Schaefer Surname Meaning, History & Origin
cognate for the German
word schäfer and surname Schäfer, generally taken
to mean “shepherd.” Another
suggested origin for the surname has been the German word scheaffaere or shaffer,
meaning a manager or a steward
of a household. However, this is a less
Jewish people adopted a version of the Schaefer name, possibly as a
to their God (as in “the Lord is my shepherd”) or as an allusion to
King David who was a shepherd in his boyhood.
spellings spread across America – such as Schafer, Shafer,
Schaeffer, Schaffer, Shaffer, Sheffer, and Sheaffer.
Schaefer Resources on
- The Schaefer Story
History of the F & M Schaefer Brewing Company.
- Shaffer DNA Project
Shaffer and variants DNA.
Early recordings of the surname in Germany were:
- Dietriech Schäfer in Bavaria in 1327
- Lewelin Schäfer at Lahr in Baden-Wurttemberg
- and Cuntzel Schefer at Worms in Rheinland-Pfalz in 1384.
Schäfer with the umlaut numbers some 220,000
in Germany today and is the eleventh most common surname. The surname is prevalent throughout the country,
especially in the south in states such as Hesse, Saarland,
Rheinland-Pfalz, and Baden Württemberg. The
Scheffer spelling has persisted in the Lower Rhine.
America. The first
Schaefers in America were probably Maria Elisabeth
Schäffer and her family from the Rhineland
Palatinate who were recorded in Schoharie county in
upstate New York in 1710. Shaffer and
Shafer have been later family names there.
The Schaefer name did come to America
with one and two “f’s” – Schaefer and Schaeffer – and the one and two
divide roughly 50/50 of the 90,000 or so of that name today.
Schaeffer. The main early Schaeffer
presence was in
Pennsylvania. The spelling often became
Shaefer and Shaffer after a generation or two.
Among the Schaeffer arrivals from Germany were:
- Alexander Schaeffer from Baden who came to Philadelphia
in 1738 and
settled at Heidelberg township in what was then Lancaster county. This township would later become known after
him as Schaefferstown.
- Anthony Schaeffer
from Heidelberg who came to another Heidelberg township, this time in
Northampton county, where he married Maria Reeg sometime in the 1760’s.
Schaeffer who arrived from Hesse, aged 19, on the Patience in
a guardian (his parents having both died). He
first made his home in Berks county, before moving to
Virginia. The family name there became
Sheffer. Their history was recounted in
Russell Smith’s 1944 book The Sheffer Family of Shenandoah County.
Frederick David Schaeffer from Hesse, who also lost his parents young,
Philadelphia in 1776 and was later ordained in the Lutheran church. Three of his sons were also Lutheran
clergymen; as was his grandson Charles William Schaeffer.
Many moved onward from
Jacob Shaffer, born in 1794, practiced medicine in Cleveland, Ohio in
the 1820’s when that city
a hamlet. He later moved to the town of
Reynoldsburg nearby and gained a reputation for his treatments during
cholera epidemic of 1832.
Schaeffer, an early settler in Ohio, moved further westward in 1818 to
Cass county, Illinois where he
settled. His grandson Charles was the superintendent of schools there.
- and Michael
Shaffer, born in 1814, also lived in Ohio for a while and then
land to farm in Iowa in 1854. He settled
in Cedar, Iowa.
Nicholas Schaeffer had been born in Germany and
immigrated to Philadelphia with his mother and brothers in 1832. Shortly after arriving in America, their
horse was stolen and the family crossed the Allegheny mountains on foot. Nicholas settled for a few years in
Cincinnati before he came to St. Louis to found his lubricants company
Despite simple beginnings, Schaeffer’s business quickly grew, making
Louis’s first millionaire.
Jacob Schaeffer, born
in Pennsylvania, headed west to California at the time of the Gold Rush. He
entered the jewelry business in Bloomfield, Iowa. Somewhere
during this journey his name changed
to Sheaffer. In 1912 his son Walter
founded the W.A. Sheaffer Pen Company, the maker of the first
commercially successful lever-filling fountain pen.
Schaefer. The Schaefer spelling was
Pennsylvania arrivals, but also cropped up elsewhere.
Schaefer sometimes shortened to Schafer and
Maximilian Schaefer came
to New York from Hesse in 1839 and three years later started up with
brother Frederick the F&M Schaefer
Brewery Company. This became by
the early 1900’s the largest
brewery in America.
Carl Schafer and his
brother Paul from Baden came to Perry county in southern Indiana in
Jacob Schafer from the Rhineland-Palatinate arrived with his family
Lake county in northern Indiana in the mid/late 1850’s. Jacob Shafer
meanwhile had been an early settler in Tippecanoe county in the central
the state, coming there from Ohio in the 1830’s.
He was a gunsmith by trade. His son
Jacob, after some wandering, farmed
near Topeka in Kansas.
One early family in
Rockingham county, Virginia started out as Shaffer, but were Shaver
Shaver married Magdalene Grosvenor in 1763, and then Shafer when Jacob
moved to California in 1849 and to Idaho territory where he was a
delegate to the US Congress in 1870.
Another Shaefer to Shaver transition occurred with William and
Shaefer who came to Sussex county, New Jersey in 1765.
Their four sons adopted the Shaver spelling.
Schaffer from Hesse who had served in the British army
was recruited to come to Australia in 1790 as an early small-scale
the bush. However, he was not a success
and, after selling away his land, ended up in an asylum.
Schaefer had come to Victoria from Bavaria in 1857 and settled in
he and his wife Anna raised eight children.
The youngest of these, Harry, was a self-taught musician who
learnt dance tunes in Victoria and in the Forbes
district of NSW where he later lived. His
transcription of these tunes is possibly the only
example of an Australian bush dance musician keeping a written record
Schaefer and Variant Spellings in America Today
|With one “f”|
|With two “f’s”|
Schaeffers in Schaefferstown, Pennsylvania. Alexander Schaeffer, the son of Hans and Maria Schaeffer, immigrated to Philadelphia from Baden with
his wife Anna on the Robert & Alice in 1738.
They made their home in Lancaster county.
By the time of his death in 1786 he had laid out the town
in Lancaster county he named
Heidelberg (but was called Schaefferstown after his death),
built the King George Hotel (the present-day Franklin House), and
first gravitational water conveyance system by underground pipes in any
British colonies. The Alexander Schaeffer house and farm, designated a
Landmark in 2011, is still standing there.
His son Henry was a Justice of the
Peace at Schaefferstown for many years.
He also operated a distillery and manufactured flooring and roof
tiles. At the time of the Revolutionary
War he organized a company of militia.
Minor Shaffer in Washington State. His father Joseph Shaffer had been born in Ohio in
1827 and was a pioneer to California in the 1850’s, settling in
state before moving back eastward in the 1870’s to Indiana where his
had been early settlers and then onto Iowa where he died.
Minor himself had come to
Washington state with his parents when he was a child and received his
education in the district schools of Walla Walla county. Later
moved to Colfax where he finished his schooling. After that he
his mother’s farm in Indiana and then returned west in 1888 to Lincoln
He took a squatter’s right there to the place that he later
owned. He immediately set to work to build a home and improve the
and with his brother Emmett bought land until they had a large holding. They owned a great many head of cattle and
were well-to-do stockmen.
“Mr. Shaffer, like many other prominent people
in Lincoln county, started in life with no means and gained his
reason of his sagacity and thrift.”
F & M Schaefer Brewing Company. Maximilian Schaefer had emigrated to New York in 1839
carrying with him the recipe for lager, a popular brew in Germany that
unknown in America. He joined his
brother Frederick in the employ of a local brewer in Manhattan. In 1842 the Schaefer brothers bought out the
owner, establishing F & M Schaefer Brewing.
Lager proved popular and the
Schaefer company became one of the
country’s largest beer producers.
Maximilian remained active in the company until failing health
him to retire in the late 1890’s. The
brewery relocated to Brooklyn in 1915.
Maximilian was succeeded by
Rudolph who ran the company from 1912 to 1927 and by his son Rudolph
who was at
the helm from 1927 to 1969. He published
a history of the Schaefer company () and once said:
was a youngster, grandfather said to me one day: ‘Rudy, you can have
grain and the finest hops and the best yeast.
But if you want to make real good beer you’ve got to have people
know their business and who want to make the best beer in the world.’ ”
the early 1900’s its customer base in the
northeast United States had made Schaefer the most popular beer in the
a position it maintained until ceding it to Budweiser in the 1970’s.
Schafers from Germany to Lake County, Indiana. Jacob Schafer and his wife Anna departed their home at
Alflen in the Rhineland-Palatinate in 1855 bound for America. They sailed down the Rhine to the North Sea,
thence to London where he set out for the New World in a sailing vessel
was seven weeks before reaching the port of New York.
Storms and heavy seas
beset the ship and the passengers were compelled to cook their own
meals and to
endure many other hardships before the blessed land finally came into
sight. Many times it seemed as if the
craft would go to the bottom.
From New York City the family went to Springfield
Hollow in New York, and remained there a year and a half and then made
stormy and perilous voyage by the Great Lakes to Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
German family had landed in the new world with only two dollars in cash. A friend had afforded them free
transportation to the village of Springfield Hollow.
From this state of poverty
of material resources, when they were in a strange country and unable
the English tongue and were handicapped in countless ways, their honest
industry and persevering labors effected, in the end, a substantial and
honorable place in the world’s activity.
Jacob got work in the erection of the custom
house at Milwaukee at a dollar and twelve cents a day and was thus
three years. He then moved to Dodge county, Wisconsin, near Beaver Dam,
purchased forty acres of land and engaged in farming and stock-raising. He soon sold this and went to Chicago where
he was in the lumber yards for a year.
then arrived with his family in the West Creek township of Lake county,
Indiana. Here he purchased one hundred
acres of land, going into debt by nine hundred dollars for it. By industry and good management he paid off
the entire indebtedness and resided on this good home until his death.
Philip Schaffer, A Failed Early Farmer in Australia. Philip Schaffer, born in Hesse, had served as a soldier under British command in North America after the Revolutionary War. In 1789, at the request of the British
Governor of Australia, the Government recruited nine farmers and others
superintendents of convicts. One of these was Schaffer, then a widower
daughter Elizabeth aged ten. He was
described as “being accustomed to farming.”
Schaffer and four other superintendents reached Sydney in
Schaffer could not speak English well and, instead of remaining a
was established in March 1791 as a farmer on 140 acres at Parramatta
named the Vineyard. He was provided with a hut, tools, seed grain
and two sows,
and two acres were cleared for him.
Then, a year later, he was one of the first three men who had
to New South Wales to be granted land by the Government.
However, his later
achievements did not match his early promise.
He was a failure as a small-scale farmer. A
contemporary of his wrote that “old age, poverty
and intemperance” caused Schaffer to sell his land piecemeal. He
1828 in the Benevolent Asylum where his widow was also an inmate.
- Georg Anton Schäffer was a German physician from Bavaria who attempted to conquer Hawaii for Russia
in 1815, but failed.
- Walter Sheaffer developed
in America the first commercially successful lever-filling fountain pen in 1912.
- William Donald Schaefer was the Governor of Maryland from 1987 to 1995.
- Peter Shaffer, Jewish, is an acclaimed British playwright whose works have included Equus and Amadeus. He died in 2016.
Select Schaefer Numbers Today
- 1,000 in the UK (most numerous
- 91,000 in America (most numerous in Pennsylvania)
- 8,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Canada)
Select Schaefer and Like Surnames
The first wave of German immigration into America came in the early 1700’s from the Rhine Palatine and Switzerland. They were fleeing religious persecution at home. Most ended up in Pennsylvania, bringing their Mennonite church with them. Some went to the Mohawk Valley in upstate New York. Their Germanic names often changed under English rule to English-style names. Thus Fischer became Fisher, Schneider Snyder, Hubner Hoover and so forth.
The reasons for immigration were different in the 19th century – in search of a better life, sometimes to avoid the draft. They came from all German states and went not just to Pennsylvania but all over as the middle and west of the country was opening up. And they brought German skills with them, notably beer-making.
Here are some of the notable German surnames in America that you can check out.
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