Stone Surname Genealogy

The surname Stone comes from the Old English stan meaning “stone.” It
could describe someone who lived on stony ground or by a stone marker;
or it could derive from a place-name of Stone (of which there were many
in England). An eminent Stone befitting the name was Nicholas
, the 17th century master mason to James I and Charles

Stone Resources on

Stone Ancestry

Early spellings were Stanes, Stane and Ston. The Stone name had
no geographic focus and sprung up in various parts of the
country. Stone families from the 16th century included:

Stone, originally atte Stone,
has been traced back to Ardleigh and Great Bromley in Essex in the
early 1400’s. This line produced the
Puritan Gregory Stone
who emigrated to New England in 1635.
There were also Stones at Clayhanger in Devon, beginning with
Stone, yeoman, who was born there in the late 1570’s

William Stone from Segenho in Bedfordshire trained as a haberdasher and
prospered in London in the 1580’s. The family made enough money that
Thomas Stone was able to build his country pile, Carr House, in 1613 at
Hoole in Lancashire. Meanwhile, later in the 18th century,
London-born Andrew Stone was an influential figure in royal circles;
while his brother George, having taken holy orders, was Primate for All

The 1881 distribution of the Stone name showed it spread around the
country, with clusters around London and the southeast, in the west
country, and in Lancashire.

. Stones in Derry date
back to 1566 with the birth of Richard Stone there.
William and Jane Stone emigrated from there
to South Carolina in the 1770’s.

America. Early arrivals were
into New England and Virginia

New England.
Early Stones in New England were:

  • Simon Stone and his brother Gregory who arrived on the Increase in 1635. Simon
    settled in Watertown and Gregory in Cambridge. A descendant of
    Gregory’s, David Stone, grew up in North Carolina and was Senator and
    Governor of that state in the early 1800’s. J.G. Bartlett’s 1917
    book Gregory Stone Genealogy covered
    his line.
  • Hugh Stone who came to Rhode Island on the Deborah as a young lad in
    He lived on in Rhode Island until 1723, dying in Providence at the age
    of ninety. The family history was covered in Richard
    Stone’s 1866 book Genealogy of the
    Stone Family
  • and another Hugh Stone who married Hannah Foster in Andover,
    Massachusetts in 1666. In 1689 Hugh Stone murdered his wife by
    her throat in a drunken rage and was hanged on Gibbet Plain.

Virginia and the South.
William Stone,
born into a Lancashire merchant family, had come to Virginia as a young
man in 1628 and succeeded as a merchant and a planter there. He
then left Virginia for the new colony of Maryland and was appointed its
governor in 1648 after having drawn Protestant settlers there. As
a reward he was granted “as much land as he could ride around in a

More than a hundred years later his great grandson Thomas was a signer
the Declaration of Independence as the representative for Maryland;
while brother John was Governor of Maryland from 1794 to 1797 and other
Stones played prominent roles in the civic life of Maryland at that
time. Charles Stone’s 1951 book The
Stones of Surry
traced the line from Enoch Stone.

Stones were later prominent in Mississippi as planters.
William Stone was one of the first settlers of Panola
county, arriving there from Kentucky; J.H. Stone came to Tremont from
Alabama; and Asher and Judith
Stone to Tishomingo county from Virginia via Tennessee. Their son
John Marshal Stone, who fought on the Confederate side in the Civil
War, became Mississippi’s Governor and, with his two terms of service,
its longest-running Governor.

Canada. There were early
records of a probable Loyalist, David Stone, in New Brunswick in the
1780’s. John Stone of English ancestry arrived from Ireland in
1820, married and settled to farm first in Elizabethtown and then in
Orford, Ontario. One son Frederick became a lawyer, another
Thomas ran a dry goods store. A grandson Thomas became one of
Canada’s foremost diplomats.

Australia and New Zealand.
The Stone name is very much attached to the early history of Western
Australia. Alfred and George Stone had come out to the Swan river
settlement in the early 1830’s as lawyers. George’s son Edward
was a long-serving judge of the colony. He wrote
his memoirs Some Old-Time Memories
in 1918.

Other Stones were:

  • Benjamin Stone, born in Essex, who enlisted in the British army
    with the
    70th Regiment and served in India. On his discharge in 1861 he
    set sail on the Daniel Rankin
    for Auckland, New Zealand. He died there in 1889.
  • and John and
    Harriet Stone who arrived in Queensland from Devon in 1866. A
    descendant is Shane Stone, chief minister of the Northern

Stone Miscellany

If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for
further stories and accounts:

Select Stone Names

Benjamin Stone
established the earliest known English sword factory, at Hounslow Heath
just outside London, in the early 1600’s.
The Rev. Edward Stone was an
18th century clergyman who
discovered the active ingredient in aspirin.
Thomas Stone was a signer of
the US Declaration of Independence as the representative for Maryland.
Izzy Stone, born Isador
Feinstein in Philadelphia, was an iconoclastic American investigative
journalist, best-known for his self-published newsletter I.F. Stone’s Weekly.
Oliver Stone is a prominent
American film director.
Sharon Stone is an American
actress, best known for her role in the erotic thriller Basic Instinct.
Sly Stone is the lead singer
of Sly and the Family Stone.

Select Stones Today

  • 52,000 in the UK (most numerous
    in London)
  • 55,000 in America (most numerous in California)
  • 29,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Australia)




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