Phillips Surname Meaning, History & Origin

Select Phillips Meaning
Phillips
is patronymic,
from the personal name Philip (from the Greek Philipos, a lover of
horses). This name was popular probably because there were a
number of
early saints called Philip. The Philip name
came to England
from France probably sometime in the 12th
century. 
The surname
is not only English and Welsh, but also – as Philips – Dutch, Flemish,
and north
German as well. The numbers here are not
large, just 3,000 in Flemish Belgium today and fewer elsewhere.
Anton and Gerard Philips were the Dutch industrialists who
co-founded
the electronics giant Philips in 1891.
Some
Phillips are Jewish. An early example
was Jonas
Phillips
who had arrived in America from Germany in 1756 and
settled in Philadelphia. A more recent
example is the British
journalist Melanie Phillips.

Select
Phillips Resources on
The
Internet

Select Phillips Ancestry

Wales.
Philip
arrived as a
personal name in Wales in the 14th century, initially as Ffylib or
Phelip. Ffylib ap Jevan in Pembrokeshire
in the 12th
century was also referred to as Jevan Phillips.

It was taken as a surname by Sir Thomas Philipps who came to
power and
influence in Pembrokeshire in the early 1500’s under Henry VII.
Throughout the 17th and 18th centuries the Philipps – from their base
at Picton
castle – were the most powerful family in Pembrokeshire, exercising
tremendous
political, social and economic influence over all aspects of local
life.

They adopted the Phillips spelling in the 18th
century and other families followed. The Phillips families of
Cwmgwili in
Carmarthenshire and of Treygbi in Cardiganshire are believed to be
related.

The Phillips family of Trelewelyn in
Pembrokeshire had assumed the Phillips name in the early 1600’s.
Thomas
Phillips of this family was Sheriff of Pembrokeshire in
1667. Meanwhile
Peregrine Phillips, a Puritan preacher, was known as “the apostle of
Pembrokeshire” in the mid 1600’s.

England. Phillips in England
was to be found in
the west country, mainly in Cornwall (there are Phillip and Phillips
records in
Redruth
dating back to the 1570’s).

Phillips was also to be found from an early time in Lincolnshire
and
London. There were two Phillips literary brothers
in London who were friends and associates of the poet John
Milton. One Phillips London line began with the birth of
Thomas
Phillips in Southwark around 1720. His son William
Phillips
had three wives and a mistress and died a wealthy man
.

Phillips in England may have a connection
with the like-sounding surnames Phelps and Phipps also found in the
west country. The Phelps of Tewkesbury in
Gloucestershire date from about 1500 and sometimes became Phillips.

Jacob Phillip arrived in London from Frankfurt in Germany in the early
1700’s. His son Arthur made his name in the British navy and
undertook the responsibility for the first convict shipments to
Australia on the First Fleet in 1788. He was Governor of the
colony until 1792.

Scotland. Phillips travelled to
Scotland also,
initially as Philp. Sir James Philp was curate at Abdie in the
late 1400’s. The name has been most
evident in Fife, particularly
around Dunfermline. But there are larger
Phillips numbers today in the Glasgow area.

Ireland. There were Welsh
Phillips who were granted land in the vicinity of Bandon, Cork in the
early
1600’s. Later the Phillips name cropped
up in the Cork parishes of Ballymoney and Kinneagh.

Thomas Phillips
(originally Phelps), a Cromwellian soldier from Tewkesbury in
Gloucestershire, was
granted land in Tipperary in the 1660’s and his family later made their
home at Mount Phillips. Turn the clock forward two centuries and
Francis Phillips of Cashel, Tipperary was first a poet and then a Sinn
Fein activist in the early 1900’s.


America.
William Phillips from England
was one of the
first settlers in Taunton, Massachusetts in 1637. He
was killed by Indians in 1671. But his
line continued, first in Rhode Island
and then in upstate New York. As
Loyalists during the Revolutionary War, they later moved north and made
their
home in Fredericksburg, Ontario.

The
early Phillips in Maryland were from SW England. John
Phillips who acquired land in Dorchester
county in 1674 came from Cornwall. And
it is thought that Thomas Phillips, who was there around the same time,
originated from Devon.

George
Phillips
, a Quaker of probable Welsh origin, came to
Bucks
county, Pennsylvania in 1713. His descendants ended up in
Indiana. A later
arrival was the Rev. David Phillips from Pembrokeshire in 1755. He came with his three younger brothers and
took
the well-trodden Welsh route to Chester county, Pennsylvania.

Canada.
John and Anne
Phillips from New England moved to Quebec in the 1760’s following their
son
John who had fought there against the French.
John’s son William became a flour merchant in Quebec. Some of his descendants headed west in the
late 1800’s, crossing the border into Minnesota. Wendell
Phillips departed for New Zealand in
1919.

John Phillips, a descendant of
William Phillips of Taunton, was a Loyalist who decamped to Canada in
1777
after his farm in New York state had been seized. He
and his family came initially to Missisquoi
Bay before settling in Hastings county, Ontario. Another
Loyalist, Matthew Phillips from New
Jersey, emigrated to New Brunswick in 1783.
His descendants settled in Sunbury county.

Australia. Samuel Phillips from Oxfordshire was an early
settler in
Western Australia, arriving there in 1839 and over time becoming known
as the “Squire”
of the Toodyay valley. His Culham home
is still held by descendants. Meanwhile
John Phillips from Bristol arrived in Sydney around 1850, married
there, and
was an early settler in Brisbane, Queensland.

 

Select
Phillips Miscellany
.

The Phillips Name in England.  According to Charles Bardsley’s 1901 book Directory of English and Welsh Surnames,
Philip was first seen in France, being a name born by five kings of France, and
was brought from France to England sometime in the 12th century.  Henry Phelipe, noted in the 1273 hundred
rolls of Norfolk, was one of the earliest recorded bearers of
the
surname in England with a “Ph” spelling.

For patriotic reasons, because of the rivalry
with Spain, Philip ceased to be a popular given name in England at the
time of
Queen Elizabeth and the Spanish Armada.

Early Phillips in Redruth

Year Event Name Comments
1575 Birth Agnes Philipp daughter of Thomas Philipp
1615 Marriage Michel Philipp married to Katerine Robins
1617 Birth John Philipp son of Michel Philipp
1623 Birth Julian Philip son of Joan Philip
1623 Birth Elizabeth Philip daughter of William Philip
1623 Marriage Jane Philip

The first spelling as Phillips did not appear until 1658.

Sir Thomas Philipps of Picton Castle.  Sir Thomas Philipps was the forebear of the powerful
Philipps family of Picton Castle which held sway over Pembrokeshire
during the
16th, 17th and 18th centuries.

His
grandfather was said to have been Meredith Philipps of Clisant, his
father
Phillip Philipps.  This Cilsant family
which had extensive lands in West Carmarthenshire was descended from a
late
11th century lord of Blaen Cych named Cadifor Fawr.
Cadifor’s great grandson Aaron ap Rhys took
part in the Third Crusade and became a Knight of the Holy Sepulcher.  He is said to have added the golden collar
and chain to the back of the lion rampart insignia of the Philipps
family.

However, other records have suggested
different ancestors.  Instead these
Philipps may have come from Kent and migrated west to Somerset by the
1460’s.

Thomas Philipp was born around 1465
and in 1491 married Joan Owen, heiress of the Wogan line, and thereby
inherited
Picton Castle in Pembrokeshire.  He rose
to power and influence under Henry VII.
He was knighted in 1513 and became Sheriff of Pembrokeshire in
1516.

William Phillips – Three Wives, One Mistress, and A Dog.  His father Thomas Phillips claimed an exotic heritage, the
son of a Gaelic chieftain who had died at Culloden – a tall story
indeed.  He prospered as a gin distiller
and pub owner
in London.  William the eldest son, born
in Southwark in 1752, built upon this family inheritance through some
shrewd
property investments.  He died a rich
man.

William had three wives and at
least one mistress.  He married his first
wife Frances at St. Marylebone in 1777.
They had three children, the last of them being born in 1781.  Somewhere
along the line he acquired a mistress, either while his first
wife was still alive or as a widower.
They had a son named John, born in 1785.
In 1797 William married again to Elizabeth, a widow, but this
marriage
proved short-lived as she died within the year.

William remained unmarried until 1815 when he wed Mary
Jane Abbiss, the
daughter of a rich widow.  This widow had
died two years earlier, in which she named her brother and William
Phillips as
guardians of her two children – including Mary Jane who was just
fifteen when
the will was written.  Could she ever
have imagined that Mary Jane would have ended up marrying her whose own
children were ten to fifteen years older than Mary Jane.
She gave him two children.  And he
was in his sixties then!

A
story often told about
William was his rescue by a dog when he was about to drown.  One account went as follows:

“While
bathing at
Portsmouth Mr. William Phillips ventured out too far and was in
imminent peril.
Two boatmen, instead of starting off to assist him, selfishly strove to
make a
hard bargain with some of the bystanders who were urging them. While
the parley
was going on a Newfoundland dog, seeing the danger, plunged into the
water and
saved the struggling swimmer.

It
is pleasantly told that Mr. Phillips, in
gratitude for his deliverance, bought the dog from his owner and
thereafter
gave an annual festival at which the dog was assigned the place of
honor with a
good ration of beefsteaks. He had a picture of the dog painted by
Morland and
engraved by Bartolozzi and the image of the dog put on all his table
linen.”

Phillips Farmers in Pennsylvania and Indiana.  The Quaker George Phillips from Cheshire in England was an early arrival in Pennsylvania, disembarking on
the Delaware river from the Endeavor of
London
in early 1683.  By 1700 he had
made his home near the Welsh Quaker settlement of Gwynedd.
He and his wife Patience later moved to
Richland in Bucks county where they were among the area’s earliest
settlers.

These Phillips were farmers
and over time migrated westward.   They
moved to Stokes county, North Carolina around 1790 and then in the
1820’s to
Indiana – first to Wayne county and later to the rolling pastures of
Hendricks
county in central Indiana.

Jonas Phillips and His Offspring.  Jonas Phillips, the son of Aaron Phillips, was said to
have been born in Frankfort, Germany in 1736.
At the age of twenty, he was on a ship to America, first to the
Jewish
community in Charleston, South Carolina and later to Philadelphia where
he was
a merchant and fought on the patriot side in the Revolutionary War.  He died in Philadelphia in 1803.

Many
of his
offspring were to distinguish themselves in 19th century America:

  • from
    his oldest son Naphtali came Isaac
    Phillips, an influential member of the New York Chamber of Commerce.
  • from
    his next son Benjamin came the
    playwright Jonas B. Phillips.
  • and
    from his youngest son Zalegman came the
    financier and congressman Henry Mayer Phillips.  His
    nephew Henry Phillips Jr. was an expert on
    American currency.

 

 

Select Phillips Names

  • Sir Thomas Philipps was the forebear of the powerful Philipps family which held Picton castle in Pemrokeshire from the early 16th century.
  • Anton and Gerard Philips co-founded
    the Dutch electronics company Philips in 1891.
  • Henry Phillips founded the American Screw Company in 1934 and was the man after whom the Phillips
    screwdriver was named.
  • William Phillips was the English economist after whom the term Phillips curve was named.
  • Frank Phillips, the oilman,
    founded the Phillips Petroleum Company in Bartlesville, Oklahoma in the 1920’s.

Select Phillips Numbers Today

  • 122,000 in the UK (most numerous
    in Essex)
  • 134,000 in America (most numerous in Texas)
  • 77,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Canada)

 

Select Phillips and Like Surnames

Many surnames originated from SW England, the principal counties there being Devon and Cornwall, Somerset and Gloucestershire.  These are some of the prominent and noteworthy surnames that you can check out.

BryantJewellPerkinsRowe
DrakePalmerPhelpsScudamore
HancockPascoePhillipsWilcox

 


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