Ryan Surname Meaning, History & Origin

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Ryan
is the 8th most common surname in Ireland.  The name has also
spread across the English-speaking world (as well as becoming a popular
choice as first name).
The main source of this name was the old Gaelic O’Maoilriain (descendant of
Maoilriain), the name of a Munster sept in Tipperary and
Limerick.  O’Maoilriain
abbreviated and anglicized over time to Mulryan and then to Ryan.
A smaller and separate Leinster sept in county Carlow, O’Riain, also became Ryans.

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Ryan Ancestry

Ireland.
The first record of O’Maoilriain as
a sept name occurred in Tipperary sometime in the 14th century, the
time they settled
in Owney
, the mountainous land along the
borders of Tipperary and Limerick.  Their family influence grew
rapidly as did their numbers, so that it became a common saying in
Tipperary:

“One could hardly throw a stone down a
street in Tipperary
without hitting a Ryan.”


In the 1640’s, the Ryans joined in the rebellion of the Catholic
Confederacy, but were defeated by Cromwell.  Old clans such as the
Ryans of Solohead were attainted, forfeiting their hereditary lands and
receiving in return poor lands west of the Shannon.  Eamon Ryan (Eamon an Chnoic),
the poet and outlaw, was captured and killed.

A number of Ryans, driven into exile during the 18th century, found
service in the armies of France, Spain
and Austria.  Many joined the Church, in
Ireland or being posted abroad.  Others simply emigrated in
search of a better life.  British rule was resented in Ireland, a
sentiment expressed in Darby Ryan’s ditty, The Peeler and the Goat.

Tipperary.
The name Ryan is still very common in Tipperary.  Among the Ryans
born there in the 19th and 20th century have been:

  • Darby Ryan, the songwriter and patriot (born in
    Bansha)
  • Patrick Ryan, Archbiishop of
    Philadelphia (born in Thurles)
  • William P. Ryan, journalist and
    founder of The Nation (born
    in Templemore)
  • Tony Ryan, co-founder of Ryanair
    (born in Thurles)
  • and Matty Ryan, jeweller and
    racing enthusiast (born in Thurles).

Elsewhere.  The
name has also spread across Ireland, to Dublin and elsewhere.
One family history tells of Ryans who had settled in Clare after the
siege of Limerick in 1690.  Then there was the remarkable
20th century Ryan family of twelve children from Tomcoole in county
Wexford
who were known as “the Ryan dynasty.”  They included politicians,
farmers and priests, whilst many of the women married into medicine or
politics.


England.

Many Ryans crossed the Irish Sea to London and industrial Lancashire in
search of work during the 19th century.  Some made it in the
professions, notably journalism –  such as William P. Ryan, editor
of the Daily Herald and A.P.
Ryan, literary editor of The Times.

Others struggled to make a living, as this Victorian account of a
family reveals:

“The Ryan family settled in an area
around Blackfriars.  After he married, Michael Ryan at different
times ran a fish shop, a greengrocers, and a laundry.  Everything
was washed by hand, in big tubs in a washhouse at the back of the house
and then ironed with old flat irons heated on a stove.  There was
always a smell of wet washing everywhere.”

The travails of a fictional Ryan family in Liverpool were described in
Lyn Andrew’s 2001 novel  My Sister’s Child.


America.
  Revolutionary War records reveal many Ryans who
fought on the American side.  Among early Ryan settlers
were:

  • William Ryan (son of John Ryan), born in Amherst county Virginia
    in 1755.
  • a Ryan family of Westmoreland county Virginia, who later moved to
    West Virginia and Kentucky.
  • John Ryan, who was in New Jersey
    in the 1770’s and whose family then settled in Crawford county,
    Pennsylvania.
  • another John Ryan, of Barbour county West Virginia in the
    1780’s.  Two of his sons migrated to Ohio.

19th Century Arrivals.
There was a much larger Ryan influx during the 19th century.
William and Nancy Ryan arrived in 1839 and settled in Rockford,
Illinois (their story is recounted in Martha Ryan’s 1992 book A Long Way from Tipperary).
Another Ryan family, who came to America at the time of the potato
famine, ended up in California in 1851 during the Gold Rush boom.
Michael and Catherine Ryan owned the Ryan House Hotel as a
stripping-off place for miners.

Among the many Ryans in New York City was first generation John F.
O’Ryan, who rose to be a US army general during World War One.  Ryan’s Hope was a
TV soap of the 1980’s which revolved around the trials and tribulations
of a large Irish-American family in New York City.


A real “rags-to- riches” story was that of Thomas Fortune Ryan, the Wall
Street financier who died in 1928 as the 12th richest man in
America.  Despite certain myths regarding his background, he was
neither orphaned nor penniless as a child in Virginia’s Piedmont
district and his ancestry has been traced back to Protestant
Anglo-Irish settlers in the 1600’s.

Better known today perhaps is the fictional Jack Ryan of Tom Clancy’s
novels, as portrayed by Harrison Ford  in films such as Patriot Games and Clear and Present Danger.

Canada.  Ryans have made
their presence felt in Canada most noriceably in the Maritime
Provinces.  John Ryan, a Loyalist from New England, started the
first newspaper in New Brunswick in 1784.  There were Ryans from
Ireland in Pouch Cove and Calvert, Newfoundland by 1800; and Ryans
from Ireland in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick by the 1830’s.

In the 1850’s James Ryan, the son of an Irish immigrant, started a
fishery and shipping business in Bonavista, Newfoundland.  It grew
into a large mercantile empire, making him one of the wealthiest people
in Newfoundland.  James died in 1917, but his family carried on
the fish trade until 1952.  The
Divine Ryans
was a 1999
film based around a Ryan family who ran a funeral parlor in St. John’s,
Newfoundland.


Australia.
  The first Ryans in Australia were undoubtedly
convicts.  John Ryan, a silkweaver convicted of theft, was onboard
the First Fleet convict ship to Australia in 1788.  Many left no
trace.  Two who did leave family were Ned Ryan, the so-called King of Galong
Castle
who was transported in 1816, and Catherine Ryan, who
was transported for manslaughter in 1829.

Many Ryans later came as settlers, including the following from
Tipperary:

  • Daniel and Mary Ryan on the Glenswilly
    in 1840.  They were pioneers of the Monaro region of NSW.
  • David and Honora Ryan on the Argyle
    in 1852.
  • Michael and Johanna Ryan on the Raja Gopaul to Queensland in
    1852.  They settled in Rockhampton.
  • Henry and Catherine Ryan on the
    Rodney to South Australia
    in 1854.
  • while Thomas and Brigid Ryan came to New Zealand on the Fernglen in 1876.  They
    settled in Petone.

There were also a number of Ryan arrivals from Limerick.

Among the first generation Ryans was Thomas Ryan, the son of an
illiterate laborer, who educated himself as a lawyer and rose to become
Prime Minister of Queensland.  A statue in Brisbane commemorates
him.

 

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Ryan Miscellany

Ryans and Mulryans.  Ryan is amongst the ten most numerous surnames in Ireland, with an
estimated population of 27,500.  Only a very small proportion use the prefix “O.”

The great majority of Ryans are really O’Mulryans.  But this
earlier form of the name is now almost obsolete. Even in the census of
1659 in county Limerick, Ryans outnumbered Mulryans by about four to
one.  Today there is not one O’Mulryan in the telephone directory.

The Ryans of Owney.  The sept of O’Mulryan was located in Owney, which forms two modern baronies on the borders
of Limerick and Tipperary.  In this wild country there is the
ruined Ryan castle of Killoscully and, further south across the Keeper
mountains in Follaclug in the parish of Hollford, local tradition has
it that the celebrated poet and outlaw Eamon an Chnoic (Ned of the
Hills)
is
buried.

A monument to the Ryans can be found in a secluded corner
of a ruined 12th century Cistercian monastery at Abington across the
border in Limerick.  The Ryans had saved the monastery from
destruction in the 16th century and the
inscription there reads:

“The most noble William Ryan, chief of the country of
Owney and head and prince of the ancient family of Ryans, caused the
monument to be erected to himself, his wife, and his children.

The honor of his posterity and praise of his ancestors
caused William Ryan to construct this graceful work.  Alas, how
much nobility proved in peace and war, how much holy faith, virue and
distinguished fame are enclosed in this sepulchral monument of the
Ryans.  If it should be asked why that which is not destined to
die should be shut up, the bones alone are covered in the earth but the
other parts that know not death will enjoy perpetual day.

The praise, virtue, glory and honor of the Ryan race will
live forever in this honored name.  AD 1632.”

The story of the Ryans of Owney has been told in M.
Callanan’s 1935 book Records of Four Tipperary Septs.

Eamon an Chnoic.  In the 1640’s Eamon Ryan, a Tipperary landowner, was dispossessed by Oliver Cromwell’s forces.  He was from Cnoc
MaothailI (the bald hill) in Teampall Beag.  A tenant of Ryan’s, a
widow, was also dispossessed of her cow by one of Cromwell’s
agents.  Eamon an Chnoic defended her and in the argument he
killed the agent.

He was outlawed and went on the run with a price of £200 (a
lot of money then) on his head.  After hiding in the mountains in
the winter where he was destroyed by exposure, he took refuge with an
old lover of his who hid him in her house for a time.  It is said
that the agents looked for him at her house but that she successfully
hid him under her dress.  Presumably the dress was hanging up or
thrown on a bed, but that she wasn’t wearing it at the time.

Subsequently, he took refuge with a neighbor who killed him
for the reward while he slept.  Posterity doesn’t record the names
of either his faithful girlfriend or his treacherous neighbor.

Eamon was a Gaelic poet.  The following is an English
version of one of his pieces.

“Who is that outside
That has fever in his voice
Smashing at my locked door?

I am Eamon of the Hill
That is drowned wet and cold
From forever-walking mountains and glens.

My tragic fair one, and my chosen one,
What should I do with you
But to put you safe under my skirts?
And that [gun]powder would blow back thickly on you
And we will be extinguished as one.

I am far outside under snow and under ice
And without boldness or any spirit.
My ploughland without a mark, my grassland without seed
And these not in my ownership in any case.

I have no friend, and this is a regret to me
That I called early and late
And that I must go overseas east
Where I have no ties.”

The Peeler and the Goat.  The Peeler and the Goat was a
ditty written by Darby Ryan sometime in the 1820’s.  The song was reportedly inspired by police officers (Peelers) taking a number of
goats into “custody” for creating an obstruction on the road.

It runs as follows:

“A police officer finds a goat roaming
the streets of Bansha  and, presuming her to be either a loiterer
or a prostitute, announces that he will soon send her off to
prison.  The police officer and the goat argue over the
circumstances of the arrest and whether or not the police officer would
actually be able to get a conviction for a crime not committed.
At the end of the song, the goat accuses the police officer of being
drunk and asserts that if she had enough money to purchase illegal
liquor for the police officer the she would have been allowed to go
free.”

The song continues to be popular in Irish pubs and bars.

Ryans For and Against Spain

Tomas O’Ryan

The family of Lieutenant-General Tomás O’Ryan y Vayquez had been in
Spain since the 18th century. Specializing in engineering and
administration, Tomás was given many responsible appointments in
Spain’s overseas military establishments, often being sent abroad by
the Minister of State for War, General O’Donnell.  He was in
France when Queen Isobel II was exiled.  She entrusted the care of
her 13 year-old son, who later became King Alfonso XII, to
him.

With the restoration of the monarchy, O’Ryan was summoned to Madrid to
be made Field Marshal and aide to the King.  His descendants are
still in Spain, although the O’Ryan surname died out there in 1946.

W.A.C. Ryan

William Abbot Charles Ryan, born in Canada, came from a long line of
soldiers who had fought all over Europe in the Napoleonic and
Peninsular wars.

In 1868, during a trip to Washington, he had met up with the leader of
the Cuban insurgents who were planning to overthrow their Spanish
rulers.  Ryan sold his business and went off to fight for
Cuba.  His task was to ferry men and military supplies between New
York and Cuba.

After completing many successful expeditions, the Spaniards captured
his corvette Tornado and Ryan
and his men were executed and their heads paraded through
Santiago.  There was an outcry in New York and much embarrassment
in Madrid.  He was only thirty when he died.

Ryans in the Church.  Among the many Ryans who have distinguished themselves in the Church have been:

Ireland
Cornelius O’Mulryan from Tipperary died in 1617 Bishop of Killale, Cloyne, and
Ross
He was the brother of the Owney
chief.
Edward Ryan died in 1819 Prebendary of St. Patrick’s,
Dublin.
Vincent Ryan died in 1845 First abbot of Melleray Abbey,
Waterford.
Dermot Ryan 1924-1984 Archbishop of Dublin
Archbishop Ryan Park in Dublin
is named after him.
Americas
Stephen Ryan from Clare 1826-1896 Bishop of Buffalo.
Patrick Ryan from Tipperary 1831-1911 Archbishop of Philadelphia (and
a great orator).
Abram Ryan from Virginia 1838-1886 Chaplain of the Confederate Army.
James Ryan from Tipperary 1848-1923 Bishop of Alton.
John A. Ryan from Minnesota 1865-1945 Catholic theologian/early
advocate of minimum wage.
Finbar Ryan from Cork 1881-1975 Archbishop of Port of Spain,
Trinidad.

My Sister’s Child.  A fictional Ryan family in Liverpool was portrayed in Lyn Andrew’s 2001 novel  My Sister’s Child.
The plot of this novel runs as follows:

“For the inhabitants of Liverpool’s
Milton Street a steady income and a roof over their heads are
luxuries.  The Ryan family have barely grown accustomed to such
things when a fire destroys their father Jack’s modest coal haulage
business, leaving Jack broken and his family facing ruin.

They’re forced to turn to Conor, Jack’s brother from Ireland, a man
whose noisy joviality seventeen-year-old Ellen Ryan suspects hides a
mean viciousness.  She’s right and, with her mother sick and her
half-sister Annie becoming increasingly feckless, it’s down to Ellen to
fight Conor’s tyranny.  But when Annie disappears, leaving her
baby on their doorstep, Ellen begins fear for herself and for the life
of the innocent child she has learnt to love.”

Ned Ryan, King of Galong Castle.  Ned Ryan was born in Tipperary in 1786.  At the age of thirty he
was sentenced to death for his role in the destruction of an infirmary
which had been requisitioned by the militia for use as a temporary
barracks.  For him and for twelve companions the death sentence
was subsequently commuted to a fourteen year prison term in
Australia.  They were transported on the Surrey 2 in 1816.

In 1825 Ned received his ticket of leave and had almost full freedom,
although he was not at liberty to leave the colony.  Ryan
tradition has it that he squatted at Illalong (near present day
Binalong) but within a short space of time moved onto Galong, then far
removed from civilisation.

Ned’s wife Ellen and their children Anastasia and John joined him at
Galong in 1847. The present day homestead was erected during the 1850s
and a two-storey extension complete with crenellation at the eastern
end about 1860.  These stone embellishments no doubt caused Galong
to become known locally as the “Castle.”  The Ryans themselves
always referred to it as Galong House.

With enterprise and determination Ned earned the reputation of being a
hardworking but fair man who gave selflessly to nearly every
cause.  He served on committees, his name appeared on almost every
public subscription, and his presence was noted at community
events.  Despite his gruff exterior he was without question an
extremely generous man who was known to have supported some individuals
for almost thirty years.  Galong Castle was called a “Castle” not
because of its magnificence, but because of the princely hospitality
extended.

More recently, Galong has been called “the paradise of the
Ryans.”  Nearby
Boorowa boasts 60 percent of its population as Irish and remains proud
of its Irish Australian history.  A shamrock trail appears on the
pavement of the newly refurbished main streets.  St Lawrence’s
Church was commissioned by Anastasia Barry Ryan, niece to Ned Ryan.

Max Barrett’s 1978 book King of
Galong Castle: The Story of Ned Ryan
recounts the family history.

Thomas Fortune Ryan.  Thomas Fortune Ryan was a true
“rags-to-riches” story.

He was a Nelson County, Virginia native who became spectacularly
successful as a Wall Street financier in New York and the wealthiest
native-born Southerner of his generation.  His business interests
embraced the Manhattan transit system, the American Tobacco Company,
banking, the Equitable Life Assurance, the Thompson Sub-Machine Gun,
railroads, Mexican rubber plantations and diamond mines in the Belgian
Congo.

He was as well a prominent international art collector and a generous
philanthropist.  He and his wife Ida paid entirely for the
construction of the Cathedral of the Sacred Heart in Richmond,
Virginia.

He even timed his death well.  He died in 1928, one year before
the Great Crash.

Among his descendants is Virginia Fortune Ryan, born in 1933.  She
married David Ogilvy, 8th Earl of Airlie, and became Lady Airlie.
She is a Lady in Waiting to Queen Elizabeth.

 


Select Ryan Names

  • Eamon O’Riain was a famous poet/outlaw of Tipperary in the early 18th century.
  • Patrick Ryan, Archbishop of Philadelphia in the late 19th century, was renowned for his oratory.
  • Patrick Ryan from Limerick won
    the Olympic gold medal for hammer-throwing in 1920 and held the world record in this event from 1913 to 1937.
  • Cornelius Ryan was an Irish-American writer best known for his World War 2 books, The Longest Day and A Bridge Too Far.
  • Meg Ryan is a popular Hollywood actress.

Select Ryan Numbers Today

  • 45,000 in the UK (most numerous
    in West Midlands)
  • 60,000 in America (most numerous in New York)
  • 126,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Ireland).

 

 

 

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