Sutcliffe Surname Meaning, History & Origin
Sutcliffe comes from the Old English sueth
meaning “south” and clif or
“cliff.” It is a west Yorkshire name. It could come from
one of three places in west Yorkshire named Sutcliffe; or it could be
describing someone who lived by a south cliff. A foreign
source for the name has been suggested. But this
Sutcliffe Resources on
- The Sutcliffe Family
Sutcliffe families in Yorkshire.
- The Sutcliffe Family Tree
Descendants of William Sutcliffe of Briercliffe in Yorkshire.
The name had its origins in Hipperholme, located in the lower reaches
of the Calder valley in west Yorkshire. A Sutcliffe family
– recorded as Wilelmus Sothclyff – had already settled in Heptonstall
in the parish of Halifax by 1379 and the name spread strongly
in that part of the valley over the next 150 years. Nearby
Wadsworth accounted for 18 of the 23 Sutcliffes taxed in
Yorkshire in 1509.
Robert de Southclyff acquired Mayroyd House in Hebden Bridge
and it stayed with the Sutcliffe family until 1584.
Later Sutcliffes in this area were:
- a Sutcliffe clothier family which acquired the Great House in
Colden in 1627. William Mitchell Sutcliffe, a keen bryologist
(gatherer of moss), lived there in the 19th century. The house,
subsequently remodeled, was sold in 2005 for a price in the region of
one million pounds.
- William Sutcliffe of Hochoile in Erringden who died there in 1637.
- another William Sutcliffe, this one also a clothier, who
Stansfield Hall in 1696. His family were to remain there until
- Joseph and Martha Sutcliffe of Wadsworth who moved to Stoneshey Gate
in Heptonstall in the early 1700’s. Their descendants were cotton
mill owners in Hebden Bridge.
- and the Rev. Tobit Sutcliffe who was the curate at Heptonstall
when John Wesley visited the church in 1774. Wesley wrote in his
the steep mountain. When we were upon the church the wind was
ready to bear us away. The church was filled with serious
hearers. No others would face such a storm.”
The 1881 census showed that Sutcliffes were still mainly concentrated
in this area, although with some spillover into Lancashire. The
main towns with Sutcliffes were Halifax and Stansfield, the main
villages Heptonstall and Erringden.
Thomas Sutcliffe, the Victorian watercolorist, grew up and lived in the
Leeds area. His eldest son Frank was a pioneering photographic
artist of the early 20th century.
America. The name
in America was initially Sutliff as Abraham Sutliff, a Puritan,
wanted to distinguish himself from the English Sutcliffes. He had
arrived at Plymouth Rock in the early 1620’s. His descendants
moved westward through Massachusetts and Connecticut and in the 1790’s
made their home in the Wyoming valley of Pennsylvania.
Canada. Some Loyalist
Sutliffes left America for Halifax, Nova Scotia after the Revolutionary
War was over. The Rev. Ingham Sutcliffe came from Yorkshire in
1832. He was an energetic Methodist missionary and held forth
there until his death in 1885. His granddaughter Alison was a
dance choreographer in Toronto in the 1930’s.
Foreign Origin of the Sutcliffe Name. There are many stories around the origin of the name. Some say
that they came from originally from the Low Countries and settled in
England following persecution; that sons of Gamel de Zoetcliffe, a
Flemish clothier, erected fulling mills in Lancashire, and Yorkshire in
1311. That is unlikely to be true. But it is possible that
immigrant families might have adopted a more English name.
Mayroyd House in Hebden Bridge. The house on the Burnley Road, held by the Sutcliffe family since 1435,
had originally been called Meherrode. Matthew Sutcliffe, the
famed Dean of Exeter, had been born there in 1550. In 1584 Adam
Sutcliffe sold the house to Brian Bentley and it later passed to the
The Sutcliffes at Stoneshey Gate. Joseph and Martha Sutcliffe had lived at Cross Ends in
Wadsworth in the early 1700’s. They raised four sons
(Garmwell, Thomas, John and Joseph) and two daughters (Mercy and Sarah)
there before moving to Stoneshey Gate in Heptonstall.
Garmwell was an overseer for the Poor at Heptonstall in
1767. His son Gamaliel started the two Lumb cotton mills at
Hebden Bridge in 1802. When he died in 1840, his two sons Richard
and Thomas took over the running of the business. The mills were
to stay in family hands through most of
the 19th century.
George Sutcliffe’s Misdemeanors. George Sutcliffe was
a coal mrchant at Rastrick. In 1869 he was charged at the West
Riding Court in Halifax with neglecting his wife and
His wife – who looked
a respectable woman – said that for the past two years he had not given
her a half penny towards the support of her or their children.
During that time he had frequently gone home drunk and ill-used
her. Last Easter he sold the greater part of their furniture and
she had since been partially dependent on her mother for support.
Her husband had
previously been in good circumstances, but reduced himself to penury by
his inebriate conduct. After hearing that a warrant had been
issued against him, he absconded. But he was apprehended at
Barnsley shortly before the court case was to be heard.
Abraham Sutliff in America. It was through the patronage of his uncle Matthew Sutcliffe that
Abraham became an early settler in America. Matthew Sutcliffe was
the long-time Dean of Exeter, chaplain to King James I, and a leading
official of the Anglican church. He was also one of the wealthiest
men in England and an early investor in the New England colonies.
Abraham from Heptonstall in Yorkshire was an avowed Puritan,
which present the Dean with a tricky problem. He resolved it by
giving his nephew a land grant in New England. Abraham set off
for Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1623 and changed his name there to
Sutliff. From Plymouth he led a small group of settlers to a new
spot of the coast of Massachusetts between Boston and Plymouth which
they named Scituate.
- Michael Sutcliffe was the Dean of Exeter and private chaplain to James I in the early 17th century.
- Herbert Sutcliffe was an opening batsman for the Yorkshire and England cricket teams during the 1920’s and 1930’s.
- Peter Sutcliffe was an English
serial killer, known as “the Yorkshire ripper.”
- Serena Sutcliffe is the head of Sotheby’s international wine department and one of the world’s leading authorities on wine.
Select Sutcliffe Numbers Today
- 13,000 in the UK (most numerous
- 1,000 in America (most numerous in California)
- 4,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Australia)
Select Sutcliffe and Like Surnames
Many surnames have come from Yorkshire. These are some of the noteworthy surnames that you can check out.
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