Scudamore

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Scudamore Surname Genealogy

Scudamore as a surname derived from the place-name of
Upton Scudamore, a small village near Warminster in Wiltshire.  Scudamore here may have come from the Old
English word scitemor meaning “one
who lived by the moor.”

Ralph de Scudemer lived around the time of William the Conqueror and held lands in Wiltshire and Herefordshire.  He was the first to assume the Scudamore name. 

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Scudamore Resources on
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Scudamore Ancestry


EnglandFrom Ralph
de Scudemer came the Scudamores of Wiltshire and Herefordshire.  

Wiltshire.  His name appeared there in
the Domesday Book
of 1086 and Walter de Scydemore around the year 1140. Peter
de Skydemore held the manor of Upton
Scudamore in 1216, as did his descendant Peter Scuydemor who died in
1342.

However,
their presence ended later in the 14th century, possibly as a result of
the
Black Death.  Some moved elsewhere in
Wiltshire, some to Devon, while John Skydemore came to a sad end in London.
Nothing now remains of the Scudamore name in Wiltshire.

Herefordshire.  The first recording of
the name here was Hugh
de Scudimore in the 1167 Herefordshire pipe rolls. Scudamore
descent here split into two lines, the
older one based at Kentchurch and the younger one at Holme Lacy.

The Kentchurch line was closer to the Welsh
border, their lands were farmed by Welshmen, and they were more
sympathetic to
Welsh grievances.  These Scudamore with
Catholic recusants in Elizabethan times but Parliamentarians by the
time of the
Civil War.  There followed:

  • John
    Scudamore, a colonel in the Hereford militia, who was the Hereford MP
    from 1764
    until his death in 1796.
  • two further Johns who were colonels in the Hereford
    militia.
  • and the line which later became Lucas-Scudamore.

The Holme Lacy line,
which began with George Scudamore in 1419, had by contrast adopted a
much more pro-English
and anti-Welsh line.  John Scudamore then
established himself in 1515 at the court of Henry VIII where he served
as a gentleman
usher for thirty years and grew wealthy.
His son Sir James was a gentleman usher with Queen Elizabeth.  Then came:

  • Sir John Scudamore
    who was made a Viscount in 1628 and entertained
    Charles I at Holme Lacy in 1645 (Holme Lacy was later plundered by the
    Parliamentarians).  
  • the heiress Frances
    Scudamore
    who inherited the
    estate in 1716 and married two men who adopted the Scudamore name.
  • while Sir
    Edwin Stanhope secured the estate in 1820, took the name of
    Stanhope-Scudamore, and
    his descendants were to hold Holme Lacy until 1909.

The Scudamores at Ballingham
in Herefordshire were a branch of the family at Holme Lacy.  From Robert Scudamore, a rector at Stoke
Edith in the 1660’s, came the Scudamores at Wye in Kent.
William Scudamore was a surgeon there, his
son Sir Charles an eminent physician.
However, William of the next generation, born in 1812, spent his
life in
and out of debt.

“He spent his time
travelling in various parts of England and on the Continent, never in
trade or
profession, but occasionally dealing in horses and selling horses on
commission.”


He died abroad in Trieste in 1871.

Scudamore
and SkidmoreSkydmore
or Skidmore was a spelling
variant to Scudamore.  Often it was found
that some people were using the names interchangeably.
However, by the 16th century the shorter easier form
of Skidmore was coming into more common usage as it began to
spring up in
areas outside of the old landowning families.

Thus Scudamore was still the main
spelling in Herefordshire and nearby Somerset.
But it was the Skidmore spelling that had spread in larger
numbers into
the West Midlands and elsewhere.  By the
time of the 1881 census Skidmore
was
outnumbering Scudamore
in England by about seven to
one overall.

Warren
Skidmore’s 1989 book Thirty Generations
of the Skidmore/Scudamore Family in England and America
covered
both
spellings.

Later Scudamores. The Scudamore name could be found in the small
village of Llangarron in Herefordshire from the 17th century onwards.

Geoffrey Scudamore was a farmer there
in the 1920’s and 1930’s who also busied himself in point-to-points
racing.  He served
with the RAF during World War Two and spent two years in a
prisoner-of-war
camp.  On his return, Geoffrey became a
trainer, achieving a career-high in 1950 when his horse won at the
Cheltenham
Festival with his son Michael in the saddle.

Geoffrey was the progenitor of a
remarkable Scudamore horse racing family:

  • his
    son Michael (1932-2014), winner of
    the Grand National in 1959
  • his
    grandson Peter (born in 1958), eight times
    Champion Jockey
  • and
    his great grandson Tom (born in 1982).

Their
exploits were
covered in Chris Cook’s 2018 book The
Scudamores: Three of a Kind.


America.
  Godwin Scudamore from
Herefordshire departed
for America as a young man in 1844 and farmed in Illinois.
He enlisted in the Unionist army in
1862.

“Godwin
Scudamore was captured and placed in the notorious Libby Prison at
Richmond where he was confined for nine months.
He with others then made a bold strike for liberty.
They managed to work a tunnel through under
the walls of the prison.  On the night of
February 9, 1864 they passed out and made good their escape.”


At the end of the
Civil War, Godwin headed west with his family to California and settled
in
Scotts Valley where he farmed
.

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Scudamore Miscellany

If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for
further stories and accounts:



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Scudamore Names

Ralph de Scudemer lived at the
time of William the Conqueror and was the first to assume the Scudamore
name.

Colonel John Scudamore
was
the MP for Hereford from 1764 until 1796.
Michael
Scudamore
from Herefordshire was a National Hunt jockey in the
1950’s and
1960’s who started a notable racing dynasty.
He was the father of jockey Peter Scudamore and the grandfather
of
jockey Tom Scudamore.
Richard Scudamore

from Bristol has been the Chief Executive of the English football
Premier League since 1999
.

Select Scudamores Today

  • 500 in the UK (most numerous
    in Herefordshire)
  • 200 elsewhere (most numerous in Australia)

 

 

 

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