Teagarden Surname Genealogy

Teegarden and Teagarden are the principal American forms
of the Tegarden name that
came to America in 1736 with Abraham Tegarden of Solingen in North
Rhine-Westphalia.  The name appeared in
Solingen as Thegarden as early as 1374 and was recorded as Tegarden
in 1488.  Theegarten is a district in
Solingen today.  The root is the Low
German te garden meaning “at the garden.

Teagarden Resources on

Teagarden Ancestry

Tegarden, born in 1650, was the first recorded of
the line of Tegardens at Solingen.
Family history has suggested that these Tegardens were members
of a
cutlery guild there.  Solingen was in
fact called the city of blades for the swords that were produced there.  At the time that his son Abraham departed for
America in 1736, Solingen had a population of about 2,000.

was the family pioneer in America, arriving in
with his family and settling on the western frontier in Maryland.

Abraham and his wife Anna brought four sons
to America, the eldest of whom was Abraham.
He moved with his family to what became Greene county in western
Pennsylvania, also at that time a pioneer area for settlement.  Tradition tells of the many thrilling
adventures he and his family had with the Indians.
The old Teagarden homestead was at Richhill
township in Greene county

One line from
William Teagarden, a Revolutionary War veteran from Greene county,
led to Oswin Teagarden, a Confederate smuggler during the Civil War,
and to
, the great jazz trombonist of the 1930’s and

The family lineage has been covered in three

  • Joseph
    Oswin Teagarden’s 1949
    book A Genealogy of the Teagarden
  • Helen
    E. Vogt’s 1967 book Genealogy and
    Biographical Sketches of
    Descendants of Abraham Tegarden
  • and
    Jeanette Teegarden Jones’ 1972 book Ten
    Generations of Teegardens

Teagarden may be the most known spelling of
the name in America, but it is not the most common.
There are more than twice as many Teegardens
as Teagardens around today.  The largest
number of Teegardens was and is in Kentucky.
They were also be be found in Ohio, Indiana, and Missouri.

Tegarden generally became Teegarden in
Kentucky.  Jeremiah and Katherine
Teegarden arrived in Bracken county from Greene county, Pennsylvania
in the early 1800’s.

always spoken of as a very strong man who never feared man or beast,
but was
always a gentleman.  One time before he
left Pennsylvania he whipped nine men at a logrolling contest for
disputing his
word in a fist fight when he was about 18 years old.
In family references to Jeremiah ever
afterward, his name was followed with ‘he knocked down nine men.'” 

Jeremiah was the father of a very large
family and was a very extensive landowner on the waters of Big Bracken
Creek.  They remained Teegardens (even
though the 1850 census registered them as Teagardens).
Meanwhile Jeremiah’s cousin the Rev. William
, a backwoods preacher, came to Columbiana county
in SW Ohio around
the year 1808.  His son Abraham, a
doctor, migrated to La Porte, Indiana and built the Hotel Teegarden
there in

A Tegarden who also made the
westward march from Pennsylvania to Kentucky and Indiana was Basil
Tegarden.  He married Anna Tegarden
, the aunt of Abraham Lincoln’s wife, in Kentucky in
1797 and moved to
Indiana in 1814.  Some of his descendants
ended up in Missouri.

Teagarden Miscellany

If you would like to read more, click on the miscellany page for
further stories and accounts:

Teagarden Names

Abraham Tegarden who arrived in
Philadelphia in 1736 was the forebear of the Teegardens and Teagardens
Jack Teagarden
was at
his peak as a jazz trombonist in the 1930’s and 1940’s.
He is regarded as the father of the jazz

Select Teagardens Today

  • 1,000 in America (most numerous in Kentucky)




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