
where he did well – acting Consul in Canton, Consul General in Japan,
British minister for Korea.

The Parkes name was common
in Dudley, Warwickshire by the early 1700’s.
Richard Parkes, born around 1742, was a baker in the town. From him was descended Josiah Parkes who
founded the Parkes family lock business at Willenhall in the mid-19th

Henry Parkes
was born in
Stoneleigh, Warwickshire in 1815 and had a tough upbringing before he
to Australia in 1839 and made his mark there.

Parks. The Parks name was mainly to be
found in East
Sussex and Kent. The Parks family of
Haywards Heath were well-known. Brothers
James and Harry played cricket for Sussex in the 1930’s.
James’s son Jim Parks was an England batsman
and wicket-keeper in the 1960’s.

The Park name has appeared in Cumberland and Durham near the
border with
Scotland and also in Lancashire. Two from Lancashire emigrated to America in the
1600’s –
Robert Parke from Preston in 1630 and Roger Parke from Cartmel in 1678.

William Park was a yeoman farmer at Thurnham near
Lancaster in the mid-1700’s. His
descendants were also farmers in the Lancaster area, although son James
grandson Joseph were recorded as well as publicans – James of the Dalton Arms at Glasson Dock and Joseph
of the Green Dragon in Galgate.

Scotland. John
of Perk was presbyter of the Glasgow diocese in 1433 and a

Park family held the lands of Park in Erskine parish
in Renfrewshire in the late 1400’s. The name also appeared at an
early time in
the northeast in Aberdeen where

Thomas de Perk held
land in 1445

Mungo Park the
African explorer was born in Selkirkshire on the Scottish borders in
1771. His family had been tenant farmers
there for
close on a hundred years. And
there were two later Mungo Parks, father and nephew, who came from a
famous Park family of Scottish golfers
Musselburgh in East Lothian.

The arrival names may have been Parkes or Parke. But
the spelling later tended to become standardized
as Parks

New England. Robert Parke was an early
arrival in New
England on the Arabella with
Winthrop’s fleet in 1630. He settled in
Mystic, Connecticut in 1649. His son
Thomas later made his home in New London.
Frank Parks’ 1906 book Genealogy
of the Parke Families of Connecticut
covered the descendants of

There were two Parks lines that
migrated from Connecticut to upstate New York in the mid/late 1700’s:

  • Elijah
    Parks established his family at South
    Glens Falls
    in the
    mid-1700’s. Elijah was killed there
    during an Indian raid in 1777, however.
  • while
    William Parks moved in 1789 to Sullivan
    county and what became known as Parksville. Many
    family stories were recounted by William’s great
    Cora who died in 1972 at the grand age of 103.

Virginia. There were early Parke and Parkes in
Virginia. Colonel Daniel Parke from
Essex made his home in New Kent county.
He died in 1679 and
is a large tablet to his memory on the wall of Bruton church in
Williamsburg where he was a vestryman.
Meanwhile Charles Parkes was a gunsmith recorded in Northampton
in 1675.

John Parks arrived in Virginia in 1658.
His son Thomas settled in Albemarle county in an area known as Ballengers Mountain, his grandson John in Wilkes county,
Carolina. Through another grandson
Thomas via North Carolina came the Parkes of Moore county, Tennessee.

Elsewhere. William Parks arrived in Maryland from
Shropshire in 1726 and
a print shop in Annapolis. He became
Maryland’s official printer and
then Virginia’s and left a substantial estate on his death in 1750. But this was mostly devoured by debt and
litigation fees.

Parke from Lancashire came to Hopewell near Trenton in New Jersey in
1678. There he was a Keithian Quaker and a
respected physician specializing in herbal medicine learnt from the
Indians. Some of Roger’s descendants
settled in
Hampshire county, Virginia and one line later in Preble county, Ohio.

According to the family story, eleven Scots
Irish brothers named Park came to America in the mid/late-1700’s, one
of whom,
Captain Parks, fought in the Revolutionary War and made his home in
Carolina. Son Joseph Parks migrated to
Sumner county, Tennessee. He and his
family were devoted members of the Cumberland Presbyterian church, one
Hamilton later becoming a Presbyterian minister.

Canada. Cyrenius
Parke, a descendant of immigrant Robert Parke, was a Loyalist who
departed for
Canada in 1784 and was granted land at Napanee in Ontario.
He married twice and sired eighteen children
who reached adulthood. The Parke Bible
which listed these offspring has been preserved.

William Parks, Scots
Irish, had come from Ireland to New Brunswick in 1822 and soon became a
Saint John merchant. His home there,
built around 1850 on Parks Street, still stands.

Australia. John Parkes from Halesowen
in Worcestershire
had been shipped out to Sydney on the Barwell
as a convict in 1798. After a spell
working in the Government dockyards, he secured some land to gather
along the Cooks river. This area became
known as Parkestown. His son Bill became
a champion bare-knuckle boxer.

“In 1846 Bill Parkes went to England to challenge
Nat Latham. The fight lasted 62 rounds
and only ended when in a clutch they both fell and Bill suffered a
broken arm.”

Henry Parkes who arrived from
in 1839 was a larger-than-life
He was according to The Times of London “the most commanding figure in
Australian politics.” With five terms to
his credit, he remains the longest-serving premier of New South
And he led the cause for federation and nationhood.

He was married three times
and fathered twelve surviving children.
Following his first wife’s death in 1888 he married his
mistress Nellie Dixon. The couple already had three children and two
more were
to follow. After Nellie’s untimely
death from cancer in 1895, he then married the family’s housekeeper
Julia Lynch
and gave her legal responsibility for his five young children.

Park/Parks/Parkes Miscellany

If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for
further stories and accounts:

Park/Parks/Parkes Names


was a famous Scottish explorer of the late 18th
century who led two expeditions to find the source of the Niger river

Sir Henry Parkes

was an Australian politician of the late 19th century who has been
called the
father of Federation.

Gordon Parks

was an American photographer and film director. He
was a pioneer among black filmmakers,
being the first African American to produce and direct major motion
Rosa Parks
was an activist in the civil
rights movement, best known for her pivotal role in the Montgomery bus

James Park
a Korean American tech entrepreneur. He
co-founded and is CEO of Fitbit

Select Park/Parks/Parkes Today

  • 35,000 in the UK (most numerous
    in West Midlands)
  • 61,000 in America (most numerous in Texas)
  • 23,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Australia)




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