Penn Surname Meaning, History & Origin
old Celtic word pen meant
“hill” and gave rise to Penn place-names in Staffordshire,
Berkshire, and Buckinghamshire.
Penn Resources on
- The Penns of Chiswick Polish. Penns of Chiswick in
The Penns of
Buckinghamshire took their name from the village of the
same name. James Penn was recorded as early as 1222 as having
taken possession of the Seagrave manor. It stayed with the Penn
family until the death of the last Penn there, Roger Penn, in
From John Penn, a mercer in London who died in 1450, came the Penns of
Codicote in Hertfordshire. There were also early Penns in
Worcestershire and Shropshire.
But the best-known Penns originated in Wiltshire, at Minety on the road
between Swindon and Malmesbury. William Penn lived there in
times. His line produced:
- Giles Penn, a Bristol merchant and sea
- George Penn
and his younger brother Sir William Penn, the English admiral;
- and William Penn, the
founder of Pennsylvania.
What has tended to be forgotten is that
William Penn returned to England in later life and died there penniless
1718. Penn’s grandson John, enriched at a later date from his
time in America, acquired the Stoke Poges manor in Buckinghamshire and
held it from 1775 to 1834.
Later distribution of the Penn name in England showed it in the West
Midlands and stretching down into London and the southeast. Onr
family history started with a shoemaker Phillip Penn, born around 1740
in Canterbury, another with the marriage of John and Elizabeth Penn in
Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire in 1742.
In 1800 John Penn started a company in Blackheath which under his son
John was to become one of the leading builders of marine engines of the
Victorian age. John Penn Street in Greenwich commemorates him.
America. Because of his
father’s service to the crown, William Penn the younger received a
grant of a vast tract of land in America that formerly had been part
of New Netherland.
William Penn arrived in this new territory in
he and his family were to retain control of what became Pennsylvania
until the time of the American Revolution.
The Penns in fact owned much of this land themselves. Their
agreement with the Native Americans had stated that no man could claim
or buy more land from Native Americans than he could walk in a day and
three fastest runners in the province and had them run for the allotted
time over the clearest and best lying land that he could find.
The runners had pacemakers on horseback to ensure that the maximum
amount of land was acquired. One of the runners gave up, another
drowned in a river. The third runner kept going over the thirty
six hours – thus ensuring that half a million acres of cornfields and
hunting grounds came into the Penn family estate.”
Although William married twice and had fourteen children, only two of
his sons, William and Thomas, had living descendants. The Penn direct
male line ended in fact with the death of the Rev. Thomas
Penn in 1869.
William Penn was not the first Penn in America. Christian Penn
was recorded in Jamestown as early as 1621. John Penn, born
in Virginia around 1680, died in Caroline county in 1741. He had
four sons – John, George, Joseph and Moses – and many
descendants. Another John Penn from Caroline county, the son of
Moses and Catherine Penn, was a signer of the Declaration of
Independence for North Carolina in 1776.
Abram Penn was one of the most prominent citizens of Patrick county,
Virginia at the time of the American Revolution. His descendants
became active and successful in tobacco manufacture. Thomas
Jefferson (Jeff) Penn was born into this family.
Black Mammy, published in 2010, is a story told in Thomas
Jefferson Penn’s own words and was his way of honoring a woman that he
cared for deeply. The story took place in the 1880’s when
Jefferson Penn was a child growing up in North Carolina.”
Penn sold the family tobacco business to American Tobacco in the 1910’s
and built the
Chinqua Penn plantation house near Greensboro, North
Carolina on the proceeds.
Not all Penns in America are of English origin. Some Penns were
German from Bavaria, arriving at different times in the 19th
One Russian Jewish immigrant family in Massachusetts in
the early 1900’s changed their name from Pinon to Penn. Their son
was Leo Penn, an actor and director blacklisted during the McCarthy
era. He had three sons, the most well-known being the actor Sean
Penn. Also from Russian Jewish parents, but this time in
Philadelphia, was the film director Arthur Penn.
South Africa. The
youngest son of an immigrant Jewish cabinet maker, Jack Penn, born in
1908. grew up to be the doyen of plastic surgery of his time, as well
as a highly acclaimed sculptor:
commissioned for the Jan Smuts airport in Johannesburg. His bust
of Albert Schweitzer was presented to Strasbourg; while those of David
Ben-Gurion and Moshe Dayan are in Israel.”
His son John followed in his footsteps as a plastic surgeon.
The Penns of Buckinghamshire. At a property division in Penn in Buckinghamshire in 1222 the manor was
divided into two portions, that part obtained by James Penn retaining
the name of Penn Manor.
Seagrave Manor as it became historically belonged to the Penn family. David
Penn came in possession of the manor in 1565. His
wife Sybil Penn was a dry nurse and foster mother to Edward VI and the
Lady of the Bed Chamber to his sister Queen Elizabeth. William
Penn was sheriff of the county in 1624, his grandson William in 1656,
and Roger Penn in 1706. Roger Penn never married
and in 1735 the manor passed to his sister who had married Lord
William Penn of Minety, Wiltshire. William Penn of Minety must have been a person of some local
importance. When he died in 1591 it is believed
that he was buried in front of the altar at Saint Leonard’s church
there. A plaque commemorating his life was erected
in the church. This William Penn was the forebear
of a famous family which included his namesake, the founder of
George Penn the Spanish Merchant. George Penn, the eldest son of the Penn family, became “an
opulent merchant in Spain,” residing many years in Seville.
However, being rich and a Protestant, he was pounced upon by the
Spanish Inquisition in 1643 as a heretic, despoiled of all his estate,
cast into prison where for years he was subjected to torture and
flagellation. He was finally placed on the rack for four days
until in his agony he renounced the Protestant faith.
He was then taken through the streets of Seville to a church
where his confession and sentence was proclaimed “in the sight of
thousands.” His property was confiscated; his wife, a
Flemish woman, was divorced from him and ordered to marry a Spaniard;
and he himself was expelled from Spain. He was told that if he
either renounced the Catholic faith or returned to Spain he would be
burned at the stake.
Back in England, Charles II appointed him in 1664 as envoy to
reside at the court of the King of Spain in order that he could get
for his “sufferings, loss and damage.” But before he could take
up the position he unexpectedly died.
The End of the William Penn Line. Although William Penn had fourteen children, only
William (his eldest son by his first marriage) and Thomas (his second
son by his second marriage) had living descendants. These
derived from Christina Gulielma, a granddaughter of William the eldest
son, and Sophia Margaret, the daughter of Thomas.
last remaining brother, who was heir to the Penn fortune, died in 1844
and left all his property to his eldest surviving son Granville John
Penn. The latter on his decease in 1867 bequeathed
in turn the family inheritance to the Rev. Thomas Gordon Penn, his
younger brother. This gentle scholar, however,
never entered upon the control of his possessions as the Court of
Chancery held him incompetent to manage property. He
was skilled in research activities and his lunacy was of a mild type. With
his passing in 1869, the male line from Willam Penn, the founder of
Pennsylvania, came to an end.
all Penn’s descendants of American nationality were from his first
marriage, i.e. his English branch; whilst his English descendants were
all from his second marriage.
Penn’s Store. Penn’s Store in Harrodsburg, Kentucky is said to be the oldest country
store in America run continuously by the same family.
Jack Penn was the first Penn to own the store sometime around 1850.
In the 1870’s ownership passed to his Dick who was born in 1852.
He married Isabelle May and they lived in a little house next to
Dick Penn was truly a man of many talents. Among his professions were
being a surveyor, dentist, druggist, and postmaster. He
was the community’s first postmaster and Penn’s Store was site of the
first post office in the area known as Rollings, Kentucky. Around
1910 the post office moved to Gravel Switch to be close to the train
which would stop in the town to get gravel from the creek.
After Dick’s death, his son Martin became the new store keeper. Martin
Penn, with the help of his five sons, farmed while also tending to the
store. However, one day in 1933, while raking hay
with a team of horses, the team got spooked and ran off with him. Martin’s
legs were entangled in the reins and he was dragged along the creek bed
near the store. Shortly thereafter he died from
His wife Sue, known as Mammy, became the new storekeeper. Along
with all of the children she kept the store running. She
lived onto the age of 92 and died in her sleep in 1972.
The Chinqua Penn Plantation House. The Chinqua Penn Plantation House is an English
manor home mansion near Greensboro, North Carolina that was built by
Thomas Jefferson (Jeff) Penn and his wife Betsy in the 1920’s. The
name Chinqua Penn was derived from the chinquapin, a species of
American chestnut once plentiful in the area but destroyed by a
chestnut blight in the 1930’s.
Penn reflected their lifestyle of entertaining, traveling, and
collecting art and furniture from around the world. The historic
landscape evolved into an exotic horticulture collection, changing with
each season. The Penn’s love of the beautiful and artistic was
manifested in the use of both native and imported plant material at
Chinqua Penn, maintained throughout the Penn’s tenure by their gardener
Jeff died in 1945 but his wife Betsy continued as the mistress of
Chinqua Penn for another fifteen years. Bob Boyles,
her chauffeur at that time, remembered her as a perfect lady from the
“While it was my job, I never once
opened a car door for Mrs. Penn that she didn’t thank me. I
lost a real friend when she died.”
William Penn, arriving in 1682, founded and gave his name to the
state of Pennsylvania.
John Penn of John Penn &
Sons was one of the leading marine engine builders of the 19th century.
Jack Penn was accclaimed
in South Africa as being the doyen of plastic surgery, as well as a
Arthur Penn was the American
film director best known for his 1968 classic Bonnie and Clyde.
Sean Penn is a well-known
Select Penn Numbers Today
- 5,000 in the UK (most numerous
- 6,000 in America (most numerous in California)
- 2,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Australia)
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